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Establishment of a novel dwarf rat strain: cartilage calcification insufficient (CCI) rats.

Authors: Tanaka, M  Watanabe, M  Yokomi, I  Matsumoto, N  Sudo, K  Satoh, H  Igarashi, T  Seki, A  Amano, H  Ohura, K  Ryu, K  Shibata, S  Nagayama, M  Tanuma, J 
Citation: Tanaka M, etal., Exp Anim. 2015;64(2):121-8. doi: 10.1538/expanim.14-0072. Epub 2014 Dec 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:25736479
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1538/expanim.14-0072

Rats with dwarfism accompanied by skeletal abnormalities, such as shortness of the limbs, tail, and body (dwarf rats), emerged in a Jcl-derived Sprague-Dawley rat colony maintained at the Institute for Animal Experimentation, St. Marianna University Graduate School of Medicine. Since the dwarfism was assumed to be due to a genetic mutation based on its frequency, we bred the dwarf rats and investigated their characteristics in order to identify the causative factors of their phenotypes and whether they could be used as a human disease model. One male and female that produced dwarf progeny were selected, and reproduction was initiated by mating the pair. The incidence of dwarfism was 25.8% among the resultant litter, and dwarfism occurred in both genders, suggesting that it was inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. At 12 weeks of age, the body weights of the male and female dwarf rats were 40% and 57% of those of the normal rats, respectively. In soft X-ray radiographic and histological examinations, shortening and hypoplasia of the long bones, such as the tibia and femur, were observed, which were suggestive of endochondral ossification abnormalities. An immunohistochemical examination detected an aggrecan synthesis disorder, which might have led to delayed calcification and increased growth plate thickening in the dwarf rats. We hypothesized that the principal characteristics of the dwarf rats were systemically induced by insufficient cartilage calcification in their long bones; thus, we named them cartilage calcification insufficient (CCI) rats.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11570533
Created: 2016-12-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-12-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.