RGD Reference Report - GLYOXALASE I A111E, PARAOXONASE 1 Q192R AND L55M POLYMORPHISMS IN ITALIAN PATIENTS WITH SPORADIC CEREBRAL CAVERNOUS MALFORMATIONS: A PILOT STUDY. - Rat Genome Database

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GLYOXALASE I A111E, PARAOXONASE 1 Q192R AND L55M POLYMORPHISMS IN ITALIAN PATIENTS WITH SPORADIC CEREBRAL CAVERNOUS MALFORMATIONS: A PILOT STUDY.

Authors: Rinaldi, C  Bramanti, P  Fama, A  Scimone, C  Donato, L  Antognelli, C  Alafaci, C  Tomasello, F  D'Angelo, R  Sidoti, A 
Citation: Rinaldi C, etal., J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2015 Apr-Jun;29(2):493-500.
RGD ID: 11552573
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:26122242

It is already known that the conditions of increased oxidative stress are associated to a greater susceptibility to vascular malformations including cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs). These are vascular lesions of the CNS characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities that can occur sporadically or as a familial autosomal dominant condition with incomplete penetrance and variable clinical expression attributable to mutations in three different genes: CCM1(Krit1), CCM2 (MGC4607) and CCM3 (PDCD10). Polymorphisms in the genes encoding for enzymes involved in the antioxidant systems such as glyoxalase I (GLO I) and paraoxonase I (PON I) could influence individual susceptibility to the vascular malformations. A single nucleotide polymorphism was identified in the exon 4 of GLO 1 gene that causes an amino acid substitution of Ala for Glu (Ala111Glu). Two common polymorphisms have been described in the coding region of PON1, which lead to glutamine --> arginine substitution at 192 (Q192R) and a leucine --> methionine substitution at 55 (L55M). The polymorphisms were characterized in 59 patients without mutations in the CCM genes versus 213 healthy controls by PCR/RFLP methods using DNA from lymphocytes. We found that the frequency of patients carrying the GLO1 A/E genotype among the case group (56%) was four-fold higher than among the controls (14.1%). In the cohort of CCM patients, an increase in the frequency of PON192 Q/R genotype was observed (39% in the CCM group versus 3.7% in the healthy controls). Similarly, an increase was observed in the proportion of individuals with the genotype R/R in the disease group (5%) in respect to the normal healthy cohort (0.5%). Finally, the frequency of the PON55 heterozygotes L/M genotype was 29% in patients with CCMs and 4% in the healthy controls. The same trend was observed in PON55 homozygous M/M genotype frequency (CCMs 20% vs controls 10%). The present study aimed to investigate the possible association of GLO1 A111E, PON1 Q192R and L55M polymorphisms with the risk of CCMs. We found that individuals with the GLO1 A /E genotype, PON192/QR-RR genotypes and PON55/LM-MM genotypes had a significantly higher risk of CCMs compared with the other genotypes. However, because CCM is a heterogeneous disease, other additional factors might be involved in the initiation and progression of CCM disease.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Pon1  (paraoxonase 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Pon1  (paraoxonase 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PON1  (paraoxonase 1)


Additional Information