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Epinephrine exerts anticoagulant effects during human endotoxemia.

Authors: Van der Poll, T  Levi, M  Dentener, M  Jansen, PM  Coyle, SM  Braxton, CC  Buurman, WA  Hack, CE  Ten Cate, JW  Lowry, SF 
Citation: van der Poll T, etal., J Exp Med. 1997 Mar 17;185(6):1143-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9091588

To determine the effect of a physiologically relevant elevation in the plasma concentrations of epinephrine on the activation of the hemostatic mechanism during endotoxemia, 17 healthy men were studied after intravenous injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 2 ng/kg), while receiving a continuous infusion of epinephrine (30 ng/kg/min) started either 3 h (n = 5) or 24 h (n = 6) before LPS injection, or an infusion of normal saline (n = 6). Activation of the coagulation system (plasma concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin III complexes and prothrombin fragment F1+2) was significantly attenuated in the groups treated with epinephrine when compared with subjects injected with LPS only (P <0.05). Epinephrine enhanced LPS-induced activation of fibrinolysis (plasma levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator and plasmin-alpha2-antiplasmin complexes; P <0.05), but did not influence inhibition of fibrinolysis (plasminogen activator inhibitor type I). In subjects infused with epinephrine, the ratio of maximal activation of coagulation and maximal activation of fibrinolysis was reduced by >50%. Hence, epinephrine exerts antithrombotic effects during endotoxemia by concurrent inhibition of coagulation, and stimulation of fibrinolysis. Epinephrine, whether endogenously produced or administered as a component of treatment, may limit the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation during systemic infection.

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RGD ID: 11541073
Created: 2016-10-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-10-06
Status: ACTIVE



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