RGD Reference Report - Brain and eye malformations resembling Walker-Warburg syndrome are recapitulated in mice by dystroglycan deletion in the epiblast. - Rat Genome Database
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Brain and eye malformations resembling Walker-Warburg syndrome are recapitulated in mice by dystroglycan deletion in the epiblast.

Authors: Satz, JS  Barresi, R  Durbeej, M  Willer, T  Turner, A  Moore, SA  Campbell, KP 
Citation: Satz JS, etal., J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 15;28(42):10567-75. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2457-08.2008.
RGD ID: 11537405
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18923033
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2457-08.2008

Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) is a severe congenital disease that is characterized by brain and eye malformations and lethality during the first year of life. Genetic mutations have been identified in a subset of WWS patients, but a majority of clinical cases have unknown etiologies. POMT1 and POMT2, two of the causative genes, form an active enzyme complex in the posttranslational biosynthetic pathway of dystroglycan. Deletion of either Pomt1 or the dystroglycan gene causes early embryonic lethality in mice. Here we report that mice with epiblast-specific loss of dystroglycan develop brain and eye defects that broadly resemble the clinical spectrum of the human disease, including aberrant neuron migration, hydrocephalus, and malformations of the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye. Breaches of basement membranes coincide with the pathology, revealing an important function for dystroglycan in the morphogenesis of the brain and eye. These findings demonstrate the central role of dystroglycan in WWS and suggest that novel defects in posttranslational processing or mutations of the dystroglycan gene itself may underlie cases in which no causative mutation has been found.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Dag1  (dystroglycan 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Dag1  (dystroglycan 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
DAG1  (dystroglycan 1)


Additional Information