RGD Reference Report - Pyruvate kinase deficiency in France: a 3-year study reveals 27 new mutations. - Rat Genome Database

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Pyruvate kinase deficiency in France: a 3-year study reveals 27 new mutations.

Authors: Pissard, S  Max-Audit, I  Skopinski, L  Vasson, A  Vivien, P  Bimet, C  Goossens, M  Galacteros, F  Wajcman, H 
Citation: Pissard S, etal., Br J Haematol. 2006 Jun;133(6):683-9.
RGD ID: 11537382
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16704447
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2006.06076.x

Pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency is the most common enzyme defect affecting the glycolytic pathway of the erythrocyte. Usually, it is clinically silent in heterozygotes but serious disorders are described at birth in homozygotes or compound heterozygotes. Including the mutants herein reported, more than 180 mutations of the PK-LR gene have now been identified. This 3-year study was carried out to detect mutations associated with disease-affecting families. Haematological indices, erythrocyte PK and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities were measured. Molecular characterisation of the PK gene mutations included restriction enzyme analysis, mutation scanning and gene sequencing. Among the 56 families studied, nine homozygous cases and 41 different mutations were found. Eight mutations involved a splice site, 31 missense mutations were located in crucial domains of the molecule (catalytic site, cleft between the A and C domains, A/A' interface) and two cases of insertion-deletion were found. In total, 20 new mutations modifying the structure of the enzyme and seven affecting a splice site are reported. PK deficiency is an under diagnosed disease. However, deficiency could be life threatening in perinatal period and we report two lethal cases. These results support the characterisation of PK mutations, and show that prenatal diagnosis can identify affected infants and prepare safer conditions for the birth.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Pklr  (pyruvate kinase L/R)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Pklr  (pyruvate kinase liver and red blood cell)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PKLR  (pyruvate kinase L/R)


Additional Information