RGD Reference Report - CHD7 mutation spectrum in 28 Swedish patients diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. - Rat Genome Database
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CHD7 mutation spectrum in 28 Swedish patients diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome.

Authors: Wincent, J  Holmberg, E  Stromland, K  Soller, M  Mirzaei, L  Djureinovic, T  Robinson, K  Anderlid, B  Schoumans, J 
Citation: Wincent J, etal., Clin Genet. 2008 Jul;74(1):31-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2008.01014.x. Epub 2008 Apr 28.
RGD ID: 11535040
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18445044
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1399-0004.2008.01014.x

CHARGE syndrome is a disorder characterized by Coloboma, Heart defect, Atresia choanae, Retarded growth and/or development, Genital hypoplasia and Ear anomalies. Heterozygous mutations in the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (CHD7) gene have been identified in about 60% of individuals diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. We performed a CHD7 mutation screening by direct exon sequencing in 28 index patients (26 sporadic cases, 1 familial case consisting of a brother and sister and 1 case consisting of monozygotic twins) diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome in order to determine the mutations in a cohort of Swedish CHARGE syndrome patients. The patients without a detectable CHD7 mutation, or with a missense mutation, were further investigated by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in order to search for intragenic deletions or duplications. Thirteen novel mutations and five previously reported mutations were detected. The mutations were scattered throughout the gene and included nonsense, frameshift and missense mutations as well as intragenic deletions. In conclusion, CHD7 mutations were detected in a large proportion (64%) of cases diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome. Screening for intragenic deletions with MLPA is recommended in cases where mutations are not found by sequencing. In addition, a CDH7 mutation was found in an individual without temporal bone malformation.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
CHARGE syndrome  (IAGP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Chd7  (chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Chd7  (chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
CHD7  (chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 7)


Additional Information