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Upregulation of miR-497 induces hepatic insulin resistance in E3 rats with HFD-MetS by targeting insulin receptor.

Authors: Wang, X  Wang, M  Li, H  Lan, X  Liu, L  Li, J  Li, Y  Li, J  Yi, J  Du, X  Yan, J  Han, Y  Zhang, F  Liu, M  Lu, S  Li, D 
Citation: Wang X, etal., Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2015 Nov 15;416:57-69. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2015.08.021. Epub 2015 Aug 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:26300412
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.mce.2015.08.021

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to find regulatory microRNA(s) responsible for down-regulated insulin receptor (InsR) in the liver of HFD-MetS E3 rats with insulin resistance. METHODS: Firstly, hepatic insulin resistance in HFD-MetS E3 rats was evaluated by RT-qPCR, western blotting, immunohistochemistry and PAS staining. Secondly, the candidate miRNAs targeting rat InsR were predicted through online softwares and detected in the liver of HFD-MetS E3 rats with insulin resistance. Then, the expression of InsR, phosphorylated IRS-1 (pIRS-1) at Tyr632, phosphorylated AKTs (pAKTs) at Ser473 and Thr308, phosphorylated GSK-3beta (p GSK-3beta) at Ser9, phosphorylated GS (pGS) at Ser641 and the glycogen content were detected in CBRH-7919 cells treated with 100 nM insulin for different time periods by western blotting or PAS staining respectively, after transient transfection with miR-497 mimics or inhibitors for 24 h. Lastly, the relation between miR-497 and InsR was further determined using dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Elevated miR-497 was negatively related with down-regulated InsR in the liver of HFD-MetS E3 rats with insulin resistance. Comparing with the mNC group, glycogen content and the expression of InsR, pIRS-1 (Tyr632), pAKTs (Ser473 and Thr308) and pGSK-3beta (Ser9) decreased significantly in CBRH-7919 cells, while pGS (Ser641) increased significantly, after transient transfection with miR-497 mimics for 24 h and treatment with 100 nM insulin for corresponding time periods, counter to those results in CBRH-7919 cells after similar procedures with miR-497 inhibitors and insulin. In addition, dual luciferase reporter assay further confirmed that miR-497 can bind to the 3'UTR of rat InsR. CONCLUSION: Insulin receptor is the target gene of miR-497, and elevated miR-497 might induce hepatic insulin resistance in HFD-MetS E3 Rats through inhibiting the expression of insulin receptor and confining the activation of IRS-1/PI3K/Akt/GSK-3beta/GS pathway to insulin.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11529553
Created: 2016-08-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-08-17
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.