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Clinical significance of serum Th1-, Th2- and regulatory T cells-associated cytokines in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: high interleukin-5 and -10 levels are significant unfavorable prognostic factors.

Authors: Inagaki, A  Ishida, T  Ishii, T  Komatsu, H  Iida, S  Ding, J  Yonekura, K  Takeuchi, S  Takatsuka, Y  Utsunomiya, A  Ueda, R 
Citation: Inagaki A, etal., Int J Cancer. 2006 Jun 15;118(12):3054-61.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16425276
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/ijc.21688

Patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) are in a severely immunocompromised state. Therefore, it is assumed that ATLL cells either express particular cytokines or induce their expression in host immune cells, disrupting the balanced production of cytokines and causing the host's immune system to break down. We examined the levels of serum cytokines including T helper type 1- (Th1-) associated cytokines [IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and interleukin (IL)-2], Th2-associated cytokines (IL-4, -5 and -6) and regulatory T cell-associated cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-beta1) in 94 ATLL patients, 39 asymptomatic human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) carriers and 50 healthy adult volunteers, to clarify whether elevated levels of particular cytokines are associated with the prognosis of ATLL patients. On multivariate analysis, high IL-5 and IL-10 levels were independent and significant unfavorable prognostic factors among the ATLL patients. The IL-10 level significantly increased with disease progression at each step from asymptomatic HTLV-1 carrier to ATLL of the indolent variant (chronic and smoldering subtypes) to ATLL of the aggressive variant (acute and lymphoma subtypes). Furthermore, high IL-10 was significantly associated with high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), indicating that the IL-10 level reflects the tumor burden. The IL-5 level was not associated with disease progression nor LDH. Among ATLL patients with the aggressive variant, high IL-5, but not high IL-10, was an independent and significant unfavorable prognostic factor on multivariate analysis. Measurement of serum IL-5 and IL-10 levels is useful for predicting the prognosis and for determining a suitable treatment strategy for ATLL patients.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11354942
Created: 2016-07-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-07-29
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.