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Methylation of p15(INK4b) and E-cadherin genes is independently correlated with poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia.

Authors: Shimamoto, T  Ohyashiki, JH  Ohyashiki, K 
Citation: Shimamoto T, etal., Leuk Res. 2005 Jun;29(6):653-9. Epub 2005 Jan 19.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15863205
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2004.11.014

Hypermethylation of CpG islands is a common mechanism by which tumor suppressor genes are inactivated. The tumor suppressor gene p15(INK4b) is important component of cell cycles, whereas E-cadherin gene is often termed a metastasis suppressor gene. We have studied the feasibility of detecting tumor-associated aberrant p15(INK4b) and E-cadherin methylation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) using methylation-specific PCR. Aberrant methylation of p15(INK4b) was detected in 31 of 61 (51%) AML patients. On the other hand, E-cadherin hypermethylation was detected in 36 of 61 (56%) AML patients. We have examined the methylation pattern of these genes and the prognosis in AML patients using a log-rank test. Methylation of p15(INK4b) gene significantly correlated with prognosis (p=0.0012), and methylation of E-cadherin gene more significantly correlated with prognosis (p=0.0004). When both were methylated, there was even more significant unfavorable prognosis compared to either of the methylated genes (p<0.0001). We interpret these data to mean that dysfunction of the cell cycle and/or the cell-cell adhesion molecule plays a role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia and that analysis of the methylation of p15(INK4b) and E-cadherin genes can provide clinically important evidence on which to base treatment.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11252161
Created: 2016-06-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-06-27
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.