RGD Reference Report - Transcriptomics of post-stroke angiogenesis in the aged brain. - Rat Genome Database
Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Transcriptomics of post-stroke angiogenesis in the aged brain.

Authors: Buga, AM  Margaritescu, C  Scholz, CJ  Radu, E  Zelenak, C  Popa-Wagner, A 
Citation: Buga AM, etal., Front Aging Neurosci. 2014 Mar 18;6:44. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2014.00044. eCollection 2014.
RGD ID: 11251714
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24672479
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3389/fnagi.2014.00044

Despite the obvious clinical significance of post-stroke angiogenesis in aged subjects, a detailed transcriptomic analysis of post-stroke angiogenesis has not yet been undertaken in an aged experimental model. In this study, by combining stroke transcriptomics with immunohistochemistry in aged rats and post-stroke patients, we sought to identify an age-specific gene expression pattern that may characterize the angiogenic process after stroke. We found that both young and old infarcted rats initiated vigorous angiogenesis. However, the young rats had a higher vascular density by day 14 post-stroke. "New-for-stroke" genes that were linked to the increased vasculature density in young animals included Angpt2, Angptl2, Angptl4, Cib1, Ccr2, Col4a2, Cxcl1, Lef1, Hhex, Lamc1, Nid2, Pcam1, Plod2, Runx3, Scpep1, S100a4, Tgfbi, and Wnt4, which are required for sprouting angiogenesis, reconstruction of the basal lamina (BL), and the resolution phase. The vast majority of genes involved in sprouting angiogenesis (Angpt2, Angptl4, Cib1, Col8a1, Nrp1, Pcam1, Pttg1ip, Rac2, Runx1, Tnp4, Wnt4); reconstruction of a new BL (Col4a2, Lamc1, Plod2); or tube formation and maturation (Angpt1, Gpc3, Igfbp7, Sparc, Tie2, Tnfsf10), had however, a delayed upregulation in the aged rats. The angiogenic response in aged rats was further diminished by the persistent upregulation of "inflammatory" genes (Cxcl12, Mmp8, Mmp12, Mmp14, Mpeg1, Tnfrsf1a, Tnfrsf1b) and vigorous expression of genes required for the buildup of the fibrotic scar (Cthrc1, Il6ra, Il13ar1, Il18, Mmp2, Rassf4, Tgfb1, Tgfbr2, Timp1). Beyond this barrier, angiogenesis in the aged brains was similar to that in young brains. We also found that the aged human brain is capable of mounting a vigorous angiogenic response after stroke, which most likely reflects the remaining brain plasticity of the aged brain.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Runx1  (RUNX family transcription factor 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Runx1  (runt related transcription factor 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
RUNX1  (RUNX family transcription factor 1)


Additional Information