RGD Reference Report - Genetic background analysis of protein C deficiency demonstrates a recurrent mutation associated with venous thrombosis in Chinese population. - Rat Genome Database

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Genetic background analysis of protein C deficiency demonstrates a recurrent mutation associated with venous thrombosis in Chinese population.

Authors: Tang, L  Guo, T  Yang, R  Mei, H  Wang, H  Lu, X  Yu, J  Wang, Q  Hu, Y 
Citation: Tang L, etal., PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35773. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035773. Epub 2012 Apr 24.
RGD ID: 11099990
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22545135
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0035773

BACKGROUND: Protein C (PC) is one of the most important physiological inhibitors of coagulation proteases. Hereditary PC deficiency causes a predisposition to venous thrombosis (VT). The genetic characteristics of PC deficiency in the Chinese population remain unknown. METHODS: Thirty-four unrelated probands diagnosed with hereditary PC deficiency were investigated. PC activity and antigen levels were measured. Mutation analysis was performed by sequencing the PROC gene. In silico analyses, including PolyPhen-2, SIFT, multiple sequence alignment, splicing prediction, and protein molecular modeling were performed to predict the consequences of each variant identified. One recurrent mutation and its relative risk for thrombosis in relatives were analyzed in 11 families. The recurrent mutation was subsequently detected in a case (VT patients)-control study, and the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for VT risk was calculated by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 18 different mutations, including 12 novel variants, were identified. One common mutation, PROC c.565C>T (rs146922325:C>T), was found in 17 of the 34 probands. The family study showed that first-degree relatives bearing this variant had an 8.8-fold (95%CI = 1.1-71.6) increased risk of venous thrombosis. The case-control (1003 vs. 1031) study identified this mutation in 5.88% patients and in 0.87% controls, respectively. The mutant allele conferred a high predisposition to venous thrombosis (adjusted OR = 7.34, 95%CI = 3.61-14.94). The plasma PC activity and antigen levels in heterozygotes were 51.73+/-6.92 U/dl and 75.17+/-4.84 U/dl, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study on the genetic background of PC deficiency in the Chinese population. The PROC c.565C>T mutation is the most frequent cause of PC deficiency as well as a prevalent risk factor for VT in Chinese individuals. The inclusion of this variant in routine thrombophilic detection may improve the diagnosis and prevention of venous thrombosis.



Disease Annotations    
Venous Thrombosis  (IAGP,ISO)

Phenotype Annotations    

Human Phenotype
Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Proc  (protein C, inactivator of coagulation factors Va and VIIIa)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Proc  (protein C)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PROC  (protein C, inactivator of coagulation factors Va and VIIIa)


Additional Information