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Protective effects of trans-13-APT, a thromboxane receptor antagonist, in endotoxemia.

Authors: Olanoff, LS  Cook, JA  Eller, T  Knapp, DR  Halushka, PV 
Citation: Olanoff LS, etal., J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1985 Jan-Feb;7(1):114-20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2580129

The effect of the thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 (TxA2/PGH2) receptor antagonist trans-7[2-(p-hydroxyphenethylamino)-cyclopentyl]-heptanoic acid (trans-13-APT) on certain pathogenic sequelae of endotoxic shock and associated changes in arachidonic acid metabolism in the rat was investigated. trans-13-APT, an analog of 13-azaprostanoic acid, was synthesized and found to block human platelet aggregation induced by the thromboxane mimetic U46619. Pretreatment with trans-13-APT did not significantly alter the elevations in plasma immunoreactive (i) TxB2 or iPGE, 0.5 or 4 h after the intravenous administration of Salmonella enteritidis endotoxin. However, in the trans-13-APT-pretreated group, 4 h after administration of the endotoxin, plasma i6-keto-PGF1 alpha was significantly (p less than 0.05) reduced to 1.2 +/- 0.3 ng/ml (n = 17) compared with vehicle-treated rats (2.4 +/- 0.5 ng/ml; n = 18). The elevation in plasma i6-keto-PGF1 alpha seen 0.5 h (n = 17/group) after endotoxin infusion was not altered by trans-13-APT. trans-13-APT also significantly (p less than 0.05) attenuated the endotoxin-induced fall in platelet count (135 +/- 27 X 10(3)/mm3 vs. 350 +/- 65 X 10(3)/mm3 and hypoglycemia (73 +/- 9 vs. 97 +/- 7 mg/dl), but not the leukopenia. Since the reticuloendothelial system may be an important source of iTxB2 and i6-keto-PGF1 alpha during endotoxemia, in vitro studies were conducted with adherent peritoneal cells. High concentrations of trans-13-APT (50 and 100 microM) significantly reduced (p less than 0.05) basal but not endotoxin-induced synthesis of iTxB2 and i6-keto-PGF1 alpha by isolated adherent rat peritoneal cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11059531
Created: 2016-04-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-04-15
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.