RGD Reference Report - Two novel Brugada syndrome-associated mutations increase KV4.3 membrane expression and function. - Rat Genome Database

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Two novel Brugada syndrome-associated mutations increase KV4.3 membrane expression and function.

Authors: You, T  Mao, W  Cai, B  Li, F  Xu, H 
Citation: You T, etal., Int J Mol Med. 2015 Jul;36(1):309-15. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2015.2223. Epub 2015 May 26.
RGD ID: 11056211
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:26016905
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2015.2223

The human cardiac fast transient outward K+ channel is composed of the KV4.3 alpha subunit encoded by KCND3 and the K+ channelinteracting protein 2 (KChIP2) beta subunit, and determines the early repolarization of the action potential (AP). Two human mutations (G600R and L450F) in KV4.3 are associated with Brugada syndrome and they increase the KV4.3/KChIP2encoded fast transient outward K+ current (Ito,f) and cause the stable loss of the AP dome. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying the gain of Ito,f function by these two mutations are largely unknown. The experiments in the present study were undertaken to investigate the effect of these mutations and the underlying mechanism. Whole cell patchclamp recording was performed in HEK293 cells expressing KV4.3wildtype (WT) and KV4.3 mutants with KChIP2. The two individual mutantencoded currents were significantly increased but the kinetics of the channels affected by the two mutations were different. The two mutations slowed KV4.3/KChIP2encoded channel inactivation; they did not increase the recovery from the KV4.3/KChIP2encoded channel inactivation. Western blotting showed that total KV4.3 protein was significantly augmented in HEK293 cells expressing the two individual mutants with KChIP2. Furthermore, immunofluorescence confocal microscopy demonstrated that the KV4.3 channel protein was expressed more in the cell membrane compared to the cytoplasm in cells that expressed individual mutants with KChIP2. Also, KChIP2 increased the amount of channel protein in the cell membrane of KV4.3 mutants significantly more than KV4.3WT. Reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction showed that KV4.3 mRNA was not significantly changed by individual mutations in the presence of KChIP2. Taken together, the present study revealed that the mutations cause a gainoffunction of KV4.3/KChIP2encoded channels by increasing membrane protein expression and slowing channel inactivation.

Annotation

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Cellular Component

Molecular Function

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Kcnd3  (potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily D member 3)


Additional Information