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Transcription factor RFX2 is abundant in rat testis and enriched in nuclei of primary spermatocytes where it appears to be required for transcription of the testis-specific histone H1t gene.

Authors: Wolfe, SA  Van Wert, J  Grimes, SR 
Citation: Wolfe SA, etal., J Cell Biochem. 2006 Oct 15;99(3):735-46.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16676351
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/jcb.20959

Previous work in our laboratory revealed upregulated transcription of the testis-specific linker histone H1t gene in pachytene primary spermatocytes during spermatogenesis. Using the H1t X-box as an affinity chromatography probe, we identified Regulatory Factor X2 (RFX2), a member of the RFX family of transcription factors, as a nuclear protein that binds the probe. We also showed that RFX2 activated the H1t promoter in transient expression assays. However, other RFX family members have the same DNA-binding domain and they also may regulate H1t gene expression. Therefore, in this study we examined the distribution of RFX2 and other RFX family members in rat testis germinal cells and in several tissues. Among tissues examined, RFX2 is most abundant in testis. Testis RFX2 is most abundant in spermatocytes where transcription of the H1t gene is upregulated and the steady-state H1t mRNA level is high. RFX2 levels decrease but RFX1 levels increase in early spermatids where H1t gene transcription is downregulated. Antibodies against RFX2 generate a shifted band in electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) using H1t or testisin X-box DNA probes with nuclear proteins from spermatocytes. These data support the hypothesis that RFX2 expression is upregulated in spermatocytes where it participates in activating transcription of the H1t gene and other testis genes. These data also support the possibility that other RFX family members may bind to the H1t promoter in other testis germinal cell types and in nongerminal cells to downregulate H1t gene transcription.


Gene Ontology Annotations
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Additional Information

RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11041022
Created: 2016-03-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-03-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.