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Mutational analysis of the ABCC6 gene and the proximal ABCC6 gene promoter in German patients with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE).

Authors: Schulz, V  Hendig, D  Henjakovic, M  Szliska, C  Kleesiek, K  Gotting, C 
Citation: Schulz V, etal., Hum Mutat. 2006 Aug;27(8):831.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16835894
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/humu.9444

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a genetic disorder characterized by calcification of elastic fibers in dermal, ocular, and cardiovascular tissues. Recently, ABCC6 mutations were identified as causing PXE. In this follow-up study we report the investigation of 61 German PXE patients from 53 families, hitherto the largest cohort of German PXE patients screened for the complete ABCC6 gene. In addition, we characterized the proximal ABCC6 promoter of PXE patients according to mutation. In this study we identified 32 disease-causing ABCC6 variants, which had been described previously by us and others, and 10 novel mutations (eight missense mutations and two splice site alterations). The mutation detection rate among index patients was 87.7%. Frequent alterations were the PXE-mutations p.R1141X, Ex23,_Ex29del, and c.2787+1G > T. In the ABCC6 promoter we found the polymorphisms c.-127C > T, c.-132C > T, and c.-219A > C. The difference in the c.-219A > C frequencies between PXE patients and controls were determined as statistically significant. Interestingly, c.-219A > C is located in a transcriptional activator sequence of the ABCC6 promoter and occurred in a binding site for a transcriptional repressor, predominantly found in genes that participate in lipid metabolism. Obtaining these genetic data signifies our contribution to elucidating the pathogenetics of PXE.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11038786
Created: 2016-02-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-02-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.