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Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin prevents peripheral HMGB1-dependent hyperalgesia in rats.

Authors: Tanaka, J  Seki, Y  Ishikura, H  Tsubota, M  Sekiguchi, F  Yamaguchi, K  Murai, A  Umemura, T  Kawabata, A 
Citation: Tanaka J, etal., Br J Pharmacol. 2013 Nov;170(6):1233-41. doi: 10.1111/bph.12396.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24004409
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/bph.12396

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a nuclear protein, is actively or passively released during inflammation. Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhsTM), a medicine for treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), sequesters HMGB1 and promotes its degradation. Given evidence for involvement of HMGB1 in pain signalling, we determined if peripheral HMGB1 causes hyperalgesia, and then asked if rhsTM modulates the HMGB1-dependent hyperalgesia. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Mechanical nociceptive threshold and swelling in rat hindpaw were determined by the paw pressure test and by measuring paw thickness, respectively, and HMGB1 levels in rat hindpaw plantar tissue, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and serum were determined by Western blotting or elisa. KEY RESULTS: Intraplantar ( administration of HMGB1 rapidly evoked paw swelling and gradually caused hyperalgesia in rats. Systemic administration of rhsTM abolished HMGB1-induced hyperalgesia, and partially blocked paw swelling. LPS, administered, rapidly produced mild paw swelling, and gradually caused hyperalgesia. The anti-HMGB1 neutralizing antibody abolished LPS-induced hyperalgesia, but partially inhibited paw swelling. rhsTM at a high dose, 10 mg kg(-1) , prevented both hyperalgesia and paw swelling caused by LPS. In contrast, rhsTM at low doses, 0.001-1 mg kg(-1) , abolished the LPS-induced hyperalgesia, but not paw swelling. HMGB1 levels greatly decreased in the hindpaw, but not DRG. Serum HMGB1 tended to increase after LPS in rats pretreated with vehicle, but not rhsTM. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: These data suggest that peripheral HMGB1 causes hyperalgesia, and that rhsTM abolishes HMGB1-dependent hyperalgesia, providing novel evidence for therapeutic usefulness of rhsTM as an analgesic.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 11038687
Created: 2016-02-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-02-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.