RGD Reference Report - Possible role of increased oxidative stress in pulmonary hypertension in experimental diaphragmatic hernia. - Rat Genome Database

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Possible role of increased oxidative stress in pulmonary hypertension in experimental diaphragmatic hernia.

Authors: Aras-Lopez, R  Tovar, JA  Martinez, L 
Citation: Aras-Lopez R, etal., Pediatr Surg Int. 2016 Feb;32(2):141-5. doi: 10.1007/s00383-015-3826-5. Epub 2015 Nov 3.
RGD ID: 11035301
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:26534761
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s00383-015-3826-5

PURPOSE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is one of the causes of respiratory failure in newborns due to lung hypoplasia and pulmonary abnormalities leading to pulmonary hypertension (PH). NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) is a family of isoenzymes that generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) which can contribute to PH-induced vascular dysfunction. On the other hand, superoxide dismutase (SOD) 1-2 and catalase are the antioxidant enzymes that eliminate the excess of ROS in pulmonary vascular cells. Our aim is to examine whether PH-associated with CDH is due to a dysregulation of ROS production in lungs from CDH fetuses. METHODS: Pregnant rats received either 100 mg nitrofen or vehicle on E9.5. Fetuses were recovered on E21. (1) Nox activity, (2) H2O2 production and (3) mRNA levels of Nox1, Nox2, Nox4, SOD1, SOD2 and catalase were analyzed in fetal lungs. RESULTS: Nox activity and Nox1 and Nox2 mRNA levels were increased in the lungs of fetuses with CDH. However, there were no changes in H2O2 production and Nox4 mRNA levels. SOD1, SOD2 and catalase were decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The raised oxidative stress due to increase in ROS generation by Nox isoenzymes and dysfunction of antioxidant enzymes seems to be a potential mechanism responsible on PH-associated with CDH.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Sod1  (superoxide dismutase 1)
Sod2  (superoxide dismutase 2)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Sod1  (superoxide dismutase 1, soluble)
Sod2  (superoxide dismutase 2, mitochondrial)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
SOD1  (superoxide dismutase 1)
SOD2  (superoxide dismutase 2)


Additional Information