RGD Reference Report - Danhong injection attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain damage which is associating with Nrf2 levels in vivo and in vitro. - Rat Genome Database
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Danhong injection attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain damage which is associating with Nrf2 levels in vivo and in vitro.

Authors: Guo, H  Li, MJ  Liu, QQ  Guo, LL  Ma, MM  Wang, SX  Yu, B  Hu, LM 
Citation: Guo H, etal., Neurochem Res. 2014 Sep;39(9):1817-24. doi: 10.1007/s11064-014-1384-1. Epub 2014 Jul 29.
RGD ID: 11035212
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:25069640
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s11064-014-1384-1

Danhong injection, a Chinese Materia Medica standardized product extracted from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae and Flos Carthami tinctorii, is used extensively for the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases such as acutely cerebral infarction in clinic. In this study, we further investigated the mechanisms of Danhong injection on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage relating to Nrf2/ARE signalling pathway in vivo and in vitro. For in vivo experiment, cerebral I/R injury was induced through middle cerebral artery occlusion. Rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham-operated group, I/R injury group, 6 mg/kg edaravone injection (positive control drug) group, 0.9 ml/kg Danhong injection (DHI-L) group, 1.8 ml/kg Danhong injection (DHI-H) group. The neurological score, cerebral infarction and brain edema were assessed while levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in brain tissue were also evaluated. Transcription levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) were analysed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. For in vitro experiment, mouse Neuro-2A cells were wounded with H2O2 then cell viability and mRNA transcriptions levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 were detected. Protein expression level of Nrf2 was assayed by western blotting. The results showed that Danhong injection could ameliorate neurological score, cerebral infarction and brain edema. Also it can increase levels of SOD, GSH and decrease of MDA and upregulate expressions of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 in ischemic brain tissue in vivo. What's more, it increased the mRNA transcription of Nrf2 and HO-1 and upregulated protein expression of Nrf2 in vitro. These findings suggested that Danhong injection could prevent I/R-induced brain damage through activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.


Disease Annotations    

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Nqo1  (NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Nqo1  (NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, quinone 1)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
NQO1  (NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1)

Additional Information