RGD Reference Report - In vivo effects of recombinant interferon-gamma: augmentation of endotoxin-induced necrosis of tumors and priming of macrophages for tumor necrosis factor-alpha production. - Rat Genome Database
Recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) is currently undergoing clinical trials in cancer patients. In this paper, we assessed the in vivo antitumor effects of this lymphokine in rodents. Recombinant murine IFN-gamma or control medium was injected intraperitoneally for 5 days into mice with subcutaneous Meth A tumors. An injection of a suboptimal dose of endotoxin (2 micrograms) on the fifth treatment day caused significant necrosis of tumors in the IFN-gamma-treated group while causing essentially no necrosis of tumors in the control group. Next, we examined macrophages isolated from rats treated for 9 days with either IFN-gamma or saline. Endotoxin stimulated release of significantly higher amounts of TNF-alpha from macrophages from the IFN-gamma-treated group compared to macrophages from the control group. A polyclonal antiserum against recombinant murine TNF-alpha abrogated all of the TNF cytotoxic activity from these rat macrophage supernatants, while control rabbit serum had no effect. These results provide strong evidence that rIFN-gamma can prime macrophages in vivo for TNF-alpha synthesis.