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Compound heterozygosity of the GPIbalpha gene associated with Bernard-Soulier syndrome.

Authors: Gonzalez-Manchon, C  Larrucea, S  Pastor, AL  Butta, N  Arias-Salgado, EG  Ayuso, MS  Parrilla, R 
Citation: Gonzalez-Manchon C, etal., Thromb Haemost. 2001 Dec;86(6):1385-91.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11776304

We report the molecular genetic analysis of the Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) phenotype in two related patients showing absence of glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha and detectable amounts of GPIX on the platelet surface, and a truncated form of GPIbalpha in solubilized platelets and plasma. They both were compound heterozygotes for the GPIbalpha gene: a maternal allele with a T insertion at position 1418 causing a translational frameshift and premature polypeptide termination, and a paternal allele with a T715A substitution chan-ino Cys209 to Ser. Heterozygotes for either one of these mutations were asymptomatic. Transient transfection of cells coexpressing GPIbbeta and GPIX failed to detect surface expression of the GPIbalpha mutants. Cells transfected with [1418insT]GPIbalpha-cDNA showed a truncated protein of the predicted size in both cell lysate and conditioned medium, indicating the inability of the mutant protein to anchor the plasma membrane. In contrast. transfection of [T715A]GPIbalpha-cDNA yield a mutated protein barely detectable in the cell lysate and absent in the medium, indicating that the loss of Cys209 renders GPIbalpha more vulnerable to proteolysis and unable to undergo the normal secretory pathway. Our findings indicate that the additive effects of both mutations are responsible for the BSS phenotype of the patients.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 10450843
Created: 2016-01-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-21
Status: ACTIVE



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