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X-linked thrombocytopenia caused by a novel mutation of GATA-1.

Authors: Mehaffey, MG  Newton, AL  Gandhi, MJ  Crossley, M  Drachman, JG 
Citation: Mehaffey MG, etal., Blood. 2001 Nov 1;98(9):2681-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11675338

A family with recessive X-linked thrombocytopenia affecting 4 males in 2 generations, characterized by macrothrombocytopenia, profound bleeding, and mild dyserythropoiesis, is described. Microsatellite linkage analysis identified a region of the X chromosome including the GATA-1 gene, which encodes a critical transcription factor involved in erythrocyte and megakaryocyte development. By sequencing the entire coding region of GATA-1, a 2-base mutation was detected that results in a single amino acid substitution (glycine 208 to serine) within a highly conserved portion of the N-terminal zinc finger domain. Restriction fragment length polymorphism confirmed that this novel mutation segregated with the affected males and female carrier. Although not required for DNA binding, Gly208 of GATA-1 is involved in direct interaction with Friend of GATA-1 (FOG), a cofactor required for normal megakaryocytic and erythroid development. These results demonstrate that the GATA-1-FOG interaction is partially disrupted by the mutation and that the greatest effect involves contact with the FOG zinc finger 9. These findings help describe a novel mutation of GATA-1 in humans as a cause of X-linked thrombocytopenia, and they confirm the vital role played by this transcription factor during in vivo megakaryocyte development.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 10450749
Created: 2016-01-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-20
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.