RGD Reference Report - Heat shock protein 70 and tumor necrosis factor alpha in Taiwanese patients with dementia. - Rat Genome Database
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Heat shock protein 70 and tumor necrosis factor alpha in Taiwanese patients with dementia.

Authors: Fung, HC  Chen, CM  Wu, YR  Hsu, WC  Ro, LS  Lin, JC  Chang, KH  Wang, HK  Lin, SJ  Chan, H  Lin, YY  Wei, SL  Hsu, Y  Hwang, JC  Tung, LC  Lee-Chen, GJ 
Citation: Fung HC, etal., Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord. 2005;20(1):1-7. Epub 2005 Apr 12.
RGD ID: 10402403
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15832029
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000085067

This study was to determine whether polymorphisms of heat shock protein 70-1 (HSP70-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) are associated with the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). Using the criteria of the NINCDS-ADRDA and NINDS-AIREN, 125 AD patients, 57 VaD patients and 109 ethnically matched nondemented controls were enrolled. The HSP70-1 -110 A/C and TNF-alpha -1031 T/C, -863 C/A and -857 C/T polymorphisms were analyzed by means of genotype or haplotype association methods. None of the four genotypes examined showed a statistically significant difference in genotype distribution between the AD cases and controls. However, the HSP70-1 -110 CC genotype occurred more frequently among AD cases (p=0.0821; odds ratio: 2.08; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.92-4.98). The overall genotype distribution among the VaD cases tended to be different at the HSP70-1 -110 and TNF-alpha -1031 sites (p=0.0604 and 0.0316, respectively). The HSP70-1 -110 CC genotype was more frequent (p=0.0459), and the association of the -110 CC genotype with VaD was evident (p=0.0207; odds ratio: 3.22; 95% CI: 1.20-8.87). The more frequent TNF-alpha -1031 TC genotype (p=0.0614) was also evidently associated with VaD (p=0.0209; odds ratio: 2.32; 95% CI: 1.14-4.78). Multivariate analysis demonstrated the synergistic effect of the HSP70-1 -110 CC and TNF-alpha -1031 TC/CC genotypes on VaD (p=0.0091; odds ratio: 10.09; 95% CI: 2.01-75.97). Haplotype analysis among TNF-alpha -1031, -863, -857 sites revealed that -1031C-857C may act as a risk haplotype among VaD cases (p=0.0132, odds ratio: 2.26; 95% CI: 1.19-4.33). Our results suggest a potential protective role for HSP70 in both VaD and AD, whereas TNF-alpha may act as a risk factor only for VaD, and not for AD.


Disease Annotations    
Alzheimer's disease  (IAGP,ISO)
vascular dementia  (IAGP,ISO)

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Hspa1a  (heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1A)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Hspa1a  (heat shock protein 1A)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
HSPA1A  (heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1A)

Additional Information