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[Role of the FOXO3a transcription factor in neuronal apoptosis in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage].

Authors: Li, DY  Qu, Y  Li, JH  Zhang, L  Xiong, T  Mu, DZ 
Citation: Li DY, etal., Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2013 Nov;15(11):1023-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24229603

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role and mechanisms of FOXO3a nuclear translocation in neuronal apoptosis after hypoxia-ischemia (HI). METHODS: One hundred and sixty 10-day-old Sprague-Dawly rats were randomly divided into two groups: HI and sham-operated. The right common carotid artery was ligated followed by hypoxia exposure for 2.5 hours in the HI group. The sham-operated group rats were not subjected to carotid artery ligation or hypoxia treatment. Rat cerebral cortex was collected at 0.5, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours after hypoxia. Western blot was used to detect expression of total FOXO3a protein, pnuclear and cytoplasmic FOXO3a and Bim. TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptotic cells. RESULTS: The nuclear protein of FOXO3a obviously increased from 0.5 to 24 hours after HI in a time-dependent manner compared with the sham-operated group (P<0.01). On the contrary, cytoplasmic protein evidently decreased from 0.5 to 24 hours in the HI group compared with the sham-operated group (P<0.01). Bim protein increased from 0.5 hour, peaked at 2 hours, started to decline at 4 hours (P<0.01), and returned to baseline level at 8 and 24 hours after HI in the HI group compared with the sham-operated group. TUNEL positive cells started to express at 4 hours, and peaked at 24 hours after HI (P<0.01). However, TUNEL positive cells were rarely found in the sham-operated group. CONCLUSIONS: HI induces FOXO3a translocation from cytoplasm to nucleus, and enhances protein expression of its target gene Bim in the neonatal rat brain. The upregulation of Bim expression might be related to neuronal apoptosis.

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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 10402203
Created: 2015-10-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-10-20
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.