RGD Reference Report - A retrospective analysis of germline competence in rat embryonic stem cell lines. - Rat Genome Database

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A retrospective analysis of germline competence in rat embryonic stem cell lines.

Authors: Hirabayashi, M  Tamura, C  Sanbo, M  Kato-Itoh, M  Kobayashi, T  Nakauchi, H  Hochi, S 
Citation: Hirabayashi M, etal., Transgenic Res. 2013 Apr;22(2):411-6. doi: 10.1007/s11248-012-9638-7. Epub 2012 Aug 9.
RGD ID: 10053733
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22875289
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s11248-012-9638-7

The factors responsible for conferring germline competence in embryonic stem (ES) cell lines remain unidentified. In the present study, rat ES cell lines (n = 17) were established with 3i medium (SU5402, PD0325901, CHIR99021), 2i medium (PD0325901, CHIR99021) or 2iF medium (PD0325901, CHIR99021, forskolin), and their potential for germline transmission to the G1 generation was examined. Rat strains were divided into an albino group (F344, Wistar or CAG/Venus transgenic rats with the Wistar background) or a colored coat group (Brown-Norway, Dark-Agouti, or BLK rats selected from >F3 generations of Wistar x Dark-Agouti rats based on their black coat color). Successful germline transmission was observed in 57 % (4/7), 40 % (2/5) and 100 % (5/5) of the ES cells established with 3i, 2i and 2iF media, respectively. ES cell lines from the homozygous CAG/Venus transgenic rats were established in all three media, but only the lines established with the 2iF medium were germline-competent. Neither coat-color (albino: 64 %, 7/11; colored: 67 %, 4/6) nor gender of the ES cell lines (XX: 67 %, 2/3; XY: 64 %, 9/14) were likely to affect germline transmission.

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