RGD Reference Report - Platelet-activating factor (PAF) mediation of rat anaphylactic responses to soluble immune complexes. Studies with PAF receptor antagonist L-652,731. - Rat Genome Database

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Platelet-activating factor (PAF) mediation of rat anaphylactic responses to soluble immune complexes. Studies with PAF receptor antagonist L-652,731.

Authors: Doebber, TW  Wu, MS  Biftu, T 
Citation: Doebber TW, etal., J Immunol. 1986 Jun 15;136(12):4659-68.
RGD ID: 10043179
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:3011900

A new synthetic compound, L-652,731 (trans-2,5-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) tetrahydrofuran), which has been demonstrated by Hwang et al. to be a potent and specific platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor antagonist causes 100% inhibition of 1 microM PAF-induced neutrophil degranulation at 50 microM, but has no effect on neutrophil degranulation induced by precipitating immune complexes (323 micrograms/ml), fMet-Leu-Phe (10(-7) M), or the calcium ionophore A23187 (10(-5) M). Intravenous infusion of 1 mumol L-652,731 results in almost 100% inhibition of hypotension induced by PAF but not that induced by isoproterenol, histamine, bradykinin, or acetylcholine. With the use of this novel PAF receptor antagonist, the in vivo mediator role of PAF in the soluble immune complex-induced hypotension, extravasation, vascular lysosomal hydrolase secretion, and neutropenia in rats was determined. The hypotension, extravasation, and lysosomal hydrolase release induced by immune complex infusion take 2 to 10 min longer to occur than the same responses elicited by PAF infusion. The neutropenia response is immediate with both stimuli. L-652,731 when orally administered to rats (20 mg/kg, 1.5 hr before PAF infusion) inhibited PAF-induced hypotension (69%), extravasation (76%), vascular lysosomal hydrolase release (79%), and neutropenia (73%). The same L-652,731-dosing regimen inhibited immune complex-stimulated hypotension (87%), extravasation (77%), and vascular lysosomal hydrolase release (31%). The initial and complete neutropenia induced by immune complex infusion was not inhibited in L-652,731-pretreated rats, but the rate of return of neutrophils to the blood was faster in the latter rats. Rats with blocked circulation to the liver still exhibited extensive extravasation and vascular lysosomal hydrolase release in response to PAF, but there was no extravasation and greatly reduced hydrolase release in response to immune complexes. Thus PAF is indicated to be a major mediator of soluble immune complex-induced hypotension and vascular permeability and a minor mediator of immune complex-induced lysosomal hydrolase release in rats. PAF probably does not mediate the initial and complete neutropenia stimulated by immune complexes. The liver is probably the major site for PAF production in response to circulating immune complexes.

Annotation

Disease Annotations    
Hypotension  (IMP,ISO)
neutropenia  (IMP,ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations    

Biological Process

Objects Annotated

Genes (Rattus norvegicus)
Ptafr  (platelet-activating factor receptor)

Genes (Mus musculus)
Ptafr  (platelet-activating factor receptor)

Genes (Homo sapiens)
PTAFR  (platelet activating factor receptor)


Additional Information