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Prostaglandin receptor subtypes, EP3C and EP4, mediate the prostaglandin E2-induced cAMP production and sensitization of sensory neurons.

Authors: Southall, MD  Vasko, MR 
Citation: Southall MD and Vasko MR, J Biol Chem. 2001 May 11;276(19):16083-91. Epub 2001 Feb 14.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11278900
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M011408200

Although a number of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptor subtypes have been cloned, limited studies have been performed to elucidate subtypes that subserve specific actions of this eicosanoid, in part because of a paucity of selective receptor antagonists. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and antisense oligonucleotides, we examined which prostaglandin E(2) receptor (EP receptor) subtypes are expressed in sensory neurons and which mediate the PGE(2)-induced increase in cAMP production and augmentation of peptide release. Reverse transcription-PCR of cDNA isolated from rat sensory neurons grown in culture revealed PCR products for the EP1, EP2, EP3C, and EP4 receptor subtypes but not the EP3A or EP3B. Preexposing neuronal cultures for 48 h to antisense oligonucleotides of EP3C and EP4 mRNA diminished expression of the respective receptors by approximately 80%, abolished the PGE(2)-stimulated production of cAMP, and blocked the ability of PGE(2) to augment release of immunoreactive substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide. Pretreating with individual antisense against the EP2, EP3C, or EP4 receptors or combinations of missense oligonucleotides had no effect on PGE(2)-induced activity. Treatment with antisense to EP3C and EP4 receptor subtypes did not alter the ability of forskolin to increase cAMP or enhance peptide release. These results demonstrate that sensory neurons are capable of expressing multiple EP receptor subtypes but that only the EP3C and EP4 receptors mediate PGE(2)-induced sensitization of sensory neurons.


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RGD Object Information
RGD ID: 10003101
Created: 2015-05-01
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-05-01
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.