Ube2d4 (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4 (putative)) - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   
Gene: Ube2d4 (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4 (putative)) Rattus norvegicus
Analyze
Symbol: Ube2d4
Name: ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4 (putative)
RGD ID: 69425
Description: Predicted to enable ubiquitin conjugating enzyme activity. Involved in cellular response to arsenite(3-) and cellular response to cadmium ion. Predicted to be active in nucleus. Orthologous to human UBE2D2 (ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D2); UBE2D3 (ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D3); and UBE2D4 (ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2 D4 (putative)); PARTICIPATES IN altered ubiquitin/proteasome degradation pathway; Alzheimer's disease pathway; ubiquitin/proteasome degradation pathway; INTERACTS WITH arsane; arsenic atom; bisphenol A.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: PROVISIONAL
Also known as: E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme D2B; E2(17)KB 2B; RGD69425; Ube2d2; Ube2d2b; ubiquitin carrier protein D2B; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 D2B; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2(17)KB 2B; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2-17 kDa 2B; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 2; ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4; ubiquitin-protein ligase D2B
RGD Orthologs
Human
Mouse
Chinchilla
Bonobo
Squirrel
Pig
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
mRatBN7.2141,915,999 - 1,917,473 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl141,916,845 - 1,917,416 (-)Ensembl
Rnor_6.0142,933,097 - 2,934,571 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl142,933,100 - 2,934,571 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.0142,933,498 - 2,934,972 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.4142,469,772 - 2,471,246 (-)NCBIRGSC3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.1142,469,774 - 2,471,246 (-)NCBI
Celera141,935,554 - 1,937,028 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map14p22NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)
Model


Disease Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Cellular Component

Molecular Function

References

Additional References at PubMed
PMID:15489334   PMID:20061386   PMID:21685362  


Genomics

Comparative Map Data
Ube2d4
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
mRatBN7.2141,915,999 - 1,917,473 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl141,916,845 - 1,917,416 (-)Ensembl
Rnor_6.0142,933,097 - 2,934,571 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl142,933,100 - 2,934,571 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.0142,933,498 - 2,934,972 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.4142,469,772 - 2,471,246 (-)NCBIRGSC3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.1142,469,774 - 2,471,246 (-)NCBI
Celera141,935,554 - 1,937,028 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map14p22NCBI
UBE2D4
(Homo sapiens - human)
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl743,926,436 - 43,956,136 (+)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38743,926,422 - 43,956,136 (+)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh37743,966,035 - 43,995,735 (+)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 36743,932,572 - 43,959,688 (+)NCBINCBI36hg18NCBI36
Build 34743,739,286 - 43,766,403NCBI
Celera743,955,900 - 43,985,602 (+)NCBI
Cytogenetic Map7p13NCBI
HuRef743,850,744 - 43,880,447 (+)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_1743,969,950 - 43,999,662 (+)NCBICHM1_1
CRA_TCAGchr7v2744,005,536 - 44,035,229 (+)NCBI
Ube2d4
(Mus musculus - house mouse)
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
GRCm39 Ensembl1558,718,439 - 58,719,170 (-)Ensembl
GRCm381558,823,827 - 58,847,321 (-)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl1558,846,590 - 58,847,321 (-)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv371558,655,382 - 58,678,876 (-)NCBIGRCm37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv361558,677,078 - 58,677,404 (-)NCBImm8
Celera1560,353,098 - 60,376,465 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map15D1NCBI
Ube2d4
(Chinchilla lanigera - long-tailed chinchilla)
Chinchilla AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
ChiLan1.0 EnsemblNW_0049554567,924,977 - 7,952,155 (-)EnsemblChiLan1.0
ChiLan1.0NW_0049554567,928,715 - 7,952,155 (-)NCBIChiLan1.0ChiLan1.0
UBE2D4
(Pan paniscus - bonobo/pygmy chimpanzee)
Bonobo AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
Mhudiblu_PPA_v0740,295,047 - 40,324,705 (-)NCBIMhudiblu_PPA_v0panPan3
Ube2d4
(Ictidomys tridecemlineatus - thirteen-lined ground squirrel)
Squirrel AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
HiC_Itri_2NW_02440511899,769,696 - 99,793,110 (+)NCBI
SpeTri2.0NW_00493647818,981,457 - 19,003,924 (+)NCBISpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0
UBE2D4
(Sus scrofa - pig)
Pig AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
Sscrofa11.1 Ensembl1848,733,366 - 48,756,291 (-)EnsemblSscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa11.11848,735,258 - 48,756,314 (-)NCBISscrofa11.1Sscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa10.21853,448,345 - 53,469,534 (-)NCBISscrofa10.2Sscrofa10.2susScr3
UBE2D4
(Chlorocebus sabaeus - green monkey)
Green Monkey AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
ChlSab1.12114,636,512 - 14,665,170 (-)NCBIChlSab1.1chlSab2
ChlSab1.1 Ensembl2114,634,384 - 14,664,909 (-)EnsemblChlSab1.1chlSab2
Vero_WHO_p1.0NW_0236660627,849,493 - 7,879,247 (+)NCBIVero_WHO_p1.0
Ube2d4
(Heterocephalus glaber - naked mole-rat)
Naked Mole-rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
HetGla 1.0NW_0046247407,965,053 - 7,990,601 (-)NCBIHetGla_female_1.0hetGla2

Position Markers
PMC166143P1  
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.2141,916,947 - 1,917,047 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.21162,820,385 - 62,820,485 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.01165,717,122 - 65,717,221NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_6.0142,934,046 - 2,934,145NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.01168,811,340 - 68,811,439UniSTSRnor5.0
Rnor_5.0142,934,447 - 2,934,546UniSTSRnor5.0
Celera141,936,503 - 1,936,602UniSTS
Celera1162,318,530 - 62,318,629UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map14p22UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map18p11UniSTS


QTLs in Region (mRatBN7.2)
The following QTLs overlap with this region.    Full Report CSV TAB Printer Gviewer
RGD IDSymbolNameLODP ValueTraitSub TraitChrStartStopSpecies
2300159Bmd61Bone mineral density QTL 615.30.0001femur mineral mass (VT:0010011)volumetric bone mineral density (CMO:0001553)14126541967Rat
2300183Bmd60Bone mineral density QTL 605.70.0001femur mineral mass (VT:0010011)volumetric bone mineral density (CMO:0001553)14126541967Rat
619619Rf4Renal disease susceptibility QTL 44.10.002total urine protein amount (VT:0000032)urine protein excretion rate to body weight ratio (CMO:0001099)14132754612Rat
634352Apr6Acute phase response QTL 63.7blood interleukin-6 amount (VT:0008595)plasma interleukin-6 level (CMO:0001927)14141131407Rat
71115Niddm15Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 154.8blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)plasma glucose level (CMO:0000042)14121760611030812Rat
70204Niddm20Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 205.10.000008blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)blood glucose level area under curve (AUC) (CMO:0000350)14121760616960180Rat

miRNA Target Status

Predicted Target Of
Summary Value
Count of predictions:52
Count of miRNA genes:51
Interacting mature miRNAs:52
Transcripts:ENSRNOT00000049772
Prediction methods:Miranda, Rnahybrid
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (http://mirgate.bioinfo.cnio.es/).
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.


Expression


RNA-SEQ Expression
High: > 1000 TPM value   Medium: Between 11 and 1000 TPM
Low: Between 0.5 and 10 TPM   Below Cutoff: < 0.5 TPM

alimentary part of gastrointestinal system circulatory system endocrine system exocrine system hemolymphoid system hepatobiliary system integumental system musculoskeletal system nervous system renal system reproductive system respiratory system appendage
High
Medium 2 8
Low 2 8 27 11 17 11 8 8 8 8 5 10 8
Below cutoff 1 3 4 4 4 3 7 2 4 1

Sequence


Reference Sequences
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOT00000049772   ⟹   ENSRNOP00000039621
RefSeq Status:
Type: CODING
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl142,933,100 - 2,934,571 (-)Ensembl
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOT00000098826   ⟹   ENSRNOP00000082180
RefSeq Status:
Type: CODING
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl141,916,845 - 1,917,416 (-)Ensembl
RefSeq Acc Id: NM_031001   ⟹   NP_112263
RefSeq Status: PROVISIONAL
Type: CODING
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
mRatBN7.2141,915,999 - 1,917,473 (-)NCBI
Rnor_6.0142,933,097 - 2,934,571 (-)NCBI
Rnor_5.0142,933,498 - 2,934,972 (-)NCBI
RGSC_v3.4142,469,772 - 2,471,246 (-)RGD
Celera141,935,554 - 1,937,028 (-)RGD
Sequence:
Protein Sequences
Protein RefSeqs NP_112263 (Get FASTA)   NCBI Sequence Viewer  
GenBank Protein AAC52942 (Get FASTA)   NCBI Sequence Viewer  
  AAH78808 (Get FASTA)   NCBI Sequence Viewer  
  EDL83991 (Get FASTA)   NCBI Sequence Viewer  
  P70711 (Get FASTA)   NCBI Sequence Viewer  
Reference Sequences
RefSeq Acc Id: NP_112263   ⟸   NM_031001
- UniProtKB: P70711 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
- Sequence:
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOP00000039621   ⟸   ENSRNOT00000049772
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOP00000082180   ⟸   ENSRNOT00000098826
Protein Domains
UBC core

Transcriptome

eQTL   View at Phenogen
WGCNA   View at Phenogen
Tissue/Strain Expression   View at Phenogen

Promoters
RGD ID:13699155
Promoter ID:EPDNEW_R9680
Type:initiation region
Name:Ube2d4_1
Description:ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4
SO ACC ID:SO:0000170
Source:EPDNEW (Eukaryotic Promoter Database, http://epd.vital-it.ch/)
Experiment Methods:Single-end sequencing.
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
Rnor_6.0142,934,599 - 2,934,659EPDNEW

Strain Variation

Strain Sequence Variants (Rnor 6.0)
ACI/EurMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
ACI/EurMcwi (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
ACI/EurMcwi (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
ACI/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
ACI/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
BBDP/Wor (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
BN-Lx/CubMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BN/NHsdMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BN/NHsdMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BN/SsN (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BN/SsN (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
BUF/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BXH2/CubMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
BXH3/CubMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
Buf/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
COP/CrCrl (MCW & UW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
University of Wisconsin (Dr. James Shull)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Charles River Laboratories
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob) and UW Madison (Dr. James Shull)
DA/OlaHsd (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Envigo
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
F344/DuCrl (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
F344/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
F344/NCrl (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
F344/NCrl (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
F344/NRrrc (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
F344/Stm (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
FHH/EurMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
FHH/EurMcwi (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
FHH/EurMcwi (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
FHL/EurMcwi (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
FHL/EurMcwi (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
FXLE16/Stm (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
FXLE18/Stm (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
GH/OmrMcwi (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
GK/FarMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
GK/Ox (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
HXB10/IpcvMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
HXB2/IpcvMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
HXB20/IpcvMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
HXB31/IpcvMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
HXB4/IpcvMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LE/Stm (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LE/Stm (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LEW/Crl (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEW/Crl (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LEW/NCrlBR (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LEXF10A/StmMcwi (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF11/Stm (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF1A/Stm (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF1C/Stm (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF2B/Stm (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF3/Stm (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LEXF4/Stm (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LH/MavRrrc (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LH/MavRrrcAek (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Kwitek
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LL/MavRrrc (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LL/MavRrrcAek (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Kwitek
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
LN/MavRrrc (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
LN/MavRrrcAek (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Kwitek
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
M520/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
M520/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
M520/NRrrcMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
MHS/Gib (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
MNS/Gib (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
MR/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
MR/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
MWF/Hsd (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
PVG/Seac (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Japan
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
SBH/Ygl (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: SBH/Ygl sequenced by MCW
SBH/Ygl (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SBN/Ygl (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: SBN/Ygl sequenced by MCW
SBN/Ygl (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SHR/NHsd (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SHR/OlalpcvMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
SHRSP/A3NCrl (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
SHRSP/Gcrc (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SR/JrHsd (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Envigo
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
SR/JrHsd (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Harlan Laboratories
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
SR/JrHsd (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SS/Jr (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
SS/JrHsdMcwi (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: MCW
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
SS/JrHsdMcwi (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA v0.7.7 and GATK v3.2-2
Breeder: Medical College of Wisconsin
Description: Provided by the Medical College of Wisconsin (Dr. Howard Jacob)
SS/JrHsdMcwi (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
WAG/Rij (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
WAG/RijCrl (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
WKY/Gcrc (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
WKY/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
WKY/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin
WKY/NCrl (2019)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: Charles River
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
WKY/NCrl (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
WKY/NHsd (RGD)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Platform: Illumina HiSeq 2000
Secondary Analysis: BWA mem 0.7.15, GATK v.3.6-0
Description: Sequences from Atanur et al and Hermsen et al realigned to the Rnor 6.0 assembly and reanalyzed by RGD
WN/N (2020)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: MCW
Platform: GSPMC-Illumina-NovaSeq6000
Secondary Analysis: BWA_mem_v.0.7.17,_GATK_v.4.1.3.0
Breeder: NIH
Description: Dr. Mindy Dwinell - Hybrid rat diversity program
WN/N (MCW)
Visual CSV TAB Printer
Sequenced By: Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (Dr. Edwin Cuppen)
Max Delbruck Center for Molecular Medicine (Dr. Norbert Huebner)
Platform: SOLiD 4 and 5500
Secondary Analysis: liftOver (Batch Coordinate Conversion)--genome.ucsc.edu
Breeder: National Institutes of Health
Description: Founder strain for the heterogeneous stock (HS) rat population; SNPs from the RGSC 3.4 assembly were "lifted over" from RGSC 3.4 to Rnor 5.0 and from Rnor 5.0 to Rnor 6.0; Provided by Medical College of Wisconsin

Additional Information

Database Acc Id Source(s)
AGR Gene RGD:69425 AgrOrtholog
Ensembl Genes ENSRNOG00000034016 Ensembl, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOG00000063388 Ensembl
Ensembl Protein ENSRNOP00000039621 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Ensembl Transcript ENSRNOT00000049772 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Gene3D-CATH 3.10.110.10 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
IMAGE_CLONE IMAGE:7113229 IMAGE-MGC_LOAD
InterPro UBQ-conjugat_E2 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  UBQ-conjugating_AS UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  UBQ-conjugating_enzyme/RWD UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
KEGG Report rno:79435 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
MGC_CLONE MGC:93393 IMAGE-MGC_LOAD
NCBI Gene 79435 ENTREZGENE
Pfam UQ_con UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
PhenoGen Ube2d4 PhenoGen
PROSITE UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_1 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  UBIQUITIN_CONJUGAT_2 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Superfamily-SCOP SSF54495 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
UniProt P70711 ENTREZGENE, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot


Nomenclature History
Date Current Symbol Current Name Previous Symbol Previous Name Description Reference Status
2012-02-02 Ube2d4  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4 (putative)  Ube2d4  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4  Nomenclature updated to reflect human and mouse nomenclature 1299863 APPROVED
2010-05-25 Ube2d4  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 4  RGD69425  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme  Nomenclature updated to reflect human and mouse nomenclature 1299863 APPROVED
2007-02-20 RGD69425  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme  Ube2d2  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 2   Symbol and Name updated 1299863 APPROVED
2002-06-10 Ube2d2  ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2D 2       Name updated 70584 APPROVED

RGD Curation Notes
Note Type Note Reference
gene_expression mRNA expression restricted to round spermatids and induced during puberty, protein found in mature spermatids as well 69394