Ache (acetylcholinesterase) - Rat Genome Database

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Gene: Ache (acetylcholinesterase) Rattus norvegicus
Symbol: Ache
Name: acetylcholinesterase
RGD ID: 69313
Description: Enables acetylcholine binding activity; acetylcholinesterase activity; and choline binding activity. Involved in several processes, including acetylcholine catabolic process; positive regulation of neurogenesis; and response to insulin. Located in several cellular components, including endoplasmic reticulum lumen; neuronal cell body; and synaptic membrane. Is active in neuromuscular junction and synaptic cleft. Biomarker of acute stress disorder and leptospirosis. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in Alzheimer's disease; epilepsy; and myasthenia gravis. Orthologous to human ACHE (acetylcholinesterase (Yt blood group)); PARTICIPATES IN acetylcholine metabolic pathway; acetylcholine signaling pathway via muscarinic acetylcholine receptor; acetylcholine signaling pathway via nicotinic acetylcholine receptor; INTERACTS WITH (+)-catechin; (+)-pilocarpine; (+)-taxifolin.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Previously known as: glycolipid-anchored form of acetylcholinesterase; Hache
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Orthologs
More Info more info ...
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr81225,042,882 - 25,050,608 (-)NCBIGRCr8
mRatBN7.21219,406,133 - 19,413,713 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl1219,407,360 - 19,413,651 (-)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx1220,562,456 - 20,567,072 (-)NCBIRnor_SHRUTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.01221,175,159 - 21,179,775 (-)NCBIRnor_SHRSPUTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.0
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.01220,239,717 - 20,244,333 (-)NCBIRnor_WKYUTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.0
Rnor_6.01222,472,358 - 22,477,052 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl1222,472,358 - 22,478,753 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.01224,487,632 - 24,491,360 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
Celera1221,207,976 - 21,212,604 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map12q12NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(+)-catechin  (EXP)
(+)-pilocarpine  (EXP,ISO)
(+)-syringaresinol beta-D-glucoside  (ISO)
(+)-taxifolin  (EXP)
(20R)-protopanaxadiol  (ISO)
(R)-lipoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
(R,R,R)-alpha-tocopherol  (EXP,ISO)
(S)-colchicine  (ISO)
(S)-nicotine  (EXP)
1,2-dichloroethane  (EXP)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (ISO)
1-[(2,3,4-trimethoxyphenyl)methyl]piperazine  (EXP)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine  (ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (ISO)
2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl  (EXP)
2,3,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1H-cyclopenta[b]quinolin-9-amine  (ISO)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran  (EXP)
2,4,6-tribromophenol  (ISO)
2,4-dibromophenyl 2,4,5-tribromophenyl ether  (ISO)
2-amino-2-deoxy-D-galactopyranose  (EXP)
2-methoxyethanol  (EXP)
2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine  (EXP)
3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde  (ISO)
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol  (ISO)
3,5,6-trichloropyridine-2-one  (ISO)
3-(3-ethyl-1-methyl-3-azepanyl)phenol  (EXP,ISO)
3-nitropropanoic acid  (EXP)
4,4'-sulfonyldiphenol  (ISO)
4-amino-5-bromo-N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]-2-methoxybenzamide  (ISO)
5-chloro-7-iodoquinolin-8-ol  (ISO)
6-Acetylmorphine  (ISO)
6-propyl-2-thiouracil  (EXP)
9-aminoacridine  (ISO)
acephate  (EXP,ISO)
acepromazine  (ISO)
acetaldehyde  (ISO)
acetaldehyde oxime  (ISO)
acetamide  (EXP)
acetamiprid  (EXP)
acetic acid 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-3-yl ester  (EXP)
acetic acid [4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethoxy]-2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenyl] ester  (ISO)
acetylcholine  (EXP,ISO)
acrylamide  (EXP)
alachlor  (EXP,ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucose  (ISO)
aldicarb  (EXP,ISO)
alendronic acid  (ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (ISO)
alpha-D-galactose  (ISO)
alpha-Zearalanol  (EXP)
Alpinetin  (EXP)
aluminium atom  (EXP)
aluminium(0)  (EXP)
ambenonium chloride  (ISO)
aminocarb  (ISO)
amisulpride  (ISO)
amitriptyline  (EXP,ISO)
amodiaquine  (ISO)
anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one  (EXP)
apigenin  (EXP)
Aroclor 1254  (EXP)
arsane  (EXP,ISO)
arsenic atom  (EXP,ISO)
arsenite(3-)  (EXP)
arsenous acid  (EXP)
aspartame  (EXP,ISO)
atropine  (EXP,ISO)
azamethiphos  (EXP,ISO)
azelastine  (ISO)
azinphos-ethyl  (ISO)
azinphos-methyl  (ISO)
bacitracin  (ISO)
Bacoside a  (ISO)
baicalin  (EXP)
bambuterol  (ISO)
barium chloride  (EXP)
barium(0)  (EXP)
batimastat  (ISO)
bendiocarb  (EXP,ISO)
benfuracarb  (ISO)
Bensulide  (EXP,ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (EXP,ISO)
berberine  (EXP,ISO)
Bergenin  (EXP)
Besigomsin  (ISO)
Betanin  (EXP)
bexarotene  (EXP)
bifenthrin  (EXP)
biochanin A  (ISO)
bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide  (EXP,ISO)
bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether  (EXP,ISO)
bisphenol F  (ISO)
Botulinum toxin type A  (EXP)
Bromophos-ethyl  (ISO)
bucladesine  (EXP)
butyrylthiocholine  (ISO)
C60 fullerene  (EXP)
cadmium atom  (EXP,ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
cadmium sulfate  (EXP)
caffeine  (EXP)
calycosin  (EXP)
canagliflozin  (EXP)
carbachol  (ISO)
carbamate ester  (ISO)
carbaryl  (EXP,ISO)
carbendazim  (EXP)
carbofuran  (EXP,ISO)
Carbophenothion  (EXP,ISO)
carbosulfan  (EXP,ISO)
Cardamonin  (EXP)
carnosine  (ISO)
carvacrol  (EXP)
catalpol  (ISO)
celecoxib  (ISO)
CGP 52608  (ISO)
Chebulinic acid  (ISO)
chlorfenvinfos  (EXP,ISO)
chlorhexidine  (ISO)
chlorite  (ISO)
chlorogenic acid  (ISO)
chlorohydrocarbon  (EXP)
chlorpromazine  (ISO)
chlorpyrifos  (EXP,ISO)
chlorpyrifos-methyl  (EXP)
cholesterol  (ISO)
choline  (ISO)
chrysin  (ISO)
cis-caffeic acid  (EXP)
cisplatin  (ISO)
clofibrate  (EXP)
clothianidin  (ISO)
cobalt dichloride  (EXP)
coenzyme Q10  (ISO)
colforsin daropate hydrochloride  (EXP)
copper atom  (EXP,ISO)
copper(0)  (EXP,ISO)
copper(II) chloride  (EXP,ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (EXP,ISO)
cordycepin  (EXP)
corticosterone  (ISO)
coumaphos  (ISO)
coumarin  (ISO)
Crotoxyphos  (ISO)
Cryptotanshinone  (ISO)
cucurbit[7]uril  (ISO)
Cuprizon  (EXP)
curcumin  (EXP,ISO)
cyclophosphamide  (EXP)
cyclosporin A  (ISO)
cyfluthrin  (EXP)
cypermethrin  (EXP)
cytarabine  (EXP)
D-glucose  (ISO)
daidzein 7-O-beta-D-glucoside  (EXP)
decabromodiphenyl ether  (ISO)
Decursin  (ISO)
demethoxycurcumin  (EXP)
demeton-S-methyl  (ISO)
dequalinium  (ISO)
desipramine  (ISO)
dexamethasone  (EXP)
dextran sulfate  (ISO)
diacetylmonoxime  (ISO)
Dialifor  (ISO)
diarsenic trioxide  (EXP)
diazinon  (EXP,ISO)
diazoxon  (EXP,ISO)
dichlorine  (ISO)
dichlorvos  (EXP,ISO)
diclofop-methyl  (EXP)
dicrotophos  (EXP,ISO)
difenoconazole  (EXP)
dihydroactinidiolide  (ISO)
diisopropyl fluorophosphate  (EXP,ISO)
dimethoate  (EXP,ISO)
dimethylarsinic acid  (ISO)
dimethylmercury  (EXP)
dimethylselenide  (ISO)
dioxygen  (EXP,ISO)
Diphosphoramide, N,N',N'',N'''-tetrakis(1-methylethyl)-  (ISO)
disodium selenite  (EXP,ISO)
disulfiram  (EXP)
disulfoton  (EXP)
dithionite(2-)  (ISO)
donepezil hydrochloride  (EXP,ISO)
doxepin  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (ISO)
dyclonine  (ISO)
ecothiopate iodide  (ISO)
edrophonium  (ISO)
elemental selenium  (EXP)
endosulfan  (EXP)
Eperisone hydrochloride  (ISO)
ergothioneine  (ISO)
eseroline  (EXP)
ethanol  (EXP,ISO)
ethoprophos  (EXP,ISO)
Ethyl 4-methoxycinnamate  (EXP,ISO)
ethylbenzene  (EXP)
ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid  (ISO)
Ethylenethiourea  (EXP,ISO)
eugenol  (EXP)
fenamiphos  (EXP,ISO)
fenitrothion  (EXP,ISO)
fenoxycarb  (EXP)
fenpyroximate  (EXP)
fenthion  (EXP,ISO)
fenvalerate  (EXP)
ferric oxide  (ISO)
ferulic acid  (EXP)
flavonoids  (EXP,ISO)
folic acid  (ISO)
formetanate  (EXP)
fructose  (EXP)
Fusaric acid  (EXP)
galactose  (ISO)
galangin  (EXP)
galanthamine  (EXP,ISO)
galanthamine Trifluoroacetic acid  (EXP,ISO)
gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane  (EXP,ISO)
genistein  (EXP,ISO)
genistein 7-O-beta-D-glucoside  (EXP)
geraniol  (EXP)
ginsenoside Rg1  (ISO)
glucose  (ISO)
glutathione  (EXP)
glycyrrhizinic acid  (EXP)
glyphosate  (EXP,ISO)
haloperidol  (EXP)
harmine  (ISO)
heptenophos  (ISO)
herbicide  (ISO)
heroin  (ISO)
hesperidin  (EXP)
hexachlorophene  (ISO)
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol  (ISO)
homocysteine  (ISO)
huperzine A  (EXP,ISO)
hydrazinecarbothioamide  (ISO)
hypochlorous acid  (ISO)
ifosfamide  (EXP)
imidacloprid  (EXP)
imipramine  (ISO)
indinavir  (ISO)
indole-3-butyric acid  (EXP)
irinotecan  (EXP)
Irisflorentin  (EXP)
iron atom  (EXP)
iron(0)  (EXP)
Isazofos  (ISO)
isocarbophos  (EXP,ISO)
isoflurane  (EXP)
kaempferol  (EXP)
Kokusaginine  (ISO)
L-ascorbic acid  (EXP,ISO)
L-glutamic acid  (ISO)
lead diacetate  (EXP,ISO)
lead(0)  (EXP,ISO)
lead(II) chloride  (EXP)
leptophos  (ISO)
Levallorphan  (EXP)
Levorphanol  (EXP)
Licochalcone B  (ISO)
lipoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
lipopolysaccharide  (ISO)
lisinopril dihydrate  (EXP,ISO)
lithium chloride  (ISO)
loganin  (ISO)
luteolin  (EXP)
lycopene  (EXP)
malaoxon  (EXP,ISO)
malathion  (EXP,ISO)
mancozeb  (EXP)
maneb  (EXP,ISO)
manganese atom  (EXP,ISO)
manganese dioxide  (EXP)
manganese(0)  (EXP,ISO)
manganese(II) chloride  (EXP,ISO)
mangiferin  (ISO)
melatonin  (EXP)
memantine  (EXP)
mercury atom  (EXP,ISO)
mercury dichloride  (EXP)
mercury(0)  (EXP,ISO)
metazocine  (EXP)
metformin  (EXP,ISO)
methamidophos  (EXP,ISO)
methanol  (EXP,ISO)
methiocarb  (EXP)
methomyl  (EXP,ISO)
methotrexate  (ISO)
methylene blue  (ISO)
methylmercury chloride  (EXP)
metoclopramide  (ISO)
mevinphos  (EXP,ISO)
Mipafox  (EXP,ISO)
monocrotophos  (EXP,ISO)
monosodium L-glutamate  (EXP)
morin  (EXP)
morphine  (ISO)
Muscarine  (ISO)
N(gamma)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester  (EXP)
N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide  (EXP,ISO)
N-[[4-[2-(dimethylamino)ethoxy]phenyl]methyl]-3,4-dimethoxybenzamide  (ISO)
N-acetyl-L-cysteine  (EXP,ISO)
N-acetyl-L-tryptophan  (EXP)
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal  (ISO)
N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium  (EXP,ISO)
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine  (ISO)
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine  (ISO)
N1'-[2-[[5-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-2-furanyl]methylthio]ethyl]-N1-methyl-2-nitroethene-1,1-diamine  (EXP,ISO)
NADP zwitterion  (EXP)
NADP(+)  (EXP)
naftalofos  (EXP)
naled  (EXP,ISO)
naringin  (EXP)
Neferine  (EXP)
neostigmine  (ISO)
nickel atom  (EXP)
nicotine  (EXP)
nicotinic acid  (ISO)
O-acetyl-L-carnitine  (EXP)
O-methyleugenol  (ISO)
omethoate  (EXP,ISO)
organophosphorus compound  (ISO)
orlistat  (ISO)
oxaliplatin  (ISO)
oxamyl  (EXP,ISO)
Oxotremorine  (ISO)
oxydemeton-methyl  (ISO)
pancuronium  (ISO)
paracetamol  (EXP)
paraoxon  (EXP,ISO)
Paraoxon-methyl  (EXP,ISO)
paraquat  (EXP,ISO)
parathion  (EXP,ISO)
parathion-methyl  (EXP,ISO)
PCB138  (EXP)
pentazocine  (EXP)
pentetrazol  (EXP)
Pentoxifylline  (EXP)
perfluorooctane-1-sulfonic acid  (EXP,ISO)
perfluorooctanoic acid  (EXP)
permethrin  (EXP)
phenobarbital  (EXP,ISO)
phenthoate  (ISO)
phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride  (ISO)
phenytoin  (ISO)
phloretin  (ISO)
phorate  (EXP,ISO)
phosalone  (ISO)
phosmet  (EXP,ISO)
phosphamidon  (ISO)
phosphoryl trichloride  (ISO)
phoxim  (EXP,ISO)
physostigmine  (EXP,ISO)
physostigmine salicylate  (ISO)
phytoestrogen  (ISO)
piperazines  (EXP)
piperidine  (ISO)
Piracetam  (EXP,ISO)
pirimicarb  (ISO)
Pirimiphos-ethyl  (ISO)
pirimiphos-methyl  (ISO)
pirinixic acid  (ISO)
potassium bromate  (EXP)
potassium dichromate  (ISO)
pralidoxime  (EXP,ISO)
pramipexole  (EXP)
proanthocyanidin  (ISO)
prochlorperazine  (ISO)
prodigiosin  (EXP)
profenofos  (EXP,ISO)
propamocarb  (ISO)
propiconazole  (EXP)
propidium  (ISO)
propoxur  (EXP,ISO)
puerarin  (ISO)
pyrazophos  (ISO)
Pyridostigmine bromide  (EXP,ISO)
pyrimidines  (ISO)
quercetin  (EXP)
quercetin 3-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside  (EXP)
quinalphos  (EXP,ISO)
raloxifene  (ISO)
ranitidine  (EXP,ISO)
rapacuronium  (ISO)
reactive oxygen species  (ISO)
remdesivir  (ISO)
reserpine  (EXP)
resveratrol  (EXP,ISO)
rhodamine 6G  (ISO)
rivastigmine  (EXP,ISO)
rosuvastatin calcium  (EXP)
rotenone  (EXP,ISO)
rutin  (EXP)
S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine  (ISO)
Salidroside  (EXP)
sarin  (EXP,ISO)
scopolamine  (EXP,ISO)
selenium atom  (EXP)
serotonin  (ISO)
silicon atom  (EXP)
sodium arsenite  (EXP,ISO)
sodium azide  (EXP)
sodium benzoate  (EXP)
sodium fluoride  (EXP,ISO)
sodium nitrite  (ISO)
Soman  (EXP,ISO)
sotorasib  (ISO)
staurosporine  (ISO)
stevioside  (EXP)
streptozocin  (EXP,ISO)
tacrine  (EXP,ISO)
tannic acid  (EXP)
Tariquidar  (EXP)
taurine  (EXP)
Tellimagrandin I  (ISO)
telmisartan  (ISO)
temephos  (EXP)
terbufos  (EXP,ISO)
tert-butyl hydroperoxide  (EXP)
testosterone  (ISO)
tetrachlorohydroquinone  (ISO)
tetrachloromethane  (EXP)
tetrachlorvinphos  (ISO)
tetraethyllead  (EXP)
tetramethylpyrazine  (EXP)
Theaflavin 3,3'-digallate  (ISO)
thiacloprid  (EXP,ISO)
thiazolidines  (ISO)
Thiobencarb  (EXP)
thiodicarb  (EXP,ISO)
thioflavine T  (ISO)
thymoquinone  (EXP)
Tiapamil  (ISO)
tilorone  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (EXP,ISO)
tolonium chloride  (ISO)
toluene  (ISO)
trametinib  (ISO)
trandolapril  (EXP)
trans-caffeic acid  (EXP)
triazoles  (ISO)
triazophos  (ISO)
tribufos  (ISO)
tributyl phosphate  (EXP)
trichlorfon  (EXP,ISO)
trichloroacetaldehyde  (ISO)
trifluoperazine  (EXP,ISO)
triptonide  (ISO)
tropan-3alpha-yl 3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoate  (EXP,ISO)
tubocurarine  (ISO)
tyloxapol  (EXP)
valproic acid  (EXP,ISO)
vancomycin  (EXP)
vanillin  (EXP)
vincristine  (EXP)
Vinpocetine  (EXP)
vitamin D  (EXP)
vitamin E  (EXP,ISO)
VX nerve agent  (EXP,ISO)
xaliproden  (EXP)
zinc atom  (EXP)
zinc dichloride  (EXP)
zinc oxide  (ISO)
zinc sulfate  (EXP)
zinc(0)  (EXP)
zineb  (EXP)
zingerone  (EXP)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Molecular Function


References - curated
# Reference Title Reference Citation
1. Mechanisms of neuroprotective effects of nicotine and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors: role of alpha4 and alpha7 receptors in neuroprotection. Akaike A, etal., J Mol Neurosci. 2010 Jan;40(1-2):211-6.
2. Curcumin improves episodic memory in cadmium induced memory impairment through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and adenosine deaminase activities in a rat model. Akinyemi AJ, etal., Metab Brain Dis. 2017 Feb;32(1):87-95. doi: 10.1007/s11011-016-9887-x. Epub 2016 Aug 5.
3. Restoration of acetylcholinesterase activity by Euphorbia hirta in discrete brain regions of chronically stressed rats. Anuradha H, etal., Pharm Biol. 2010 May;48(5):499-503.
4. Protective effect of reversible cholinesterase inhibitors (tacrine, pyridostigmine) and eqbuche against VX poisoning and brain acetylcholinesterase inhibition in rats. Bajgar J Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove). 2008;51(4):223-8.
5. Muscarinic M(1), M(3) receptors function in the brainstem of streptozotocin induced diabetic rats: their role in insulin secretion from the pancreatic islets as a function of age. Balakrishnan S, etal., Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Apr 17;608(1-3):14-22. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.01.047.
6. Cholinesterase activities in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with idiopathic convulsive disorders. Basu PS, etal., Clin Chim Acta. 1995 Feb 28;235(1):107-12.
7. Serum cholinesterase activities distinguish between stroke patients and controls and predict 12-month mortality. Ben Assayag E, etal., Mol Med. 2010 Jul-Aug;16(7-8):278-86. doi: 10.2119/molmed.2010.00015. Epub 2010 Apr 14.
8. Cholinesterase modulations in patients with acute bacterial meningitis. Berg RM, etal., Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2011 Jul;71(4):350-2. doi: 10.3109/00365513.2011.558107. Epub 2011 Feb 8.
9. Exercise modulates synaptic acetylcholinesterase at neuromuscular junctions. Blotnick E and Anglister L, Neuroscience. 2016 Apr 5;319:221-32. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.01.044. Epub 2016 Jan 25.
10. Acetylcholinesterase induces neuronal cell loss, astrocyte hypertrophy and behavioral deficits in mammalian hippocampus. Chacon MA, etal., J Neurochem 2003 Oct;87(1):195-204.
11. An intronic enhancer containing an N-box motif is required for synapse- and tissue-specific expression of the acetylcholinesterase gene in skeletal muscle fibers. Chan RY, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1999 Apr 13;96(8):4627-32.
12. Slow accumulation of acetylcholinesterase in rat brain during enzyme inhibition by repeated dosing with chlorpyrifos. Chiappa S, etal., Biochem Pharmacol. 1995 Mar 30;49(7):955-63. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(95)00004-j.
13. Acute organophosphorus poisoning. Chowdhary S, etal., Clin Chim Acta. 2014 Apr 20;431C:66-76. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2014.01.024. Epub 2014 Feb 7.
14. Acetylcholinesterase and choline uptake in striatum from rats with varying sleeping times. Chumakova OV and Liopo AV, Alcohol Alcohol. 1996 Mar;31(2):217-20.
15. Cholinesterases as markers of the inflammatory process in rats infected with Leptospira interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae. da Silva CB, etal., J Med Microbiol. 2012 Feb;61(Pt 2):278-84. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.035501-0. Epub 2011 Sep 15.
16. [Effect of truncal vagotomy on the exocrine function of the pancreas in the dog] Dabrowski Z, etal., Pol Tyg Lek 1978 Jul 10;33(28):1093-5.
17. Post-transcriptional regulation of acetylcholinesterase mRNAs in nerve growth factor-treated PC12 cells by the RNA-binding protein HuD. Deschenes-Furry J, etal., J Biol Chem 2003 Feb 21;278(8):5710-7. Epub 2002 Dec 4.
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Additional References at PubMed
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Comparative Map Data
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr81225,042,882 - 25,050,608 (-)NCBI