Hif1a (hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha) - Rat Genome Database

Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   
Gene: Hif1a (hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha) Rattus norvegicus
Analyze
Symbol: Hif1a
Name: hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha
RGD ID: 61928
Description: Enables sequence-specific DNA binding activity and ubiquitin protein ligase binding activity. Involved in several processes, including cellular response to carbon monoxide; regulation of apoptotic process; and regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II. Located in cytoplasm and nucleus. Used to study acute kidney failure; brain ischemia; diabetic retinopathy; hepatocellular carcinoma; and middle cerebral artery infarction. Biomarker of several diseases, including artery disease (multiple); bladder neck obstruction; decubitus ulcer; ischemia (multiple); and kidney failure (multiple). Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in lung non-small cell carcinoma; myocardial infarction; prostate cancer; and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Orthologous to human HIF1A (hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha); PARTICIPATES IN hypoxia inducible factor pathway; vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway; mTOR signaling pathway; INTERACTS WITH (+)-pilocarpine; 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine; 2,3,4,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Previously known as: HIF-1 alpha; HIF-1-alpha; HIF1 alpha; HIF1-alpha; hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha subunit; hypoxia inducible factor 1, alpha subunit; hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha; hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit (basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor); hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha; MOP1
RGD Orthologs
Human
Mouse
Chinchilla
Bonobo
Dog
Squirrel
Pig
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Position:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
mRatBN7.2692,624,059 - 92,669,262 (+)NCBImRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl692,624,390 - 92,669,261 (+)Ensembl
Rnor_6.0696,810,868 - 96,856,303 (+)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl696,810,907 - 96,856,052 (+)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.06106,242,409 - 106,287,957 (+)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.4696,419,024 - 96,463,891 (+)NCBIRGSC3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.1696,422,479 - 96,467,347 (+)NCBI
Celera691,083,300 - 91,128,125 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map6q24NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)
Model


Disease Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
acute kidney failure  (IDA,IEP)
Acute-Phase Reaction  (IEP)
Alcoholic Liver Diseases  (IEP)
Alzheimer's disease  (ISO)
Anaplasia  (ISO)
Arterial Thrombosis  (IEP)
Asphyxia  (IEP)
asthma  (ISO)
atrial fibrillation  (ISO)
bladder neck obstruction  (IEP)
brain ischemia  (IDA,IEP,ISO)
Breast Neoplasms  (ISO)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia  (IEP)
Burns  (IEP)
carcinoma  (ISO)
Cardiomegaly  (ISO)
cholesteatoma of middle ear  (ISO)
Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion  (IEP)
Colonic Neoplasms  (ISO)
colorectal cancer  (ISO)
congenital heart disease  (ISO)
congestive heart failure  (IEP,ISO)
decubitus ulcer  (IEP)
Diabetes Complications  (ISO)
Diabetic Nephropathies  (IDA,IEP)
diabetic retinopathy  (IDA,IEP,ISO)
Disease Progression  (ISO)
Ductal Carcinoma  (ISO)
ductal carcinoma in situ  (ISO)
esophagus squamous cell carcinoma  (ISO)
Experimental Arthritis  (IDA)
Experimental Autoimmune Neuritis  (IEP)
Experimental Diabetes Mellitus  (IEP)
Experimental Neoplasms  (ISO)
Femur Head Necrosis  (IEP)
glioblastoma  (ISO)
glycogen storage disease V  (ISS)
glycogen storage disease VII  (ISS)
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced  (ISO)
hemangioblastoma  (ISO)
hepatic encephalopathy  (IEP)
hepatocellular carcinoma  (IMP,ISO)
Hot Flashes  (ISO)
Hyperalgesia  (IEP)
Hyperplasia  (ISO)
hypertension  (IEP,ISO)
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain  (IDA,IEP,ISO)
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis  (ISO)
Infarction  (IEP)
Intervertebral Disc Disease  (IEP)
invasive ductal carcinoma  (ISO)
kidney failure  (IEP)
Kidney Reperfusion Injury  (IDA,IMP)
Limb Ischemia  (IEP)
lung disease  (ISO)
lung non-small cell carcinoma  (ISO)
malignant astrocytoma  (ISO)
Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental  (IDA)
Memory Disorders  (ISO)
Micronuclei, Chromosome-Defective  (ISO)
middle cerebral artery infarction  (IDA)
morbid obesity  (ISO)
mycosis fungoides  (ISO)
myocardial infarction  (IEP,ISO)
Myocardial Ischemia  (IEP)
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury  (IDA,IEP,ISO)
Neoplasm Invasiveness  (ISO)
Neoplastic Cell Transformation  (ISO)
nephroblastoma  (ISO)
olfactory neuroblastoma  (ISO)
osteoarthritis  (ISO)
ovarian cancer  (ISO)
Oxygen-Induced Retinopathy  (ISO)
pancreatic cancer  (ISO)
Phyllodes Tumor  (ISO)
polycystic kidney disease  (IEP)
Postmenopausal Osteoporosis  (IMP,ISO)
primary biliary cholangitis  (ISO)
prostate cancer  (ISO)
Prostatic Neoplasms  (ISO)
psoriasis  (ISO)
pulmonary hypertension  (IEP,ISO)
Radiation Injuries  (ISO)
Radiation Injuries, Experimental  (IEP,ISO)
renal cell carcinoma  (ISO)
Reperfusion Injury  (IDA)
retinal ischemia  (IEP)
Retinal Neovascularization  (ISO)
rheumatoid arthritis  (ISO)
sclerosing cholangitis  (ISO)
skin melanoma  (ISO)
Skin Neoplasms  (ISO)
Spinal Cord Injuries  (IEP,ISO)
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage  (IEP)
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders  (IEP)
Testis Reperfusion Injury  (IEP)
Thyroid Neoplasms  (ISO)
transient cerebral ischemia  (IEP)
type 2 diabetes mellitus  (IEP,ISO)
Ulcer  (IEP)
Urologic Neoplasms  (ISO)
varicocele  (IEP)
Werner syndrome  (ISO)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(+)-catechin  (ISO)
(+)-pilocarpine  (EXP)
(-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate  (ISO)
(-)-noscapine  (ISO)
(25R)-cholest-5-ene-3beta,26-diol  (ISO)
(S)-nicotine  (ISO)
1,10-phenanthroline  (ISO)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (ISO)
1,4-benzoquinone  (ISO)
1,4-dithiothreitol  (ISO)
1,4-phenylenediamine  (ISO)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine  (EXP,ISO)
1-methylphenanthrene  (ISO)
1-naphthyl isothiocyanate  (ISO)
1-nitropyrene  (ISO)
1-octadec-9-enoylglycero-3-phosphate  (ISO)
15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2  (ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (ISO)
2,2'-bipyridine  (ISO)
2,3,4,7,8-Pentachlorodibenzofuran  (EXP)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzofuran  (ISO)
2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose  (ISO)
2-hydroxypropanoic acid  (ISO)
2-methoxy-17beta-estradiol  (EXP,ISO)
26-hydroxycholesterol  (ISO)
3,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl  (EXP,ISO)
3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine  (ISO)
3,4-dihydroxybenzoate  (EXP,ISO)
3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid  (EXP)
3-bromopyruvic acid  (ISO)
3-methyladenine  (ISO)
3-methylcholanthrene  (EXP)
3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione  (EXP)
4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide  (ISO)
4-hydroxy-17beta-estradiol  (ISO)
4-hydroxy-TEMPO  (EXP)
4-vinylcyclohexene dioxide  (ISO)
5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine  (ISO)
5-chloro-7-iodoquinolin-8-ol  (ISO)
5-fluorouracil  (ISO)
7,12-dimethyltetraphene  (ISO)
7H-xanthine  (EXP)
8-bromo-3',5'-cyclic GMP  (ISO)
9-aminoacridine  (ISO)
9H-xanthine  (EXP)
acetamide  (EXP)
acrolein  (ISO)
actinomycin D  (ISO)
adenosine  (ISO)
aflatoxin B1  (ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucosamine  (ISO)
aldehydo-D-glucose  (EXP,ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (ISO)
allethrin  (EXP)
alpha-D-galactose  (ISO)
alpha-pinene  (ISO)
alpinumisoflavone  (ISO)
aluminium atom  (ISO)
aluminium(0)  (ISO)
amino acid  (ISO)
aminoguanidine  (ISO)
ammonium chloride  (EXP)
amphotericin B  (ISO)
andrographolide  (ISO)
anthra[1,9-cd]pyrazol-6(2H)-one  (ISO)
anthracen-2-amine  (ISO)
antimycin A  (EXP)
antirheumatic drug  (ISO)
apigenin  (EXP,ISO)
apocynin  (EXP,ISO)
aristolochic acid  (ISO)
arsane  (ISO)
arsenic atom  (ISO)
arsenite(3-)  (ISO)
arsenous acid  (ISO)
ATP  (ISO)
Azaspiracid  (ISO)
bafilomycin A1  (ISO)
benzalkonium chloride  (ISO)
benzene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (EXP,ISO)
benzo[b]fluoranthene  (ISO)
Benzo[k]fluoranthene  (ISO)
beta-D-glucosamine  (ISO)
betulin  (ISO)
betulinic acid  (ISO)
bicalutamide  (EXP)
bilirubin IXalpha  (ISO)
bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide  (ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether  (ISO)
bisphenol F  (ISO)
bleomycin A2  (ISO)
bortezomib  (ISO)
bromobenzene  (EXP)
bucladesine  (ISO)
C.I. Natural Red 20  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
caffeine  (ISO)
calcidiol  (ISO)
calciol  (ISO)
calycosin  (ISO)
calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside  (ISO)
cannabidiol  (EXP,ISO)
capecitabine  (ISO)
capsaicin  (ISO)
carbon nanotube  (ISO)
carmustine  (EXP)
carnosine  (EXP)
chenodeoxycholic acid  (ISO)
chetomin  (ISO)
chloroacetaldehyde  (ISO)
chloroquine  (ISO)
chlorpromazine  (EXP)
chlorpyrifos  (ISO)
cholesterol  (EXP)
choline  (ISO)
chromium atom  (ISO)
chromium(6+)  (EXP,ISO)
ciclopirox  (EXP,ISO)
cidofovir anhydrous  (ISO)
ciglitazone  (EXP)
cisplatin  (EXP,ISO)
clodronic acid  (EXP,ISO)
clofibrate  (ISO)
cobalt atom  (EXP,ISO)
cobalt dichloride  (EXP,ISO)
cobalt(2+) sulfate  (ISO)
cobalt(II) acetate  (ISO)
cocaine  (ISO)
concanamycin A  (ISO)
copper atom  (EXP,ISO)
copper(0)  (EXP,ISO)
copper(II) chloride  (ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (ISO)
coumarin  (ISO)
coumarin 460  (ISO)
crocidolite asbestos  (ISO)
Crystal violet lactone  (ISO)
curcumin  (EXP,ISO)
Curcumol  (EXP)
cycloheximide  (EXP,ISO)
cyclohexyl isocyanate  (EXP)
cyclophosphamide  (ISO)
cyclosporin A  (EXP,ISO)
cyhalothrin  (EXP)
cypermethrin  (EXP)
cytarabine  (ISO)
D-glucose  (EXP,ISO)
DAPT  (ISO)
deguelin  (ISO)
delphinidin  (ISO)
desferrioxamine B  (EXP,ISO)
dexamethasone  (ISO)
dextran sulfate  (ISO)
diallyl trisulfide  (ISO)
diarsenic trioxide  (ISO)
dibenz[a,h]anthracene  (ISO)
dibenziodolium  (EXP,ISO)
dibenzo[a,l]pyrene  (ISO)
dichloroacetic acid  (ISO)
diclofenac  (ISO)
Dictamnine  (ISO)
digitonin  (ISO)
digitoxin  (ISO)
digoxin  (ISO)
Dihydrotanshinone I  (ISO)
dimethyl sulfoxide  (EXP)
dimethylarsinous acid  (ISO)
dimethylselenide  (ISO)
dinophysistoxin 1  (ISO)
dioxygen  (EXP,ISO)
dopamine  (EXP,ISO)
dorsomorphin  (ISO)
doxifluridine  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (EXP,ISO)
ebselen  (ISO)
edaravone  (ISO)
ellagic acid  (ISO)
emodin  (ISO)
entinostat  (ISO)
epalrestat  (ISO)
epoxomicin  (ISO)
ethanol  (EXP,ISO)
eticlopride(1+)  (EXP)
etoposide  (ISO)
eugenol  (ISO)
fasudil  (ISO)
fenofibrate  (EXP,ISO)
fenvalerate  (EXP)
finasteride  (EXP)
fipronil  (EXP)
fisetin  (EXP,ISO)
flavanones  (ISO)
flavone  (ISO)
fluoranthene  (ISO)
flusilazole  (ISO)
folic acid  (ISO)
formononetin  (ISO)
fulvestrant  (ISO)
furan  (EXP)
Fusaric acid  (ISO)
gadolinium atom  (ISO)
gadolinium trichloride  (ISO)
galactose  (ISO)
galangin  (ISO)
galaxolide  (ISO)
gallic acid  (ISO)
gefitinib  (ISO)
geldanamycin  (ISO)
gemcitabine  (ISO)
Genipin  (ISO)
genistein  (ISO)
gentamycin  (EXP,ISO)
gingerol  (ISO)
Ginsenoside Rg5  (EXP)
gliotoxin  (ISO)
glucose  (EXP,ISO)
glutathione  (ISO)
glutathione disulfide  (ISO)
glyphosate  (EXP)
GW 4064  (ISO)
hemin  (ISO)
hexadecanoic acid  (ISO)
hyaluronic acid  (EXP)
hydrazines  (EXP)
hydrogen cyanide  (ISO)
hydrogen peroxide  (EXP,ISO)
hydrogen sulfide  (ISO)
hydroxamic acid  (ISO)
ibuprofen  (ISO)
ifosfamide  (ISO)
indoxyl sulfate  (ISO)
Iodine aqueous  (ISO)
ionomycin  (ISO)
iron atom  (EXP,ISO)
iron dichloride  (ISO)
iron(0)  (EXP,ISO)
iron(2+) sulfate (anhydrous)  (ISO)
iron(3+) sulfate  (ISO)
iron(III) citrate  (ISO)
iron(III) nitrilotriacetate  (ISO)
isoprenaline  (ISO)
kaempferol  (ISO)
ketorolac  (ISO)
KN-93  (ISO)
L-1,4-dithiothreitol  (ISO)
L-ascorbic acid  (EXP,ISO)
L-methionine  (ISO)
L-mimosine  (EXP,ISO)
lactacystin  (ISO)
lapatinib  (ISO)
leflunomide  (ISO)
linuron  (ISO)
lipopolysaccharide  (ISO)
luteolin  (ISO)
LY294002  (ISO)
malonic acid  (EXP)
manganese atom  (ISO)
manganese(0)  (ISO)
manganese(II) chloride  (EXP,ISO)
melatonin  (ISO)
menadione  (EXP,ISO)
mercury dichloride  (ISO)
metam  (ISO)
metformin  (EXP,ISO)
methapyrilene  (EXP)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
methylglyoxal  (ISO)
methylmercury chloride  (EXP)
mevinphos  (EXP)
miconazole  (EXP)
minocycline  (ISO)
mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate  (ISO)
motexafin gadolinium  (ISO)
myricetin  (ISO)
N(6)-butyryl-cAMP  (EXP)
N(gamma)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester  (ISO)
N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine  (ISO)
N-acetyl-L-cysteine  (EXP,ISO)
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal  (EXP,ISO)
N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium  (EXP,ISO)
N-nitrosodiethylamine  (EXP)
N-nitrosomorpholine  (EXP)
n-propyl gallate  (EXP)
nickel atom  (EXP,ISO)
nickel dichloride  (ISO)
nickel subsulfide  (ISO)
nickel sulfate  (ISO)
niclosamide  (ISO)
nicotine  (ISO)
nicotinic acid  (EXP)
nitric oxide  (ISO)
nitrofurantoin  (EXP)
nitroprusside  (ISO)
NS-398  (ISO)
ochratoxin A  (EXP,ISO)
okadaic acid  (ISO)
oleic acid  (ISO)
oroxylin A  (ISO)
ouabain  (ISO)
oxaliplatin  (EXP)
ozone  (ISO)
paclitaxel  (ISO)
paeoniflorin  (ISO)
Panaxynol  (EXP)
paracetamol  (ISO)
paraquat  (EXP,ISO)
pentachlorophenol  (ISO)
perfluorononanoic acid  (ISO)
phenformin  (ISO)
phenobarbital  (EXP,ISO)
PhIP  (ISO)
phloretin  (ISO)
phorbol 13-acetate 12-myristate  (ISO)
phorone  (EXP)
pioglitazone  (ISO)
pirinixic acid  (ISO)
potassium chromate  (ISO)
potassium cyanide  (ISO)
potassium dichromate  (EXP,ISO)
prednisone  (ISO)
progesterone  (ISO)
promethazine  (EXP)
propofol  (ISO)
prostaglandin E2  (ISO)
protoporphyrin  (ISO)
quercetin  (EXP,ISO)
quinolone  (ISO)
Quinomycin A  (ISO)
rac-lactic acid  (ISO)
radicicol  (EXP)
radon atom  (ISO)
radon(0)  (ISO)
razoxane  (ISO)
reactive oxygen species  (ISO)
resveratrol  (EXP,ISO)
Rhein  (ISO)
rifampicin  (ISO)
rimonabant  (ISO)
romidepsin  (ISO)
rotenone  (EXP,ISO)
roxadustat  (EXP,ISO)
S-butyl-DL-homocysteine (S,R)-sulfoximine  (EXP,ISO)
S-nitrosoglutathione  (ISO)
Salidroside  (EXP)
Salinomycin  (ISO)
SB 203580  (ISO)
scutellarin  (ISO)
Shikonin  (ISO)
simvastatin  (EXP,ISO)
sirolimus  (EXP,ISO)
sodium arsenate  (ISO)
sodium arsenite  (ISO)
sodium atom  (ISO)
sodium azide  (EXP)
sodium chloride  (EXP)
sodium cholate  (EXP)
sodium dichromate  (ISO)
sodium nitrite  (EXP)
sorafenib  (ISO)
spironolactone  (EXP)
squalene  (ISO)
stattic  (ISO)
streptozocin  (EXP,ISO)
succinic acid  (EXP)
sulfadimethoxine  (EXP)
sulfasalazine  (ISO)
sulfonyldimethane  (ISO)
sulforaphane  (ISO)
sulindac  (ISO)
sulprostone  (ISO)
sunitinib  (ISO)
Swertiamarin  (EXP)
tamoxifen  (ISO)
tanespimycin  (ISO)
Terpestacin  (ISO)
tert-butyl hydroperoxide  (ISO)
testosterone  (EXP,ISO)
testosterone enanthate  (EXP)
tetrachloromethane  (EXP,ISO)
tetraconazole  (ISO)
tetraethylenepentamine  (ISO)
tetramethylpyrazine  (ISO)
tetrathiomolybdate(2-)  (EXP)
thioacetamide  (EXP)
thymidine  (ISO)
thymoquinone  (EXP)
Tiron  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (ISO)
topotecan  (EXP,ISO)
triamterene  (ISO)
trifluoperazine  (ISO)
trimellitic anhydride  (ISO)
trimethyltin  (ISO)
troglitazone  (ISO)
Tungsten carbide  (ISO)
tunicamycin  (ISO)
udenafil  (EXP)
urethane  (ISO)
valproic acid  (ISO)
vanadium atom  (ISO)
vanadium(0)  (ISO)
vemurafenib  (ISO)
vinclozolin  (EXP)
vitamin E  (ISO)
vorinostat  (ISO)
wogonin  (ISO)
wortmannin  (ISO)
Y-27632  (ISO)
zinc acetate  (ISO)
zinc atom  (ISO)
zinc dichloride  (ISO)
zinc protoporphyrin  (ISO)
zinc(0)  (ISO)
zoledronic acid  (EXP)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process
acute-phase response  (IEP)
angiogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
apoptotic process  (ISO)
axonal transport of mitochondrion  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
B-1 B cell homeostasis  (IEA,ISO)
blood vessel development  (ISO)
blood vessel morphogenesis  (ISO)
bone mineralization  (IEA,ISO)
camera-type eye morphogenesis  (ISO)
cardiac ventricle morphogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
cartilage development  (ISO)
cell differentiation  (ISO)
cellular glucose homeostasis  (ISO,ISS)
cellular iron ion homeostasis  (IEA,ISO)
cellular response to carbon monoxide  (IEP)
cellular response to cobalt ion  (IEP)
cellular response to cyanide  (IEP)
cellular response to electrical stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to glucose stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to hydrogen peroxide  (IEP)
cellular response to hypoxia  (IBA,IEP,IMP,ISO,ISS)
cellular response to insulin stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to interleukin-1  (IEA,IEP,ISO)
cellular response to light stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to lipid  (IEP)
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide  (IEP)
cellular response to mechanical stimulus  (IEP)
cellular response to nitrite  (IEP)
cellular response to organic cyclic compound  (IEP)
cellular response to toxic substance  (IEP)
cellular response to virus  (IEA,ISO)
cellular response to xenobiotic stimulus  (IEP)
cerebral cortex development  (IEA,ISO)
chondrocyte differentiation  (IEA,ISO)
collagen metabolic process  (IEA,ISO)
connective tissue replacement involved in inflammatory response wound healing  (IEA,ISO)
digestive tract morphogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
dopaminergic neuron differentiation  (IEA,ISO)
elastin metabolic process  (IEA,ISO)
embryonic hemopoiesis  (IEA,ISO)
embryonic placenta development  (IEA,ISO)
epithelial cell differentiation involved in mammary gland alveolus development  (IEA,ISO)
epithelial to mesenchymal transition  (IEA,ISO)
glandular epithelial cell differentiation  (ISO)
glandular epithelial cell maturation  (IEA,ISO)
glucose homeostasis  (ISO)
heart looping  (IEA,ISO)
hemoglobin biosynthetic process  (IEA,ISO)
hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha signaling pathway  (IEA,ISO)
insulin secretion involved in cellular response to glucose stimulus  (IEA,ISO)
intestinal epithelial cell maturation  (IEA,ISO)
iris morphogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
lactate metabolic process  (IEA,ISO)
lactation  (IEA,ISO)
maternal process involved in female pregnancy  (IEP)
mesenchymal cell apoptotic process  (IEA,ISO)
muscle cell cellular homeostasis  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of apoptotic process  (IMP,ISO)
negative regulation of bone mineralization  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of gene expression  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of growth  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of mesenchymal cell apoptotic process  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process  (ISO)
negative regulation of ossification  (ISO)
negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced neuron intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of thymocyte apoptotic process  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of TOR signaling  (IEA,ISO)
negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II  (IMP)
negative regulation of vasoconstriction  (IMP)
neural crest cell migration  (IEA,ISO)
neural fold elevation formation  (IEA,ISO)
neuroblast proliferation  (IEA,ISO)
neuron apoptotic process  (IEA,ISO)
outflow tract morphogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
oxygen homeostasis  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of angiogenesis  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of apoptotic process  (IMP)
positive regulation of autophagy  (ISO)
positive regulation of autophagy of mitochondrion  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of blood vessel endothelial cell migration  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of cell population proliferation  (IMP)
positive regulation of cell size  (IEP)
positive regulation of chemokine-mediated signaling pathway  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of cytokine production involved in inflammatory response  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
positive regulation of epithelial cell migration  (ISO)
positive regulation of erythrocyte differentiation  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of gene expression  (IMP,ISO)
positive regulation of gluconeogenesis  (IMP)
positive regulation of hormone biosynthetic process  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of insulin secretion involved in cellular response to glucose stimulus  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of macroautophagy  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of miRNA transcription  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of neuroblast proliferation  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of signaling receptor activity  (IEA,ISO)
positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation  (IMP)
positive regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II  (IDA,IMP,ISO)
positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to hypoxia  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
positive regulation of transcription, DNA-templated  (ISO,ISS)
positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor production  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
positive regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling pathway  (IEA,ISO)
regulation of aerobic respiration  (IEA,ISO)
regulation of catalytic activity  (IEA,ISO)
regulation of cell population proliferation  (ISO)
regulation of cellular response to hypoxia  (IEP)
regulation of gene expression  (ISO)
regulation of glycolytic process  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
regulation of protein neddylation  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
regulation of thymocyte apoptotic process  (ISO)
regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II  (IBA)
regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to oxidative stress  (IEA,IMP,ISO)
regulation of transcription, DNA-templated  (ISO,TAS)
regulation of transforming growth factor beta2 production  (IEA,ISO)
response to activity  (IEP)
response to alkaloid  (IEP)
response to anesthetic  (IEP)
response to auditory stimulus  (IEP)
response to cobalt ion  (IEP)
response to estradiol  (IEP)
response to estrogen  (IEP)
response to fungicide  (IMP)
response to glucocorticoid  (IEP)
response to glucose  (IEP)
response to hypoxia  (IDA,ISO,ISS)
response to iron ion  (IEA,ISO)
response to mechanical stimulus  (IEP)
response to muscle activity  (IEA,ISO)
response to purine-containing compound  (IEP)
response to reactive oxygen species  (IEA,ISO,ISS)
response to salt stress  (IEP)
response to X-ray  (IEP)
response to xenobiotic stimulus  (IEP)
retina vasculature development in camera-type eye  (IEA,ISO)
signal transduction  (ISO)
TOR signaling  (IEA,ISO)
vascular endothelial growth factor production  (IEA,ISO)
vasculature development  (ISO)
visual learning  (IEA,ISO)

Cellular Component

Molecular Pathway Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
References

References - curated
1. Abu El-Asrar AM, etal., Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Jun;91(6):822-6. Epub 2007 Jan 17.
2. Adunka O, etal., Laryngoscope. 2003 Jul;113(7):1210-5.
3. Alcantara-Hernandez M, etal., Int J Cancer. 2014 May 1;134(9):2136-45. doi: 10.1002/ijc.28546. Epub 2013 Nov 4.
4. Assaraf MI, etal., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2007 May;66(5):389-98.
5. Azarnoush K, etal., J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005 Jul;130(1):173-9.
6. Baatar D, etal., Am J Pathol 2002 Oct;161(4):1449-57.
7. Bai CG, etal., Heart Vessels. 2008 May;23(3):193-200. Epub 2008 May 17.
8. Baranova O, etal., J Neurosci. 2007 Jun 6;27(23):6320-32.
9. Bernhardt WM, etal., Am J Pathol. 2007 Mar;170(3):830-42.
10. Bernhardt WM, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2006 Jul;17(7):1970-8. Epub 2006 Jun 8.
11. Bonnet S, etal., Circulation. 2006 Jun 6;113(22):2630-41. Epub 2006 May 30.
12. Caltana L, etal., Neurotox Res. 2009 May;15(4):348-58. doi: 10.1007/s12640-009-9038-9. Epub 2009 Mar 20.
13. Cancello R, etal., Diabetes. 2005 Aug;54(8):2277-86.
14. Chao HM, etal., J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Jul-Aug;29(6):539-49. doi: 10.1089/jop.2012.0179. Epub 2013 Mar 28.
15. Chavez JC and LaManna JC, J Neurosci 2002 Oct 15;22(20):8922-31.
16. Chavez JC, etal., Neurosci Lett. 2005 Feb 21;374(3):179-82. Epub 2004 Nov 23.
17. Cheng Y, etal., Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2009 Mar;25(2):134-6.
18. Chou LW, etal., Arthritis Res Ther. 2011 Jun 16;13(3):R90. doi: 10.1186/ar3365.
19. Choy MK, etal., J Cell Physiol. 2010 Mar;222(3):635-9.
20. Chu W, etal., J Cell Mol Med. 2012 Sep;16(9):2022-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2011.01497.x.
21. Chung JW, etal., Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2011 Jan;31(1):153-9. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2010.10.002. Epub 2010 Oct 16.
22. Conde E, etal., PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e33258. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033258. Epub 2012 Mar 14.
23. Correia SC, etal., Neurobiol Dis. 2012 Jan;45(1):206-18. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2011.08.005. Epub 2011 Aug 10.
24. D'Angelo G, etal., J Biol Chem 2003 Oct 3;278(40):38183-7.
25. Daponte A, etal., BMC Cancer. 2008 Nov 16;8:335.
26. Diensthuber M, etal., J Neurooncol. 2008 Sep;89(2):131-9. doi: 10.1007/s11060-008-9602-9. Epub 2008 Apr 23.
27. Dordevic G, etal., J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 20;28(1):40.
28. Doronzo G, etal., Diabetologia. 2006 May;49(5):1049-63. Epub 2006 Feb 28.
29. Drutel G, etal., Eur J Neurosci. 2000 Oct;12(10):3701-8.
30. Ece H, etal., Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(10):5143-8.
31. Feng J, etal., Cardiovasc Res. 2008 Apr 1;78(1):98-107. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvn016. Epub 2008 Jan 24.
32. Fine JM, etal., Exp Brain Res. 2012 Jun;219(3):381-90. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3101-0. Epub 2012 May 1.
33. Foley R, etal., Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Jan;8(2):118-24. Epub 2009 Feb 1.
34. Gaudet P, etal., Brief Bioinform. 2011 Sep;12(5):449-62. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbr042. Epub 2011 Aug 27.
35. Gelse K, etal., Arthritis Res Ther. 2008;10(5):R111. doi: 10.1186/ar2508. Epub 2008 Sep 12.
36. Generali D, etal., J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jan 10;27(2):227-34. Epub 2008 Dec 8.
37. Ghafar MA, etal., Lab Invest. 2002 Jul;82(7):903-9.
38. Ghorbel MT, etal., Mol Cell Neurosci 2003 Mar;22(3):396-404.
39. Giatromanolaki A, etal., Arthritis Res Ther. 2003;5(4):R193-201. Epub 2003 Apr 29.
40. GOA data from the GO Consortium
41. Gramley F, etal., Cardiovasc Pathol. 2010 Mar-Apr;19(2):102-11. doi: 10.1016/j.carpath.2008.11.001. Epub 2009 Feb 11.
42. Grammas P, etal., Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2011 Aug 15;4(6):616-27. Epub 2011 Jun 18.
43. Grammas P, etal., J Alzheimers Dis. 2006 Mar;9(1):51-8.
44. Grimm A, etal., Strahlenther Onkol. 2007 Mar;183(3):144-9.
45. Haddad JJ Eur Cytokine Netw. 2002 Apr-Jun;13(2):250-60.
46. He T, etal., Pathobiology. 2007;74(6):336-43. Epub 2007 Dec 13.
47. He W, etal., Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2008;40(4):651-62. Epub 2007 Oct 22.
48. Imamura R, etal., Transplantation. 2007 May 27;83(10):1371-9.
49. Ishikawa K, etal., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Aug;51(8):4307-19. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4605. Epub 2010 Mar 10.
50. Jesmin S, etal., Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2002 Oct;283(4):H1387-97.
51. Jia SS and Liu YH, Eur J Oral Sci. 2010 Apr;118(2):139-44.
52. Jiang Y, etal., Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2007 Jan;39(1):73-80.
53. Jurgensen JS, etal., FASEB J. 2004 Sep;18(12):1415-7. Epub 2004 Jul 9.
54. Kai H, etal., Hypertension. 2002 Feb;39(2 Pt 2):455-9.
55. Kakinuma Y, etal., Clin Sci (Lond). 2002 Aug;103 Suppl 48:210S-214S.
56. Ke HL, etal., Int J Urol. 2008 Mar;15(3):200-5.
57. Keith B, etal., Nat Rev Cancer. 2011 Dec 15;12(1):9-22. doi: 10.1038/nrc3183.
58. Kietzmann T, etal., Biochem J 2001 Mar 15;354(Pt 3):531-7.
59. Kietzmann T, etal., Blood 2003 Feb 1;101(3):907-14.
60. Kirisci M, etal., J Surg Res. 2013 Nov;185(1):56-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2013.05.053. Epub 2013 Jun 19.
61. Koltai E, etal., Mech Ageing Dev. 2010 Jan;131(1):21-8. doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2009.11.002. Epub 2009 Nov 12.
62. Koukourakis MI, etal., Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2004 Jan;53(1):8-14. Epub 2003 Oct 22.
63. Kuijper A, etal., Breast Cancer Res. 2005;7(5):R808-18. Epub 2005 Aug 5.
64. Kuwahara F, etal., Hypertension 2002 Jan;39(1):46-50.
65. Labuzek K, etal., Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2010 Jan;381(1):41-57. Epub 2009 Nov 26.
66. Ladoux A and Frelin C, Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1997 Nov 26;240(3):552-6.
67. Lai YL and Law TC, J Biomed Sci. 2004 May-Jun;11(3):315-21.
68. Lambert CM, etal., Cardiovasc Res. 2010 Oct 1;88(1):196-204. Epub 2010 May 24.
69. Lee JH Methods Mol Biol. 2012;851:213-22. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-561-9_16.
70. Lee KS, etal., Exp Mol Med. 2007 Dec 31;39(6):756-68.
71. Leosco D, etal., J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007 May;62(5):471-80.
72. Li L, etal., Acta Neuropathol. 2008 Mar;115(3):297-303. doi: 10.1007/s00401-008-0339-5. Epub 2008 Jan 22.
73. Li L, etal., Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2006 Nov;5(4):560-3.
74. Li QF and Dai AG, Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2005 Oct;37(10):665-72.
75. Li S, etal., Biochem J. 2013 Jun 1;452(2):281-91. doi: 10.1042/BJ20120680.
76. Li XP, etal., Oncotarget. 2015 Sep 8;6(26):22880-9.
77. Li YX, etal., Neurosci Bull. 2008 Apr;24(2):89-95.
78. Li ZG, etal., Chin Med J (Engl). 2007 Jan 20;120(2):162-5.
79. Liang M, etal., Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2014 Jul;20(7):613-7.
80. Lim CS, etal., J Vasc Surg. 2011 Mar;53(3):764-73. Epub 2010 Nov 23.
81. Liu XD, etal., Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Sep 15;45(18):1274-8.
82. Loboda A, etal., Mol Cells. 2010 May;29(5):435-42. Epub 2010 Apr 12.
83. Luo B, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Aug;1832(8):1260-70. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2013.04.015. Epub 2013 Apr 17.
84. Luo JC and Shibuya M, Oncogene. 2001 Mar 22;20(12):1435-44.
85. Ly A, etal., Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Dec 2;52(13):9316-26. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-7879.
86. Ma M, etal., Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2009 May;21(5):296-9.
87. Malhotra R, etal., J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2002 Aug;34(8):1063-73.
88. Marfella R, etal., Diabetologia. 2002 Aug;45(8):1172-81. Epub 2002 Jun 26.
89. Massip L, etal., FASEB J. 2010 Jan;24(1):158-72. doi: 10.1096/fj.09-137133. Epub 2009 Sep 9.
90. Mathivadhani P, etal., Chem Biol Interact. 2007 Apr 5;167(1):31-40. Epub 2007 Jan 10.
91. Mazurek B, etal., Hear Res. 2010 Jan;259(1-2):55-63. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2009.10.006. Epub 2009 Oct 17.
92. MGD data from the GO Consortium
93. Michaud MD, etal., Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009 Jun;29(6):902-8. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.109.185280. Epub 2009 May 7.
94. Minematsu T, etal., J Tissue Viability. 2010 May;19(2):77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jtv.2009.10.004. Epub 2010 Mar 10.
95. Miyauchi Y, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Oct 8;110(41):16568-73. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1308755110. Epub 2013 Sep 10.
96. Miyoshi S, etal., Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jan 1;36(1):E1-6.
97. NCBI rat LocusLink and RefSeq merged data July 26, 2002
98. Niu TS, etal., Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2010 Feb;22(2):101-4.
99. Niu ZB, etal., Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Oct;9(5):461-4.
100. Nordal RA, etal., Clin Cancer Res. 2004 May 15;10(10):3342-53.
101. Ohtomo S, etal., Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2008 Apr;23(4):1166-72. Epub 2007 Oct 28.
102. Okada K, etal., Anticancer Res. 2005 Jul-Aug;25(4):3003-9.
103. Ostrowski RP, etal., J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2005 May;25(5):554-71.
104. Page EL, etal., J Biol Chem 2002 Dec 13;277(50):48403-9.
105. Park EY, etal., Exp Gerontol. 2013 Dec;48(12):1518-25. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2013.10.011. Epub 2013 Oct 29.
106. Park HS, etal., Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013 Jan;48(1):105-13. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2012-0043OC. Epub 2012 Oct 11.
107. Petersen W, etal., J Orthop Res. 2004 Jul;22(4):847-53.
108. Pipeline to import KEGG annotations from KEGG into RGD
109. Pipeline to import Pathway Interaction Database annotations from NCI into RGD
110. Poulaki V, etal., J Clin Invest 2002 Mar;109(6):805-15.
111. Powell JD, etal., Biol Reprod 2002 Sep;67(3):995-1002.
112. Ramadori P, etal., Liver Int. 2010 Jan;30(1):55-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2009.02131.x. Epub 2009 Oct 13.
113. Rane S, etal., Cell Signal. 2010 Jul;22(7):1054-62. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2010.02.008. Epub 2010 Mar 1.
114. Redout EM, etal., Cardiovasc Res. 2007 Sep 1;75(4):770-81. Epub 2007 May 17.
115. RGD automated data pipeline
116. RGD automated import pipeline for ClinVar variants, variant-to-disease annotations and gene-to-disease annotations
117. RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
118. Rosenberger C, etal., J Invest Dermatol. 2007 Oct;127(10):2445-52. Epub 2007 May 10.
119. Rosenberger C, etal., Kidney Int. 2003 Sep;64(3):874-86.
120. Rosenberger C, etal., Kidney Int. 2005 Feb;67(2):531-42.
121. Rosenberger C, etal., Kidney Int. 2008 Jan;73(1):34-42. Epub 2007 Oct 3.
122. Roson MI, etal., J Cell Physiol. 2010 Jul;224(1):41-8.
123. Roy A, etal., Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007 Aug;293(2):R829-36. Epub 2007 May 2.
124. Schmid-Brunclik N, etal., Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008 Sep;295(3):R864-73. Epub 2008 Jul 9.
125. Schneider BP, etal., Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2009 Aug;116(3):543-9. doi: 10.1007/s10549-008-0178-z. Epub 2008 Sep 11.
126. Schnell PO, etal., J Neurochem 2003 Apr;85(2):483-91.
127. Seo HS, etal., Pain. 2008 Oct 31;139(3):520-32. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2008.06.011. Epub 2008 Aug 8.
128. Shirakura M, etal., Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Mar 19;393(4):800-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.02.086. Epub 2010 Feb 18.
129. Shynlova O, etal., Biol Reprod. 2010 Jun;82(6):1248-55. Epub 2010 Feb 24.
130. Skubutyte R, etal., Arthritis Rheum. 2010 Sep;62(9):2707-15.
131. Tai TC, etal., J Neurochem. 2009 Apr;109(2):513-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2009.05978.x. Epub 2009 Feb 11.
132. Takeuchi Y, etal., J Pharmacol Sci. 2008 Apr;106(4):585-92. Epub 2008 Apr 3.
133. Tallis S, etal., J Neurochem. 2014 Feb;128(3):431-44. doi: 10.1111/jnc.12458. Epub 2013 Oct 24.
134. Trastour C, etal., Int J Cancer. 2007 Apr 1;120(7):1451-8.
135. Tuncer MC, etal., Eur Surg Res. 2005 Nov-Dec;37(6):323-9.
136. Van Hoecke M, etal., Mol Cell Neurosci. 2007 Jan;34(1):40-7. Epub 2006 Nov 13.
137. Vasilopoulos Y, etal., Cytokine. 2013 Apr;62(1):38-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2013.02.029. Epub 2013 Mar 19.
138. Wang PX and Sanders PW, Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2005 Jan;288(1):F236-42.
139. Wang W, etal., Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi. 2009 Mar;17(3):193-7.
140. Wang W, etal., Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2009 Apr 28;89(16):1144-7.
141. Wang YF, etal., Brain Res. 2011 Jan 25;1370:220-6. Epub 2010 Nov 16.
142. Wang YQ, etal., Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Apr 30;317(2):358-62.
143. Wen YJ, etal., Transl Res. 2008 Jul;152(1):38-46. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2008.05.002. Epub 2008 Jun 4.
144. Wu WG, etal., Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2005 May;21(3):362-4.
145. Yamada N, etal., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Oct;90(10):5841-7. Epub 2005 Jul 26.
146. Yan WY, etal., Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2012 Sep;47(9):1147-52.
147. Yang B, etal., PLoS One. 2019 Feb 21;14(2):e0201504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201504. eCollection 2019.
148. Yang Y, etal., Neurochem Res. 2013 Nov;38(11):2433-9. doi: 10.1007/s11064-013-1158-1. Epub 2013 Sep 26.
149. Yeh SH, etal., Brain Pathol. 2011 May;21(3):249-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3639.2010.00443.x. Epub 2010 Nov 3.
150. Yin R, etal., Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2016 Jan;220:81-7. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2015.09.011. Epub 2015 Sep 30.
151. Yu L and Hales CA, BMC Cancer. 2011 Aug 3;11:331. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-11-331.
152. Yu Y, etal., Mol Cancer Ther. 2008 Mar;7(3):483-91. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-07-2050.
153. Zaman K, etal., J Neurosci. 1999 Nov 15;19(22):9821-30.
154. Zhang GQ, etal., Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2006 Dec;22(6):407-10.
155. Zhang J, etal., Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2010 Jun 1;2:912-27.
156. Zhang W, etal., Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Jun 1;8(6):7210-6. eCollection 2015.
157. Zhang W, etal., Sheng Li Xue Bao. 2006 Feb 25;58(1):71-6.
158. Zhang X, etal., Brain Res. 2010 Jul 9;1343:143-52. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2010.04.027. Epub 2010 Apr 24.
159. Zhang XZ, etal., Exp Eye Res. 2011 Jun;92(6):473-81. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2011.03.005. Epub 2011 Mar 22.
160. Zhao H, etal., Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2009 Sep;41(9):745-53.
161. Zhou D, etal., Neurol Res. 2008 Apr;30(3):268-71. Epub 2007 Aug 22.
162. Zhou YF, etal., Cardiovasc J Afr. 2010 Jan-Feb;21(1):37-41.
163. Zhu Y, etal., Neurosurgery. 2006 Sep;59(3):687-96; discussion 687-96.
164. Ziel KA, etal., FASEB J. 2004 Jun;18(9):986-8. Epub 2004 Apr 14.
165. Zou AP, etal., Physiol Genomics 2001 Aug 28;6(3):159-68.
166. zur Nedden S, etal., J Neurochem. 2008 Jun;105(5):1901-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05275.x. Epub 2008 Feb 4.
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:1448077   PMID:7539918   PMID:8089148   PMID:8387214   PMID:8470821   PMID:8702901   PMID:8756616   PMID:9079689   PMID:9113979   PMID:9368100   PMID:9436976   PMID:9576906  
PMID:9606183   PMID:9887100   PMID:10074486   PMID:10328919   PMID:11573933   PMID:11641274   PMID:11691837   PMID:11782478   PMID:11792862   PMID:11801735   PMID:11818497   PMID:11854513  
PMID:12239177   PMID:12411310   PMID:12580450   PMID:12595275   PMID:12620994   PMID:12719791   PMID:12832481   PMID:12887815   PMID:12943686   PMID:12958148   PMID:12972594   PMID:14594809  
PMID:14600837   PMID:14635717   PMID:14635718   PMID:14659802   PMID:14678768   PMID:14711902   PMID:14723824   PMID:14730627   PMID:14747751   PMID:14970910   PMID:14982927   PMID:15010533  
PMID:15016652   PMID:15050899   PMID:15073147   PMID:15182949   PMID:15191799   PMID:15228594   PMID:15261140   PMID:15308873   PMID:15316398   PMID:15328538   PMID:15456877   PMID:15459207  
PMID:15489637   PMID:15569687   PMID:15606909   PMID:15629713   PMID:15695738   PMID:15766748   PMID:15774498   PMID:15780095   PMID:15879294   PMID:15949314   PMID:16044082   PMID:16044166  
PMID:16046617   PMID:16115033   PMID:16287860   PMID:16408279   PMID:16417583   PMID:16464515   PMID:16507764   PMID:16596722   PMID:16603692   PMID:16677454   PMID:16683693   PMID:16760477