MIR2278 (microRNA 2278) - Rat Genome Database
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Gene: MIR2278 (microRNA 2278) Homo sapiens
Analyze
Symbol: MIR2278
Name: microRNA 2278
RGD ID: 3516306
HGNC Page HGNC
Description: microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
Type: ncrna
RefSeq Status: PROVISIONAL
Also known as: mir-2278
Allele / Splice: See ClinVar data
Latest Assembly: GRCh38 - Human Genome Assembly GRCh38
Position:
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
JBrowseNCBIUCSCEnsembl
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl994,809,962 - 94,810,057 (+)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38994,809,962 - 94,810,057 (+)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh37997,572,244 - 97,572,339 (+)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Celera968,013,279 - 68,013,374 (+)NCBI
Cytogenetic Map9q22.32NCBI
HuRef967,180,989 - 67,181,084 (+)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_1997,718,678 - 97,718,773 (+)NCBICHM1_1
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)
Model


Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
References

References - curated
1. RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:16381832   PMID:19508715   PMID:21037258   PMID:25953263  


Genomics

miRNA Target Status

Predicted Targets
Summary Value
Count of predictions:26138
Count of gene targets:10183
Count of transcripts:20135
Interacting mature miRNAs:hsa-miR-2278
Prediction methods:Microtar, Miranda, Pita, Rnahybrid, Targetscan
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (http://mirgate.bioinfo.cnio.es/).
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.


Expression


RNA-SEQ Expression
High: > 1000 TPM value   Medium: Between 11 and 1000 TPM
Low: Between 0.5 and 10 TPM   Below Cutoff: < 0.5 TPM

alimentary part of gastrointestinal system circulatory system endocrine system exocrine system hemolymphoid system hepatobiliary system integumental system musculoskeletal system nervous system renal system reproductive system respiratory system sensory system adipose tissue appendage entire extraembryonic component
High
Medium 1 2 1 2 1 3
Low 52 37 36 11 160 12 95 28 77 36 81 69 2 6 33 2
Below cutoff 52 25 31 8 25 6 95 33 63 14 37 43 5 21 48 1

Sequence


Reference Sequences
RefSeq Acc Id: ENST00000516344
RefSeq Status:
Type: CODING
Position:
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl994,809,962 - 94,810,057 (+)Ensembl
RefSeq Acc Id: NR_031755
RefSeq Status: PROVISIONAL
Type: NON-CODING
Position:
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
GRCh38994,809,962 - 94,810,057 (+)NCBI
GRCh37997,572,244 - 97,572,339 (+)RGD
Celera968,013,279 - 68,013,374 (+)RGD
HuRef967,180,989 - 67,181,084 (+)ENTREZGENE
CHM1_1997,718,678 - 97,718,773 (+)NCBI
Sequence:

Clinical Variants
Name Type Condition(s) Position(s) Clinical significance
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:204193-138179445) copy number gain See cases [RCV000133791] Chr9:204193..138179445 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204193..141073897 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194193..140193718 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.32-22.33(chr9:94713892-98121186)x1 copy number loss See cases [RCV000135303] Chr9:94713892..98121186 [GRCh38]
Chr9:97476174..100883468 [GRCh37]
Chr9:96515995..99923289 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.32-22.33
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q21.11-31.2(chr9:68420430-106579493)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000136788] Chr9:68420430..106579493 [GRCh38]
Chr9:71130848..109341774 [GRCh37]
Chr9:70225166..108381595 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q21.11-31.2
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.31-22.32(chr9:93574616-95115422)x4 copy number gain See cases [RCV000138068] Chr9:93574616..95115422 [GRCh38]
Chr9:96336898..97877704 [GRCh37]
Chr9:95376719..96917525 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.31-22.32
uncertain significance
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138124524)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000138783] Chr9:193412..138124524 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204090..141018976 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194090..140138797 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138159073)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000138962] Chr9:193412..138159073 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204104..141053525 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194104..140173346 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic|conflicting data from submitters
GRCh38/hg38 9p11.2-q34.3(chr9:193412-138159073)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000139207] Chr9:193412..138159073 [GRCh38]
Chr9:68420641..141053525 [GRCh37]
Chr9:67910461..140173346 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p11.2-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q21.12-31.3(chr9:69627642-111454304)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000139789] Chr9:69627642..111454304 [GRCh38]
Chr9:72242558..114216584 [GRCh37]
Chr9:71432378..113256405 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q21.12-31.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:203861-138125937)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000141876] Chr9:203861..138125937 [GRCh38]
Chr9:203861..141020389 [GRCh37]
Chr9:193861..140140210 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:203862-138125937)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000143476] Chr9:203862..138125937 [GRCh38]
Chr9:203862..141020389 [GRCh37]
Chr9:193862..140140210 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138179445)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000148113] Chr9:193412..138179445 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204193..141073897 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194193..140193718 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138179445)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000050348] Chr9:193412..138179445 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204193..141073897 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194193..140193718 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.31-22.33(chr9:91596533-97018746)x1 copy number loss See cases [RCV000052916] Chr9:91596533..97018746 [GRCh38]
Chr9:94358815..99781028 [GRCh37]
Chr9:93398636..98820849 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.31-22.33
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138124532)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000053745] Chr9:193412..138124532 [GRCh38]
Chr9:204193..141018984 [GRCh37]
Chr9:194193..140138805 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.1-32(chr9:88522292-113687796)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000053752] Chr9:88522292..113687796 [GRCh38]
Chr9:91137207..116450076 [GRCh37]
Chr9:90327027..115489897 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.1-32
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138114463)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000053746] Chr9:193412..138114463 [GRCh38]
Chr9:214367..141008915 [GRCh37]
Chr9:204367..140128736 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9p24.3-q34.3(chr9:193412-138179445)x3 copy number gain Developmental Delay and additional significant developmental and morphological phenotypes referred for genetic testing [RCV000053748]|Developmental delay and additional significant developmental and morphological phenotypes referred for genetic testing [RCV000053748]|See cases [RCV000053748] Chr9:193412..138179445 [GRCh38]
Chr9:266045..141073897 [GRCh37]
Chr9:256045..140193718 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9p24.3-q34.3
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.31-22.33(chr9:92561720-98122580)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000053773] Chr9:92561720..98122580 [GRCh38]
Chr9:95324002..100884862 [GRCh37]
Chr9:94363823..99924683 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.31-22.33
pathogenic
GRCh38/hg38 9q22.32-31.2(chr9:94184266-106730550)x3 copy number gain See cases [RCV000053774] Chr9:94184266..106730550 [GRCh38]
Chr9:96946548..109492831 [GRCh37]
Chr9:95986369..108532652 [NCBI36]
Chr9:9q22.32-31.2
pathogenic

Additional Information

Database Acc Id Source(s)
COSMIC MIR2278 COSMIC
Ensembl Genes ENSG00000252153 Ensembl, ENTREZGENE
Ensembl Transcript ENST00000516344 ENTREZGENE
GTEx ENSG00000252153 GTEx
HGNC ID HGNC:37315 ENTREZGENE
Human Proteome Map MIR2278 Human Proteome Map
miRBase MI0011285 ENTREZGENE
NCBI Gene 100313780 ENTREZGENE
PharmGKB PA165585838 PharmGKB
RNAcentral URS000059EB31 RNACentral
  URS000075C899 RNACentral