Psen1 (presenilin 1) - Rat Genome Database

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Gene: Psen1 (presenilin 1) Rattus norvegicus
Symbol: Psen1
Name: presenilin 1
RGD ID: 3425
Description: Enables endopeptidase activity. Involved in several processes, including negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process; neural retina development; and proteolysis. Located in several cellular components, including cytoplasmic vesicle; lysosomal membrane; and sarcolemma. Part of protein-containing complex. Is active in presynaptic membrane. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in Alzheimer's disease (multiple); dilated cardiomyopathy 1U; frontotemporal dementia (multiple); and hidradenitis suppurativa. Orthologous to human PSEN1 (presenilin 1); PARTICIPATES IN Notch signaling pathway; syndecan signaling pathway; Alzheimer's disease pathway; INTERACTS WITH (R)-lipoic acid; 17alpha-ethynylestradiol; 17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androstan-3-one.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Previously known as: presenilin-1; PS-1
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr86109,054,160 - 109,106,191 (+)NCBIGRCr8
mRatBN7.26103,323,052 - 103,375,088 (+)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl6103,323,120 - 103,371,650 (+)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx6103,495,949 - 103,532,337 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRUTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.06103,795,166 - 103,831,556 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRSPUTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.0
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.06103,164,639 - 103,201,021 (+)NCBIRnor_WKYUTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.0
Rnor_6.06107,169,514 - 107,221,000 (+)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl6107,169,528 - 107,216,798 (+)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,324,910 - 118,373,090 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,737,543 - 107,776,357 (+)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.16107,729,188 - 107,781,021 (+)NCBI
Celera6101,163,513 - 101,199,486 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map6q31NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(R)-lipoic acid  (EXP)
1,2-dimethylhydrazine  (ISO)
17alpha-ethynylestradiol  (EXP)
17beta-hydroxy-5alpha-androstan-3-one  (EXP)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2,6-dinitrotoluene  (EXP)
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine  (ISO)
4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane  (ISO)
4,4'-sulfonyldiphenol  (ISO)
5-azacytidine  (ISO)
6-propyl-2-thiouracil  (EXP)
acetamide  (EXP)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (ISO)
aminoguanidine  (ISO)
amiodarone  (ISO)
ammonium chloride  (EXP,ISO)
antirheumatic drug  (ISO)
arsane  (EXP)
arsenic atom  (EXP)
arsenite(3-)  (ISO)
atrazine  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I  (ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
bisphenol F  (ISO)
bortezomib  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (EXP)
cadmium dichloride  (ISO)
cannabidiol  (ISO)
carbon nanotube  (ISO)
CGP 52608  (ISO)
clothianidin  (ISO)
copper atom  (ISO)
copper(0)  (ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (ISO)
cycloheximide  (ISO)
cypermethrin  (EXP)
cyproconazole  (ISO)
deguelin  (ISO)
dextran sulfate  (ISO)
diazinon  (EXP)
dibutyl phthalate  (EXP)
diethyldithiocarbamic acid  (ISO)
dioxygen  (EXP)
disodium selenite  (ISO)
diuron  (EXP)
enzalutamide  (ISO)
epoxiconazole  (ISO)
fenofibrate  (ISO)
flutamide  (EXP)
folic acid  (ISO)
folpet  (ISO)
FR900359  (ISO)
fulvestrant  (EXP)
glycidol  (EXP)
glycine betaine  (ISO)
Goe 6976  (ISO)
hexadecanoic acid  (EXP)
isoflurane  (EXP)
isoniazide  (ISO)
isoprenaline  (ISO)
lead(0)  (EXP,ISO)
lipoic acid  (EXP)
lipopolysaccharide  (ISO)
maneb  (ISO)
melatonin  (ISO)
methotrexate  (ISO)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
methylglyoxal  (ISO)
Methysticin  (ISO)
miconazole  (EXP)
N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide  (EXP)
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal  (ISO)
nickel atom  (ISO)
nickel dichloride  (EXP)
notoginsenoside R1  (ISO)
ochratoxin A  (EXP)
oxaliplatin  (ISO)
ozone  (ISO)
p-menthan-3-ol  (ISO)
paracetamol  (ISO)
paraquat  (ISO)
permethrin  (EXP)
phenobarbital  (ISO)
phorbol 12,13-dibutanoate  (ISO)
progesterone  (ISO)
propiconazole  (ISO)
resveratrol  (ISO)
S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine  (ISO)
sarin  (ISO)
SB 203580  (ISO)
SB 431542  (ISO)
silicon dioxide  (ISO)
silver atom  (ISO)
silver(0)  (ISO)
simvastatin  (EXP)
sodium arsenite  (ISO)
sulindac sulfide  (ISO)
tauroursodeoxycholic acid  (ISO)
testosterone  (EXP)
tetrachloromethane  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (ISO)
tolonium chloride  (ISO)
toluene  (EXP)
trenbolone  (EXP)
triadimefon  (ISO)
trichostatin A  (ISO)
trilostane  (EXP)
tunicamycin  (ISO)
urethane  (ISO)
valproic acid  (ISO)
vinclozolin  (EXP)
zinc atom  (ISO)
zinc(0)  (ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process
amyloid precursor protein catabolic process  (ISO)
amyloid precursor protein metabolic process  (ISO,ISS)
amyloid-beta formation  (IBA,ISO,ISS)
amyloid-beta metabolic process  (ISO)
apoptotic signaling pathway  (ISO)
astrocyte activation  (ISO)
astrocyte activation involved in immune response  (ISO)
autophagosome assembly  (ISO)
autophagy  (ISO)
blood vessel development  (ISO)
brain development  (ISO)
brain morphogenesis  (ISO)
Cajal-Retzius cell differentiation  (ISO)
calcium ion transmembrane transport  (IEA)
cell fate specification  (ISO)
cell-cell adhesion  (ISO)
cellular response to amyloid-beta  (ISO)
cerebellum development  (IEP)
cerebral cortex cell migration  (ISO)
cerebral cortex development  (ISO)
choline transport  (ISO)
DNA damage response  (ISO)
dorsal/ventral neural tube patterning  (ISO)
embryonic limb morphogenesis  (ISO)
endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis  (ISO,ISS)
epithelial cell proliferation  (ISO)
eye photoreceptor cell development  (NAS)
forebrain development  (ISO)
gene expression  (ISO)
heart development  (ISO)
heart looping  (ISO)
hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation  (ISO)
intracellular calcium ion homeostasis  (ISO)
intracellular signal transduction  (IEA)
L-glutamate import across plasma membrane  (ISO)
learning or memory  (ISO)
locomotion  (ISO)
membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis  (IBA,IMP,ISO,ISS)
memory  (ISO)
mitochondrial transport  (ISO)
myeloid dendritic cell differentiation  (ISO)
myeloid leukocyte differentiation  (ISO)
negative regulation of apoptotic process  (IDA,ISO)
negative regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway  (ISO)
negative regulation of axonogenesis  (ISO)
negative regulation of gene expression  (ISO)
negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process  (IMP)
negative regulation of protein phosphorylation  (ISO)
negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II  (ISO)
negative regulation of ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process  (ISO)
neural retina development  (IEP)
neurogenesis  (ISO)
neuron apoptotic process  (ISO)
neuron cellular homeostasis  (ISO)
neuron development  (ISO)
neuron differentiation  (ISO)
neuron migration  (ISO)
neuron projection maintenance  (ISO)
Notch receptor processing  (ISO)
Notch signaling pathway  (IBA,ISO)
positive regulation of amyloid fibril formation  (ISO)
positive regulation of apoptotic process  (ISO)
positive regulation of coagulation  (ISO)
positive regulation of dendritic spine development  (ISO)
positive regulation of DNA-templated transcription  (ISO)
positive regulation of gene expression  (ISO)
positive regulation of glycolytic process  (ISO)
positive regulation of L-glutamate import across plasma membrane  (ISO)
positive regulation of proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process  (ISO)
positive regulation of protein import into nucleus  (ISO)
positive regulation of protein phosphorylation  (ISO)
positive regulation of receptor recycling  (ISO)
positive regulation of tumor necrosis factor production  (ISO)
post-embryonic development  (ISO)
protein catabolic process at postsynapse  (ISO)
protein glycosylation  (ISO)
protein maturation  (ISO)
protein metabolic process  (ISO)
protein processing  (IDA,ISO,ISS)
protein transport  (ISO)
regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway  (ISO,ISS)
regulation of gene expression  (ISO)
regulation of neuron projection development  (ISO,ISS)
regulation of phosphorylation  (ISO)
regulation of postsynapse organization  (ISO)
regulation of resting membrane potential  (ISO)
regulation of synaptic plasticity  (ISO)
regulation of synaptic transmission, glutamatergic  (ISO)
regulation of synaptic vesicle cycle  (ISO)
response to oxidative stress  (ISO)
segmentation  (ISO)
sequestering of calcium ion  (ISO)
skeletal system morphogenesis  (ISO)
skin morphogenesis  (ISO)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum calcium ion homeostasis  (ISO)
somitogenesis  (ISO)
synapse organization  (ISO)
synaptic vesicle targeting  (ISO)
T cell activation involved in immune response  (ISO)
T cell receptor signaling pathway  (ISO)
thymus development  (ISO)

Molecular Pathway Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
Phenotype Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Mammalian Phenotype

References - curated
# Reference Title Reference Citation
1. Presenilin-1 is located in rat mitochondria. Ankarcrona M and Hultenby K, Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2002 Jul 19;295(3):766-70.
2. The genetic association database. Becker KG, etal., Nat Genet. 2004 May;36(5):431-2.
3. Detection of the presenilin 1 COOH-terminal fragment in the extracellular compartment: a release enhanced by apoptosis. Benussi L, etal., Exp Cell Res 2001 Oct 1;269(2):256-65.
4. Developmental regulation and possible alternative cleavage of presenilin 1 in the rat retina. Bresciani LG, etal., Mol Cell Neurosci 2002 Oct;21(2):239-49.
5. Cell and molecular biology of Notch. Fiuza UM and Arias AM, J Endocrinol. 2007 Sep;194(3):459-74.
6. Synaptic and endosomal localization of active gamma-secretase in rat brain. Frykman S, etal., PLoS One. 2010 Jan 28;5(1):e8948. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008948.
7. Phylogenetic-based propagation of functional annotations within the Gene Ontology consortium. Gaudet P, etal., Brief Bioinform. 2011 Sep;12(5):449-62. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbr042. Epub 2011 Aug 27.
8. Shedding of the p75NTR neurotrophin receptor is modulated by lipid rafts. Gil C, etal., FEBS Lett. 2007 May 1;581(9):1851-8. Epub 2007 Apr 9.
9. Rat ISS GO annotations from GOA human gene data--August 2006 GOA data from the GO Consortium
10. Nicastrin, presenilin, APH-1, and PEN-2 form active gamma-secretase complexes in mitochondria. Hansson CA, etal., J Biol Chem 2004 Dec 3;279(49):51654-60. Epub 2004 Sep 28.
11. KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes KEGG
12. Memory deficiency, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and amyloid-ß plaques in APP+PS1 double transgenic rat model of Alzheimer's disease. Klakotskaia D, etal., PLoS One. 2018 Apr 11;13(4):e0195469. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195469. eCollection 2018.
13. Mammalian APH-1 interacts with presenilin and nicastrin and is required for intramembrane proteolysis of amyloid-beta precursor protein and Notch. Lee SF, etal., J Biol Chem 2002 Nov 22;277(47):45013-9. Epub 2002 Sep 23.
14. Proteomic and Metabolomic Analyses of Mitochondrial Complex I-deficient Mouse Model Generated by Spontaneous B2 Short Interspersed Nuclear Element (SINE) Insertion into NADH Dehydrogenase (Ubiquinone) Fe-S Protein 4 (Ndufs4) Gene. Leong DW, etal., J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 8;287(24):20652-63. Epub 2012 Apr 25.
15. Rat ISS GO annotations from MGI mouse gene data--August 2006 MGD data from the GO Consortium
16. Increased expression of the gamma-secretase components presenilin-1 and nicastrin in activated astrocytes and microglia following traumatic brain injury. Nadler Y, etal., Glia. 2008 Apr;56(5):552-67. doi: 10.1002/glia.20638.
17. Electronic Transfer of LocusLink and RefSeq Data NCBI rat LocusLink and RefSeq merged data July 26, 2002
18. OMIM Disease Annotation Pipeline OMIM Disease Annotation Pipeline
19. Presenilin-1, nicastrin, amyloid precursor protein, and gamma-secretase activity are co-localized in the lysosomal membrane. Pasternak SH, etal., J Biol Chem 2003 Jul 18;278(29):26687-94.
20. KEGG Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import KEGG annotations from KEGG into RGD
21. PID Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import Pathway Interaction Database annotations from NCI into RGD
22. GOA pipeline RGD automated data pipeline
23. ClinVar Automated Import and Annotation Pipeline RGD automated import pipeline for ClinVar variants, variant-to-disease annotations and gene-to-disease annotations
24. Data Import for Chemical-Gene Interactions RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
25. Normal distribution of presenilin-1 and nicastrin in skeletal muscle and the differential responses of these proteins after denervation. Sakuma K, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Jun;1760(6):980-7. Epub 2006 Mar 7.
26. Skeletal and CNS defects in Presenilin-1-deficient mice. Shen J, etal., Cell 1997 May 16;89(4):629-39.
27. Cloning of a gene bearing missense mutations in early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease. Sherrington R, etal., Nature 1995 Jun 29;375(6534):754-60.
28. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. Strausberg RL, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Dec 24;99(26):16899-903. Epub 2002 Dec 11.
29. Molecular cloning and expression of the rat homologue of presenilin-1. Takahashi H, etal., Neurosci Lett 1996 Mar 15;206(2-3):113-6.
30. Cloning of the cDNA encoding rat Presenilin-1. Taniguchi T, etal., Gene 1997 Feb 20;186(1):73-5.
31. Tentative Sequence Identification Numbers Tentative Sequence Data IDs. TIGR Gene Index, Rat Data
32. Transient abundance of presenilin 1 fragments/nicastrin complex associated with synaptogenesis during development in rat cerebellum. Uchihara T, etal., Neurobiol Aging. 2006 Jan;27(1):88-97. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2004.12.011. Epub 2005 Mar 31.
33. Selective expression of presenilin 1 in neural progenitor cells rescues the cerebral hemorrhages and cortical lamination defects in presenilin 1-null mutant mice. Wen PH, etal., Development. 2005 Sep;132(17):3873-83. Epub 2005 Aug 3.
34. Presenilin-1 protects against neuronal apoptosis caused by its interacting protein PAG. Zhou Y, etal., Neurobiol Dis 2002 Mar;9(2):126-38.
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:8755489   PMID:8922407   PMID:9153393   PMID:9246482   PMID:9298903   PMID:9632714   PMID:9689133   PMID:10097174   PMID:10206645   PMID:10421573   PMID:10508860   PMID:10518543  
PMID:10551805   PMID:10557208   PMID:10662826   PMID:10801983   PMID:10805794   PMID:10821758   PMID:10854253   PMID:11104755   PMID:11262239   PMID:11517342   PMID:11567612   PMID:11738035  
PMID:11740561   PMID:11814648   PMID:11880515   PMID:11943765   PMID:11953314   PMID:12377771   PMID:12391611   PMID:12431992   PMID:12460542   PMID:12646573   PMID:12684521   PMID:12794186  
PMID:12805290   PMID:15004326   PMID:15009636   PMID:15066262   PMID:15122901   PMID:15123735   PMID:15148382   PMID:15163631   PMID:15192701   PMID:15254914   PMID:15274632   PMID:15280425  
PMID:15452145   PMID:15474363   PMID:15489334   PMID:15525534   PMID:15548218   PMID:15623526   PMID:15634781   PMID:15886206   PMID:15896720   PMID:16018997   PMID:16169548   PMID:16478525  
PMID:16511561   PMID:16715081   PMID:16959576   PMID:17097608   PMID:17196556   PMID:17428795   PMID:17431506   PMID:17512915   PMID:17543552   PMID:17556541   PMID:17614943   PMID:17698590  
PMID:17913918   PMID:17920016   PMID:18927449   PMID:18996842   PMID:19318429   PMID:19376115   PMID:19549834   PMID:19779553   PMID:19932144   PMID:20005821   PMID:20130175   PMID:20208556  
PMID:20299451   PMID:20445063   PMID:21143716   PMID:21179780   PMID:21325529   PMID:21559374   PMID:21951279   PMID:22375059   PMID:22771797   PMID:23152628   PMID:23794287   PMID:23913046  
PMID:24012003   PMID:24052308   PMID:25394380   PMID:25707991   PMID:26094765   PMID:26200696   PMID:26280335   PMID:26401782   PMID:27278235   PMID:27601731   PMID:27804997   PMID:28008308  
PMID:29061364   PMID:29392878   PMID:32265300   PMID:34897970  


Comparative Map Data
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCr86109,054,160 - 109,106,191 (+)NCBIGRCr8
mRatBN7.26103,323,052 - 103,375,088 (+)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl6103,323,120 - 103,371,650 (+)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx6103,495,949 - 103,532,337 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRUTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.06103,795,166 - 103,831,556 (+)NCBIRnor_SHRSPUTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.0
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.06103,164,639 - 103,201,021 (+)NCBIRnor_WKYUTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.0
Rnor_6.06107,169,514 - 107,221,000 (+)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl6107,169,528 - 107,216,798 (+)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,324,910 - 118,373,090 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,737,543 - 107,776,357 (+)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.16107,729,188 - 107,781,021 (+)NCBI
Celera6101,163,513 - 101,199,486 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map6q31NCBI
(Homo sapiens - human)
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCh381473,136,417 - 73,223,691 (+)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38.p14 Ensembl1473,136,418 - 73,223,691 (+)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh371473,603,215 - 73,690,399 (+)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 361472,672,932 - 72,756,862 (+)NCBINCBI36Build 36hg18NCBI36
Build 341472,684,480 - 72,755,750NCBI
Celera1453,666,429 - 53,753,632 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map14q24.2NCBI
HuRef1453,768,824 - 53,855,913 (+)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_11473,542,049 - 73,629,540 (+)NCBICHM1_1
T2T-CHM13v2.01467,341,963 - 67,429,152 (+)NCBIT2T-CHM13v2.0
(Mus musculus - house mouse)
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCm391283,734,926 - 83,781,869 (+)NCBIGRCm39GRCm39mm39
GRCm39 Ensembl1283,734,926 - 83,781,973 (+)EnsemblGRCm39 Ensembl
GRCm381283,688,152 - 83,735,095 (+)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl1283,688,152 - 83,735,199 (+)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv371285,029,513 - 85,076,149 (+)NCBIGRCm37MGSCv37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv361284,578,311 - 84,624,947 (+)NCBIMGSCv36mm8
Celera1285,135,054 - 85,181,689 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map12D1NCBI
cM Map1238.84NCBI
(Chinchilla lanigera - long-tailed chinchilla)
Chinchilla AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChiLan1.0 EnsemblNW_0049555232,128,529 - 2,210,737 (-)EnsemblChiLan1.0
ChiLan1.0NW_0049555232,128,529 - 2,210,737 (-)NCBIChiLan1.0ChiLan1.0
(Pan paniscus - bonobo/pygmy chimpanzee)
Bonobo AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
NHGRI_mPanPan1-v21574,248,985 - 74,330,085 (+)NCBINHGRI_mPanPan1-v2
NHGRI_mPanPan11473,465,369 - 73,549,888 (+)NCBINHGRI_mPanPan1
Mhudiblu_PPA_v01453,718,299 - 53,802,684 (+)NCBIMhudiblu_PPA_v0Mhudiblu_PPA_v0panPan3
PanPan1.11472,579,024 - 72,663,876 (+)NCBIpanpan1.1PanPan1.1panPan2
PanPan1.1 Ensembl1472,579,024 - 72,663,876 (+)Ensemblpanpan1.1panPan2
(Canis lupus familiaris - dog)
Dog AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
CanFam3.1846,495,551 - 46,569,532 (+)NCBICanFam3.1CanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
CanFam3.1 Ensembl846,495,624 - 46,569,532 (+)EnsemblCanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
Dog10K_Boxer_Tasha846,188,004 - 46,253,311 (+)NCBIDog10K_Boxer_Tasha
ROS_Cfam_1.0846,719,986 - 46,800,157 (+)NCBIROS_Cfam_1.0
ROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl846,720,051 - 46,800,135 (+)EnsemblROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl
UMICH_Zoey_3.1846,399,068 - 46,464,638 (+)NCBIUMICH_Zoey_3.1
UNSW_CanFamBas_1.0846,414,872 - 46,480,438 (+)NCBIUNSW_CanFamBas_1.0
UU_Cfam_GSD_1.0846,805,794 - 46,871,397 (+)NCBIUU_Cfam_GSD_1.0
(Ictidomys tridecemlineatus - thirteen-lined ground squirrel)
Squirrel AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HiC_Itri_2NW_02440864029,540,161 - 29,604,355 (-)NCBIHiC_Itri_2
SpeTri2.0 EnsemblNW_0049364882,464,527 - 2,530,065 (+)EnsemblSpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0 Ensembl
SpeTri2.0NW_0049364882,464,623 - 2,528,807 (+)NCBISpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0
(Sus scrofa - pig)
Pig AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
Sscrofa11.1 Ensembl796,478,190 - 96,569,130 (+)EnsemblSscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa11.1796,478,179 - 96,567,884 (+)NCBISscrofa11.1Sscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa10.27102,265,830 - 102,360,301 (+)NCBISscrofa10.2Sscrofa10.2susScr3
Pig Cytomap7q12-q26NCBI
(Chlorocebus sabaeus - green monkey)
Green Monkey AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChlSab1.12450,394,310 - 50,476,521 (+)NCBIChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1chlSab2
ChlSab1.1 Ensembl2450,405,590 - 50,472,132 (+)EnsemblChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1 EnsemblchlSab2
Vero_WHO_p1.0NW_02366605338,577,780 - 38,659,678 (+)NCBIVero_WHO_p1.0Vero_WHO_p1.0
(Heterocephalus glaber - naked mole-rat)
Naked Mole-Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblNW_00462473428,200,140 - 28,272,743 (-)EnsemblHetGla_female_1.0HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblhetGla2
HetGla 1.0NW_00462473428,200,358 - 28,272,684 (-)NCBIHetGla_female_1.0HetGla 1.0hetGla2


Variants in Psen1
163 total Variants
miRNA Target Status

Predicted Target Of
Summary Value
Count of predictions:133
Count of miRNA genes:109
Interacting mature miRNAs:121
Prediction methods:Miranda
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.

QTLs in Region (mRatBN7.2)
The following QTLs overlap with this region.    Full Report CSV TAB Printer Gviewer
RGD IDSymbolNameLODP ValueTraitSub TraitChrStartStopSpecies
4145119Mcs25Mammary carcinoma susceptibility QTL 250.0001mammary gland integrity trait (VT:0010552)ratio of deaths to total study population during a period of time (CMO:0001023)610894415110548006Rat
1576309Emca7Estrogen-induced mammary cancer QTL 74mammary gland integrity trait (VT:0010552)mammary tumor number (CMO:0000343)615107216107351382Rat
634330Pia16Pristane induced arthritis QTL 163.9joint integrity trait (VT:0010548)arthritic paw count (CMO:0001460)645790088104200226Rat
6893332Cm74Cardiac mass QTL 740.40.64heart mass (VT:0007028)heart weight to body weight ratio (CMO:0000074)657730540104085867Rat
1558641Cm47Cardiac mass QTL 472.90.001heart mass (VT:0007028)heart wet weight (CMO:0000069)657730540104085867Rat
70176Mcsm1Mammary carcinoma susceptibility modifier QTL 1mammary gland integrity trait (VT:0010552)mammary tumor number (CMO:0000343)658632962103632962Rat
12801471Schws9Schwannoma susceptibility QTL 9nervous system integrity trait (VT:0010566)percentage of study population developing trigeminal nerve neurilemmomas during a period of time (CMO:0002017)661747639106747639Rat
731173Uae22Urinary albumin excretion QTL 2210.1urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)665531555140994061Rat
2290393Uae37Urinary albumin excretion QTL 370.0001urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)665531555140994061Rat
1641904Alcrsp4Alcohol response QTL 4response to alcohol trait (VT:0010489)duration of loss of righting reflex (CMO:0002289)667262953112262953Rat
1300075Glom7Glomerulus QTL 75.60.0000002kidney glomerulus morphology trait (VT:0005325)count of superficial glomeruli not directly contacting the kidney surface (CMO:0001002)671201409116201409Rat
1331789Rf37Renal function QTL 373.224kidney blood vessel physiology trait (VT:0100012)absolute change in renal vascular resistance (CMO:0001900)672202632115200186Rat
70196BpQTLcluster7Blood pressure QTL cluster 76.82arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)systolic blood pressure (CMO:0000004)672202632117202632Rat
724536Uae7Urinary albumin excretion QTL 73.5urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin level (CMO:0000130)672202632130729475Rat
1331799Bp211Blood pressure QTL 2113.66407arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)mean arterial blood pressure (CMO:0000009)672202632130919985Rat
1581550Pur8Proteinuria QTL 8urine total protein amount (VT:0000032)urine total protein excretion rate (CMO:0000756)672227641130729205Rat
1581563Uae33Urinary albumin excretion QTL 33urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)672227641130729205Rat
724524Uae2Urinary albumin excretion QTL 22.70.0005urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)673463459109394713Rat
2293837Kiddil1Kidney dilation QTL 13.7kidney pelvis morphology trait (VT:0004194)hydronephrosis severity score (CMO:0001208)681132889104393926Rat
2293842Kiddil3Kidney dilation QTL 34.3kidney pelvis morphology trait (VT:0004194)hydronephrosis severity score (CMO:0001208)681132889104393926Rat
737827Hcar11Hepatocarcinoma resistance QTL 114.4liver integrity trait (VT:0010547)liver tumorous lesion number (CMO:0001068)682523650110548006Rat
1576302Schws4Schwannoma susceptibility QTL 40.0078nervous system integrity trait (VT:0010566)percentage of study population developing trigeminal nerve neurilemmomas during a period of time (CMO:0002017)683190345106747639Rat
738034Anxrr5Anxiety related response QTL 55.9exploratory behavior trait (VT:0010471)percentage of entries into a discrete space in an experimental apparatus (CMO:0000961)684130881129130881Rat
10054138Gmadr3Adrenal mass QTL 33.680.00045adrenal gland mass (VT:0010420)both adrenal glands wet weight (CMO:0000164)685140138130140138Rat
10054123Srcrt6Stress Responsive Cort QTL 62.50.0043blood corticosterone amount (VT:0005345)plasma corticosterone level (CMO:0001173)685140138130140138Rat
724513Uae14Urinary albumin excretion QTL 146.5urine albumin amount (VT:0002871)urine albumin excretion rate (CMO:0000757)685311061133478515Rat
1300076Glom8Glomerulus QTL 870.000000009kidney glomerulus morphology trait (VT:0005325)count of superficial glomeruli directly contacting the kidney surface (CMO:0001001)686894788131894788Rat
2303624Vencon5Ventilatory control QTL 54.45respiration trait (VT:0001943)minute ventilation (CMO:0000132)688047916133047916Rat
1331722Thshl1Thyroid stimulating hormone level QTL 111.70.0001blood thyroid-stimulating hormone amount (VT:0005119)serum thyroid stimulating hormone level (CMO:0001248)689762877106752806Rat
1331725Bp212Blood pressure QTL 2123.52475arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)mean arterial blood pressure (CMO:0000009)693701310128713626Rat
61414Pia3Pristane induced arthritis QTL 34.5joint integrity trait (VT:0010548)post-insult time to onset of experimental arthritis (CMO:0001450)694968928137848904Rat
12801411Schws8Schwannoma susceptibility QTL 8nervous system integrity trait (VT:0010566)percentage of study population developing trigeminal nerve neurilemmomas during a period of time (CMO:0002017)694968928139968928Rat
8552796Vie3Viral induced encephalitis QTL 32.6brain integrity trait (VT:0010579)encephalitis incidence/prevalence measurement (CMO:0002361)696833997140994061Rat
1358355Srcrt4Stress Responsive Cort QTL 46.39blood corticosterone amount (VT:0005345)plasma corticosterone level (CMO:0001173)6100364669140994061Rat
2313399Anxrr28Anxiety related response QTL 28aggression-related behavior trait (VT:0015014)tameness/aggressiveness composite score (CMO:0002136)6100671796132340886Rat

Markers in Region
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.26103,371,424 - 103,371,642 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.06107,217,418 - 107,217,635NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,325,241 - 118,325,458UniSTSRnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,777,175 - 107,777,392UniSTSRGSC3.4
Celera6101,200,304 - 101,200,521UniSTS
RH 3.4 Map6733.1UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map6q31UniSTS
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.26103,358,677 - 103,358,913 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.06107,204,650 - 107,204,885NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,337,604 - 118,337,839UniSTSRnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,764,135 - 107,764,370UniSTSRGSC3.4
Celera6101,187,582 - 101,187,817UniSTS
RH 3.4 Map6733.8UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map6q31UniSTS
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.26103,328,921 - 103,329,120 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.06107,175,743 - 107,175,941NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,366,671 - 118,366,869UniSTSRnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,731,557 - 107,731,755UniSTSRGSC3.4
Celera6101,158,740 - 101,158,938UniSTS
RH 3.4 Map6732.59UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map6q31UniSTS
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.26103,371,682 - 103,371,758 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.06107,217,676 - 107,217,751NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.06118,325,125 - 118,325,200UniSTSRnor5.0
RGSC_v3.46107,777,433 - 107,777,508UniSTSRGSC3.4
Celera6101,200,562 - 101,200,637UniSTS
RH 3.4 Map6732.09UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map6q31UniSTS


RNA-SEQ Expression
High: > 1000 TPM value   Medium: Between 11 and 1000 TPM
Low: Between 0.5 and 10 TPM   Below Cutoff: < 0.5 TPM

alimentary part of gastrointestinal system circulatory system endocrine system exocrine system hemolymphoid system hepatobiliary system integumental system musculoskeletal system nervous system renal system reproductive system respiratory system appendage
Medium 3 42 57 41 19 41 8 11 74 35 41 11 8
Low 1
Below cutoff


RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOT00000012495   ⟹   ENSRNOP00000012495
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl6103,323,120 - 103,371,650 (+)Ensembl
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl6107,169,528 - 107,216,798 (+)Ensembl
RefSeq Acc Id: NM_019163   ⟹   NP_062036
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
GRCr86109,054,160 - 109,106,191 (+)NCBI
mRatBN7.26103,323,052 - 103,375,088 (+)NCBI
Rnor_6.06107,181,052 - 107,216,600 (+)NCBI
Rnor_5.06118,324,910 - 118,373,090 (-)NCBI
RGSC_v3.46107,737,543 - 107,776,357 (+)RGD
Celera6101,163,513 - 101,199,486 (+)RGD
RefSeq Acc Id: XM_006240322   ⟹   XP_006240384
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
GRCr86109,054,385 - 109,106,191 (+)NCBI
mRatBN7.26103,323,258 - 103,375,088 (+)NCBI
Rnor_6.06107,169,671 - 107,221,000 (+)NCBI
Rnor_5.06118,324,910 - 118,373,090 (-)NCBI
RefSeq Acc Id: XM_063261575   ⟹   XP_063117645
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
GRCr86109,061,313 - 109,106,191 (+)NCBI
RefSeq Acc Id: NP_062036   ⟸   NM_019163
- UniProtKB: P97529 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot),   P97887 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot),   A6JDR2 (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
- Sequence:
RefSeq Acc Id: XP_006240384   ⟸   XM_006240322
- Peptide Label: isoform X1
- UniProtKB: P97529 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot),   P97887 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot),   A6JDR2 (UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
- Sequence:
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOP00000012495   ⟸   ENSRNOT00000012495
RefSeq Acc Id: XP_063117645   ⟸   XM_063261575
- Peptide Label: isoform X1

Protein Structures
Name Modeler Protein Id AA Range Protein Structure
AF-P97887-F1-model_v2 AlphaFold P97887 1-468 view protein structure


eQTL   View at Phenogen
WGCNA   View at Phenogen
Tissue/Strain Expression   View at Phenogen

RGD ID:13694713
Promoter ID:EPDNEW_R5238
Type:initiation region
Description:presenilin 1
SO ACC ID:SO:0000170
Source:EPDNEW (Eukaryotic Promoter Database,
Experiment Methods:Single-end sequencing.
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
Rnor_6.06107,169,567 - 107,169,627EPDNEW

Additional Information

Database Acc Id Source(s)
AGR Gene RGD:3425 AgrOrtholog
BioCyc Gene G2FUF-36852 BioCyc
Ensembl Genes ENSRNOG00000009110 Ensembl, ENTREZGENE, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOG00055025439 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOG00060020443 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOG00065025531 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Ensembl Transcript ENSRNOT00000012495 ENTREZGENE
  ENSRNOT00000012495.8 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOT00055043884 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOT00060035413 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  ENSRNOT00065043962 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Gene3D-CATH 1.10.472.100 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
InterPro Pept_A22A_PS1 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  Peptidase_A22A UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  Preselin/SPP UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  Presenilin_C UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
KEGG Report rno:29192 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  PRESENILIN-1 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  PTHR10202 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Pfam Presenilin UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
PhenoGen Psen1 PhenoGen
  PRESENILIN1 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
RatGTEx ENSRNOG00000009110 RatGTEx
  ENSRNOG00055025439 RatGTEx
  ENSRNOG00060020443 RatGTEx
  ENSRNOG00065025531 RatGTEx
SMART PSN UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
TIGR TC235825
  P97887 ENTREZGENE, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
UniProt Secondary P97529 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Nomenclature History
Date Current Symbol Current Name Previous Symbol Previous Name Description Reference Status
2002-06-10 Psen1  presenilin 1      Name updated 70584 APPROVED

RGD Curation Notes
Note Type Note Reference
gene_cellular_localization localized to the inner membrane of mitochondria 729648
gene_expression developmentally regulated in the retina 727595
gene_function interacts with proliferation-associated gene (PAG) resulting in protection from neuronal apoptosis 1304239