Amd1 (adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1) - Rat Genome Database

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Gene: Amd1 (adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1) Rattus norvegicus
Symbol: Amd1
Name: adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1
RGD ID: 2104
Description: Enables adenosylmethionine decarboxylase activity and putrescine binding activity. Involved in S-adenosylmethionine metabolic process; spermidine biosynthetic process; and spermine biosynthetic process. Located in cytosol. Human ortholog(s) of this gene implicated in lung non-small cell carcinoma. Orthologous to human AMD1 (adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1); PARTICIPATES IN methionine cycle/metabolic pathway; polyamine metabolic pathway; putrescine metabolic pathway; INTERACTS WITH 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine; 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine; 3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione.
Type: protein-coding
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Previously known as: adoMetDC; Amd1a; Amd1b; S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1; S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1A; S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1B; S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme; SAMDC
RGD Orthologs
Green Monkey
Naked Mole-Rat
Alliance Genes
More Info more info ...
Related Pseudogenes: Amd1-ps1   Amd1-ps2   Amd1-ps3  
Latest Assembly: mRatBN7.2 - mRatBN7.2 Assembly
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
mRatBN7.22043,695,783 - 43,711,476 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl2043,697,237 - 43,711,476 (-)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx2045,444,766 - 45,460,459 (-)NCBIRnor_SHR
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.02045,103,953 - 45,119,647 (-)NCBIRnor_SHRSP
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.02045,848,695 - 45,864,247 (-)NCBIRnor_WKY
Rnor_6.02045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl2045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.02047,103,749 - 47,119,386 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.42044,452,475 - 44,468,111 (-)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.12044,475,485 - 44,491,122 (-)NCBI
Celera2044,399,688 - 44,415,381 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map20q12NCBI
JBrowse: View Region in Genome Browser (JBrowse)

Disease Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Gene-Chemical Interaction Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View
(S)-nicotine  (ISO)
17beta-estradiol  (ISO)
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxine  (EXP,ISO)
2-methylcholine  (ISO)
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine  (EXP)
3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione  (EXP)
4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane  (ISO)
acrolein  (ISO)
afimoxifene  (ISO)
aflatoxin B1  (ISO)
all-trans-retinoic acid  (ISO)
alpha-pinene  (ISO)
ammonium chloride  (EXP)
antirheumatic drug  (ISO)
aristolochic acid  (ISO)
arsane  (ISO)
arsenic atom  (ISO)
arsenous acid  (ISO)
atrazine  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene  (ISO)
benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide I  (ISO)
bicalutamide  (ISO)
bisphenol A  (EXP,ISO)
butan-1-ol  (ISO)
cadmium atom  (ISO)
cadmium dichloride  (ISO)
CGP 52608  (ISO)
cisplatin  (ISO)
cobalt dichloride  (ISO)
copper(II) sulfate  (ISO)
coumestrol  (ISO)
cyclosporin A  (ISO)
decabromodiphenyl ether  (EXP)
diarsenic trioxide  (ISO)
dibutyl phthalate  (ISO)
dicrotophos  (ISO)
doxorubicin  (ISO)
endosulfan  (EXP)
Enterolactone  (ISO)
ethanol  (ISO)
ethyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
finasteride  (EXP)
fipronil  (EXP)
flavonoids  (EXP)
flutamide  (EXP)
folic acid  (ISO)
formaldehyde  (ISO)
gentamycin  (EXP)
hydrogen peroxide  (ISO)
indometacin  (ISO)
leflunomide  (EXP,ISO)
methyl methanesulfonate  (ISO)
nefazodone  (EXP)
nickel atom  (ISO)
nicotine  (ISO)
ozone  (EXP,ISO)
paracetamol  (EXP,ISO)
perfluorooctanoic acid  (EXP,ISO)
phenobarbital  (ISO)
pirinixic acid  (ISO)
putrescine  (ISO)
reserpine  (ISO)
resveratrol  (ISO)
rotenone  (EXP)
sevoflurane  (EXP)
silicon dioxide  (ISO)
sodium arsenite  (ISO)
sulindac  (ISO)
tamibarotene  (ISO)
tert-butyl hydroperoxide  (ISO)
titanium dioxide  (ISO)
trovafloxacin  (EXP)
valproic acid  (ISO)

Gene Ontology Annotations     Click to see Annotation Detail View

Biological Process

Cellular Component
cytosol  (IBA,IDA)

Molecular Function


References - curated
# Reference Title Reference Citation
1. Dysregulated gene expression predicts tumor aggressiveness in African-American prostate cancer patients. Ali HEA, etal., Sci Rep. 2018 Nov 5;8(1):16335. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34637-8.
2. Genetic variants in RUNX3, AMD1 and MSRA in the methionine metabolic pathway and survival in nonsmall cell lung cancer patients. Chen K, etal., Int J Cancer. 2019 Jan 16. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32128.
3. Aminooxy analogues of spermidine as inhibitors of spermine synthase and substrates of hepatic polyamine acetylating activity. Eloranta TO, etal., J Biochem. 1990 Oct;108(4):593-8.
4. Phylogenetic-based propagation of functional annotations within the Gene Ontology consortium. Gaudet P, etal., Brief Bioinform. 2011 Sep;12(5):449-62. doi: 10.1093/bib/bbr042. Epub 2011 Aug 27.
5. The role of polyamines in growth factor induced DNA synthesis in cultured rat hepatocytes. Higaki I, etal., Hepatogastroenterology. 1999 May-Jun;46(27):1874-9.
6. KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes KEGG
7. S-adenosylmethionine in liver health, injury, and cancer. Lu SC and Mato JM, Physiol Rev. 2012 Oct;92(4):1515-42. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00047.2011.
8. Rat ISS GO annotations from MGI mouse gene data--August 2006 MGD data from the GO Consortium
9. KEGG Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import KEGG annotations from KEGG into RGD
10. SMPDB Annotation Import Pipeline Pipeline to import SMPDB annotations from SMPDB into RGD
11. Structures and chromosomal localizations of two rat genes encoding S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase. Pulkka A, etal., Genomics 1993 May;16(2):342-9.
12. Polyamine depletion delays apoptosis of rat intestinal epithelial cells. Ray RM, etal., Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Mar;278(3):C480-9.
13. GOA pipeline RGD automated data pipeline
14. Data Import for Chemical-Gene Interactions RGD automated import pipeline for gene-chemical interactions
15. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. Strausberg RL, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Dec 24;99(26):16899-903. Epub 2002 Dec 11.
16. Genetic variant of AMD1 is associated with obesity in urban Indian children. Tabassum R, etal., PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e33162. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033162. Epub 2012 Apr 9.
17. Conformational stabilization of rat s-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase by putrescine. Wada M and Shirahata A, Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33(11):1800-5.
18. A perspective of polyamine metabolism. Wallace HM, etal., Biochem J. 2003 Nov 15;376(Pt 1):1-14.
19. Effect of putrescine on S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in a small intestinal crypt cell line. Wang JY, etal., Am J Physiol. 1992 Oct;263(4 Pt 1):G494-501.
20. The decarboxylation of S-adenosylmethionine by detergent-treated extracts of rat liver. Wilson J, etal., Biochem J. 1979 Jun 15;180(3):515-22.
Additional References at PubMed
PMID:1936275   PMID:2323572   PMID:2460457   PMID:10570962   PMID:10829027   PMID:11741992   PMID:11856372   PMID:15489334   PMID:15917810  


Comparative Map Data
(Rattus norvegicus - Norway rat)
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
mRatBN7.22043,695,783 - 43,711,476 (-)NCBImRatBN7.2mRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl2043,697,237 - 43,711,476 (-)EnsemblmRatBN7.2 Ensembl
UTH_Rnor_SHR_Utx2045,444,766 - 45,460,459 (-)NCBIRnor_SHR
UTH_Rnor_SHRSP_BbbUtx_1.02045,103,953 - 45,119,647 (-)NCBIRnor_SHRSP
UTH_Rnor_WKY_Bbb_1.02045,848,695 - 45,864,247 (-)NCBIRnor_WKY
Rnor_6.02045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)NCBIRnor6.0Rnor_6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl2045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)EnsemblRnor6.0rn6Rnor6.0
Rnor_5.02047,103,749 - 47,119,386 (-)NCBIRnor5.0Rnor_5.0rn5Rnor5.0
RGSC_v3.42044,452,475 - 44,468,111 (-)NCBIRGSC3.4RGSC_v3.4rn4RGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.12044,475,485 - 44,491,122 (-)NCBI
Celera2044,399,688 - 44,415,381 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map20q12NCBI
(Homo sapiens - human)
Human AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCh386110,814,617 - 110,895,713 (+)NCBIGRCh38GRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh38.p13 Ensembl6110,874,770 - 110,898,879 (+)EnsemblGRCh38hg38GRCh38
GRCh376111,135,820 - 111,216,916 (+)NCBIGRCh37GRCh37hg19GRCh37
Build 366111,302,680 - 111,323,606 (+)NCBINCBI36Build 36hg18NCBI36
Build 346111,302,680 - 111,323,599NCBI
Celera6111,942,595 - 111,963,525 (+)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map6q21NCBI
HuRef6108,767,311 - 108,788,282 (+)NCBIHuRef
CHM1_16111,459,114 - 111,480,041 (+)NCBICHM1_1
T2T-CHM13v2.06111,993,221 - 112,074,322 (+)NCBIT2T-CHM13v2.0
(Mus musculus - house mouse)
Mouse AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
GRCm391040,163,454 - 40,178,184 (-)NCBIGRCm39GRCm39mm39
GRCm39 Ensembl1040,163,454 - 40,178,184 (-)EnsemblGRCm39 Ensembl
GRCm381040,287,458 - 40,302,188 (-)NCBIGRCm38GRCm38mm10GRCm38
GRCm38.p6 Ensembl1040,287,458 - 40,302,188 (-)EnsemblGRCm38mm10GRCm38
MGSCv371040,007,265 - 40,021,992 (-)NCBIGRCm37MGSCv37mm9NCBIm37
MGSCv361039,976,874 - 39,991,588 (-)NCBIMGSCv36mm8
Celera1036,613,234 - 36,615,716 (-)NCBICelera
Cytogenetic Map10B1NCBI
cM Map1021.85NCBI
(Chinchilla lanigera - long-tailed chinchilla)
Chinchilla AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChiLan1.0 EnsemblNW_00495541135,541,517 - 35,563,209 (+)EnsemblChiLan1.0
ChiLan1.0NW_00495541135,541,517 - 35,563,209 (+)NCBIChiLan1.0ChiLan1.0
(Pan paniscus - bonobo/pygmy chimpanzee)
Bonobo AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
PanPan1.16112,761,072 - 112,782,074 (+)NCBIpanpan1.1PanPan1.1panPan2
PanPan1.1 Ensembl6112,761,072 - 112,782,074 (+)Ensemblpanpan1.1panPan2
Mhudiblu_PPA_v06108,678,741 - 108,699,695 (+)NCBIMhudiblu_PPA_v0Mhudiblu_PPA_v0panPan3
(Canis lupus familiaris - dog)
Dog AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
CanFam3.11267,432,871 - 67,453,791 (+)NCBICanFam3.1CanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
CanFam3.1 Ensembl1267,448,141 - 67,451,696 (+)EnsemblCanFam3.1canFam3CanFam3.1
Dog10K_Boxer_Tasha1267,251,123 - 67,272,026 (+)NCBIDog10K_Boxer_Tasha
ROS_Cfam_1.01268,311,059 - 68,331,965 (+)NCBIROS_Cfam_1.0
ROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl1268,311,069 - 68,334,115 (+)EnsemblROS_Cfam_1.0 Ensembl
UMICH_Zoey_3.11267,662,003 - 67,682,902 (+)NCBIUMICH_Zoey_3.1
UNSW_CanFamBas_1.01267,507,932 - 67,528,835 (+)NCBIUNSW_CanFamBas_1.0
UU_Cfam_GSD_1.01267,786,118 - 67,807,019 (+)NCBIUU_Cfam_GSD_1.0
(Ictidomys tridecemlineatus - thirteen-lined ground squirrel)
Squirrel AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HiC_Itri_2NW_024404946102,381,927 - 102,400,701 (+)NCBIHiC_Itri_2
SpeTri2.0NW_0049365646,656,789 - 6,675,564 (+)NCBISpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0SpeTri2.0
(Sus scrofa - pig)
Pig AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
Sscrofa11.1 Ensembl176,839,731 - 76,863,738 (+)EnsemblSscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa11.1176,839,448 - 76,863,745 (+)NCBISscrofa11.1Sscrofa11.1susScr11Sscrofa11.1
Sscrofa10.2186,399,564 - 86,423,858 (-)NCBISscrofa10.2Sscrofa10.2susScr3
(Chlorocebus sabaeus - green monkey)
Green Monkey AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
ChlSab1.11362,977,659 - 62,999,150 (-)NCBIChlSab1.1ChlSab1.1chlSab2
Vero_WHO_p1.0NW_02366604035,281,244 - 35,302,558 (-)NCBIVero_WHO_p1.0Vero_WHO_p1.0
(Heterocephalus glaber - naked mole-rat)
Naked Mole-rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceGenome Browsers
HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblNW_0046249161,837,242 - 1,854,883 (+)EnsemblHetGla_female_1.0HetGla_female_1.0 EnsemblhetGla2
HetGla 1.0NW_0046249161,837,258 - 1,855,450 (+)NCBIHetGla_female_1.0HetGla 1.0hetGla2


Variants in Amd1
81 total Variants
miRNA Target Status

Predicted Target Of
Summary Value
Count of predictions:840
Count of miRNA genes:321
Interacting mature miRNAs:431
Prediction methods:Microtar, Miranda, Rnahybrid, Targetscan
Result types:miRGate_prediction

The detailed report is available here: Full Report CSV TAB Printer

miRNA Target Status data imported from miRGate (
For more information about miRGate, see PMID:25858286 or access the full paper here.

QTLs in Region (mRatBN7.2)
The following QTLs overlap with this region.    Full Report CSV TAB Printer Gviewer
RGD IDSymbolNameLODP ValueTraitSub TraitChrStartStopSpecies
2305926Iddm37Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus QTL 376blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)plasma glucose level (CMO:0000042)20152784246527842Rat
1641915Colcr9Colorectal carcinoma resistance QTL 92.970.0024intestine integrity trait (VT:0010554)benign colorectal tumor number (CMO:0001795)20153065546530655Rat
1598816Memor12Memory QTL 122.4exploratory behavior trait (VT:0010471)average horizontal distance between subject and target during voluntary locomotion in an experimental apparatus (CMO:0002674)20260683647606836Rat
7411652Foco24Food consumption QTL 240.001eating behavior trait (VT:0001431)feed conversion ratio (CMO:0001312)201175751554435887Rat
9590092Insglur9Insulin/glucose ratio QTL 918.380.001blood insulin amount (VT:0001560)calculated plasma insulin level (CMO:0002170)201175751554435887Rat
4889610Pancm3Pancreatic morphology QTL 33.750.001pancreas mass (VT:0010144)pancreas wet weight (CMO:0000626)201761783247606836Rat
2317880Alcrsp25Alcohol response QTL 252.3response to alcohol trait (VT:0010489)duration of loss of righting reflex (CMO:0002289)201769755054435887Rat
2303626Vencon10Ventilatory control QTL 100.001respiration trait (VT:0001943)respiration rate (CMO:0000289)201919072154435887Rat
2303578Gluco50Glucose level QTL 502blood glucose amount (VT:0000188)blood glucose level (CMO:0000046)202510672254435887Rat
2303587Bw93Body weight QTL 9313body mass (VT:0001259)body weight (CMO:0000012)202510672254435887Rat
2300188Bmd68Bone mineral density QTL 686.40.0001femur mineral mass (VT:0010011)volumetric bone mineral density (CMO:0001553)202510672254435887Rat
1331747Hrtrt16Heart rate QTL 163.163heart pumping trait (VT:2000009)heart rate (CMO:0000002)202520973454435887Rat
1598869Memor6Memory QTL 63.1exploratory behavior trait (VT:0010471)total horizontal distance resulting from voluntary locomotion in an experimental apparatus (CMO:0001443)202924438854435887Rat
70158Bp60Blood pressure QTL 603arterial blood pressure trait (VT:2000000)systolic blood pressure (CMO:0000004)203161428444396023Rat

Markers in Region
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.22043,711,249 - 43,711,393 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
mRatBN7.2829,943,612 - 29,943,758 (+)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.0832,642,313 - 32,642,458NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_6.02045,399,468 - 45,399,611NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.02047,119,214 - 47,119,357UniSTSRnor5.0
Rnor_5.0832,666,962 - 32,667,107UniSTSRnor5.0
RGSC_v3.42044,467,939 - 44,468,082UniSTSRGSC3.4
RGSC_v3.4831,256,877 - 31,257,022UniSTSRGSC3.4
Celera831,404,040 - 31,404,185UniSTS
Celera2044,415,155 - 44,415,298UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map20q12UniSTS
Cytogenetic Map8q13UniSTS
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)SourceJBrowse
mRatBN7.2X149,273,775 - 149,274,413 (-)MAPPERmRatBN7.2
Rnor_6.01451,485,458 - 51,486,095NCBIRnor6.0
Rnor_5.01451,644,789 - 51,645,426UniSTSRnor5.0
Cytogenetic Map20q12UniSTS
Cytogenetic MapXq37UniSTS


RNA-SEQ Expression
High: > 1000 TPM value   Medium: Between 11 and 1000 TPM
Low: Between 0.5 and 10 TPM   Below Cutoff: < 0.5 TPM

alimentary part of gastrointestinal system circulatory system endocrine system exocrine system hemolymphoid system hepatobiliary system integumental system musculoskeletal system nervous system renal system reproductive system respiratory system appendage
Medium 3 43 57 41 19 41 8 11 74 35 41 11 8
Below cutoff


Reference Sequences
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOT00000000715   ⟹   ENSRNOP00000000715
RefSeq Status:
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
mRatBN7.2 Ensembl2043,697,237 - 43,711,476 (-)Ensembl
Rnor_6.0 Ensembl2045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)Ensembl
RefSeq Acc Id: NM_031011   ⟹   NP_112273
RefSeq Status: VALIDATED
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
mRatBN7.22043,695,783 - 43,711,476 (-)NCBI
Rnor_6.02045,384,000 - 45,399,694 (-)NCBI
Rnor_5.02047,103,749 - 47,119,386 (-)NCBI
RGSC_v3.42044,452,475 - 44,468,111 (-)RGD
Celera2044,399,688 - 44,415,381 (-)NCBI
Reference Sequences
RefSeq Acc Id: NP_112273   ⟸   NM_031011
- UniProtKB: P17708 (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
- Sequence:
RefSeq Acc Id: ENSRNOP00000000715   ⟸   ENSRNOT00000000715

Protein Structures
Name Modeler Protein Id AA Range Protein Structure
AF-P17708-F1-model_v2 AlphaFold P17708 1-333 view protein structure


eQTL   View at Phenogen
WGCNA   View at Phenogen
Tissue/Strain Expression   View at Phenogen

RGD ID:13701659
Promoter ID:EPDNEW_R12182
Type:single initiation site
Description:adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1
SO ACC ID:SO:0000170
Source:EPDNEW (Eukaryotic Promoter Database,
Experiment Methods:Single-end sequencing.
Rat AssemblyChrPosition (strand)Source
Rnor_6.02045,399,694 - 45,399,754EPDNEW

Additional Information

Database Acc Id Source(s)
AGR Gene RGD:2104 AgrOrtholog
BioCyc Gene G2FUF-3430 BioCyc
BioCyc Pathway ARGSPECAT-PWY [spermine biosynthesis] BioCyc
  BSUBPOLYAMSYN-PWY [spermidine biosynthesis I] BioCyc
Ensembl Genes ENSRNOG00000000585 Ensembl, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
Ensembl Protein ENSRNOP00000000715.4 UniProtKB/TrEMBL
Ensembl Transcript ENSRNOT00000000715.7 UniProtKB/TrEMBL
InterPro S-AdoMet_decarboxylase UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  S-AdoMet_deCO2ase_core UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
  S-AdoMet_deCO2ase_CS UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
KEGG Report rno:81640 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
PANTHER PTHR11570 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
Pfam SAM_decarbox UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
PhenoGen Amd1 PhenoGen
PIRSF S-AdenosylMet_decarboxylase UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Superfamily-SCOP SSF56276 UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL
TIGRFAMs SAM_DCase UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL

Nomenclature History
Date Current Symbol Current Name Previous Symbol Previous Name Description Reference Status
2008-09-26 Amd1  adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1  Amd1  S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1  Nomenclature updated to reflect human and mouse nomenclature 1299863 APPROVED
2003-04-09 Amd1  S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1      Symbol and Name updated 629477 APPROVED
2003-03-07 Amd1  S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1  Amd1a  S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1A  Data Merged 628472 PROVISIONAL
2003-03-07 Amd1    Amd1b  S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1  Symbol updated 61478 PROVISIONAL
2002-06-10 Amd1a  S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1A      Symbol and Name status set to approved 70586 APPROVED
2002-06-10 Amd1b  S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase 1B      Symbol and Name status set to approved 70586 APPROVED