View Ontology Report


The protein kinase C family (PKC) comprises ~2% of the human kinome and can be subdivided into three subclasses: conventional or classical (cPKC), novel (nPKC) and atypical (aPKC). All isoforms contain a C-terminal kinase domain and an N-terminal autoinhibitory pseudosubstrate but differ in their responsiveness to second messengers. A tandem DAG-sensitive C1 domain is present in cPKC and nPKC with the latter group displaying a higher sensitivity. The C2 domain is Ca2+ sensitive in cPKC only. The

Pathway Diagram:

Elsevier Inc. Ca2+ calcium transport pathway GPCRs upstream PKC G protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphaq family Phlpp1 ---| cPKC cPKC Phlpp1 ---| nPKC Phlpp2 ---| nPKC Phlpp2 ---| cPKC Pdpk1 --+> nPKC Pdpk1 --+> cPKC Pdpk1 --+> aPKC GPCRs upstream PKC --+> PLC-B members PLC-B members Phlpp1 Phlpp2 Pdpk1 Hsp90aa1 Cdc37 IP3 PKC interactors aPKC nPKC cPKC ---- PKC interactors nPKC ---- PKC interactors aPKC ---- PKC interactors Cdc37 ---- nPKC Cdc37 ---- cPKC Ca2+ ---- cPKC Hsp90aa1 ---- nPKC cPKC ---- Hsp90aa1 cPKC ---- DAG DAG ---- nPKC PIP2 ---> DAG PIP2 DAG PIP2 ---> IP3 cell polarity cell death cell proliferation cell differentiation cPKC ---> cell differentiation cPKC ---> cell proliferation nPKC ---> cell proliferation IP3 --+> Ca2+ calcium/calcium-mediated signaling pathway nPKC ---> cell death aPKC ---> cell polarity cPKC ---> cell death nPKC ---> cell differentiation

Genes in Pathway:

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protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway term browser
Symbol Object Name JBrowse Chr Start Stop Reference
G Btk Bruton tyrosine kinase JBrowse link X 105,360,922 105,390,580 RGD:5131492
G Cdc37 cell division cycle 37 JBrowse link 8 22,160,922 22,173,797 RGD:5131489
G Copb1 coatomer protein complex, subunit beta 1 JBrowse link 1 183,695,480 183,729,569 RGD:5131491
G Fscn1 fascin actin-bundling protein 1 JBrowse link 12 13,655,459 13,668,595 RGD:5131492
G Fyn FYN proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase JBrowse link 20 44,436,354 44,630,316 RGD:5131492
G Hsp90aa1 heat shock protein 90 alpha family class A member 1 JBrowse link 6 135,107,262 135,112,793 RGD:5131489
G Lck LCK proto-oncogene, Src family tyrosine kinase JBrowse link 5 147,750,976 147,779,627 RGD:5131492
G Ldb3 LIM domain binding 3 JBrowse link 16 10,878,348 10,943,016 RGD:5131491
G Pard3 par-3 family cell polarity regulator JBrowse link 19 60,017,746 60,580,628 RGD:5132275
G Pard6a par-6 family cell polarity regulator alpha JBrowse link 19 37,668,133 37,670,450 RGD:5132275
G Pard6b par-6 family cell polarity regulator beta JBrowse link 3 164,822,111 164,843,395 RGD:5132275
G Pard6g par-6 family cell polarity regulator gamma JBrowse link 18 76,559,877 76,627,843 RGD:5132275
G Pdpk1 3-phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase-1 JBrowse link 10 13,446,373 13,525,248 RGD:5131489
G Phlpp1 PH domain and leucine rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 JBrowse link 13 26,145,989 26,394,505 RGD:8693633
G Phlpp2 PH domain and leucine rich repeat protein phosphatase 2 JBrowse link 19 41,731,845 41,798,451 RGD:5131497
G Pick1 protein interacting with PRKCA 1 JBrowse link 7 120,465,472 120,484,824 RGD:5131491
G Plcb1 phospholipase C beta 1 JBrowse link 3 127,721,244 128,419,565 RGD:5131502
G Plcb2 phospholipase C, beta 2 JBrowse link 3 110,497,760 110,517,563 RGD:5131502
G Plcb3 phospholipase C beta 3 JBrowse link 1 222,207,887 222,224,993 RGD:5131502
G Plcb4 phospholipase C, beta 4 JBrowse link 3 128,601,163 128,971,720 RGD:5131502
G Prkca protein kinase C, alpha JBrowse link 10 96,186,509 96,585,168 RGD:5131489
G Prkcb protein kinase C, beta JBrowse link 1 192,233,569 192,575,339 RGD:5131489
G Prkcd protein kinase C, delta JBrowse link 16 6,655,131 6,675,746 RGD:5131489
G Prkce protein kinase C, epsilon JBrowse link 6 9,483,400 9,973,396 RGD:5131489
G Prkcg protein kinase C, gamma JBrowse link 1 64,407,098 64,433,698 RGD:5131489
G Prkch protein kinase C, eta JBrowse link 6 96,479,243 96,677,368 RGD:5131489
G Prkci protein kinase C, iota JBrowse link 2 115,941,998 116,002,550 RGD:5131489
G Prkcq protein kinase C, theta JBrowse link 17 70,971,915 71,105,286 RGD:5131489
G Prkcz protein kinase C, zeta JBrowse link 5 172,658,071 172,769,492 RGD:5131489
G Rack1 receptor for activated C kinase 1 JBrowse link 10 34,149,717 34,155,198 RGD:5131491
G Rasa1 RAS p21 protein activator 1 JBrowse link 2 13,617,021 13,696,531 RGD:10002727

Additional Elements in Pathway:

(includes Gene Groups, Small Molecules, Other Pathways..etc.)
Object TypePathway ObjectPathway Object Description
Functional ClassaPKCatypical protein kinase C members
Functional ClasscPKCclassical or conventional protein kinase C members
Small MoleculeDAGdiacylglycerol
Small MoleculeIP3inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate
Functional ClassnPKCnovel protein kinase C members
Small MoleculePIP2phosphoinositide-4,5-bisphosphate
Gene GroupPLC-B membersphospholipase C beta subfamily
Pathwayupstream pathwaysupstream pathways that activate PKC signaling
Gene GroupPKC interactorsvarious proteins, binding partners and substrates

Pathway Gene Annotations

Disease Annotations Associated with Genes in the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway
Disease TermsGene Symbols
abdominal obesity-metabolic syndromePrkci
acute myeloid leukemiaPlcb1
adult T-cell leukemiaFyn , Prkcb
Agammaglobulinemia, non-Bruton typeBtk
allergic conjunctivitisLck
Alzheimer's diseaseFyn , Hsp90aa1 , Plcb1 , Prkcb
amphetamine abusePick1
anaplastic large cell lymphomaHsp90aa1
Animal Disease ModelsPrkcg
Animal Mammary NeoplasmsRasa1
arteriovenous malformationRasa1
arthus reactionBtk
Auriculo-Condylar SyndromePlcb4
Auriculocondylar Syndrome 2Plcb4
autism spectrum disorderLdb3
autistic disorderBtk , Ldb3 , Prkcb
autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome type 3Prkcd
autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness 3Ldb3
autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness 4Ldb3
autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness 77Ldb3
B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBtk
B-cell lymphomaBtk
basal cell carcinomaRasa1
benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikesPlcb1
Bile Duct NeoplasmsFscn1
brain ischemiaPrkca , Prkcd
breast cancerBtk
Breast NeoplasmsBtk , Hsp90aa1 , Pdpk1 , Prkca
Bruton-type agammaglobulinemiaBtk
Burn-Mckeown SyndromePard6g
BurnsFyn , Prkcd
Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous MalformationRasa1
CardiomegalyPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcz
cardiomyopathyLdb3 , Prkce
Cell Transformation, NeoplasticPhlpp1
cerebral infarctionPrkch
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver InjuryPrkcd , Rasa1
chronic lymphocytic leukemiaBtk
chronic ulcer of skinPlcb3
Cognitive DysfunctionHsp90aa1
Colonic NeoplasmsPlcb1
Colorectal NeoplasmsPrkcb , Prkce
common bile duct neoplasmFscn1
congenital myopathyLdb3
congenital structural myopathyLdb3
congestive heart failurePdpk1 , Prkca , Prkcb
contact dermatitisHsp90aa1
coronary stenosisPrkce
cutaneous T cell lymphomaPrkcq
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental Hsp90aa1 , Plcb3 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkci
Diabetic NephropathiesPrkcb , Prkce
diffuse large B-cell lymphomaPdpk1
dilated cardiomyopathyLck , Ldb3 , Prkca , Prkcb
dilated cardiomyopathy 1CLdb3
Dilated Cardiomyopathy with Left Ventricular NoncompactionLdb3
distal muscular dystrophyLdb3
Ductal CarcinomaHsp90aa1
ductal carcinoma in situPrkca
early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 1Plcb1
early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 12Plcb1
endometrial carcinomaPrkca
Experimental ArthritisBtk
Experimental Liver CirrhosisFyn , Prkcb , Prkcd
familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathyLdb3
fatty liver diseasePrkcd
Fetal DiseasesPrkcb
Frontotemporal Lobar DegenerationHsp90aa1
Gallbladder NeoplasmsFscn1
genetic diseasePlcb4 , Prkcg
Hereditary Neoplastic SyndromesRasa1
human immunodeficiency virus infectious diseaseHsp90aa1 , Lck
Huntington's diseasePlcb3
HyperalgesiaPrkcb , Prkce , Prkcg , Prkcz
hyperglycemiaPrkcb , Prkcz
hyperinsulinismPrkcd , Prkcq
hypertensionPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkce
hypertrophic cardiomyopathyLdb3
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 1Ldb3
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 14Ldb3
Hypogammaglobulinemia, X-LinkedBtk
hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal disease syndromePrkcq
immune system diseasePrkcb
Immunodeficiency 22Lck
Insulin ResistancePrkcb , Prkcd , Prkcq , Prkcz
intellectual disabilityPrkcg
Intestinal NeoplasmsPrkca , Prkcd
invasive ductal carcinomaPrkci
isolated growth hormone deficiencyBtk
isolated growth hormone deficiency type IIIBtk
Knee OsteoarthritisHsp90aa1
large cell carcinomaPrkca
Left Ventricular HypertrophyPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkcz , Rasa1
Left Ventricular Noncompaction 1 Ldb3
liver benign neoplasmPrkce
long QT syndromePlcb4
Lymphatic MetastasisPdpk1
Macrocephaly/Megalencephaly Syndrome, Autosomal RecessiveLdb3
malignant gliomaPrkca
Mammary Neoplasms, ExperimentalRasa1
mantle cell lymphomaBtk
middle cerebral artery infarctionPrkcg
Mobius syndromePlcb2
Mouth NeoplasmsRack1
muscular diseasePrkcd
myelodysplastic syndromePlcb1
myocardial infarctionPlcb1 , Plcb3 , Prkce
Myocardial IschemiaPrkcd , Prkce
Myocardial Reperfusion InjuryPrkcb , Prkcd
myofibrillar myopathyLdb3
myofibrillar myopathy 1Ldb3
myofibrillar myopathy 4Ldb3
Myofibrillar Myopathy, ZASP-RelatedLdb3
myotonic dystrophy type 1Ldb3
Neoplasm MetastasisFscn1 , Hsp90aa1
nephrogenic diabetes insipidusPrkca
neural tube defectPard3
non-small cell lung carcinomaPdpk1 , Prkcb
Nonaka MyopathyLdb3
nonalcoholic fatty liver diseasePrkca , Prkcd , Prkce
obesityPrkcb , Prkcd , Prkch , Prkci
Occupational AsthmaPrkca
ovarian cancerPrkca
ovarian carcinomaPrkca , Prkci
pancreatic cancerFscn1
pancreatic ductal carcinomaFscn1
Parkinsonian DisordersPrkcd
peripheral nervous system diseasePrkce
peripheral T-cell lymphomaFyn
Pituitary NeoplasmsPrkca
Port-Wine StainRasa1
portal hypertensionHsp90aa1 , Prkcd
primary immunodeficiency diseaseBtk
prostate adenocarcinomaPdpk1 , Prkcq
prostate cancerPard3 , Pdpk1 , Phlpp1 , Plcb4
prostate carcinomaPrkca
Prostatic NeoplasmsPard3 , Prkcz
pulmonary fibrosisFyn
Reperfusion InjuryPrkca
restrictive cardiomyopathyPrkcd
retinal detachmentPrkcq
retinitis pigmentosaPrkcg
rheumatoid arthritisHsp90aa1 , Prkcq
Right Ventricular HypertrophyPrkca , Prkcd
schizophreniaFyn , Plcb1
sensorineural hearing lossPrkcb
SepsisFyn , Prkcq
skin diseaseFyn
skin squamous cell carcinomaFyn
spinocerebellar ataxia type 14Prkcg
Spinocerebellar AtaxiasPrkcg
squamous cell carcinomaRack1 , Rasa1
status epilepticusPrkcb
Stomach NeoplasmsFyn , Prkcb
Sturge-Weber SyndromeRasa1
substance-induced psychosisPick1
substance-related disorderPrkce , Prkch
temporal lobe epilepsyFyn
third ventricle chordoid gliomaPrkca
toxic encephalopathyPrkcd
transient cerebral ischemiaRack1
trigeminal neuralgiaPrkcg
type 1 diabetes mellitusPrkcq
type 2 diabetes mellitusPrkcb , Prkce , Prkci , Prkcz
urinary bladder cancerPrkca
uveal melanomaPlcb4
visual epilepsyPlcb1 , Prkcd
West syndromePlcb1
Pathway Annotations Associated with Genes in the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway
Pathway TermsGene Symbols
acebutolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
adenosine signaling pathwayPard6a , Pdpk1 , Prkcz
adrenergic beta receptor agonist and beta-blocker pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
aldosterone signaling pathwayHsp90aa1 , Pdpk1 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
altered Reelin signaling pathwayFyn
Alzheimer's disease pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4
amiodarone pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
amlodipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
androgen signaling pathwayHsp90aa1
angiotensin II signaling pathwayPdpk1 , Prkcz
antigen processing and presentation pathwayHsp90aa1
atenolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
B cell receptor signaling pathwayBtk , Prkcb
betaxolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
bisoprolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
bupranolol drug pathwayPlcb1
bupranolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
calcium/calcium-mediated signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
carvedilol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
ceramide signaling pathwayPrkcd , Prkcz
Chagas disease pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4
chaperone mediated autophagy pathwayHsp90aa1
chemokine mediated signaling pathwayPard3 , Plcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkcz
cortisol signaling pathwayHsp90aa1
diltiazem pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
disopyramide pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
dobutamine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
E-cadherin signaling pathwayFyn
eicosanoid signaling pathwayFyn , Lck , Plcb2 , Prkca , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcg , Prkch , Prkcq , Prkcz
eicosanoid signaling pathway via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaPdpk1
endocytosis pathwayPard3 , Pard6a , Pard6b , Pard6g , Prkci , Prkcz
endometrial cancer pathwayPdpk1
Endoplasmic Reticulum-associated degradation pathwayHsp90aa1
endothelin signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Prkca , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcg , Prkch , Prkcq
Entamoebiasis pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
ephrin - ephrin receptor bidirectional signaling axisFyn , Lck , Rasa1
epidermal growth factor/neuregulin signaling pathwayHsp90aa1 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg , Prkcz , Rasa1
erythropoietin signaling pathwayBtk
esmolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
estrogen signaling pathwayHsp90aa1
FasL mediated signaling pathwayBtk , Pdpk1
Fc epsilon receptor mediated signaling pathwayBtk , Fyn , Prkca , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcg
Fc gamma receptor mediated signaling pathwayPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcg
fibroblast growth factor signaling pathwayPdpk1
flecainde pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
fosphenytoin pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
G protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphaq familyPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4
glioma pathwayPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
glutamate signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
glypican signaling pathwayFyn , Lck
gonadotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcd
Hedgehog signaling pathwayPrkcd
Huntington's disease pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4
hypoxia inducible factor pathwayRack1
ibutilide pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
influenza A pathwayPrkca , Prkcb
inositol phosphate metabolic pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4
insulin responsive facilitative sugar transporter mediated glucose transport pathwayPrkci , Prkcz
insulin signaling pathwayPard6a , Pdpk1 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg , Prkci , Prkcq , Prkcz , Rasa1
insulin-like growth factor signaling pathwayPdpk1 , Prkcd , Prkcz , Rack1
interleukin-1 signaling pathwayPrkci , Prkcz
interleukin-12 signaling pathwayLck
interleukin-2 signaling pathwayFyn , Lck , Prkcb , Prkce , Rasa1
interleukin-6 signaling pathwayPrkcd
isoprenaline pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
isradipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
Leishmaniasis pathwayPrkcb
levobunolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
lidocaine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
long term depressionPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
long term potentiationPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
measles pathwayFyn , Prkcq , Rack1
metoprolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
mexiletine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathwayPrkca , Prkcb , Prkcg , Rasa1
mTOR signaling pathwayPdpk1 , Prkca
myocarditis pathwayFyn
nadolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
nebivolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
neurotrophic factor signaling pathwayPrkcd
nifedipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
nimodipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
nisoldipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
nitrendipine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
NOD-like receptor signaling pathwayHsp90aa1
non-small cell lung carcinoma pathwayPdpk1 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathwayLck , Prkca
p53 signaling pathwayPrkcd
penbutolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
phenytoin pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase class I signaling pathwayBtk , Fyn , Hsp90aa1 , Lck , Pdpk1
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling pathwayHsp90aa1 , Pdpk1 , Phlpp1 , Phlpp2
phosphoinositide metabolic pathwayPlcb1
pindolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
platelet-derived growth factor signaling pathwayFyn , Lck , Prkca , Prkcd , Prkce , Rasa1
prednisolone pharmacodynamics pathwayHsp90aa1
prednisolone pharmacokinetics pathwayHsp90aa1
primary immunodeficiency pathwayBtk , Lck
prion disease pathwayFyn
procainamide pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
propranolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
prostate cancer pathwayHsp90aa1 , Pdpk1
protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathwayBtk , Cdc37 , Copb1 , Fscn1 , Fyn , Hsp90aa1 , Lck , Ldb3 , Pard3 , Pard6a , Pard6b , Pard6g , Pdpk1 , Phlpp1 , Phlpp2 , Pick1 , Plcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkce , Prkcg , Prkch , Prkci , Prkcq , Prkcz , Rack1 , Rasa1
quinidine pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
Reelin signaling pathwayFyn
ribosome biogenesis pathwayPrkcb , Rack1
sleeping sickness pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
sotalol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
sphingosine 1-phosphate signaling pathwayPlcb2
syndecan signaling pathwayFyn , Prkca , Prkcd , Rack1 , Rasa1
T cell receptor signaling pathwayFyn , Lck
the extracellular signal-regulated Raf/Mek/Erk signaling pathwayPrkcd
timolol pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
transforming growth factor-beta Smad dependent signaling pathwayPard6a , Pdpk1
tumor necrosis factor mediated signaling pathwayPrkci , Prkcz , Rack1
type 2 diabetes mellitus pathwayPrkcd , Prkce , Prkcz
type II interferon signaling pathwayPrkcd
vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathwayFyn , Hsp90aa1 , Pdpk1 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcd , Prkcg , Prkcz
verapamil pharmacodynamics pathwayPlcb1
Wnt signaling pathwayPlcb1 , Plcb2 , Plcb3 , Plcb4 , Prkca , Prkcb , Prkcg
Wnt signaling, non-canonical pathwayPrkcz
Phenotype Annotations Associated with Genes in the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway

References Associated with the protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway:

Ontology Path Diagram:

paths to the root

Import into Pathway Studio: