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View Ontology Report


AMPK signaling pathway, a fuel sensor and regulator, promotes ATP-producing and inhibits ATP-consuming pathways in various tissues. AMPK is a heterotrimer composed of alpha-catalytic and beta and gamma-regulatory subunits. Humans and rodents have two alpha and beta and three gamma isoforms; some genes are subject to alternative splicing increasing the range of possible heterotrimer combinations. Cellular stresses that inhibit ATP production or increase its consumption change the AMP:ATP r

Pathway Diagram:

Elsevier Inc. P-T172 AMPK targets calmodulin ---- Camkk2 insulin responsive facilitative sugar transporter mediated glucose transport pathway fatty acid beta degradation pathway fatty acid biosynthetic pathway mTOR signaling pathway glycogen biosynthetic pathway gluconeogenesis pathway AMPK alpha PP1 in AMPK ---| AMPK alpha Ppm1e Ppm1f Ppp2ca Ppp2ca ---| AMPK alpha Ppm1e ---| AMPK alpha Ppm1f ---| AMPK alpha Camkk1 --+> AMPK alpha Camkk2 --+> AMPK alpha Lkb1 complex --+> AMPK alpha AMPK beta ---- AMPK gamma AMPK alpha ---- AMPK beta ADP AMP ATP Ca2+ AMPK targets ---| mTOR signaling pathway AMPK targets ---| glycogen biosynthetic pathway AMPK targets ---| gluconeogenesis pathway AMPK targets ---| fatty acid biosynthetic pathway calmodulin AMPK gamma AMPK beta Camkk1 Camkk2 calmodulin ---- Camkk1 AMPK gamma ---- ATP ADP ---- AMPK gamma AMP --+> AMPK gamma Lkb1 complex AMP ---- AMPK gamma AMPK targets --+> fatty acid beta degradation pathway AMPK targets --+> insulin responsive facilitative sugar transporter mediated glucose transport pathway cellular stress ---> AMP cellular stress cellular stress ---> ADP cellular stress ---> ATP AMPK alpha ---> AMPK targets PP1 in AMPK

Genes in Pathway:

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adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cab39 calcium binding protein 39 TAS
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691 NCBI chr 9:86,463,095...86,524,545
Ensembl chr 9:86,463,095...86,524,544
JBrowse link
G Calm1 calmodulin 1 ISO RGD PMID:16054095 RGD:2311420 NCBI chr 6:119,487,691...119,495,759
Ensembl chr 6:119,487,621...119,498,227
JBrowse link
G Calm2 calmodulin 2 ISO RGD PMID:16054095 RGD:2311420 NCBI chr 6:7,091,624...7,104,284
Ensembl chr 6:7,091,567...7,104,287
Ensembl chr15:7,091,567...7,104,287
JBrowse link
G Calm3 calmodulin 3 ISO RGD PMID:16054095 RGD:2311420 NCBI chr 1:77,590,668...77,597,776
Ensembl chr 1:77,589,230...77,592,207
JBrowse link
G Camkk1 calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 1 IDA RGD PMID:16054095 RGD:2311420 NCBI chr10:57,637,335...57,660,498
Ensembl chr10:57,637,391...57,660,498
JBrowse link
G Camkk2 calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 IDA RGD PMID:16054095 RGD:2311420 NCBI chr12:33,791,023...33,845,000
Ensembl chr12:33,791,052...33,843,279
JBrowse link
G Cpt1a carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A IEP RGD PMID:30868489 RGD:25823184 NCBI chr 1:200,564,634...200,627,059
Ensembl chr 1:200,565,613...200,627,055
JBrowse link
G Ppm1e protein phosphatase, Mg2+/Mn2+ dependent, 1E ISO RGD PMID:20801214 RGD:7794756 NCBI chr10:72,051,643...72,187,439
Ensembl chr10:72,055,208...72,187,282
JBrowse link
G Ppm1f protein phosphatase, Mg2+/Mn2+ dependent, 1F ISO RGD PMID:20801214 RGD:7794756 NCBI chr11:84,064,422...84,094,410
Ensembl chr11:84,064,420...84,094,340
JBrowse link
G Ppp1ca protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit alpha ISO RGD PMID:21782450 RGD:7794757 NCBI chr 1:201,485,117...201,488,734
Ensembl chr 1:201,485,085...201,497,327
JBrowse link
G Ppp1cb protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta ISO RGD PMID:21782450 RGD:7794757 NCBI chr 6:23,958,813...23,992,841
Ensembl chr 6:23,960,998...23,992,824
JBrowse link
G Ppp1r3d protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 3D ISO RGD PMID:21782450 RGD:7794757 NCBI chr 3:165,502,384...165,505,455
Ensembl chr 3:165,502,384...165,505,455
JBrowse link
G Ppp2ca protein phosphatase 2 catalytic subunit alpha ISO RGD PMID:21782450 RGD:7794757 NCBI chr10:36,358,110...36,377,864
Ensembl chr10:36,358,101...36,377,862
JBrowse link
G Prkaa1 protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 1 ISO
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 2:54,240,298...54,275,978
Ensembl chr 2:54,240,137...54,275,978
JBrowse link
G Prkaa2 protein kinase AMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha 2 ISO
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 5:119,807,992...119,879,987
Ensembl chr 5:119,813,226...119,879,543
JBrowse link
G Prkab1 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit beta 1 ISO RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr12:40,588,140...40,598,673
Ensembl chr12:40,588,211...40,598,661
JBrowse link
G Prkab2 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit beta 2 ISO RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 2:185,257,218...185,272,846
Ensembl chr 2:185,257,213...185,269,872
JBrowse link
G Prkag1 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit gamma 1 ISO
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 7:129,963,105...129,980,532
Ensembl chr 7:129,963,105...129,980,561
JBrowse link
G Prkag2 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit gamma 2 ISO RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 4:10,010,890...10,252,155
Ensembl chr 4:10,010,890...10,252,142
JBrowse link
G Prkag3 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit gamma 3 ISO RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:12829246 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600679 NCBI chr 9:76,295,715...76,304,959
Ensembl chr 9:76,295,715...76,304,959
JBrowse link
G Stk11 serine/threonine kinase 11 TAS
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691 NCBI chr 7:9,574,553...9,591,315
Ensembl chr 7:9,575,269...9,591,315
JBrowse link
G Strada STE20 related adaptor alpha TAS
RGD PMID:15509864 PMID:14511394 RGD:1600678, RGD:1600691 NCBI chr10:91,094,849...91,123,890
Ensembl chr10:91,094,687...91,123,830
JBrowse link
G Tsc1 TSC complex subunit 1 IEP RGD PMID:31787541 RGD:25823196 NCBI chr 3:11,969,547...12,018,591
Ensembl chr 3:11,979,729...12,015,674
JBrowse link

Additional Elements in Pathway:

(includes Gene Groups, Small Molecules, Other Pathways..etc.)
Object TypePathway ObjectPathway Object Description
Gene GroupAMPK targetsDownstream targets of AMPK
Small MoleculePT172phosphorylated threonine of AMPK
Functional ClassAMPK alphathe catalytic alpha subunits of the AMPK complex
ComplexLkb1 complexthe main upstream kinase of AMPK is a complex of one catalytic and two regulatory subunits
Functional ClassPP1 in AMPKthe members of phosphatase 1 involved in AMPK regulation
Functional ClassAMPK betathe non-catalytic beta subunits of the AMPK complex
Functional ClassAMPK gammathe non-catalytic gamma subunits of the AMPK complex

Pathway Gene Annotations

Disease Annotations Associated with Genes in the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway
Disease TermsGene Symbols
achondrogenesis type IACalm1
Acute Lung InjuryPrkaa1
acute myeloid leukemiaTsc1
Aicardi-Goutieres Syndrome 3Cpt1a , Ppp1ca
alacrima, achalasia, and impaired intellectual development syndromePrkag3
alcoholic hepatitisCpt1a
Alzheimer's diseaseCalm1
anterior segment dysgenesisTsc1
arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 9Prkag2
autism spectrum disorderPrkab2 , Tsc1
autistic disorderTsc1
autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsyTsc1
autosomal recessive polycystic kidney diseaseTsc1
B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphomaStk11
benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikesStrada
bile duct cancerStk11
brain cancerStk11
brain diseaseTsc1
Brain NeoplasmsStk11
breast cancerPrkaa1 , Stk11 , Tsc1
breast carcinomaStk11
Breast NeoplasmsCpt1a
Canavan diseaseCamkk1
cannabis abuseCalm1 , Calm2
carbohydrate metabolic disorderPrkag3
Cardiac FibrosisCpt1a , Prkaa2
CardiomegalyPrkaa2 , Stk11
cardiomyopathyPrkaa2 , Prkag2
CardiotoxicityCpt1a , Prkaa2
carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiencyCpt1a
catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardiaCalm1
catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia 1Calm1
catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia 4Calm1
cerebral creatine deficiency syndromeStk11
cerebral malariaPrkaa2
cerebrotendinous xanthomatosisPrkag3
cervical mucinous adenocarcinomaStk11
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver InjuryCpt1a , Prkaa1
chromosome 1q21.1 deletion syndromePrkab2
chromosome 1q21.1 duplication syndromePrkab2
chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, distalPpm1f
Chronic Hepatitis CCpt1a
Cocaine-Related DisordersCalm1 , Calm2
cognitive disorderTsc1
colon cancerPrkaa1 , Stk11
colon carcinomaStk11
Colorectal NeoplasmsPpm1e
complex cortical dysplasia with other brain malformationsTsc1
congenital muscular dystrophyTsc1
congestive heart failurePpp1ca , Ppp2ca , Prkag2
coronary artery diseasePrkag2
Cronkhite-Canada syndromeStk11
Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma, Susceptibility To, 1Stk11
cyclic hematopoiesisStk11
Dandy-Walker syndromePpp1cb
developmental and epileptic encephalopathy 14Tsc1
Diabetes ComplicationsPrkaa1
diabetes mellitusCpt1a
DiGeorge syndromePpm1f
dilated cardiomyopathyPpp1ca , Prkag2
disease of cellular proliferationStk11
Disease ProgressionPrkab1
Distal Arthrogryposis, with Impaired Proprioception and TouchStk11
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome classic type 1Tsc1
embryonal rhabdomyosarcomaStk11
end stage renal diseaseCpt1a
endometrial cancerStk11
endometrial carcinomaStk11
epilepsyStrada , Tsc1
Experimental Autoimmune EncephalomyelitisPrkaa1
Experimental Diabetes MellitusCpt1a , Prkaa2
Experimental Liver NeoplasmsPpp2ca
familial adenomatous polyposis 1Ppp2ca , Stk11
familial adenomatous polyposis 2Stk11
familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathyCalm3 , Prkag2
Familial Ventricular TachycardiaCalm1
Focal Cortical Dysplasia of TaylorTsc1
gastrointestinal stromal tumorPrkab2
genetic diseaseCalm2 , Camkk1 , Camkk2 , Cpt1a , Ppm1e , Ppm1f , Ppp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp1r3d , Ppp2ca , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Prkab1 , Prkab2 , Prkag1 , Prkag2 , Prkag3 , Stk11 , Strada , Tsc1
glucose intolerancePrkaa1 , Prkaa2
glycogen storage diseasePrkag2
head and neck squamous cell carcinomaStk11
heart diseasePpp2ca
Helicobacter InfectionsPrkaa1
hepatocellular carcinomaCab39 , Tsc1
hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndromeStk11
Hereditary Neoplastic SyndromesPpp2ca , Stk11 , Tsc1
high grade gliomaCamkk2 , Tsc1
High MyopiaPrkaa2
Huntington's diseasePrkaa1
hypertensionPrkag2 , Stk11
hyperthyroidismCab39 , Stk11
hypertrophic cardiomyopathyPrkag2
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 1Prkag2
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 6Prkag2
Insulin ResistancePrkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Stk11 , Tsc1
intellectual disabilityCpt1a , Ppp1ca , Tsc1
Joubert syndrome 1Ppm1e
Joubert syndrome 22Cab39
juvenile polyposis syndromeStk11
kidney failureTsc1
Kidney NeoplasmsTsc1
Left Ventricular HypertrophyPrkag2 , Stk11
Leigh diseaseTsc1
lethal congenital glycogen storage disease of heartPrkag2
lipid metabolism disorderCpt1a , Prkag3
long QT syndromeCalm2 , Prkag2
long QT syndrome 1Calm2 , Calm3
long QT syndrome 14Calm1
long QT syndrome 15Calm2
Long QT Syndrome 16Calm3
lung adenocarcinomaStk11
Lung NeoplasmsStk11 , Tsc1
lung non-small cell carcinomaPrkaa1 , Stk11
lung squamous cell carcinomaStk11
lymphangioleiomyomatosisCpt1a , Tsc1
Lymphatic MetastasisCab39 , Stk11
Lynch syndromeCalm2
major depressive disorderCalm2
Marfanoid Mental Retardation Syndrome, AutosomalStk11
maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 5Prkag2
metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitisCpt1a
metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver diseaseCpt1a
Metabolic SyndromePrkaa2
Mouth NeoplasmsTsc1
mulibrey nanismPpm1e
multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1Stk11
multiple intestinal atresiaCalm2
Myocardial IschemiaPpp2ca
myofibrillar myopathy 1Prkag3
Neoplasm MetastasisCab39
nervous system diseaseCamkk1
Neurodevelopmental Disorder and Language Delay with or Without Structural Brain AbnormalitiesPpp2ca
Neurodevelopmental DisordersPpp2ca , Prkaa1 , Prkab2 , Prkag3
Noonan syndromePpp1cb
Noonan syndrome-like disorder with loose anagen hair 2Ppp1cb
obesityCpt1a , Stk11 , Tsc1
ovarian cancerStk11 , Tsc1
ovarian carcinomaStk11
Ovarian NeoplasmsCamkk2
pancreatic cancerCab39 , Stk11
pancreatic carcinomaStk11 , Tsc1
pancreatic ductal carcinomaStk11
Pancreatic NeoplasmsStk11
parathyroid carcinomaPrkab2
Parkinson's diseasePpp2ca
paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia 1Prkag3
Perlman syndromeCab39
Peutz-Jeghers syndromeStk11
phencyclidine abuseCalm1 , Calm2
pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomaTsc1
Polyhydramnios, Megalencephaly, and Symptomatic EpilepsyStrada
pre-malignant neoplasmPrkaa1
primary coenzyme Q10 deficiency 7Tsc1
Primitive Neuroectodermal TumorsTsc1
progressive myoclonus epilepsyTsc1
prostate cancerPpp2ca
prostate carcinoma in situStk11
Prostatic NeoplasmsCamkk2
Rafiq syndromeTsc1
Recurrent Infections, with Encephalopathy, Hepatic Dysfunction, and Cardiovascular MalformationsCpt1a , Ppp1ca
renal cell carcinomaTsc1
septic myocarditisPrkaa2
skin melanomaStk11
spinal diseaseTsc1
squamous cell carcinomaStk11 , Tsc1
steatotic liver diseasePrkaa1
stomach cancerStk11
Stomach NeoplasmsPrkaa1 , Prkab1
StrokePrkaa2 , Prkag2
sudden infant death syndromeCalm2
Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndromePpp1cb
testicular cancerStk11
testicular germ cell cancerStk11
Testicular Germ Cell TumorStk11
thrombocytopenia-absent radius syndromePrkab2
transient cerebral ischemiaCab39
tuberous sclerosisTsc1
tuberous sclerosis 1Tsc1
type 2 diabetes mellitusCalm1 , Cpt1a , Ppp2ca , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2
urinary bladder cancerTsc1
Urinary Bladder NeoplasmTsc1
Ventricular Dysfunction, LeftPrkaa2
Ventricular TachycardiaPrkag2
Walker-Warburg syndromeCalm3
Weight GainCalm1
West syndromeTsc1
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndromePrkag2
Pathway Annotations Associated with Genes in the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway
Pathway TermsGene Symbols
acebutolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathwayCab39 , Calm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Camkk1 , Camkk2 , Cpt1a , Ppm1e , Ppm1f , Ppp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp1r3d , Ppp2ca , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Prkab1 , Prkab2 , Prkag1 , Prkag2 , Prkag3 , Stk11 , Strada , Tsc1
adrenergic beta receptor agonist and beta-blocker pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
Alzheimer's disease pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
amiodarone pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
amlodipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) signaling pathwayPpp2ca
atenolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
autophagy pathwayPrkaa1 , Prkaa2
betaxolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
bile acid signaling pathwayPrkaa1
bisoprolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
Bone morphogenetic proteins signaling pathwayPpp1ca
bupranolol drug pathwayCalm1
bupranolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
calcium/calcium-mediated signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
calcium/calmodulin dependent kinase 2 signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Ppm1e , Ppm1f , Ppp2ca
carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency pathwayCpt1a
carvedilol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
Chagas disease pathwayPpp2ca
diltiazem pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
disopyramide pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
dobutamine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
dopamine signaling pathwayPpp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp2ca
eicosanoid signaling pathway via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaCpt1a
esmolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
ethylmalonic encephalopathy pathwayCpt1a
fatty acid beta degradation pathwayCpt1a
fatty acid metabolic pathwayCpt1a
flecainde pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
follicle-stimulating hormone signaling pathwayPpp1ca
forkhead class A signaling pathwayCpt1a
fosphenytoin pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
glioma pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
glutaric aciduria type I pathwayCpt1a
glycogen biosynthetic pathwayPpp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp1r3d
glycogen degradation pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Ppp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp1r3d
gonadotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
hepatitis C pathwayPpp2ca
histamine signaling pathway, immunologicalPpp1ca
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy pathwayPrkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Prkab1 , Prkab2 , Prkag1 , Prkag2 , Prkag3
ibutilide pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
insulin responsive facilitative sugar transporter mediated glucose transport pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
insulin signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Ppp1ca , Ppp1cb , Ppp1r3d , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Prkab1 , Prkab2 , Prkag1 , Prkag2 , Prkag3 , Tsc1
isoprenaline pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
isradipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
levobunolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
lidocaine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
long term depressionPpp2ca
long term potentiationCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Ppp1ca , Ppp1cb
luteinizing hormone signaling pathwayPpp1ca
medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency pathwayCpt1a
metoprolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
mexiletine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
mRNA decay pathwayPpp2ca
mTOR signaling pathwayCab39 , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Stk11 , Strada , Tsc1
N-cadherin signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
nadolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
nebivolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
neurotrophic factor signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
nifedipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
nimodipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
nisoldipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
nitrendipine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
p38 MAPK signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
p53 signaling pathwayPpp2ca
penbutolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
phenytoin pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt signaling pathwayPpp2ca
pindolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
platelet-derived growth factor signaling pathwayPpp2ca
procainamide pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
propranolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
quinidine pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
serotonin signaling pathway via receptors engaging G alphas protein familyPpp1ca
short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency pathwayCpt1a
sotalol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
timolol pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
transforming growth factor-beta Smad dependent signaling pathwayPpp1ca , Ppp2ca
transforming growth factor-beta superfamily mediated signaling pathwayPpp2ca
trifunctional protein deficiency pathwayCpt1a
tuberculosis pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
type II interferon signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3 , Camkk2 , Prkaa1 , Prkaa2 , Prkab1 , Prkag1
verapamil pharmacodynamics pathwayCalm1
very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency pathwayCpt1a
visual phototransduction pathwayCalm1 , Calm2 , Calm3
Wnt signaling pathwayPpp2ca

References Associated with the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway:

Ontology Path Diagram:

paths to the root
paths to the root

Import into Pathway Studio: