CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE SIGNALING PATHWAY (PW:0000493)

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Description

Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and CRH-relate urocortin (UCN) peptides exert a wide range of functions, from setting in motion the stress-responding hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to various actions in central nervous system (CNS) and the periphery. The signaling initiated by these peptides engages two receptor types belonging to the secretin family of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR). CRH is a main component of the HPA axis; released by the hypothalamus in response to stres

Pathway Diagram:

Ariadne Genomics Inc. receptor - G protein uncoupling melanocortin system pathway G protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphas family protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway HPA axis Crh Gnas receptor internalization CRH neurons stress Crhr2 Crhbp ---- Ucn Crh ---- Crhbp Crhr2 ---- Ucn Ucn ---> cardiovascular functions Ucn2 ---> cardiovascular functions Crh ---- Crhr1 Ucn cAMP --+> protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway G protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphas family --+> cAMP receptor desensitization Arrb2 ---- Crhr1 Arrb1 Arrb2 Arrb1 ---- Crhr1 Adrbk2 Grk6 Adrbk2 ---| Crhr1 Ucn3 Ucn2 Crhbp Crhr2 ---- Ucn2 Grk6 ---| Crhr1 Crhr1 ---- Gnas Crhr1 ---- Ucn Crhr2 ---- Gnas cardiovascular functions gene expression cAMP Ucn3 ---> cardiovascular functions Crhr1 Crhr2 ---- Ucn3 stress --+> CRH neurons Crh --+> melanocortin system pathway
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Genes in Pathway:

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corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway term browser
Symbol Object Name JBrowse Chr Start Stop Reference
G Arrb1 arrestin, beta 1 JBrowse link 1 164,502,099 164,573,947 RGD:5147673
G Arrb2 arrestin, beta 2 JBrowse link 10 57,040,252 57,048,045 RGD:5147673
G Crh corticotropin releasing hormone JBrowse link 2 104,459,999 104,461,863 RGD:1358326
RGD:5147387
G Crhbp corticotropin releasing hormone binding protein JBrowse link 2 25,141,471 25,153,334 RGD:5147387
G Crhr1 corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 JBrowse link 10 92,191,473 92,233,662 RGD:1358326
RGD:5147387
G Crhr2 corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 2 JBrowse link 4 85,286,371 85,329,374 RGD:1358326
RGD:5147387
G Gnas GNAS complex locus JBrowse link 3 172,374,957 172,434,988 RGD:5147387
G Grk3 G protein-coupled receptor kinase 3 JBrowse link 12 49,626,871 49,750,389 RGD:5147387
G Grk6 G protein-coupled receptor kinase 6 JBrowse link 17 9,705,917 9,721,921 RGD:5147387
G Ucn urocortin JBrowse link 6 26,602,144 26,602,974 RGD:5147387
G Ucn2 urocortin 2 JBrowse link 8 117,727,216 117,728,765 RGD:5147387
G Ucn3 urocortin 3 JBrowse link 17 69,959,879 69,966,532 RGD:5147387

Additional Elements in Pathway:

(includes Gene Groups, Small Molecules, Other Pathways..etc.)
Object TypePathway ObjectPathway Object Description
PathwayG protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphas familybased on sequence similarity, the Galpha genes have been grouped into four classes. Effectors of activated Galphas are adenylyl cyclases that catalyze the formation of cAMP
Small MoleculecAMPcAMP binding to the PKA complex leads to dissociation of the catalytic subunits
Pathwayprotein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathwayProtein kinase A (PKA) signaling is a widely used intracellular pathway and the major route for channeling the second messenger cAMP signal
Pathwaymelanocortin system pathwayThe melanocortin peptides derived from the processing of POMC gene product, bind to specifc G-protein coupled receptors to elicit a range of responses. Activation of HPA axis leads to expression of POMC gene

Pathway Gene Annotations

Pathway Annotations Associated with Genes in the corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway
Pathway TermsGene Symbols
adenosine signaling pathwayGnas
angiotensin II signaling pathway via AT1 receptorArrb1 , Arrb2 , Grk3 , Grk6
bile acid transport pathwayGnas
calcium signaling pathway via the calcium-sensing receptorArrb1 , Arrb2 , Grk3
calcium/calcium-mediated signaling pathwayGnas
chemokine mediated signaling pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2 , Grk3 , Grk6
corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2 , Crh , Crhbp , Crhr1 , Crhr2 , Gnas , Grk3 , Grk6 , Ucn , Ucn2 , Ucn3
dilated cardiomyopathy pathwayGnas
dopamine signaling pathway via D1 family of receptorsArrb1 , Arrb2 , Gnas , Grk3 , Grk6
dopamine signaling pathway via D2 family of receptorsArrb1 , Arrb2 , Grk3 , Grk6
eicosanoid signaling pathwayArrb2 , Grk3
endocytosis pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2 , Grk3 , Grk6
Entamoeba histolyca infection pathwayGnas
epinephrine signaling pathway via adrenergic receptor betaArrb1 , Arrb2 , Gnas
follicle-stimulating hormone signaling pathwayGnas
G protein mediated signaling pathway via Galphas familyCrhr1 , Crhr2 , Gnas , Grk3
glucagon signaling pathwayGnas
glutamate signaling pathwayGnas , Grk3
gonadotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathwayGnas
Hedgehog signaling pathwayArrb2
histamine signaling pathway, immunologicalGnas
kinin signaling pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2
long term depressionCrh , Crhr1 , Gnas
luteinizing hormone signaling pathwayGnas
melanocortin system pathwayGnas
mitogen activated protein kinase signaling pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2
nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathwayArrb2
parathyroid hormone signaling pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2
prostaglandin D2 signaling pathwayGnas
prostaglandin I2 signaling pathwayGnas
protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathwayCrhr2
serotonin signaling pathway via receptors engaging G alphas protein familyGnas
transforming growth factor-beta Smad dependent signaling pathwayArrb2
Trypanosoma cruzi infection pathwayGnas
vasopressin signaling pathwayGnas
vasopressin signaling pathway via receptor type 2Gnas
visual phototransduction pathwayArrb1 , Arrb2
Wnt signaling, non-canonical pathwayArrb2
Phenotype Annotations Associated with Genes in the corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway

References Associated with the corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling pathway:

Ontology Path Diagram:

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