Send us a Message



Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

Ontology Browser

Term:
Parent Terms Term With Siblings Child Terms
abdominal air sac 
acoustico-facial VII-VIII ganglion complex +  
acrocoracoid process 
adrenal cortex +  
adrenal gland +  
adrenal gland capsule 
adrenal gland cortex zone +  
adrenal medulla +  
adrenal tissue +  
adrenal/interrenal gland +  
ala of nose 
alary process of premaxilla 
alisphenoid bone 
alveolar ridge +  
angular bone 
angulosplenial coronoid process +  
antenna +  
anterior cartilage of palatine 
anterior dentation of pectoral fin spine 
anterior distal serration of pectoral fin spine 
anterior dorsomedial process of autopalatine 
anterior humeral ridge 
anterior limb of ceratobranchial 5 cartilage +  
anterior limiting lamina of cornea 
anterior nasal spine of maxilla 
anterior process of hyoid apparatus 
anterior process of malleus 
anterior process of pars palatina of maxilla 
anterior process of vomer 
anterior quadratocranial commissure +  
anterior ramus of pterygoid 
anterior root of zygomatic arch 
anterior stroma of cornea 
anterior thoracic air sac 
anterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebra 
anterodorsal crest 
anterolateral process of hyoid plate 
antorbital process 
antotic pillar 
aortic valve anulus 
aortico-pulmonary spiral septum 
appendage girdle complex +  
arachnoid barrier layer 
arachnoid trabecula 
arachnoid villus 
articular process of palatoquadrate 
aryepiglottic fold 
arytenoid cartilage +  
ascending limb of ceratobranchial 5 cartilage +  
ascending process of palatoquadrate 
atlanto-occipital joint +  
atrioventricular septum 
auditory ossicle endochondral element +  
basal process of palatoquadrate 
basimandibulare 
basisphenoid bone 
bicipital tuberosity 
blood vessel layer of choroid +  
body of mandible 
body of sphenoid +  
bony part of hard palate 
bony projection +  
branch of Y-shaped fibrocartilage skeleton of ventral pouch 
branchial basket 
brevis shelf +  
bronchial process 
Bruch's membrane 
bulb of vestibule 
buttock +  
camera-type eye +  
capillary layer of choroid 
cardiac valve +  
cardiac valve leaflet +  
central retinal vein 
cerebellar hemisphere +  
cerebral crus 
cerebral hemisphere +  
cervical air sac 
cervical vertebra 1 anterior tubercle 
cheek +  
chorda tendineae +  
choroid tapetum lucidum +  
choroidal blood vessel 
chromaffin system +  
cingulum of lower canine tooth 
cingulum of upper canine tooth 
clavicle bone +  
coccygeal nerve 
coccygeus muscle 
cochlear ganglion 
common iliac vein 
conjunctival vein 
cornea +  
corneal blood vessel 
corneal endothelium 
corneal epithelium 
corneal primordium +  
corneal stroma collagen fibril 
cornu mesial process 
coronoid process of ulna 
costal diaphragm 
costal plate of carapace 
cranial neuron projection bundle +  
cranial temporal crest 
craniopharyngeal canal 
cribriform plate 
crista contacta 
crista dentalis of maxilla 
crista dentalis of premaxilla 
crista dorsalis humeri 
crista hypertrophica ischium 
crista interna 
crista ischii 
crista lateralis humeri 
crista lateralis of premaxilla 
crista longitudinalis scapula 
crista medialis humeri 
crista praeopercularis 
crista radii 
crista tibiofibularis 
crista vomeri 
ctenius 
cultriform process 
cusp of cardiac valve +  
deltoid process 
deltopectoral crest 
dental follicle +  
dental pulp +  
dentary +  
dentary foramen 
dentigerous process 
dento-alveolar joint 
depressor labii inferioris 
dermis connective tissue +  
Descemet's membrane 
diapophysis of neural arch 
dilatatio alaris 
dilated medial process of metacarpal IV 
distal cartilage of external anterior process of basipterygium 
distal cartilage of internal anterior process of basipterygium 
distal cartilage of middle anterior process of basipterygium 
distal cartilage of posterior process of basipterygium 
distal keel of metacarpal III 
distal part of styloid process of temporal bone 
dorsal bursa +  
dorsal clavicular process 
dorsal funiculus of spinal cord +  
dorsal horn of spinal cord +  
dorsal iliac ridge 
dorsal plus ventral thalamus +  
dorsal ridge 
dorsal root ganglion +  
ectethmoid 
ejaculatory duct +  
enteric nerve +  
enteric nervous system +  
enteric plexus +  
entopterygoid vertical strut 
epibranchial bone uncinate process +  
epigonal organ 
epiplastron 
epipubic bone 
epithelium of hard palate 
epithelium of soft palate 
esophageal process 
ethmo-palatine cartilage 
ethmoid foramen 
ethmoidal process of inferior nasal concha 
ethomosphenoid region 
external anterior process of basipterygium 
external ear +  
extra-ocular muscle +  
eyelid connective tissue +  
eyelid tarsus +  
facial bone +  
facial neural crest 
facial skeleton +  
fallopian tube +  
femoral ridge 
fin hook +  
flange of quadratojugal 
footplate of pars media plectri 
foramen of nasal bone 
foramen rotundum 
foramen spinosum of sphenoid bone 
frontal process of maxilla 
frontal process of zygomatic bone 
gastric vein +  
geniculate ganglion 
genital labium +  
geschmacksstreifen 
gonial bone 
great vein of heart 
greater palatine foramen 
haemal arch lamina 
Haller's layer 
hard palate +  
hyaloid canal 
hyaloid vessel +  
hyoid bone greater horn 
hyoid bone lesser horn 
hyoplastron 
hypoplastron 
hypurapophysis 
ilium +  
incisive canal +  
incisive process of premaxilla 
incisor process 
inferior colliculus +  
inferior nasal concha +  
inferior parathyroid gland +  
inferior part of vestibular ganglion 
inferior rectal artery 
inferior tarsal muscle 
inferior vagus X ganglion 
infra-orbital canal of maxilla 
infra-orbital foramen of maxilla 
infraglenoid buttress 
infraorbital margin 
infrarostral cartilage +  
infraspinous process 
inner canthus +  
inner quadrant of breast +  
innominate bone +  
intercalarium ascending process 
interdental plate 
interincisive suture 
internal anterior process of basipterygium 
internal pudendal artery 
interventricular foramen intermedium 
interventricular septum membranous part 
intraramal joint 
intumescentia bilateralis superior 
iris blood vessel 
ischium +  
jaw skeleton +  
jugal bone +  
kidney +  
labial cartilage 
lacrimal bone 
lamella alaris +  
lamina anterior of maxilla 
lamina anterior of pars facialis 
lamina inferior 
lamina nariochoanalis 
laryngeal vocal fold +  
lateral condyle of quadrate 
lateral ethmoid wing 
lateral incisor tooth +  
lateral mesethmoid wing 
lateral process of basipterygium 
lateral process of cricoid cartilage 
lateral process of malleus 
lateral tubercle of astragalus 
lateral vaginal canal 
lateral wall of nasopharynx 
lateral wall of oropharynx 
latissimus dorsi process 
layer of sclera +  
left anterior cardinal vein 
left apical axillary lymph node 
left auditory cortex 
left bundle branch 
left cardiac chamber +  
left central axillary lymph node 
left common iliac artery 
left crus of diaphragm 
left dorsal thalamus 
left ear 
left extraembryonic umbilical vein 
left eye +  
left forelimb 
left gastric lymph node +  
left hindlimb 
left inguinal part of abdomen 
left lateral ventricle 
left lower central primary incisor tooth 
left lower central secondary incisor tooth 
left lower first primary molar tooth 
left lower first secondary molar tooth 
left lower first secondary premolar tooth 
left lower primary canine tooth 
left lower second primary molar tooth 
left lower second secondary molar tooth 
left lower second secondary premolar tooth 
left lower secondary canine tooth 
left lower third secondary molar tooth 
left lymph heart 
left nipple 
left occipital lymph node 
left ovary 
left parietal lumbar lymph node +  
left part of face 
left pectoral axillary lymph node 
left posterior cardinal vein 
left recurrent laryngeal nerve 
left retropharyngeal lymph node 
left side of back 
left subcardinal vein 
left subclavian artery 
left subcostal vein 
left subscapular axillary lymph node 
left superior intercostal vein 
left suprarenal vein 
left testis 
left umbilical vein +  
left upper central primary incisor tooth 
left upper central secondary incisor tooth 
left upper first primary molar tooth 
left upper first secondary molar tooth 
left upper first secondary premolar tooth 
left upper primary canine tooth 
left upper second primary molar tooth 
left upper second secondary molar tooth 
left upper second secondary premolar tooth 
left upper secondary canine tooth 
left upper third secondary molar tooth 
left vagus X nerve trunk 
left vitelline vein 
lenticular process of incus bone 
leptomeninx +  
lesser palatine foramen 
lesser tubercle of humerus 
levator veli palatini 
lingual artery +  
lingual tonsil 
lobe of thyroid gland +  
lower jaw incisor epithelium 
lower jaw molar epithelium 
lung +  
major salivary gland +  
major vestibular gland +  
male genital duct +  
malleus head 
malleus neck 
malleus processus brevis 
mandible angular process 
mandible condylar process +  
mandible coronoid process 
mandible head 
mandible neck 
mandible temporal crest 
mandibular canal 
mandibular ramus +  
mandibular symphyseal region +  
manubrium of malleus 
margo choanalis 
margo libera 
margo mandibularis of pterygoid +  
margo orbitalis of maxilla 
margo orbitalis of pterygoid 
margo orbitalis of squamosal 
margo tympanicus of pterygoid 
masseteric fossa 
maxilla +  
maxilla ascending process 
maxillary process of inferior nasal concha 
maxillary shank 
maxillomandibular part of trigeminal ganglion complex 
Meckel's cartilage +  
meckelian foramen 
medial cartilage of palatine 
medial condyle of quadrate 
medial palpebral ligament 
medial pelvic process 
medial ramus of pterygoid +  
mental foramen 
mentalis muscle 
Merkel nerve ending 
mesenchyme derived from neural crest +  
mesethmoid cornu +  
mesethmoid ventral diverging lamella 
metoptic pillar 
middle anterior process of basipterygium 
mitral valve anulus 
monkey lips dorsal bursa complex +  
mucosa of palate +  
Mullerian duct +  
nasal bone +  
nasal process of premaxilla 
nasalis muscle 
neural fold +  
neural lamina 
nucal keel 
obturator process of ischium 
odontoid tissue +  
olfactory bulb +  
optic foramen +  
orbit of skull +  
orbital fissure +  
orbital margin +  
orbital part of frontal bone 
orbital septum 
orbitosphenoid +  
orbitosphenoid septum 
oropharyngeal choana 
otic ligament 
otic plate of pterygoid 
otic process 
otic ramus of squamosal 
outer canthus +  
outer quadrant of breast +  
ovarian vein +  
paired venous dural sinus +  
palatal muscle +  
palatal taste bud 
palatine aponeurosis 
palatine bone +  
palatine bone horizontal plate 
palatine cartilage +  
palatine process of maxilla +  
palatine process of premaxilla 
palatine process of the pars facialis of the maxilla 
palatine prong 
palatine raphe +  
palatine torus 
palatine uvula +  
palatomaxillary suture 
palatopharyngeus muscle +  
palatoquadrate arch +  
palatoquadrate articular process 
palatoquadrate cartilage +  
pancreas left lobe 
pancreas right lobe 
paraganglion (generic) +  
parasagittal processes 
parasphenoid flange 
parasympathetic ganglion +  
paraxial mesoderm +  
paroccipital process 
pars articularis of mandibular arch 
pars externa plectri +  
pars facialis of maxilla +  
pars facialis of maxillopalatine 
pars glenoidalis of quadratojugal 
pars interna plectri 
pars jugalis 
pars media plectri +  
pectoral girdle region +  
pectoral process of humerus 
pelvic girdle region +  
periodontal ligament 
perpendicular plate of ethmoid 
pharyngobranchial 2 bone uncinate process 
pharyngobranchial 3 bone uncinate process 
pharyngobranchial 4 bone uncinate process 
pleural plate of carapace 
pleural sac +  
postaxial process of the femur 
postaxial process of the fibula 
postaxial process of the ulnare 
postchoanal process 
posterior cartilage of palatine 
posterior cerebral artery +  
posterior cleithral process 
posterior communicating artery 
posterior condyle 
posterior dentation of dorsal fin spine 2 
posterior dentation of pectoral fin spine 
posterior fascicle of palatopharyngeus 
posterior limb of parapophysis 4 
posterior mental process 
posterior process of basipterygium +  
posterior ramus of pterygoid 
posterior stroma of cornea 
posterior thoracic air sac 
posterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebra 
posterodorsal process of ilium 
posterolateral vomerine process 
postsphenoidal bone 
pre-narial cartilage 
prearticular coronoid process 
prechoanal process 
premaxilla articular process 
premaxilla ascending process 
premaxilla dentigerous process 
premaxilla maxillary process 
preoptic pillar 
preorbital process of the pars facialis of the maxilla 
prepubic process 
presphenoid bone 
primary palate +  
primary palate epithelium 
process 2 of entepicondyle 
process 3 of entepicondyle 
process 4 of entepicondyle 
process of vertebra +  
processus ascendens plectri 
processus descendens of sphenoid 
processus dorsalis of lamella alaris 
processus frontalis of maxilla 
processus infrafenestralis +  
processus internus of pseudoangular 
processus lingualis of pterygoid 
processus posterior of maxilla 
processus posterior of parasphenoid 
processus posterodorsalis of lamella alaris 
processus suprafenestralis 
processus triangularis of palatoquadrate cartilage 
processus zygomatico-maxillaris 
profundal part of trigeminal ganglion complex 
prominentia apicalis dorsalis 
prominentia apicalis ventralis 
prostate gland lateral lobe 
pseudobasal process 
pseudourostyle 
pterygoid process of palatoquadrate 
pterygoquadrate cartilage 
pubis +  
pulmonary valve anulus 
quadrate bone +  
quadrate condyle 
quadrate dorsal process 
quadrate posterodorsal process 
quadrate process of palatoquadrate 
quadrate ventral process 
quadratoethmoid process 
Reichert's cartilage +  
remnant of cardiac valve 
retina blood vessel +  
retroarticular process 
retroarticular process of the palatoquadrate 
ridge of tooth +  
right anterior cardinal vein 
right apical axillary lymph node 
right auditory cortex 
right bundle branch 
right cardiac chamber +  
right central axillary lymph node 
right common iliac artery 
right crus of diaphragm 
right dorsal thalamus 
right ear 
right extraembryonic umbilical vein 
right eye +  
right forelimb 
right hindlimb 
right inguinal part of abdomen 
right lateral ventricle 
right lower central primary incisor tooth 
right lower central secondary incisor tooth 
right lower first primary molar tooth 
right lower first secondary molar tooth 
right lower first secondary premolar tooth 
right lower primary canine tooth 
right lower second primary molar tooth 
right lower second secondary molar tooth 
right lower second secondary premolar tooth 
right lower secondary canine tooth 
right lower third secondary molar tooth 
right lymph heart 
right nipple 
right occipital lymph node 
right ovary 
right part of face 
right pectoral axillary lymph node 
right posterior cardinal vein 
right recurrent laryngeal nerve 
right retropharyngeal lymph node 
right side of back 
right subcardinal vein 
right subclavian artery 
right subcostal vein 
right subscapular axillary lymph node 
right superior intercostal vein 
right suprarenal vein 
right testis 
right umbilical vein 
right upper central primary incisor tooth 
right upper central secondary incisor tooth 
right upper first primary molar tooth 
right upper first secondary molar tooth 
right upper first secondary premolar tooth 
right upper primary canine tooth 
right upper second primary molar tooth 
right upper second secondary molar tooth 
right upper second secondary premolar tooth 
right upper secondary canine tooth 
right upper third secondary molar tooth 
right vagus X nerve trunk 
right vitelline vein 
rostral margin of orbit 
rostral process 
sacro-iliac joint 
salpingopharyngeus muscle 
Sattler's layer 
scapular process 
sclera +  
scleral lamina cribrosa 
secondary palatal shelf +  
secondary palatal shelf epithelium 
secondary palate +  
segmental spinal nerve +  
sella turcica +  
sensory root of facial nerve 
sensory root of trigeminal nerve 
seydels palatal process 
short ciliary nerve 
simian shelf 
skeletal element of eye region +  
skeletal muscle tissue of levator palpebrae superioris 
skeletal muscle tissue of trapezius 
skeleton of lower jaw +  
skeleton of upper jaw +  
soft palate +  
sphenoid bone pterygoid process +  
The process projecting downward from either side of the sphenoid bone, in vertebrates divided into two plates, an inner and an outer (sometimes called the lateral and medial); the posterior nares pass through the space, called the pterygoid fossa, between the processes.
sphenoid endochondral element +  
sphenotic spine 
spina acromioidea 
spina occipitalis 
spina pelvis anterior 
spina pelvis posterior 
spinal cord lateral horn +  
squamous part of temporal bone +  
stapes base 
sternal trabecula 
stratum argenteum of choroid 
stroma of thyroid gland 
stylar shelf +  
stylohyoid ligament 
styloid process of temporal bone +  
styloid process of ulna 
stylopharyngeus muscle 
stylus of pars media plectri 
suboccular arch 
suborbital stay 
subotic alae 
substantia nigra +  
substantia propria of cornea +  
superior colliculus +  
superior parathyroid gland +  
superior part of vestibular ganglion 
superior tarsal muscle 
supinator process 
supraacetabular buttress 
supraacetabular crest 
supraacetabular rim 
suprachoroid lamina 
supracondyle tubercle +  
supraglenoid tubercle 
supraoccipital crest +  
supraorbital flange 
supraorbital ridge 
suprarostral ala 
suprarostral cartilage +  
supratemporal process 
suture of hard palate +  
sympathetic ganglion +  
sympathetic trunk +  
tarsal gland +  
tarsal gland acinus 
temporal process of zygomatic bone 
temporomandibular joint +  
tensor veli palatini 
terminal nerve 
testicular vein +  
thymus lobe +  
tibial crest 
tibial tuberosity 
tooth of lower jaw +  
tooth of upper jaw +  
transverse foramen of axis 
transverse palatine fold 
transverse palatine suture 
transverse process of atlas +  
transverse process of neural arch 3 
trapezius muscle +  
tricuspid valve anulus 
trigeminal ganglion +  
trochanteric crest 
trochanteric shelf 
trunk of segmental spinal nerve 
tubercle of calcaneus +  
tubercle of rib 
tuberculum sellae 
ulnar tuberosity 
uncinate process of ethmoid 
upper jaw incisor epithelium 
upper jaw molar epithelium 
upper left incisor tooth +  
upper right incisor tusk 
upper urinary tract +  
ureter +  
urohyal lateral process 
urohyal median process 
uterine artery 
uterine horn +  
velar vocal fold 
ventral funiculus of spinal cord +  
ventral horn of spinal cord +  
ventral keel of coracoid 
ventral ramus of squamosal 
ventral tubercle of humerus 
ventricular septum intermedium +  
vestibular ganglion +  
vestibulocochlear ganglion +  
vidian canal 
vomerine canal 
wall of orbit 
Westoll line 
xiphiplastron 
xiphoid process +  
zygapophysis +  
zygomatic arch +  
zygomatic plate 
zygomatic process of temporal bone +  
zygomatic ramus of squamosal 

Synonyms
Exact Synonyms: processus pterygoideus ;   pterygoid process of sphenoid
Related Synonyms: processus pterygoideus ossis sphenoidalis ;   pterygoid plate ;   pterygoid process ;   pterygoid process of sphenoid bone ;   pterygoid processes ;   pterygoid processus
Xrefs: AAO:0010086 ;   FMA:54682 ;   MA:0002774 ;   SCTID:140390001 ;   Wikipedia:Pterygoid_processes_of_the_sphenoid
axiom_lost: relationship loss: part_of anterior quadratocranial commissure (AAO:0010061)[AAO]" xsd:string {date_retrieved="2012-06-20", external_class="AAO:0010086", ontology="AAO
Definition Sources: ISBN:0-683-40008-8, MP:0004452

paths to the root