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Ontology Browser

Term:
Parent Terms Term With Siblings Child Terms
age related macular degeneration +   
Al Gazali Sabrinathan Nair Syndrome 
angioid streaks +  
Ausems Wittebol-Post Hennekam Syndrome 
bestrophinopathy  
Bietti crystalline corneoretinal dystrophy  
Bothnia retinal dystrophy  
bradyopsia  
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy  
chorioretinal scar +  
cone dystrophy +   
cystoid macular retinal degeneration 
enhanced S-cone syndrome  
Fleck Retina, Familial Benign  
FLOTCH Syndrome 
fundus albipunctatus  
Grouped Pigmentation of the Macula 
hole retinal cyst 
hypertensive retinopathy  
Iris Hypoplasia and Glaucoma  
Kuhnt-Junius degeneration +   
Leber congenital amaurosis +   
Microcephaly and Chorioretinopathy +   
Microcephaly with Chorioretinopathy, Autosomal Dominant 
nerve fibre bundle defect 
night blindness +   
Oculomelic Amyoplasia  
preretinal fibrosis  
A membrane on the vitreal surface of the retina resulting from the proliferation of one or more of three retinal elements: (1) fibrous astrocytes; (2) fibrocytes; and (3) retinal pigment epithelial cells. Localized epiretinal membranes may occur at the posterior pole of the eye without clinical signs or may cause marked loss of vision as a result of covering, distorting, or detaching the fovea centralis. Epiretinal membranes may cause vascular leakage and secondary retinal edema. In younger individuals some membranes appear to be developmental in origin and occur in otherwise normal eyes. The majority occur in association with retinal holes, ocular concussions, retinal inflammation, or after ocular surgery. (Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p291)
proliferative vitreoretinopathy +   
Rambaud Galian Syndrome 
Ramos Arroyo Clark Syndrome 
Retina Reperfusion Injury  
Retinal Aplasia 
Retinal Arterial Macroaneurysm with Supravalvular Pulmonic Stenosis  
Retinal Arteries, Tortuosity of  
retinal artery occlusion +   
retinal degeneration +   
retinal detachment +   
retinal drusen +   
Retinal Dysplasia +   
retinal edema +   
Retinal Hemorrhage +   
Retinal Neoplasms +   
Retinal Neovascularization  
retinal perforation +  
retinal vascular disease +   
retinal vasculitis +   
Retinal Vasculopathy with Cerebral Leukodystrophy  
retinitis +   
retinopathy of prematurity +   
Roifman Syndrome  
rubeosis iridis 
Sickle Cell Retinopathy  
toxic maculopathy 
Vitreoretinopathy with Phalangeal Epiphyseal Dysplasia  

Synonyms
Exact Synonyms: ERM ;   Epiretinal Membrane ;   Epiretinal Membranes ;   Macular puckering of retina ;   Macular retinal puckering ;   cellophane maculopathy
Primary IDs: MESH:D019773 ;   RDO:0007293
Definition Sources: MESH:D019773

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.