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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:glioblastoma
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Accession:DOID:3068 term browser browse the term
Definition:A malignant astrocytoma characterized by the presence of small areas of necrotizing tissue that is surrounded by anaplastic cells as well as the presence of hyperplastic blood vessels, and that has_material_basis_in abnormally proliferating cells derives_from multiple cell types including astrocytes and oligondroctyes. (DO)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: GBM;   adult glioblastoma multiforme;   glioblastoma multiforme;   glioblastomas;   grade IV adult astrocytic tumor;   grade IV astrocytoma;   grade IV astrocytomas;   primary glioblastoma multiforme;   spongioblastoma multiforme
 narrow_synonym: glioblastoma multiforme, somatic;   glioblastoma, somatic
 primary_id: MESH:D005909
 xref: EFO:0000519;   GARD:2491;   ICDO:9440/3;   NCI:C129295;   NCI:C21938;   NCI:C3058;   NCI:C9094
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.



show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
glioblastoma term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Actr3 actin related protein 3 ISO mRNA:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:25682201 RGD:11570557 NCBI chr13:36,800,739...36,843,837
Ensembl chr13:36,800,093...36,844,124
JBrowse link
G Adgrb1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor B1 treatment ISO mRNA:decreased expression:brain: RGD PMID:16244591 PMID:12507886 RGD:13831352, RGD:13831355 NCBI chr 7:106,404,827...106,476,902
Ensembl chr 7:106,404,958...106,476,902
JBrowse link
G Adgrl4 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor L4 treatment
severity
ISO
IEP
RGD PMID:27416955 PMID:23096411 PMID:23096411 RGD:13838664, RGD:13838665, RGD:13838665 NCBI chr 2:240,354,909...240,457,231
Ensembl chr 2:240,354,941...240,457,225
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 ISO RGD PMID:10802656 RGD:734543 NCBI chr 6:131,713,716...131,735,319
Ensembl chr 6:131,713,720...131,733,921
JBrowse link
G Akt3 AKT serine/threonine kinase 3 disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:27422127 RGD:13674164 NCBI chr13:88,943,708...89,225,831
Ensembl chr13:88,946,091...89,225,708
JBrowse link
G Apc APC regulator of WNT signaling pathway ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:7661930 NCBI chr18:25,828,558...25,925,511
Ensembl chr18:25,864,222...25,922,696
JBrowse link
G Arrb2 arrestin, beta 2 ameliorates ISO RGD PMID:34007068 RGD:401938608 NCBI chr10:55,146,887...55,154,854
Ensembl chr10:55,146,818...55,154,850
JBrowse link
G Aspm assembly factor for spindle microtubules ISO mRNA:increased expression:brain: RGD PMID:18636190 RGD:13439742 NCBI chr13:51,074,849...51,123,755
Ensembl chr13:51,074,849...51,123,755
JBrowse link
G Atm ATM serine/threonine kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:9054948 PMID:19781682 PMID:23322442 PMID:23807571 PMID:25525159 More... NCBI chr 8:53,828,741...53,932,773
Ensembl chr 8:53,831,093...53,932,437
JBrowse link
G Atrx ATRX, chromatin remodeler disease_progression ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma multiforme, somatic ClinVar
RGD
PMID:27478330 RGD:13442489 NCBI chr  X:70,850,981...70,997,330
Ensembl chr  X:70,850,981...70,997,330
JBrowse link
G Bag3 BAG cochaperone 3 treatment IMP RGD PMID:21561597 RGD:5687132 NCBI chr 1:183,103,038...183,126,862
Ensembl chr 1:183,102,871...183,126,858
JBrowse link
G Bche butyrylcholinesterase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:2317787 NCBI chr 2:158,308,674...158,401,148
Ensembl chr 2:158,307,584...158,401,148
JBrowse link
G Becn1 beclin 1 disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:20863706 RGD:6483102 NCBI chr10:86,231,387...86,246,742
Ensembl chr10:86,231,388...86,246,742
JBrowse link
G Bhlhe40 basic helix-loop-helix family, member e40 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23582323 NCBI chr 4:141,618,453...141,624,154
Ensembl chr 4:141,618,476...141,624,774
JBrowse link
G Birc3 baculoviral IAP repeat-containing 3 exacerbates ISO mRNA:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:31964418 RGD:153344516 NCBI chr 8:5,000,844...5,028,470
Ensembl chr 8:5,000,845...5,015,802
JBrowse link
G Bmi1 BMI1 proto-oncogene, polycomb ring finger ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:19823589 NCBI chr17:81,332,175...81,341,625
Ensembl chr17:81,332,214...81,388,690
JBrowse link
G Braf B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:12068308 PMID:12198537 PMID:12447372 PMID:12460918 PMID:12460919 More... NCBI chr 4:68,375,484...68,510,652
Ensembl chr 4:68,384,649...68,510,463
JBrowse link
G Brd2 bromodomain containing 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:27388964 NCBI chr20:4,727,078...4,735,389
Ensembl chr20:4,728,151...4,735,388
JBrowse link
G Brd4 bromodomain containing 4 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26455392 PMID:27388964 NCBI chr 7:11,216,446...11,296,029
Ensembl chr 7:11,216,446...11,295,539
JBrowse link
G Brd7 bromodomain containing 7 ISO protein:increased expression:brain: RGD PMID:24404152 RGD:9586441 NCBI chr19:18,708,792...18,737,497
Ensembl chr19:18,709,022...18,737,494
JBrowse link
G C8h11orf65 similar to human chromosome 11 open reading frame 65 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:9054948 PMID:19781682 PMID:23322442 PMID:23807571 PMID:25525159 More... NCBI chr 8:53,796,033...53,825,277
Ensembl chr 8:53,796,366...53,824,748
JBrowse link
G Cbx6 chromobox 6 disease_progression ISO mRNA,protein:decreased expression:astrocyte: RGD PMID:24260522 RGD:9587354 NCBI chr 7:111,372,979...111,383,026
Ensembl chr 7:111,372,980...111,383,091
JBrowse link
G Cbx7 chromobox 7 disease_progression ISO mRNA,protein:decreased expression:astrocyte: RGD PMID:24260522 RGD:9587354 NCBI chr 7:111,460,656...111,479,231
Ensembl chr 7:111,460,656...111,477,973
JBrowse link
G Cbx8 chromobox 8 ISO mRNA:increased expression:astrocyte: RGD PMID:24260522 RGD:9587354 NCBI chr10:104,294,518...104,296,956
Ensembl chr10:104,294,518...104,297,024
JBrowse link
G Ccnh cyclin H ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 2:15,835,064...15,855,648
Ensembl chr 2:15,834,833...15,855,819
JBrowse link
G Cd9 CD9 molecule ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26573230 NCBI chr 4:158,256,328...158,289,136
Ensembl chr 4:158,256,328...158,289,222
JBrowse link
G Cdk4 cyclin-dependent kinase 4 ISO DNA:amplication RGD PMID:23796897 RGD:13702089 NCBI chr 7:62,886,124...62,889,562
Ensembl chr 7:62,883,105...62,942,403
JBrowse link
G Cdk6 cyclin-dependent kinase 6 severity ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD
RGD
PMID:20534551 PMID:10884881 RGD:13702095 NCBI chr 4:30,637,650...30,829,688
Ensembl chr 4:30,646,460...30,829,634
JBrowse link
G Cdkn2a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A treatment ISO RGD PMID:10720483 RGD:8552659 NCBI chr 5:103,984,949...103,992,143
Ensembl chr 5:103,984,949...104,003,149
JBrowse link
G Cdkn2a_v1 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A, variant 1 treatment ISO RGD PMID:10720483 RGD:8552659
G Chaf1b chromatin assembly factor 1 subunit B ISO protein:increased expression:brain: RGD PMID:24039914 RGD:9587472 NCBI chr11:33,200,894...33,221,076
Ensembl chr11:33,200,981...33,221,070
JBrowse link
G Chi3l1 chitinase 3 like 1 ISO mRNA:increased expression:brain, tumor (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD
RGD
PMID:21029458 PMID:11161003 RGD:4892621 NCBI chr13:45,641,802...45,649,787
Ensembl chr13:45,641,802...45,649,787
JBrowse link
G Cpe carboxypeptidase E disease_progression ISO mRNA, protein:decreased expression:brain tumor (human) RGD PMID:22249620 RGD:405650684 NCBI chr16:25,030,276...25,142,231
Ensembl chr16:25,030,276...25,142,233
JBrowse link
G Cpeb1 cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 1 disease_progression IMP RGD PMID:23360795 RGD:9685152 NCBI chr 1:135,300,048...135,407,688
Ensembl chr 1:135,300,461...135,409,760
JBrowse link
G Crebbp CREB binding protein ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:21390126 PMID:21680795 PMID:21796119 PMID:22832583 PMID:23334668 More... NCBI chr10:11,335,551...11,461,888
Ensembl chr10:11,335,953...11,461,888
JBrowse link
G Csta cystatin A ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:22287159 NCBI chr11:64,620,483...64,631,488
Ensembl chr11:64,620,483...64,631,488
JBrowse link
G Cstb cystatin B ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:22287159 NCBI chr20:10,245,462...10,247,505
Ensembl chr20:10,245,462...10,247,526
JBrowse link
G Ctnnd2 catenin delta 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23917401 NCBI chr 2:81,168,525...82,016,495
Ensembl chr 2:81,167,117...82,015,764
JBrowse link
G Ctsb cathepsin B ISO protein:increased expression:glioma cell (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD
RGD
PMID:22287159 PMID:17898873 RGD:2315515 NCBI chr15:37,389,636...37,410,508
Ensembl chr15:37,389,629...37,410,500
JBrowse link
G Ctsh cathepsin H ISO protein:increased expression:brain RGD PMID:8640738 RGD:1549417 NCBI chr 8:90,608,941...90,627,824
Ensembl chr 8:90,608,941...90,627,824
JBrowse link
G Ctsk cathepsin K ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25356585 NCBI chr 2:183,058,586...183,069,551
Ensembl chr 2:183,058,569...183,069,550
JBrowse link
G Deup1 deuterosome assembly protein 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 8:12,380,300...12,442,649
Ensembl chr 8:12,380,302...12,442,199
JBrowse link
G Dmbt1 deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 ISO DNA:deletion RGD PMID:9288095 RGD:1599778 NCBI chr 1:185,617,469...185,696,476
Ensembl chr 1:185,617,294...185,696,478
JBrowse link
G Dnmt3a DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar NCBI chr 6:26,791,517...26,902,161
Ensembl chr 6:26,822,609...26,896,687
JBrowse link
G Dusp6 dual specificity phosphatase 6 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21499306 NCBI chr 7:34,092,848...34,097,186
Ensembl chr 7:34,092,943...34,097,185
JBrowse link
G E2f1 E2F transcription factor 1 disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:16264179 RGD:13702471 NCBI chr 3:143,064,535...143,075,362
Ensembl chr 3:143,049,478...143,075,361
JBrowse link
G Egf epidermal growth factor susceptibility ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:polymorphism:promoter:+61A>G(human)
CTD
RGD
PMID:16598420 PMID:22481252 RGD:13702472 NCBI chr 2:218,219,408...218,302,359
Ensembl chr 2:218,219,415...218,302,064
JBrowse link
G Egfr epidermal growth factor receptor ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma multiforme, somatic
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:2302402 PMID:15118073 PMID:15118125 PMID:15329413 PMID:15710947 More... NCBI chr14:91,176,979...91,349,722
Ensembl chr14:91,177,067...91,344,382
JBrowse link
G Enpp1 ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 severity ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:21195542 RGD:13204719 NCBI chr 1:20,698,746...20,763,741
Ensembl chr 1:20,698,764...20,763,715
JBrowse link
G Ezh2 enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit treatment ISO RGD PMID:25595591 RGD:14928319 NCBI chr 4:76,624,399...76,687,362
Ensembl chr 4:76,624,399...76,687,362
JBrowse link
G Fabp7 fatty acid binding protein 7 severity ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:15827123 RGD:1578468 NCBI chr20:37,123,193...37,126,725
Ensembl chr20:37,123,193...37,126,880
JBrowse link
G Fam83d family with sequence similarity 83, member D ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:35150198 NCBI chr 3:147,421,941...147,441,211
Ensembl chr 3:147,421,908...147,441,192
JBrowse link
G Fat1 FAT atypical cadherin 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23354438 NCBI chr16:47,177,253...47,296,261
Ensembl chr16:47,177,248...47,296,107
JBrowse link
G Fbxw7 F-box and WD repeat domain containing 7 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:26619011 NCBI chr 2:170,149,706...170,311,536
Ensembl chr 2:170,149,694...170,309,941
JBrowse link
G Fgfr1 Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:25705862 PMID:26619011 PMID:26942290 PMID:33448156 NCBI chr16:66,491,930...66,547,161
Ensembl chr16:66,494,042...66,547,350
JBrowse link
G Flt3lg Fms related receptor tyrosine kinase 3 ligand treatment ISO RGD PMID:18079358 RGD:11049502 NCBI chr 1:95,615,056...95,620,463
Ensembl chr 1:95,609,370...95,620,463
JBrowse link
G Fn1 fibronectin 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:17099729 NCBI chr 9:73,196,044...73,264,695
Ensembl chr 9:73,196,044...73,264,678
JBrowse link
G Fosl2 FOS like 2, AP-1 transcription factor subunit ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23582323 NCBI chr 6:24,297,898...24,319,219
Ensembl chr 6:24,300,956...24,320,034
JBrowse link
G Fxn frataxin ISO RGD PMID:21863062 RGD:401793715 NCBI chr 1:221,874,007...221,897,543
Ensembl chr 1:221,872,420...221,897,540
JBrowse link
G Gdnf glial cell derived neurotrophic factor ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:19138852 NCBI chr 2:56,894,022...56,919,935
Ensembl chr 2:56,895,010...56,917,209
JBrowse link
G Grik2 glutamate ionotropic receptor kainate type subunit 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr20:52,135,325...52,833,061
Ensembl chr20:52,133,851...52,838,375
JBrowse link
G Gstt1 glutathione S-transferase theta 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16874663 NCBI chr20:12,856,613...12,873,586
Ensembl chr20:12,856,669...12,873,585
JBrowse link
G H2ax H2A.X variant histone ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26651356 NCBI chr 8:44,671,907...44,673,262
Ensembl chr 8:44,671,786...44,673,239
JBrowse link
G H3f3a H3.3 histone A ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:22286216 PMID:23817572 PMID:26619011 PMID:26822237 NCBI chr13:92,533,289...92,544,902
Ensembl chr13:92,533,298...92,544,908
JBrowse link
G Heatr1 HEAT repeat containing 1 ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:brain RGD PMID:25126583 RGD:10761721 NCBI chr17:58,053,288...58,093,895
Ensembl chr17:58,051,700...58,093,948
JBrowse link
G Hes1 hes family bHLH transcription factor 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr11:70,705,763...70,708,176
Ensembl chr11:70,705,764...70,708,192
JBrowse link
G Hey1 hes-related family bHLH transcription factor with YRPW motif 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 2:93,096,605...93,100,316
Ensembl chr 2:93,095,498...93,100,312
JBrowse link
G Hif1a hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:12811834 NCBI chr 6:92,624,059...92,669,262
Ensembl chr 6:92,624,390...92,669,261
JBrowse link
G Hoxd10 homeo box D10 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:34737577 NCBI chr 3:59,594,516...59,597,725
Ensembl chr 3:59,594,516...59,597,725
JBrowse link
G Hras HRas proto-oncogene, GTPase severity ISO DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.G61L(human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma
ClinVar
RGD
PMID:11150980 PMID:16155195 PMID:16170316 PMID:16329078 PMID:16372351 More... RGD:13702475, RGD:13702872 NCBI chr 1:196,290,127...196,299,823
Ensembl chr 1:196,296,263...196,300,615
JBrowse link
G Idh1 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 1 disease_progression
onset
ISO DNA:mutation:cds:p.R132(human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma, somatic
DNA:mutation:cds:p.R132H(human)
ClinVar
RGD
PMID:18772396 PMID:19657110 PMID:19798509 PMID:19818334 PMID:20946881 More... RGD:11074562, RGD:11522732 NCBI chr 9:66,534,146...66,563,703
Ensembl chr 9:66,534,146...66,563,708
JBrowse link
G Il16 interleukin 16 IEP protein:increased expression:brain RGD PMID:17221335 RGD:5024941 NCBI chr 1:137,617,702...137,718,022
Ensembl chr 1:137,617,944...137,718,130
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16356833 NCBI chr 3:116,577,005...116,583,386
Ensembl chr 3:116,577,010...116,583,415
JBrowse link
G Il2 interleukin 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:7719933 NCBI chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
Ensembl chr 2:120,004,862...120,009,566
JBrowse link
G Jag1 jagged canonical Notch ligand 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 3:124,406,783...124,442,220
Ensembl chr 3:124,406,794...124,442,209
JBrowse link
G Jag2 jagged canonical Notch ligand 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 6:131,983,059...132,005,665
Ensembl chr 6:131,983,056...132,005,818
JBrowse link
G Kcnc2 potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily C member 2 ISO mRNA:splice variant (human) RGD PMID:18474104 RGD:9686067 NCBI chr 7:47,700,035...47,883,979
Ensembl chr 7:47,700,288...47,883,968
JBrowse link
G Kdr kinase insert domain receptor treatment ISO RGD PMID:26325365 RGD:11529678 NCBI chr14:32,217,871...32,261,018
Ensembl chr14:32,217,871...32,261,018
JBrowse link
G Kras KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase treatment ISO mRNA:decreased expression:brain RGD PMID:16166301 PMID:19179066 RGD:13702861, RGD:13702872 NCBI chr 4:178,185,418...178,218,484 JBrowse link
G L1cam L1 cell adhesion molecule ISO mRNA:decreased expression:brain, temporal lobe (human) RGD PMID:20419098 RGD:6483067 NCBI chr  X:151,597,270...151,623,776
Ensembl chr  X:151,597,277...151,623,857
JBrowse link
G Lrrc56 leucine rich repeat containing 56 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:11150980 PMID:16155195 PMID:16170316 PMID:16329078 PMID:16372351 More... NCBI chr 1:196,299,843...196,315,170
Ensembl chr 1:196,299,846...196,315,172
JBrowse link
G Lrrc59 leucine rich repeat containing 59 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr10:79,572,295...79,586,953
Ensembl chr10:79,572,317...79,602,533
JBrowse link
G Ltbp4 latent transforming growth factor beta binding protein 4 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:27270107 NCBI chr 1:82,600,136...82,634,346
Ensembl chr 1:82,600,136...82,632,178
JBrowse link
G Lztr1 leucine zipper like post translational regulator 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:mutations:multiple (human)
CTD
RGD
PMID:23917401 PMID:23917401 RGD:151708722 NCBI chr11:83,487,717...83,503,896
Ensembl chr11:83,487,717...83,503,633
JBrowse link
G Macir macrophage immunometabolism regulator ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 9:98,420,760...98,440,818
Ensembl chr 9:98,420,376...98,441,733
JBrowse link
G Map1lc3a microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 alpha treatment ISO RGD PMID:24905460 RGD:11561946 NCBI chr 3:143,783,024...143,784,670
Ensembl chr 3:143,783,024...143,784,670
JBrowse link
G Map2k2 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 2 treatment ISO RGD PMID:26189368 RGD:13702862 NCBI chr 7:8,590,729...8,610,279
Ensembl chr 7:8,580,905...8,610,243
JBrowse link
G Map2k3 mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 3 disease_progression ISO protein:increased expression, increased phosphorylation:brain RGD PMID:17406030 RGD:1641940 NCBI chr10:45,608,145...45,629,492
Ensembl chr10:45,607,163...45,629,492
JBrowse link
G Mdm2 MDM2 proto-oncogene ISO DNA:amplication RGD PMID:23796897 RGD:13702089 NCBI chr 7:53,290,660...53,315,205
Ensembl chr 7:53,290,664...53,314,915
JBrowse link
G Mdm4 MDM4 regulator of p53 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:20472715 NCBI chr13:44,432,596...44,516,165
Ensembl chr13:44,406,213...44,474,226
JBrowse link
G Med12 mediator complex subunit 12 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:26822237 NCBI chr  X:66,404,807...66,427,775
Ensembl chr  X:66,404,760...66,428,387
JBrowse link
G Met MET proto-oncogene, receptor tyrosine kinase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:22162573 NCBI chr 4:45,790,456...45,898,139
Ensembl chr 4:45,790,791...45,897,876
JBrowse link
G Mgmt O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase ISO DNA:transition:cds:p.L84F (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD
RGD
PMID:20131314 PMID:22162573 PMID:14669534 RGD:2317667 NCBI chr 1:191,710,980...191,937,760
Ensembl chr 1:191,710,930...191,937,756
JBrowse link
G Mir21 microRNA 21 ameliorates IMP RGD PMID:31730913 RGD:41404645 NCBI chr10:71,405,257...71,405,348
Ensembl chr10:71,405,257...71,405,348
JBrowse link
G Mir31 microRNA 31 ISO RNA:decreased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:22089331 RGD:152998941 NCBI chr 5:103,599,038...103,599,143 JBrowse link
G Mmp2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 severity ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD
RGD
PMID:16598420 PMID:7616276 RGD:7207145 NCBI chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
Ensembl chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
JBrowse link
G Mmp7 matrix metallopeptidase 7 severity ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:7616276 RGD:7207145 NCBI chr 8:4,848,186...4,855,908
Ensembl chr 8:4,848,186...4,855,902
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 severity
treatment
ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD
RGD
PMID:16598420 PMID:7616276 PMID:12439751 RGD:7207145, RGD:8547973 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Msh2 mutS homolog 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 6:6,813,793...6,872,960
Ensembl chr 6:6,813,795...6,872,938
JBrowse link
G Mtor mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:20190810 PMID:22729223 PMID:24631838 PMID:25599672 PMID:25741868 More... NCBI chr 5:158,884,856...158,994,311
Ensembl chr 5:158,884,804...158,994,311
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,633
Ensembl chr 7:93,593,705...93,598,630
JBrowse link
G Mycn MYCN proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:26619011 NCBI chr 6:35,717,764...35,723,590
Ensembl chr 6:35,717,764...35,723,590
JBrowse link
G Ncor1 nuclear receptor co-repressor 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:17312396 NCBI chr10:46,999,536...47,142,294
Ensembl chr10:46,999,536...47,141,032
JBrowse link
G Ndrg1 N-myc downstream regulated 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:15341671 NCBI chr 7:98,684,487...98,725,869
Ensembl chr 7:98,684,487...98,725,880
JBrowse link
G Ndrg4 NDRG family member 4 ISO mRNA, protein:decreased expression:brain RGD PMID:22489821 RGD:7247726 NCBI chr19:9,351,408...9,387,398
Ensembl chr19:9,351,404...9,386,914
JBrowse link
G Nf1 neurofibromin 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25119042 NCBI chr10:64,306,027...64,539,112
Ensembl chr10:64,306,301...64,536,658
JBrowse link
G Nfkbia NFKB inhibitor alpha treatment ISO human cell line in a mouse model RGD PMID:15692608 RGD:127285387 NCBI chr 6:72,858,713...72,861,941
Ensembl chr 6:72,858,712...72,861,941
JBrowse link
G Notch1 notch receptor 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 3:9,277,955...9,323,531
Ensembl chr 3:9,278,086...9,323,531
JBrowse link
G Notch2 notch receptor 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 2:185,610,594...185,744,088
Ensembl chr 2:185,610,589...185,744,088
JBrowse link
G Notch3 notch receptor 3 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21127729 NCBI chr 7:11,132,984...11,184,025
Ensembl chr 7:11,133,706...11,184,025
JBrowse link
G Nras NRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO DNA:mutation:cds:c.35G>A, p.G12D(human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma
DNA:amplication::
ClinVar
RGD
PMID:1654209 PMID:2278970 PMID:2674680 PMID:3122217 PMID:6587382 More... RGD:13702875, RGD:13702876 NCBI chr 2:190,582,885...190,593,509
Ensembl chr 2:190,582,918...190,591,626
JBrowse link
G Pdgfb platelet derived growth factor subunit B ISO RGD PMID:21210235 RGD:6482799 NCBI chr 7:111,539,444...111,557,984
Ensembl chr 7:111,540,345...111,557,984
JBrowse link
G Pdgfrb platelet derived growth factor receptor beta treatment ISO RGD PMID:24566984 RGD:13702903 NCBI chr18:54,499,962...54,538,840
Ensembl chr18:54,499,964...54,538,843
JBrowse link
G Pdpn podoplanin ISO RGD PMID:16979138 RGD:2292241 NCBI chr 5:155,601,691...155,635,656
Ensembl chr 5:155,601,691...155,635,656
JBrowse link
G Pecam1 platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 ISO RGD PMID:21858729 RGD:6771207 NCBI chr10:91,590,521...91,652,279
Ensembl chr10:91,590,521...91,652,116
JBrowse link
G Pgf placental growth factor disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:20458050 RGD:6483585 NCBI chr 6:104,816,102...104,826,685
Ensembl chr 6:104,816,104...104,826,685
JBrowse link
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma multiforme ClinVar PMID:15016963 PMID:15254419 PMID:15520168 PMID:15608678 PMID:15647370 More... NCBI chr 2:115,175,275...115,249,034
Ensembl chr 2:115,174,984...115,249,032
JBrowse link
G Pik3cb phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit beta disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:26956052 PMID:21188471 RGD:11343921, RGD:13782050 NCBI chr 8:99,594,600...99,699,772
Ensembl chr 8:99,594,644...99,699,663
JBrowse link
G Pik3cd phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit delta disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:24523440 RGD:13782051 NCBI chr 5:160,094,952...160,142,962
Ensembl chr 5:160,094,952...160,120,930
JBrowse link
G Pik3r1 phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:19962457 PMID:25157968 PMID:26619011 NCBI chr 2:32,878,942...32,963,668
Ensembl chr 2:32,882,032...32,963,631
JBrowse link
G Pim1 Pim-1 proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23724780 NCBI chr20:7,554,921...7,559,174
Ensembl chr20:7,554,921...7,559,174
JBrowse link
G Pml PML nuclear body scaffold ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23440206 NCBI chr 8:58,627,347...58,661,927
Ensembl chr 8:58,628,837...58,658,971
JBrowse link
G Pole DNA polymerase epsilon, catalytic subunit ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar PMID:25228659 PMID:26619011 PMID:27573199 PMID:28492532 PMID:29352080 NCBI chr12:46,345,420...46,393,984
Ensembl chr12:46,345,420...46,393,939
JBrowse link
G Polk DNA polymerase kappa ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26651356 NCBI chr 2:27,822,228...27,882,331
Ensembl chr 2:27,822,679...27,882,313
JBrowse link
G Pot1 protection of telomeres 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma, somatic ClinVar PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 4:54,205,330...54,263,137
Ensembl chr 4:54,205,332...54,263,042
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma, somatic ClinVar PMID:9467001 PMID:10381354 PMID:10523018 PMID:10690291 PMID:10851250 More... NCBI chr 4:148,423,102...148,548,471
Ensembl chr 4:148,423,194...148,548,468
JBrowse link
G Prkn parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin protein ligase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:19946270 NCBI chr 1:48,688,651...49,882,520
Ensembl chr 1:48,690,556...49,882,555
JBrowse link
G Prom1 prominin 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:18679414 PMID:18829568 PMID:19718438 NCBI chr14:66,989,545...67,094,534
Ensembl chr14:66,990,160...67,094,527
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma ClinVar
RGD
PMID:1336932 PMID:1945792 PMID:9140396 PMID:9241266 PMID:9259288 More... RGD:2290476 NCBI chr 1:230,630,443...230,697,070
Ensembl chr 1:230,630,338...230,696,838
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 disease_progression ISO
IEP
protein:increased expression:microglia, macrophage, RGD PMID:11121536 PMID:10229132 RGD:5688245, RGD:5688250 NCBI chr 3:19,584,015...19,605,589
Ensembl chr 3:19,584,015...19,605,586
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 disease_progression ISO
IEP
protein:increased expression:endothelial cell RGD PMID:11121536 PMID:10229132 RGD:5688245, RGD:5688250 NCBI chr13:62,163,936...62,172,193
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Ptk2 protein tyrosine kinase 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:12811834 NCBI chr 7:105,126,725...105,331,848
Ensembl chr 7:105,126,728...105,331,783
JBrowse link
G Ptn pleiotrophin ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:14692702 RGD:151660507 NCBI chr 4:65,293,731...65,375,572
Ensembl chr 4:65,293,734...65,375,456
JBrowse link
G Ptprb protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, B treatment ISO human cells in mouse model
protein:increased expression:brain (human)
RGD PMID:16489031 PMID:15831233 PMID:14692702 RGD:151660504, RGD:151664746, RGD:151660507 NCBI chr 7:51,953,375...52,034,751
Ensembl chr 7:51,930,015...52,034,748
JBrowse link
G Rb1 RB transcriptional corepressor 1 severity ISO DNA:hypermethylation:promoter: RGD PMID:11204276 RGD:13782067 NCBI chr15:48,371,295...48,502,473
Ensembl chr15:48,371,296...48,502,302
JBrowse link
G Reck reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:20127710 NCBI chr 5:58,102,961...58,169,516
Ensembl chr 5:58,102,981...58,169,502
JBrowse link
G Rpl35a ribosomal protein L35A ISO mRNA:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:10880769 RGD:11535077 NCBI chr11:67,726,031...67,729,953
Ensembl chr11:67,726,032...67,729,942
Ensembl chr 5:67,726,032...67,729,942
JBrowse link
G Rpl5 ribosomal protein L5 ISO DNA:mutations:multiple (human) RGD PMID:26892688 RGD:11535147 NCBI chr14:1,843,856...1,850,301
Ensembl chr14:1,843,770...1,850,290
JBrowse link
G Runx1 RUNX family transcription factor 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23582323 NCBI chr11:31,839,880...32,074,427
Ensembl chr11:31,843,764...32,074,542
JBrowse link
G Runx3 RUNX family transcription factor 3 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16909125 NCBI chr 5:147,360,587...147,419,161
Ensembl chr 5:147,360,994...147,419,156
JBrowse link
G Septin14 septin 14 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23917401 NCBI chr12:26,975,283...27,005,588
Ensembl chr12:26,975,344...26,998,299
JBrowse link
G Serping1 serpin family G member 1 treatment IMP RGD PMID:28880870 RGD:13525003 NCBI chr 3:69,842,726...69,852,583
Ensembl chr 3:69,842,739...69,852,034
JBrowse link
G Slc22a22 solute carrier family 22 member 22 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 7:88,720,425...88,750,111
Ensembl chr 7:88,720,427...88,750,111
JBrowse link
G Slc7a5 solute carrier family 7 member 5 disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:16496379 RGD:151361115 NCBI chr19:49,935,220...49,963,823
Ensembl chr19:49,935,220...49,963,823
JBrowse link
G Slx4 SLX4 structure-specific endonuclease subunit ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma multiforme ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr10:11,526,623...11,549,313
Ensembl chr10:11,528,424...11,549,295
JBrowse link
G Srrt serrate, RNA effector molecule ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30542699 NCBI chr12:19,392,578...19,406,098
Ensembl chr12:19,392,625...19,406,095
JBrowse link
G Stat3 signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 disease_progression ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:31783691 RGD:151667907 NCBI chr10:85,811,206...85,863,057
Ensembl chr10:85,811,218...85,863,057
JBrowse link
G Stat5a signal transducer and activator of transcription 5A disease_progression
treatment
ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:brain (human)
human cells in mouse model
RGD PMID:31783691 PMID:31783691 RGD:151667907, RGD:151667907 NCBI chr10:85,785,537...85,809,869
Ensembl chr10:85,785,537...85,809,866
JBrowse link
G Suz12 SUZ12 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25119042 NCBI chr10:64,967,035...65,012,916
Ensembl chr10:64,966,967...65,012,738
JBrowse link
G Tes testin LIM domain protein ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16909125 NCBI chr 4:45,365,304...45,403,829
Ensembl chr 4:45,365,285...45,403,829
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism|therapeutic CTD PMID:16170020 PMID:17099729 NCBI chr 3:146,772,684...146,801,924
Ensembl chr 3:146,772,687...146,801,981
JBrowse link
G Tmem135 transmembrane protein 135 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 1:143,006,343...143,279,824
Ensembl chr 1:143,006,344...143,221,171
JBrowse link
G Tnc tenascin C ISO RGD PMID:16928692 RGD:4889612 NCBI chr 5:77,375,851...77,460,712
Ensembl chr 5:77,375,851...77,460,624
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf10 TNF superfamily member 10 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:21877938 NCBI chr 2:110,199,835...110,227,239
Ensembl chr 2:110,207,916...110,225,135
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 ISS
ISO
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Glioblastoma, somatic MouseDO
ClinVar
PMID:253702 PMID:960674 PMID:1349175 PMID:1359493 PMID:1467311 More... NCBI chr10:54,300,070...54,311,525
Ensembl chr10:54,300,048...54,311,524
JBrowse link
G Tp53bp1 tumor protein p53 binding protein 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 3:108,166,574...108,270,229
Ensembl chr 3:108,169,980...108,269,822
JBrowse link
G Trmt11 tRNA methyltransferase 11 homolog ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:30705370 NCBI chr 1:27,054,437...27,109,765
Ensembl chr 1:27,054,420...27,201,610
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16356833 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
G Wt1 WT1 transcription factor ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:20820871 NCBI chr 3:91,566,540...91,613,653
Ensembl chr 3:91,567,001...91,613,643
JBrowse link
G Xrcc1 X-ray repair cross complementing 1 susceptibility ISO DNA:SNP:exon 10: p.R399Q (human) RGD PMID:18330515 RGD:401827274 NCBI chr 1:80,140,495...80,168,705
Ensembl chr 1:80,141,207...80,168,701
JBrowse link
G Zbtb7a zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7a ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25875864 NCBI chr 7:8,561,015...8,578,243
Ensembl chr 7:8,563,779...8,576,539
JBrowse link
brain glioblastoma multiforme term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Eef2 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2 ISO protein:increased expression:brain (human) RGD PMID:24589652 RGD:153297816 NCBI chr 7:8,533,248...8,538,518
Ensembl chr 7:8,533,116...8,559,183
JBrowse link
G Mir139 microRNA 139 ISO RNA:decreased expression:brain: RGD PMID:26449464 RGD:13838722 NCBI chr 1:155,878,828...155,878,895
Ensembl chr 1:155,878,825...155,878,902
JBrowse link
G Ncam1 neural cell adhesion molecule 1 disease_progression ISO RGD PMID:20219118 RGD:40924672 NCBI chr 8:49,865,629...50,165,687
Ensembl chr 8:49,865,633...50,166,014
JBrowse link
G Sufu SUFU negative regulator of hedgehog signaling IEP human, rat, and/or mouse glioma cells in a mouse model RGD PMID:30790292 RGD:150573813 NCBI chr 1:245,257,725...245,355,576
Ensembl chr 1:245,257,768...245,355,577
JBrowse link
glioblastoma proneural subtype term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rb1 RB transcriptional corepressor 1 ISO RNA:decreased expression:brain: RGD PMID:22157621 RGD:13782062 NCBI chr15:48,371,295...48,502,473
Ensembl chr15:48,371,296...48,502,302
JBrowse link
gliosarcoma term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ccl2 C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 severity ISO mouse gene in a rat model RGD PMID:7489565 RGD:11526112 NCBI chr10:67,005,424...67,007,222
Ensembl chr10:67,005,424...67,007,226
JBrowse link
G Cyp2b3 cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily b, polypeptide 3 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:9766669 PMID:11389073 NCBI chr 1:81,652,762...81,732,153
Ensembl chr 1:81,652,787...81,732,143
JBrowse link
G Cyp2c11 cytochrome P450, subfamily 2, polypeptide 11 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:9766669 NCBI chr 1:236,762,719...236,799,069
Ensembl chr 1:236,762,842...236,799,066
JBrowse link
G Plau plasminogen activator, urokinase severity ISO mouse gene in rat model RGD PMID:20606645 RGD:7241591 NCBI chr15:3,456,230...3,462,732
Ensembl chr15:3,456,232...3,462,775
JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: therapeutic CTD PMID:9766669 NCBI chr12:20,951,058...20,999,198
Ensembl chr12:20,951,058...20,999,245
JBrowse link
G Ptgs1 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 IEP protein:increased expression:microglia, macrophage, RGD PMID:10229132 RGD:5688250 NCBI chr 3:19,584,015...19,605,589
Ensembl chr 3:19,584,015...19,605,586
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 IEP protein:increased expression:endothelial cell RGD PMID:10229132 RGD:5688250 NCBI chr13:62,163,936...62,172,193
Ensembl chr13:62,163,932...62,172,188
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:16533777 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 19076
    disease of cellular proliferation 7793
      Neoplasms by Histologic Type 5411
        cell type cancer 3841
          high grade glioma 704
            malignant astrocytoma 452
              glioblastoma 170
                IDH-wildtype glioblastoma 0
                brain glioblastoma multiforme 4
                giant cell glioblastoma 0
                glioblastoma classical subtype 0
                glioblastoma mesenchymal subtype 0
                glioblastoma neural subtype 0
                glioblastoma proneural subtype 1
                gliosarcoma 8
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 19076
    disease of anatomical entity 18367
      nervous system disease 14218
        Nervous System Neoplasms 1652
          Central Nervous System Neoplasms 1446
            central nervous system cancer 800
              brain cancer 784
                supratentorial cancer 509
                  cerebrum cancer 456
                    malignant astrocytoma 452
                      glioblastoma 170
                        IDH-wildtype glioblastoma 0
                        brain glioblastoma multiforme 4
                        giant cell glioblastoma 0
                        glioblastoma classical subtype 0
                        glioblastoma mesenchymal subtype 0
                        glioblastoma neural subtype 0
                        glioblastoma proneural subtype 1
                        gliosarcoma 8
paths to the root