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CROSS-SPECIES ANATOMY - ANNOTATIONS

The Basic subset of the UBERON integrated, cross-species anatomy ontology is downloaded weekly from http://berkeleybop.org/ontologies/uberon/basic.obo. For more information about this ontology see the "About" page on the UBERON website at http://uberon.github.io/about.html.

Term:vermiform appendix
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Accession:UBERON:0001154 term browser browse the term
Definition:A blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, from which it develops embryologically[WP].
Comment:[homology-note] "A comparative anatomical approach reveals three apparent morphotypes of the cecal appendix, as well as appendix-like structures in some species that lack a true cecal appendix. Cladistic analyses indicate that the appendix has evolved independently at least twice (at least once in diprotodont marsupials and at least once in Euarchontoglires), shows a highly significant (P < 0.0001) phylogenetic signal in its distribution, and has been maintained in mammalian evolution for 80 million years or longer.[well established][VHOG]" xsd:string {date_retrieved="2012-09-17", external_class="VHOG:0001306", ontology="VHOG", source="DOI:10.1111/j.1420-9101.2009.01809.x Smith HF, Fisher RE, Everett ML, Thomas AD, Randal Bollinger R, Parker W, Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix. Journal of Evolutionary Biology (2009)", source="http://bgee.unil.ch/"}
Synonyms:exact_synonym: appendix;   caecal appendix;   cecal appendix
 broad_synonym: vermix
 related_synonym: apex of caecum;   apex of cecum;   appendix vermiformis
 xref: BTO:0000084;   CALOHA:TS-1267;   EFO:0000849;   EHDAA2:0000588;   EMAPA:35140;   EV:0100076;   EV:0100080;   FMA:14542;   GAID:308;   MA:0001540;   MAT:0000287;   MESH:D001065;   MIAA:0000287;   NCI:C12380;   SCTID:181255000;   UMLS:C0003617;   VHOG:0001306;   Wikipedia:Vermiform_appendix;   galen:AppendixVermiformis
 relational_adjective: appendiceal
 external_ontology: present_in_taxon NCBITaxon:40674;   present_in_taxon NCBITaxon:9606



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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          anatomical system 0
            organ 0
              digestive system element 0
                vermiform appendix 0
                  appendix lymphoid tissue 0
                  appendix smooth muscle circular layer 0
                  appendix smooth muscle longitudinal layer 0
                  arteriole of appendix 0
                  artery of appendix 0
                  lymphatic vessel of appendix + 0
                  mucosa of appendix + 0
                  muscularis mucosae of appendix 0
                  myenteric nerve plexus of appendix 0
                  serosa of appendix + 0
                  submucosa of appendix 0
                  submucous nerve plexus of appendix 0
                  vein of appendix 0
                  venule of appendix + 0
                  wall of appendix 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          multicellular anatomical structure 0
            multicellular organism 0
              embryo 0
                embryonic structure 0
                  presumptive structure 0
                    presumptive gut 0
                      digestive tract 0
                        subdivision of digestive tract 0
                          hindgut 0
                            lower digestive tract 0
                              large intestine 0
                                vermiform appendix 0
                                  appendix lymphoid tissue 0
                                  appendix smooth muscle circular layer 0
                                  appendix smooth muscle longitudinal layer 0
                                  arteriole of appendix 0
                                  artery of appendix 0
                                  lymphatic vessel of appendix + 0
                                  mucosa of appendix + 0
                                  muscularis mucosae of appendix 0
                                  myenteric nerve plexus of appendix 0
                                  serosa of appendix + 0
                                  submucosa of appendix 0
                                  submucous nerve plexus of appendix 0
                                  vein of appendix 0
                                  venule of appendix + 0
                                  wall of appendix 0
paths to the root