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CROSS-SPECIES ANATOMY - ANNOTATIONS

The Basic subset of the UBERON integrated, cross-species anatomy ontology is downloaded weekly from http://berkeleybop.org/ontologies/uberon/basic.obo. For more information about this ontology see the "About" page on the UBERON website at http://uberon.github.io/about.html.

Term:tail of pancreas
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Accession:UBERON:0001151 term browser browse the term
Definition:The tail of the pancreas, located anatomically left near the hilum of the spleen, is not simply an anatomical distinction. The tail is the only part of the pancreas which contains Pancreatic Polypeptide (PP) cells, which are responsible for secreting pancreatic polypeptide to coordinate exocrine and islet enzyme release. PP cells are found in the tail's periphery. Beta cells and delta cells are found in the central part of the tail as with the rest of the pancreas. The cells described above are located exclusively in the islet cells; their secretions reach exocrine portions of the pancreas via the capillary network surrounding the islet cell populations. [WP,unvetted].
Comment:[homology-note] "Hagfish and lampreys may have one or more endocrine buds - and later the vertebrate pancreas develop as independent ventral and dorsal buds that eventually fuse to become one organ.[well established][VHOG]" xsd:string {date_retrieved="2012-09-17", external_class="VHOG:0000452", ontology="VHOG", source="DOI:10.1016/j.crvi.2007.03.006 Madsen OD, Pancreas phylogeny and ontogeny in relation to a 'pancreatic stem cell'. Comptes Rendus Biologies (2007)", source="http://bgee.unil.ch/"}
Synonyms:exact_synonym: left extremity of pancreas;   pancreas tail;   pancreatic tail
 related_synonym: cauda pancreatis
 xref: EHDAA2:0001390;   EMAPA:17511;   FMA:14519;   MA:0000123;   NCI:C12271;   SCTID:245382003;   UMLS:C0227590;   VHOG:0000452;   Wikipedia:Tail_of_pancreas
 external_ontology: present_in_taxon NCBITaxon:9606



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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          endoderm-derived structure 0
            tail of pancreas 0
              pancreas tail parenchyma 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          multicellular anatomical structure 0
            multicellular organism 0
              embryo 0
                embryonic structure 0
                  embryonic tissue 0
                    germ layer / neural crest 0
                      germ layer 0
                        endoderm 0
                          pancreas primordium 0
                            pancreas dorsal primordium 0
                              dorsal pancreas 0
                                tail of pancreas 0
                                  pancreas tail parenchyma 0
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