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CROSS-SPECIES ANATOMY - ANNOTATIONS

The Basic subset of the UBERON integrated, cross-species anatomy ontology is downloaded weekly from http://berkeleybop.org/ontologies/uberon/basic.obo. For more information about this ontology see the "About" page on the UBERON website at http://uberon.github.io/about.html.

Term:esophagus
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Accession:UBERON:0001043 term browser browse the term
Definition:Tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach. In mammals, the oesophagus connects the buccal cavity with the stomach. The stratified squamous non-keratinised epithelium lining the buccal cavity is continued through the pharynx down into the oesophagus. The lowest part of the oesophagus (ca. 2 cm) is lined with gastric mucosa and covered by peritoneum. The main body of the oesophagus is lined with small, simple mucous glands. Each gland opens into the lumen by a long duct which pierces the muscularis mucosae (Wilson and Washington, 1989). A sphincter is situated at the point where the oesophagus enters the stomach to prevent gastro-oesophageal reflux, i.e. to prevent acidic gastric contents from reaching stratified epithelia of the oesophagus, where they can cause inflammation and irritation (Wilson and Washington, 1989; Brown et al., 1993).
Synonyms:exact_synonym: gullet;   oesophagus
 xref: AAO:0000145;   ANISEED:1235301;   BTO:0000959;   CALOHA:TS-0700;   EFO:0000835;   EHDAA2:0001285;   EHDAA:2937;   EMAPA:16833;   EV:0100069;   FMA:7131;   GAID:291;   MA:0000352;   MAT:0000048;   MESH:A03.365;   MIAA:0000048;   NCIT:C12389;   OpenCyc:Mx4rvVj9Q5wpEbGdrcN5Y29ycA;   SCTID:181245004;   TAO:0000204;   UMLS:C0014876;   VHOG:0000450;   Wikipedia:Esophagus;   XAO:0000127;   ZFA:0000204;   galen:Esophagus



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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          anatomical system 0
            organ 0
              digestive system element 0
                esophagus 0
                  abdominal part of esophagus 0
                  adventitia of esophagus 0
                  cervical part of esophagus 0
                  crop 0
                  esophageal taste bud 0
                  esophagus secretion 0
                  lower esophagus + 0
                  lumen of esophagus 0
                  middle part of esophagus 0
                  peptonephridium 0
                  pneumatic duct 0
                  submucosal esophageal gland 0
                  thoracic part of esophagus 0
                  upper esophagus 0
                  wall of esophagus + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          multicellular anatomical structure 0
            multicellular organism 0
              organism subdivision 0
                main body axis 0
                  body proper 0
                    trunk 0
                      subdivision of trunk 0
                        thoracic segment of trunk 0
                          thoracic segment organ 0
                            thoracic cavity element 0
                              esophagus 0
                                abdominal part of esophagus 0
                                adventitia of esophagus 0
                                cervical part of esophagus 0
                                crop 0
                                esophageal taste bud 0
                                esophagus secretion 0
                                lower esophagus + 0
                                lumen of esophagus 0
                                middle part of esophagus 0
                                peptonephridium 0
                                pneumatic duct 0
                                submucosal esophageal gland 0
                                thoracic part of esophagus 0
                                upper esophagus 0
                                wall of esophagus + 0
paths to the root