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CROSS-SPECIES ANATOMY - ANNOTATIONS

The Basic subset of the UBERON integrated, cross-species anatomy ontology is downloaded weekly from http://berkeleybop.org/ontologies/uberon/basic.obo. For more information about this ontology see the "About" page on the UBERON website at http://uberon.github.io/about.html.

Term:camera-type eye
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Accession:UBERON:0000019 term browser browse the term
Definition:An organ of sight that includes the camera-type eyeball and supporting structures such as the lacrimal apparatus, the conjunctiva, the eyelid.
Comment:[homology-note] "The eye of the adult lamprey is remarkably similar to our own, and it possesses numerous features (including the expression of opsin genes) that are very similar to those of the eyes of jawed vertebrates. The lamprey's camera-like eye has a lens, an iris and extra-ocular muscles (five of them, unlike the eyes of jawed vertebrates, which have six), although it lacks intra-ocular muscles. Its retina also has a structure very similar to that of the retinas of other vertebrates, with three nuclear layers comprised of the cell bodies of photoreceptors and bipolar, horizontal, amacrine and ganglion cells. The southern hemisphere lamprey, Geotria australis, possesses five morphological classes of retinal photoreceptor and five classes of opsin, each of which is closely related to the opsins of jawed vertebrates. Given these similarities, we reach the inescapable conclusion that the last common ancestor of jawless and jawed vertebrates already possessed an eye that was comparable to that of extant lampreys and gnathostomes. Accordingly, a vertebrate camera-like eye must have been present by the time that lampreys and gnathostomes diverged, around 500 Mya.[well established][VHOG]" xsd:string {date_retrieved="2012-09-17", external_class="VHOG:0000275", ontology="VHOG", source="DOI:10.1038/nrn2283 Lamb TD, Collin SP and Pugh EN Jr, Evolution of the vertebrate eye: opsins, photoreceptors, retina and eye cup. Nature Reviews Neuroscience (2007)", source="http://bgee.unil.ch/"}
Synonyms:exact_synonym: regio orbitalis
 narrow_synonym: vertebrate eye
 broad_synonym: eye
 related_synonym: camera-type eye plus associated structures;   eyes;   orbital part of face;   orbital region
 xref: AAO:0010340;   BTO:0004688;   EHDAA2:0000484;   EHDAA:936;   EMAPA:16198;   FMA:54448;   MA:0000261;   NCI:C12401;   SCTID:181143004;   TAO:0000107;   UMLS:C0015392;   UMLS:C1280202;   VHOG:0000275;   XAO:0000179;   ZFA:0000107;   birnlex:1169



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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          ectoderm-derived structure 0
            camera-type eye 0
              Harderian gland + 0
              brille 0
              canthus + 0
              central retinal vein 0
              chamber of eyeball + 0
              conjunctival sac + 0
              corneal primordium + 0
              corneo-scleral junction 0
              eye epithelium + 0
              eye mesenchyme + 0
              eye muscle + 0
              eye skin gland + 0
              eyeball of camera-type eye + 0
              eyelid + 0
              meibum 0
              ocular refractive media + 0
              ocular surface region + 0
              palpebral fissure 0
              perioptic mesenchyme 0
              scleral skeletal element + 0
              skeletal muscle tissue of eye + 0
              smooth muscle of eye + 0
              suspensory ligament of lens 0
              vasculature of eye + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  UBERON ontology 0
    anatomical entity 0
      material anatomical entity 0
        anatomical structure 0
          multicellular anatomical structure 0
            multicellular organism 0
              embryo 0
                embryonic structure 0
                  embryonic tissue 0
                    germ layer / neural crest 0
                      germ layer 0
                        ectoderm 0
                          ectoderm-derived structure 0
                            neurectoderm 0
                              presumptive neural plate 0
                                neural plate 0
                                  pre-chordal neural plate 0
                                    eye primordium 0
                                      immature eye 0
                                        optic vesicle 0
                                          optic cup 0
                                            camera-type eye 0
                                              Harderian gland + 0
                                              brille 0
                                              canthus + 0
                                              central retinal vein 0
                                              chamber of eyeball + 0
                                              conjunctival sac + 0
                                              corneal primordium + 0
                                              corneo-scleral junction 0
                                              eye epithelium + 0
                                              eye mesenchyme + 0
                                              eye muscle + 0
                                              eye skin gland + 0
                                              eyeball of camera-type eye + 0
                                              eyelid + 0
                                              meibum 0
                                              ocular refractive media + 0
                                              ocular surface region + 0
                                              palpebral fissure 0
                                              perioptic mesenchyme 0
                                              scleral skeletal element + 0
                                              skeletal muscle tissue of eye + 0
                                              smooth muscle of eye + 0
                                              suspensory ligament of lens 0
                                              vasculature of eye + 0
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