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The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) is downloaded weekly from The file downloaded is considered the "last stable build" available for the ontology. For more about the HPO, view their website at

Term:Disseminated intravascular coagulation
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Accession:HP:0005521 term browser browse the term
Definition:Disseminated intravascular coagulation is characterized by the widespread activation of coagulation, which results in the intravascular formation of fibrin and ultimately thrombotic occlusion of small and midsize vessels.
Comment:DIC is a complex syndrome in which there is pathological generation of thrombin and diffuse intravascular clot formation. DIC may occur as acute decompensated or chronic compensated form. In acute decompensated DIC, there is a sudden massive exposure of tissue factor over a brief time period; Intravascular coagulation can also compromise the blood supply to organs and, in conjunction with hemodynamic and metabolic derangements, may contribute to the failure of multiple organs. At the same time, the use and subsequent depletion of platelets and coagulation proteins resulting from the ongoing coagulation may induce severe bleeding. Chronic DIC, also known as compensated DIC, results from a persistent weak or intermittent activating stimulus. Under such conditions, destruction and production of coagulation factors and platelets are balanced.
Synonyms:xref: MESH:D004211;   SNOMEDCT_US:67406007;   UMLS:C0012739

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  Human phenotype 0
    Phenotypic abnormality 0
      Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues 0
        Abnormal thrombosis 0
          Disseminated intravascular coagulation 0
            Acute disseminated intravascular coagulation 0
            Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation 0
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