Send us a Message

Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   


The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) is downloaded weekly from The file downloaded is considered the "last stable build" available for the ontology. For more about the HPO, view their website at

Term:Breech presentation
go back to main search page
Accession:HP:0001623 term browser browse the term
Definition:A position of the fetus at delivery in which the fetus enters the birth canal with the buttocks or feet first.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Breech presentation at birth;   Feet or buttocks of fetus positioned near opening of uterus;   Feet or buttocks of foetus positioned near opening of uterus
 xref: MESH:D001946;   SNOMEDCT_US:249101006;   SNOMEDCT_US:6096002;   UMLS:C0006157

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
Breech presentation term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ACTA1 actin alpha 1, skeletal muscle IAGP HPO OMIM:620278 ORPHA:171430 ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr 1:229,431,245...229,434,094
Ensembl chr 1:229,430,365...229,434,104
JBrowse link
G ACY1 aminoacylase 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:609924 NCBI chr 3:51,983,535...51,989,197
Ensembl chr 3:51,983,340...51,989,197
JBrowse link
G ASH1L ASH1 like histone lysine methyltransferase IAGP HPO OMIM:617796 NCBI chr 1:155,335,268...155,563,202
Ensembl chr 1:155,335,268...155,563,162
JBrowse link
G ASXL3 ASXL transcriptional regulator 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:615485 NCBI chr18:33,578,219...33,751,195
Ensembl chr18:33,578,219...33,751,195
JBrowse link
G CFL2 cofilin 2 IAGP HPO OMIM:610687 NCBI chr14:34,709,113...34,714,593
Ensembl chr14:34,709,113...34,714,823
JBrowse link
G CHST3 carbohydrate sulfotransferase 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:143095 NCBI chr10:71,964,395...72,013,558
Ensembl chr10:71,964,395...72,013,558
JBrowse link
G COL1A1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain IAGP HPO OMIM:130060 NCBI chr17:50,184,101...50,201,631
Ensembl chr17:50,184,101...50,201,632
JBrowse link
G COL1A2 collagen type I alpha 2 chain IAGP HPO OMIM:617821 NCBI chr 7:94,394,895...94,431,227
Ensembl chr 7:94,394,895...94,431,227
JBrowse link
G COL25A1 collagen type XXV alpha 1 chain IAGP HPO ORPHA:1143 NCBI chr 4:108,808,725...109,302,658
Ensembl chr 4:108,808,725...109,302,752
JBrowse link
G CRTAP cartilage associated protein IAGP HPO OMIM:610682 NCBI chr 3:33,114,014...33,147,773
Ensembl chr 3:33,114,014...33,147,773
JBrowse link
G DHCR7 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase IAGP HPO OMIM:270400 NCBI chr11:71,434,411...71,448,393
Ensembl chr11:71,428,193...71,452,868
JBrowse link
G DST dystonin IAGP HPO OMIM:614653 NCBI chr 6:56,457,996...56,954,830
Ensembl chr 6:56,457,987...56,954,830
JBrowse link
G DTYMK deoxythymidylate kinase IAGP HPO OMIM:619847 NCBI chr 2:241,675,747...241,686,815
Ensembl chr 2:241,675,747...241,686,944
JBrowse link
G ERGIC1 endoplasmic reticulum-golgi intermediate compartment 1 IAGP HPO ORPHA:1143 NCBI chr 5:172,834,251...172,952,683
Ensembl chr 5:172,834,251...172,952,792
JBrowse link
G FGFR3 fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:187600 OMIM:616482 NCBI chr 4:1,793,293...1,808,867
Ensembl chr 4:1,793,293...1,808,872
JBrowse link
G GALC galactosylceramidase IAGP ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Breech presentation
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Breech presentation at birth
ClinVar PMID:8940268 PMID:9338580 PMID:22520351 PMID:25741868 PMID:27638593 More... NCBI chr14:87,933,014...87,993,667
Ensembl chr14:87,837,820...87,993,665
JBrowse link
G HACD1 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:619967 NCBI chr10:17,589,032...17,617,374
Ensembl chr10:17,589,032...17,617,374
JBrowse link
G HERC2 HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 2 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:28,111,040...28,322,179
Ensembl chr15:28,111,040...28,322,179
JBrowse link
G HNRNPK heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K IAGP HPO OMIM:616580 NCBI chr 9:83,968,083...83,980,615
Ensembl chr 9:83,968,083...83,980,631
JBrowse link
G IARS2 isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase 2, mitochondrial IAGP HPO OMIM:616007 NCBI chr 1:220,094,132...220,148,041
Ensembl chr 1:220,094,132...220,148,041
JBrowse link
G IPW imprinted in Prader-Willi syndrome IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:25,116,545...25,122,476 JBrowse link
G KBTBD13 kelch repeat and BTB domain containing 13 IAGP HPO ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr15:65,076,746...65,079,948
Ensembl chr15:65,076,746...65,079,948
JBrowse link
G KDM3B lysine demethylase 3B IAGP HPO OMIM:618846 NCBI chr 5:138,352,685...138,437,027
Ensembl chr 5:138,352,685...138,437,028
JBrowse link
G KLHL40 kelch like family member 40 IAGP HPO ORPHA:171430 NCBI chr 3:42,685,537...42,692,544
Ensembl chr 3:42,685,537...42,692,544
JBrowse link
G KLHL41 kelch like family member 41 IAGP HPO OMIM:615731 ORPHA:171430 ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr 2:169,509,702...169,526,258
Ensembl chr 2:169,509,702...169,526,258
JBrowse link
G LMOD3 leiomodin 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:616165 ORPHA:171430 NCBI chr 3:69,106,065...69,122,595
Ensembl chr 3:69,106,065...69,123,032
JBrowse link
G LTBP4 latent transforming growth factor beta binding protein 4 IAGP HPO OMIM:613177 NCBI chr19:40,593,166...40,629,820
Ensembl chr19:40,592,883...40,629,818
JBrowse link
G MAGEL2 MAGE family member L2 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:23,643,549...23,647,867
Ensembl chr15:23,643,549...23,647,867
JBrowse link
G MKRN3 makorin ring finger protein 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:23,565,674...23,568,044
Ensembl chr15:23,565,674...23,630,075
JBrowse link
G MKRN3-AS1 MKRN3 antisense RNA 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270
G MKS1 MKS transition zone complex subunit 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:249000 NCBI chr17:58,205,441...58,219,255
Ensembl chr17:58,205,441...58,219,605
JBrowse link
G MYH3 myosin heavy chain 3 IAGP HPO OMIM:193700 NCBI chr17:10,628,532...10,678,417
Ensembl chr17:10,628,526...10,657,309
JBrowse link
G MYPN myopalladin IAGP HPO ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr10:68,087,897...68,212,017
Ensembl chr10:68,087,897...68,212,017
JBrowse link
G NEB nebulin IAGP HPO ORPHA:171430 ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr 2:151,485,339...151,734,476
Ensembl chr 2:151,485,336...151,734,487
JBrowse link
G NPAP1 nuclear pore associated protein 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:24,675,775...24,683,393
Ensembl chr15:24,675,775...24,683,393
JBrowse link
G OPA1 OPA1 mitochondrial dynamin like GTPase IAGP HPO OMIM:616896 NCBI chr 3:193,593,208...193,697,811
Ensembl chr 3:193,593,144...193,697,811
JBrowse link
G ORC1 origin recognition complex subunit 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:224690 NCBI chr 1:52,372,829...52,409,503
Ensembl chr 1:52,372,829...52,404,423
JBrowse link
G PEX1 peroxisomal biogenesis factor 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:214100 NCBI chr 7:92,487,025...92,528,520
Ensembl chr 7:92,487,020...92,528,520
JBrowse link
G PIGA phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class A IAGP HPO OMIM:300868 NCBI chr  X:15,319,451...15,335,554
Ensembl chr  X:15,319,452...15,335,554
JBrowse link
G POR cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase IAGP HPO OMIM:201750 NCBI chr 7:75,915,155...75,986,855
Ensembl chr 7:75,899,200...75,986,855
JBrowse link
G PRKAG2 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit gamma 2 IAGP HPO OMIM:261740 NCBI chr 7:151,556,127...151,877,115
Ensembl chr 7:151,556,124...151,877,214
JBrowse link
G PTPN23 protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 23 IAGP HPO OMIM:618890 NCBI chr 3:47,381,021...47,413,435
Ensembl chr 3:47,381,011...47,413,435
JBrowse link
G PWAR1 Prader Willi/Angelman region RNA 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:25,135,642...25,138,053
Ensembl chr15:25,135,642...25,138,055
JBrowse link
G PWRN1 Prader-Willi region non-protein coding RNA 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:24,558,157...24,587,780
Ensembl chr15:24,101,827...24,823,365
JBrowse link
G RMRP RNA component of mitochondrial RNA processing endoribonuclease IAGP HPO OMIM:250250 NCBI chr 9:35,657,750...35,658,019
Ensembl chr 9:35,657,754...35,658,017
JBrowse link
G RNU4ATAC RNA, U4atac small nuclear IAGP HPO OMIM:210710 NCBI chr 2:121,530,880...121,531,009
Ensembl chr 2:121,530,881...121,531,007
JBrowse link
G RYR1 ryanodine receptor 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:619542 NCBI chr19:38,433,691...38,587,564
Ensembl chr19:38,433,691...38,595,273
JBrowse link
G SCN4A sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 4 IAGP HPO OMIM:620351 OMIM:620369 NCBI chr17:63,938,554...63,972,918
Ensembl chr17:63,938,554...63,972,918
JBrowse link
G SCYL2 SCY1 like pseudokinase 2 IAGP HPO ORPHA:1143 NCBI chr12:100,267,177...100,341,715
Ensembl chr12:100,267,140...100,341,715
JBrowse link
G SHPK sedoheptulokinase IAGP HPO ORPHA:440713 NCBI chr17:3,608,240...3,636,250
Ensembl chr17:3,608,240...3,636,250
JBrowse link
G SLC26A2 solute carrier family 26 member 2 IAGP HPO OMIM:600972 NCBI chr 5:149,960,758...149,987,400
Ensembl chr 5:149,960,758...149,993,455
JBrowse link
G SNORD115-1 small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 115-1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:25,170,723...25,170,804
Ensembl chr15:25,170,723...25,170,804
JBrowse link
G SNORD116-1 small nucleolar RNA, C/D box 116-1 IAGP HPO OMIM:176270 NCBI chr15:25,051,476...25,051,572
Ensembl chr15:25,051,477...25,051,571
JBrowse link
G SON SON DNA and RNA binding protein IAGP HPO OMIM:617140 NCBI chr21:33,543,038...33,577,481
Ensembl chr21:33,543,038...33,577,481
JBrowse link
G TPM2 tropomyosin 2 IAGP HPO ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr 9:35,681,993...35,690,056
Ensembl chr 9:35,681,992...35,690,056
JBrowse link
G TPM3 tropomyosin 3 IAGP HPO ORPHA:171439 NCBI chr 1:154,155,308...154,192,100
Ensembl chr 1:154,155,308...154,194,648
JBrowse link
G UQCC2 ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex assembly factor 2 IAGP HPO OMIM:615824 NCBI chr 6:33,696,764...33,711,700
Ensembl chr 6:33,694,293...33,711,727
JBrowse link
G VARS1 valyl-tRNA synthetase 1 IAGP HPO OMIM:617802 NCBI chr 6:31,777,518...31,795,752
Ensembl chr 6:31,777,518...31,795,752
JBrowse link
G ZNF699 zinc finger protein 699 IAGP HPO OMIM:619488 NCBI chr19:9,291,140...9,309,838
Ensembl chr19:9,291,140...9,309,838
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  Human phenotype 21509
    Phenotypic abnormality 21500
      Abnormality of prenatal development or birth 1109
        Abnormal delivery 100
          Breech presentation 59
            Complete breech presentation 0
            Frank breech presentation 0
            Incomplete breech presentation 0
paths to the root