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ONTOLOGY REPORT - ANNOTATIONS


Term:translational elongation
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Accession:GO:0006414 term browser browse the term
Definition:The successive addition of amino acid residues to a nascent polypeptide chain during protein biosynthesis.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: translation elongation
 broad_synonym: protein synthesis elongation
 alt_id: GO:0006442;   GO:0006455


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translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AABR07006688.2 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 Ensembl chr 1:248,210,041...248,214,063 JBrowse link
G AABR07026997.1 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 Ensembl chr17:9,233,514...9,234,766 JBrowse link
G AABR07054368.1 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 Ensembl chr 3:150,154,677...150,156,839 JBrowse link
G Abtb1 ankyrin repeat and BTB domain containing 1 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr 4:120,778,580...120,784,807
Ensembl chr 4:120,778,580...120,784,807
JBrowse link
G Eef1a1 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 1 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 8:85,838,594...85,841,816
Ensembl chr 8:85,838,869...85,840,818
JBrowse link
G Eef1a2 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 2 involved_in
acts_upstream_of_or_within
IBA
ISO
PMID:21873635
(MGI:1203323|PMID:9588196)
RGD PMID:9588196, PMID:21873635 MGI:1203323, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 3:176,657,104...176,666,282
Ensembl chr 3:176,657,107...176,666,282
JBrowse link
G Eef1b2 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 beta 2 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 9:69,953,440...69,956,158
Ensembl chr 9:69,953,440...69,956,160
JBrowse link
G Eef1d eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 delta involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 7:116,928,264...116,942,981
Ensembl chr 7:116,928,265...116,936,674
JBrowse link
G Eef1e1 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 epsilon 1 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr17:26,785,017...26,795,723
Ensembl chr17:26,785,029...26,797,161
JBrowse link
G Eef1g eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 gamma involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 1:225,163,391...225,173,997
Ensembl chr 1:225,163,391...225,173,995
JBrowse link
G Eef2 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2 acts_upstream_of_or_within
involved_in
TAS
ISO
IBA
(MGI:5314154|PMID:22157746)
PMID:21873635
RGD PMID:22157746, PMID:11849993, PMID:21873635 MGI:5314154, RGD:728809, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 7:11,401,501...11,406,771
Ensembl chr 7:11,401,501...11,406,771
JBrowse link
G Eefsec eukaryotic elongation factor, selenocysteine-tRNA-specific involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 4:120,194,335...120,390,203
Ensembl chr 4:120,194,335...120,390,187
JBrowse link
G Eif5a eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr10:56,527,075...56,531,615
Ensembl chr10:56,527,085...56,531,483
JBrowse link
G Eif5a2 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A2 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000108 GOC GO_REF:0000108 NCBI chr 2:115,336,646...115,354,203
Ensembl chr 2:115,337,439...115,354,203
JBrowse link
G Eloa elongin A involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr 5:154,348,167...154,363,324
Ensembl chr 5:154,347,391...154,363,329
JBrowse link
G Gtpbp1 GTP binding protein 1 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 7:120,923,274...120,947,723
Ensembl chr 7:120,923,274...120,947,723
JBrowse link
G Gtpbp2 GTP binding protein 2 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 9:17,198,957...17,208,456
Ensembl chr 9:17,198,957...17,209,220
JBrowse link
G Hbs1l HBS1-like translational GTPase involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr 1:16,819,170...16,896,234
Ensembl chr 1:16,819,170...16,896,219
JBrowse link
G LOC100360413 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 1-like involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr  X:153,490,061...153,491,807
Ensembl chr  X:153,490,182...153,491,837
Ensembl chr  X:153,490,182...153,491,837
JBrowse link
G LOC100360522 ribosomal protein P1-like involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr17:9,233,473...9,234,857
Ensembl chr 8:66,862,143...66,863,476
JBrowse link
G mt-Th mitochondrially encoded tRNA histidine TAS RGD PMID:2504926 RGD:631900 NCBI chr MT:11,538...11,605 JBrowse link
G Nelfb negative elongation factor complex member B involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr 3:2,414,448...2,431,148
Ensembl chr 3:2,414,451...2,431,148
JBrowse link
G Rplp1 ribosomal protein lateral stalk subunit P1 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr 8:66,862,143...66,863,476
Ensembl chr 8:66,862,143...66,863,476
JBrowse link
G Tcea3 transcription elongation factor A3 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000043 UniProt GO_REF:0000043 NCBI chr 5:154,598,765...154,634,687
Ensembl chr 5:154,598,758...154,634,686
JBrowse link
G Tsfm Ts translation elongation factor, mitochondrial involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 7:70,311,948...70,319,389
Ensembl chr 7:70,311,950...70,319,346
JBrowse link
G Tufm Tu translation elongation factor, mitochondrial involved_in IBA
ISO
PMID:21873635
(PMID:9332382)
RGD PMID:9332382, PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 1:197,903,582...197,907,189
Ensembl chr 1:197,903,582...197,907,189
JBrowse link
cytoplasmic translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AABR07046956.1 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 Ensembl chr 5:12,406,988...12,407,332 JBrowse link
G LOC100362751 ribosomal protein P2-like involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr14:44,375,428...44,375,880
Ensembl chr14:44,375,457...44,375,804
JBrowse link
G LOC498555 similar to 60S acidic ribosomal protein P2 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr15:75,067,284...75,067,724
Ensembl chr15:75,067,297...75,067,723
JBrowse link
G RGD1564095 similar to 60S acidic ribosomal protein P2 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr 5:12,406,415...12,407,348 JBrowse link
G Rplp2 ribosomal protein lateral stalk subunit P2 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr 1:214,428,280...214,430,551
Ensembl chr 1:214,428,526...214,430,515
Ensembl chr 1:214,428,526...214,430,515
JBrowse link
mitochondrial translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gfm1 G elongation factor, mitochondrial 1 involved_in IBA
ISS
ISO
IEA
PMID:21873635
GO_REF:0000024
(PMID:19716793)
GO_REF:0000104
UniProt
RGD
PMID:19716793, PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000024 GO_REF:0000104, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 2:164,601,575...164,646,478
Ensembl chr 2:164,601,586...164,646,439
JBrowse link
G Gfm2 GTP dependent ribosome recycling factor mitochondrial 2 NOT|involved_in ISO (PMID:19716793) RGD PMID:19716793 NCBI chr 2:27,949,195...27,984,045
Ensembl chr 2:27,949,208...27,984,256
JBrowse link
G Mrpl44 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L44 involved_in ISO (PMID:23315540) RGD PMID:23315540 NCBI chr 9:85,542,763...85,547,814
Ensembl chr 9:85,542,702...85,548,144
JBrowse link
G mt-Tp mitochondrially encoded tRNA proline IDA RGD PMID:424302 RGD:2317000 NCBI chr MT:15,348...15,415 JBrowse link
G Tsfm Ts translation elongation factor, mitochondrial involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 7:70,311,948...70,319,389
Ensembl chr 7:70,311,950...70,319,346
JBrowse link
G Tufm Tu translation elongation factor, mitochondrial involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 1:197,903,582...197,907,189
Ensembl chr 1:197,903,582...197,907,189
JBrowse link
negative regulation of cytoplasmic translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cpeb3 cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 3 involved_in ISO (MGI:5314154|PMID:22157746) RGD PMID:22157746 MGI:5314154 NCBI chr 1:255,660,165...255,842,671
Ensembl chr 1:255,665,238...255,815,733
JBrowse link
negative regulation of selenocysteine incorporation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Eif4a3 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A3 IDA RGD PMID:21685449, PMID:19716792 RGD:10044260, RGD:10045552 NCBI chr10:108,415,201...108,425,195
Ensembl chr10:108,415,202...108,425,206
JBrowse link
negative regulation of translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cpeb2 cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 2 acts_upstream_of_or_within ISO MGI:95288 (MGI:5314154|PMID:22157746) RGD PMID:22157746 MGI:5314154 NCBI chr14:72,327,929...72,382,519
Ensembl chr14:72,331,705...72,380,330
JBrowse link
G Srp9 signal recognition particle 9 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000002 InterPro GO_REF:0000002 NCBI chr13:100,551,307...100,559,447
Ensembl chr13:100,551,307...100,559,447
JBrowse link
negative regulation of translational frameshifting term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Shfl shiftless antiviral inhibitor of ribosomal frameshifting involved_in IEA
ISO
ISS
GO_REF:0000107
(PMID:30682371)
GO_REF:0000024
Ensembl
RGD
UniProt
PMID:30682371 GO_REF:0000024 GO_REF:0000107 NCBI chr 8:21,890,214...21,896,045
Ensembl chr 8:21,890,319...21,896,031
JBrowse link
peptidyl-diphthamide biosynthetic process from peptidyl-histidine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Dph1 diphthamide biosynthesis 1 involved_in IEA
IBA
GO_REF:0000041
PMID:21873635
UniProt PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000041, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr10:62,019,379...62,032,384
Ensembl chr10:62,019,379...62,032,407
JBrowse link
G Dph2 diphthamide biosynthesis 2 involved_in IEA
IBA
GO_REF:0000041
PMID:21873635
UniProt PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000041, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 5:136,723,398...136,726,358
Ensembl chr 5:136,723,406...136,726,358
JBrowse link
G Dph3 diphthamide biosynthesis 3 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr16:8,202,048...8,207,492
Ensembl chr16:8,202,048...8,207,464
JBrowse link
G Dph5 diphthamide biosynthesis 5 involved_in IEA GO_REF:0000041 UniProt GO_REF:0000041 NCBI chr 2:218,834,034...218,866,763
Ensembl chr 2:218,834,034...218,866,761
JBrowse link
G Dph6 diphthamine biosynthesis 6 involved_in IEA
IBA
GO_REF:0000041
PMID:21873635
UniProt PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000041, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 3:106,007,721...106,136,662
Ensembl chr 3:106,009,356...106,136,615
JBrowse link
G Dph7 diphthamide biosynthesis 7 involved_in ISO
ISS
(PMID:19965467)
GO_REF:0000024
RGD
UniProt
PMID:19965467 GO_REF:0000024 NCBI chr 3:2,170,193...2,179,101
Ensembl chr 3:2,170,533...2,179,010
JBrowse link
positive regulation of selenocysteine incorporation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rpl30 ribosomal protein L30 IDA RGD PMID:15821744 RGD:11038818 NCBI chr 7:73,213,538...73,216,431
Ensembl chr 7:73,213,581...73,216,251
JBrowse link
G Secisbp2 SECIS binding protein 2 IDA RGD PMID:15821744 RGD:11038818 NCBI chr17:13,555,348...13,586,595
Ensembl chr17:13,555,349...13,586,554
JBrowse link
positive regulation of translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Eif5a eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr10:56,527,075...56,531,615
Ensembl chr10:56,527,085...56,531,483
JBrowse link
G Eif5a2 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A2 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 2:115,336,646...115,354,203
Ensembl chr 2:115,337,439...115,354,203
JBrowse link
G Rpl12 ribosomal protein L12 IDA RGD PMID:11729183 RGD:11035234 NCBI chr 3:12,009,578...12,011,952
Ensembl chr 3:12,009,578...12,011,666
JBrowse link
G Usp16 ubiquitin specific peptidase 16 involved_in ISS
ISO
GO_REF:0000024
(PMID:20550933)
UniProt
RGD
PMID:20550933 GO_REF:0000024 NCBI chr11:27,101,213...27,130,345
Ensembl chr11:27,101,227...27,130,341
JBrowse link
regulation of cytoplasmic translational fidelity term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aars1 alanyl-tRNA synthetase 1 involved_in ISO (MGI:5609717|PMID:25422440) RGD PMID:25422440 MGI:5609717 NCBI chr19:43,193,264...43,215,281
Ensembl chr19:43,193,257...43,215,281
JBrowse link
regulation of translational elongation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Alkbh1 alkB homolog 1, histone H2A dioxygenase involved_in ISO (PMID:27745969) RGD PMID:27745969 NCBI chr 6:111,456,096...111,476,829
Ensembl chr 6:111,456,187...111,477,090
JBrowse link
G Grm5 glutamate metabotropic receptor 5 involved_in IEA
ISO
GO_REF:0000107
UniProtKB:P06241|UniProtKB:P13639|UniProtKB:P41594 (PMID:24012003)
Ensembl
RGD
PMID:24012003 GO_REF:0000107 NCBI chr 1:151,207,846...151,785,038
Ensembl chr 1:151,439,409...151,783,392
JBrowse link
rescue of stalled ribosome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AABR07047089.1 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 Ensembl chr 5:18,963,937...18,964,280 JBrowse link
G AABR07064719.2 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 Ensembl chr 6:91,623,699...91,676,344 JBrowse link
G Ascc2 activating signal cointegrator 1 complex subunit 2 involved_in ISO
IEA
(PMID:32099016)
GO_REF:0000107
RGD
Ensembl
PMID:32099016 GO_REF:0000107 NCBI chr14:84,873,507...84,913,923
Ensembl chr14:84,876,781...84,913,617
JBrowse link
G Ascc3 activating signal cointegrator 1 complex subunit 3 involved_in ISO (PMID:32099016) RGD PMID:32099016 NCBI chr20:55,253,670...55,557,249
Ensembl chr20:55,253,686...55,556,473
JBrowse link
G Gtpbp2 GTP binding protein 2 acts_upstream_of_or_within ISO (MGI:5574482|PMID:25061210) RGD PMID:25061210 MGI:5574482 NCBI chr 9:17,198,957...17,208,456
Ensembl chr 9:17,198,957...17,209,220
JBrowse link
G Ltn1 listerin E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr11:27,023,328...27,080,575
Ensembl chr11:27,022,986...27,080,701
JBrowse link
G Mtres1 mitochondrial transcription rescue factor 1 involved_in IEA
ISO
GO_REF:0000107
(PMID:33243891)
Ensembl
RGD
PMID:33243891 GO_REF:0000107 NCBI chr20:48,276,101...48,294,975
Ensembl chr20:48,275,762...48,294,948
JBrowse link
G Mtrfr mitochondrial translation release factor in rescue involved_in IEA
ISO
GO_REF:0000107
(PMID:33243891)
Ensembl
RGD
PMID:33243891 GO_REF:0000107 NCBI chr12:37,680,152...37,682,994
Ensembl chr12:37,677,019...37,699,616
JBrowse link
G Rack1 receptor for activated C kinase 1 involved_in ISO
ISS
IBA
(PMID:28132843)
GO_REF:0000024
PMID:21873635
RGD
UniProt
PMID:28132843, PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000024, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr10:34,149,717...34,155,198
Ensembl chr10:34,149,717...34,155,198
Ensembl chr12:34,149,717...34,155,198
JBrowse link
G Trip4 thyroid hormone receptor interactor 4 involved_in ISO (PMID:32099016) RGD PMID:32099016 NCBI chr 8:71,369,121...71,533,281
Ensembl chr 8:71,371,370...71,533,459
JBrowse link
G Zfp598 zinc finger protein 598 involved_in ISO (PMID:28065601), (PMID:28132843), (PMID:32099016) RGD PMID:28065601 PMID:28132843 PMID:32099016 NCBI chr10:14,035,114...14,047,100
Ensembl chr10:14,035,149...14,047,096
JBrowse link
selenocysteine incorporation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Eefsec eukaryotic elongation factor, selenocysteine-tRNA-specific involved_in
acts_upstream_of_or_within
IBA
ISO
PMID:21873635
MGI:1857940|MGI:2151801 (MGI:1888460|PMID:11265756), (MGI:1889405|PMID:10970870), (MGI:1889760|PMID:10992298), (MGI:2176101|PMID:11890935), (MGI:5467162|PMID:22992746)
RGD PMID:10970870 PMID:10992298 PMID:11265756 PMID:11890935 PMID:22992746, PMID:21873635 MGI:1888460 MGI:1889405 MGI:1889760 MGI:2176101 MGI:5467162, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 4:120,194,335...120,390,203
Ensembl chr 4:120,194,335...120,390,187
JBrowse link
G Pstk phosphoseryl-tRNA kinase acts_upstream_of_or_within ISO (MGI:3052620|PMID:15317934) RGD PMID:15317934 MGI:3052620 NCBI chr 1:201,950,148...201,960,563
Ensembl chr 1:201,950,144...201,965,488
JBrowse link
G Secisbp2 SECIS binding protein 2 acts_upstream_of_or_within
involved_in
TAS
ISO
IBA
IEA
MGI:2181426|MGI:4433050|MGI:5583885 (MGI:5582859|PMID:24274065), (MGI:5585168|PMID:24844465)
PMID:21873635
GO_REF:0000107
RGD
Ensembl
PMID:24274065 PMID:24844465, PMID:11238886, PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000107 MGI:5582859 MGI:5585168, RGD:628439, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr17:13,555,348...13,586,595
Ensembl chr17:13,555,349...13,586,554
JBrowse link
G Secisbp2l SECIS binding protein 2-like involved_in IBA PMID:21873635 GO_Central PMID:21873635 RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 3:118,007,950...118,051,403
Ensembl chr 3:118,006,151...118,051,289
JBrowse link
G Sepsecs Sep (O-phosphoserine) tRNA:Sec (selenocysteine) tRNA synthase involved_in IBA
ISO
PMID:21873635
(MGI:3689806|PMID:16230358)
RGD PMID:16230358, PMID:21873635 MGI:3689806, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr14:60,657,730...60,687,950
Ensembl chr14:60,657,686...60,687,958
JBrowse link
G Trnau1ap tRNA selenocysteine 1 associated protein 1 involved_in IEA
ISO
ISS
IBA
GO_REF:0000107
(MGI:3689806|PMID:16230358)
GO_REF:0000024
PMID:21873635
Ensembl
RGD
HGNC-UCL
PMID:16230358, PMID:21873635 GO_REF:0000024 GO_REF:0000107 MGI:3689806, RGD:13792537 NCBI chr 5:150,463,797...150,506,803
Ensembl chr 5:150,492,587...150,506,871
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  biological_process 19610
    metabolic process 11878
      biosynthetic process 6146
        cellular biosynthetic process 5990
          cellular macromolecule biosynthetic process 5060
            translational elongation 67
              cytoplasmic translational elongation + 13
              mitochondrial translational elongation + 6
              negative regulation of translational elongation + 5
              positive regulation of translational elongation + 6
              regulation of translational elongation + 20
              rescue of stalled ribosome 11
              trans-translation 0
              translational frameshifting + 1
              translational readthrough + 8
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  biological_process 19610
    metabolic process 11878
      cellular metabolic process 10831
        cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process 6622
          cellular amide metabolic process 1546
            amide biosynthetic process 1246
              peptide biosynthetic process 1126
                translation 1106
                  translational elongation 67
                    cytoplasmic translational elongation + 13
                    mitochondrial translational elongation + 6
                    negative regulation of translational elongation + 5
                    positive regulation of translational elongation + 6
                    regulation of translational elongation + 20
                    rescue of stalled ribosome 11
                    trans-translation 0
                    translational frameshifting + 1
                    translational readthrough + 8
paths to the root