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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Macrocephaly
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Accession:DOID:9003816 term browser browse the term
Definition:A congenital abnormality in which the occipitofrontal circumference is greater than two standard deviations above the mean for a given age. It is associated with HYDROCEPHALUS; SUBDURAL EFFUSION; ARACHNOID CYSTS; or is part of a genetic condition (e.g., ALEXANDER DISEASE; SOTOS SYNDROME).
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Macrocephalies;   Megacephalies;   Megacephaly;   Megalencephalies;   Megalencephaly;   Megalocephalies;   Megalocephaly
 narrow_synonym: MACROCEPHALY SYNDROME, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE;   megalencephaly, autosomal dominant;   megalencephaly, autosomal recessive
 primary_id: MESH:D058627
 alt_id: OMIM:155350
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
Macrocephaly term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abcc9 ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 9 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar PMID:22608503 PMID:22610116 PMID:25741868 PMID:26871653 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 4:176,806,098...176,928,540
Ensembl chr 4:176,805,431...176,922,424
JBrowse link
G Ccnd2 cyclin D2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:29642246 NCBI chr 4:159,674,885...159,697,207
Ensembl chr 4:159,674,885...159,697,207
JBrowse link
G Chd8 chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:24998929 PMID:25741868 PMID:30670789 PMID:32267004 NCBI chr15:28,612,932...28,672,574
Ensembl chr15:28,612,932...28,672,569
JBrowse link
G Col11a2 collagen type XI alpha 2 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly ClinVar PMID:24033266 NCBI chr20:3,829,324...3,859,022
Ensembl chr20:3,830,164...3,859,018
JBrowse link
G Dock6 dedicator of cytokinesis 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar NCBI chr 8:22,822,412...22,874,670
Ensembl chr 8:22,822,412...22,874,645
JBrowse link
G Fam177a1 family with sequence similarity 177, member A1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly ClinVar PMID:25558065 NCBI chr 6:76,041,080...76,055,912
Ensembl chr 6:76,041,669...76,053,759
JBrowse link
G Mtor mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 5:165,263,813...165,373,967
Ensembl chr 5:165,263,800...165,373,967
JBrowse link
G Nfia nuclear factor I/A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly ClinVar NCBI chr 5:116,421,895...116,750,381
Ensembl chr 5:116,420,690...116,751,416
JBrowse link
G Nfib nuclear factor I/B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:30388402 NCBI chr 5:100,436,343...100,647,962
Ensembl chr 5:100,439,082...100,647,727
JBrowse link
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megalencephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:26619011 PMID:27631024 PMID:28492532 PMID:31568861 NCBI chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,456
Ensembl chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,454
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog ISO DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.M134I (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly
ClinVar PMID:25741868, PMID:23124040 RGD:12859034 NCBI chr 1:251,421,814...251,487,634
Ensembl chr 1:251,421,596...251,487,832
JBrowse link
G Slc25a22 solute carrier family 25 member 22 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 1:214,410,388...214,418,236
Ensembl chr 1:214,410,417...214,414,897
Ensembl chr 1:214,410,417...214,414,897
JBrowse link
G Tbc1d7 TBC1 domain family, member 7 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly ClinVar NCBI chr17:23,774,793...23,792,389
Ensembl chr17:23,775,220...23,792,353
JBrowse link
G Trit1 tRNA isopentenyltransferase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 5:140,711,943...140,756,893
Ensembl chr 5:140,712,583...140,756,085
JBrowse link
G Usp7 ubiquitin specific peptidase 7 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megacephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr10:6,930,462...7,019,910
Ensembl chr10:6,975,244...7,018,930
JBrowse link
Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 63 with Macrocephaly term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Trio trio Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Intellectual developmental disorder, autosomal dominant 63, with macrocephaly
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT 63, WITH MACROCEPHALY
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:25741868 PMID:27418539 PMID:28796471 PMID:32109419 NCBI chr 2:80,471,398...80,769,313
Ensembl chr 2:80,473,202...80,667,481
JBrowse link
Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: RUVALCABA-MYHRE-SMITH SYNDROME
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY, PSEUDOPAPILLEDEMA, AND MULTIPLE HEMANGIOMATA
ClinVar PMID:15930273 PMID:17376864 PMID:18829572 PMID:19366826 PMID:21824802 PMID:22120714 PMID:22729224 PMID:22949682 PMID:24033266 PMID:25157968 PMID:25741868 PMID:26619011 PMID:27631024 PMID:28492532 PMID:28941273 PMID:31568861 NCBI chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,456
Ensembl chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,454
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog ISO
ISS
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY, PSEUDOPAPILLEDEMA, AND MULTIPLE HEMANGIOMATA
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: RUVALCABA-MYHRE-SMITH SYNDROME
OMIM:153480
ClinVar
MouseDO
PMID:9140396 PMID:9241266 PMID:9259288 PMID:9399897 PMID:9467011 PMID:9598803 PMID:10232405 PMID:10353779 PMID:10400993 PMID:10468583 PMID:10555148 PMID:10749983 PMID:10848731 PMID:10920277 PMID:10923032 PMID:11504908 PMID:11685670 PMID:14518070 PMID:15016963 PMID:15211648 PMID:15254419 PMID:15647370 PMID:16952599 PMID:17392703 PMID:17526800 PMID:17873882 PMID:17941496 PMID:18558293 PMID:18725974 PMID:19340001 PMID:19351834 PMID:19366826 PMID:19458356 PMID:19829307 PMID:19903786 PMID:20018398 PMID:20085938 PMID:20453058 PMID:20600018 PMID:20619739 PMID:20881644 PMID:21194675 PMID:21343951 PMID:21659347 PMID:21956414 PMID:22162582 PMID:22162589 PMID:22281088 PMID:22381246 PMID:22479427 PMID:22491738 PMID:22520842 PMID:23335809 PMID:23349303 PMID:23442912 PMID:23470840 PMID:23475934 PMID:23695273 PMID:23886400 PMID:24033266 PMID:24052722 PMID:24778394 PMID:25157968 PMID:25288137 PMID:25326635 PMID:25669429 PMID:25741868 PMID:25756585 PMID:26376867 PMID:26773036 PMID:27426521 PMID:27477328 PMID:27959697 PMID:28286253 PMID:28492532 PMID:28526761 PMID:29663862 PMID:30287823 PMID:32238909 NCBI chr 1:251,421,814...251,487,634
Ensembl chr 1:251,421,596...251,487,832
JBrowse link
chromosome 17q11.2 deletion syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rnf135 ring finger protein 135 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VAN ASPEREN SYNDROME
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly, macrosomia, facial dysmorphism syndrome
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:17632510 PMID:21681106 PMID:25741868 PMID:27535533 PMID:28135719 PMID:30665703 PMID:30763456 NCBI chr10:67,531,989...67,551,237 JBrowse link
chromosome 1q21.1 deletion syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acp6 acid phosphatase 6, lysophosphatidic ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:199,284,177...199,305,793
Ensembl chr 2:199,283,909...199,305,799
JBrowse link
G Bcl9 BCL9, transcription coactivator ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:199,334,644...199,420,083
Ensembl chr 2:199,334,664...199,354,793
JBrowse link
G Chd1l chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 1-like ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:199,714,044...199,792,270
Ensembl chr 2:199,716,713...199,771,896
JBrowse link
G Fmo5 flavin containing dimethylaniline monoxygenase 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:199,796,870...199,823,927
Ensembl chr 2:199,796,881...199,823,927
JBrowse link
G Gja5 gap junction protein, alpha 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:199,162,745...199,184,942
Ensembl chr 2:199,162,745...199,184,939
JBrowse link
G Gja8 gap junction protein, alpha 8 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:199,050,854...199,052,470
Ensembl chr 2:199,050,854...199,052,470
JBrowse link
G Gpr89b G protein-coupled receptor 89B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:198,999,945...199,038,702
Ensembl chr 2:198,999,946...199,038,702
JBrowse link
G Prkab2 protein kinase AMP-activated non-catalytic subunit beta 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: 1q21.1 Deletion ClinVar NCBI chr 2:199,831,990...199,847,623
Ensembl chr 2:199,831,990...199,847,629
JBrowse link
COLOBOMA, OSTEOPETROSIS, MICROPHTHALMIA, MACROCEPHALY, ALBINISM, AND DEAFNESS term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Mitf melanocyte inducing transcription factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Coloboma, osteopetrosis, microphthalmia, macrocephaly, albinism, and deafness ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:27889061 NCBI chr 4:130,172,484...130,425,496
Ensembl chr 4:130,172,727...130,425,532
JBrowse link
Hemimegalencephaly term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Foxp1 forkhead box P1 ISO protein:altered expression:neocortex (human) RGD PMID:22759905 RGD:11560525 NCBI chr 4:131,362,178...131,963,466
Ensembl chr 4:131,366,744...131,694,755
JBrowse link
G Grin1 glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 3:2,507,745...2,534,664
Ensembl chr 3:2,506,896...2,534,663
JBrowse link
G Mtor mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:26619011 NCBI chr 5:165,263,813...165,373,967
Ensembl chr 5:165,263,800...165,373,967
JBrowse link
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,456
Ensembl chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,454
JBrowse link
G Rheb Ras homolog, mTORC1 binding ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hemimegalencephaly ClinVar NCBI chr 4:6,827,429...6,873,384
Ensembl chr 4:6,827,429...6,873,383
JBrowse link
G Rps6 ribosomal protein S6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hemimegalencephaly ClinVar NCBI chr 5:105,197,821...105,200,681
Ensembl chr 5:105,197,857...105,200,148
Ensembl chr 5:105,197,857...105,200,148
JBrowse link
Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Behavioral Abnormalities and Craniofacial Dysmorphism with or without Seizures term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Phf21a PHD finger protein 21A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH MACROCEPHALY AND WITH OR WITHOUT SEIZURES ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:25741868 PMID:30487643 PMID:31649809 NCBI chr 3:81,099,765...81,271,841
Ensembl chr 3:81,134,505...81,271,849
JBrowse link
Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Macrocephaly, Seizures, and Speech Delay term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pak1 p21 (RAC1) activated kinase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDER WITH MACROCEPHALY, SEIZURES, AND SPEECH DELAY OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:25741868 PMID:30290153 NCBI chr 1:162,768,156...162,883,356
Ensembl chr 1:162,768,156...162,883,355
JBrowse link
Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hspg2 heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lethal Kniest-like syndrome ClinVar PMID:11279527 PMID:24088041 PMID:24781210 PMID:25504735 PMID:25741868 PMID:25803036 PMID:26467025 PMID:26508570 PMID:26633545 PMID:28242392 PMID:28492532 PMID:29271572 PMID:29901129 NCBI chr 5:155,812,096...155,913,751 JBrowse link
G Ldlrad2 low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lethal Kniest-like syndrome ClinVar PMID:25504735 PMID:25741868 PMID:26467025 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 5:155,914,517...155,922,269
Ensembl chr 5:155,914,735...155,916,893
JBrowse link
Luscan-Lumish syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Setd2 SET domain containing 2, histone lysine methyltransferase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: LUSCAN-LUMISH SYNDROME
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Luscan-lumish syndrome
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:9536098 PMID:17576681 PMID:20864444 PMID:22495309 PMID:23160955 PMID:24267886 PMID:24728327 PMID:24852293 PMID:24901346 PMID:25574603 PMID:25741868 PMID:26084711 PMID:26467025 PMID:26580448 PMID:27317772 PMID:27455002 PMID:28166811 PMID:28424246 PMID:28492532 PMID:28577310 PMID:29276005 PMID:29681085 PMID:30419952 PMID:31474318 NCBI chr 8:118,802,478...118,888,224
Ensembl chr 8:118,803,075...118,888,224
JBrowse link
Macrocephaly with Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia and Distinctive Facies term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Kif7 kinesin family member 7 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:607131
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia and distinctive facies
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:9689990 PMID:21552264 PMID:22587682 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 1:141,434,183...141,452,592
Ensembl chr 1:141,434,625...141,451,075
JBrowse link
MACROCEPHALY, ACQUIRED, WITH IMPAIRED INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Nfib nuclear factor I/B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY, ACQUIRED, WITH MENTAL RETARDATION
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY, ACQUIRED, WITH IMPAIRED INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:25741868 PMID:30388402 NCBI chr 5:100,436,343...100,647,962
Ensembl chr 5:100,439,082...100,647,727
JBrowse link
Macrocephaly, Alopecia, Cutis Laxa, and Scoliosis term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rin2 Ras and Rab interactor 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly, alopecia, cutis laxa, and scoliosis
ClinVar Annotator: match by null
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:613075
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:19631308 PMID:20424861 PMID:20954239 PMID:24449201 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:30769224 NCBI chr 3:139,871,330...140,087,679
Ensembl chr 3:139,894,331...140,087,678
JBrowse link
MACROCEPHALY, DYSMORPHIC FACIES, AND PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Erc1 ELKS/RAB6-interacting/CAST family member 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly, dysmorphic facies, and psychomotor retardation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 4:152,087,393...152,380,023
Ensembl chr 4:152,087,379...152,380,184
JBrowse link
G Herc1 HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY, DYSMORPHIC FACIES, AND PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly, dysmorphic facies, and psychomotor retardation
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:25741868 PMID:26138117 PMID:26153217 PMID:27108999 PMID:28492532 PMID:32921582 NCBI chr 8:72,029,550...72,198,363
Ensembl chr 8:72,029,489...72,198,358
JBrowse link
macrocephaly-autism syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Klln killin, p53-regulated DNA replication inhibitor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly/autism syndrome ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:27535533 NCBI chr 1:251,417,849...251,420,794 JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly/autism syndrome
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:missense mutations:cds:p.H93R, p.D252G, p.F241S (human)
OMIM
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:9140396 PMID:9241266 PMID:9259288 PMID:9399897 PMID:9467011 PMID:9598803 PMID:9685848 PMID:9832032 PMID:9856571 PMID:10232405 PMID:10353779 PMID:10400993 PMID:10468583 PMID:10555148 PMID:10606430 PMID:10749983 PMID:10848731 PMID:10866302 PMID:10920277 PMID:10923032 PMID:11274365 PMID:11504908 PMID:11685670 PMID:11918710 PMID:12015762 PMID:12372056 PMID:12844284 PMID:12938083 PMID:14518070 PMID:15016963 PMID:15211648 PMID:15254419 PMID:15372512 PMID:15647370 PMID:15805158 PMID:16773562 PMID:16952599 PMID:17286265 PMID:17392703 PMID:17427195 PMID:17526800 PMID:17526801 PMID:17847000 PMID:17873882 PMID:17954274 PMID:18558293 PMID:18725974 PMID:18767981 PMID:19340001 PMID:19351834 PMID:19366826 PMID:19458356 PMID:19829307 PMID:19903786 PMID:20018398 PMID:20049735 PMID:20085938 PMID:20453058 PMID:20600018 PMID:20619739 PMID:20718038 PMID:20881644 PMID:21194675 PMID:21659347 PMID:21828076 PMID:21956414 PMID:22162582 PMID:22162589 PMID:22252256 PMID:22266152 PMID:22381246 PMID:22479427 PMID:22491738 PMID:22505997 PMID:22595938 PMID:22628360 PMID:22703879 PMID:23160955 PMID:23315997 PMID:23335809 PMID:23349303 PMID:23442912 PMID:23470840 PMID:23475934 PMID:23555315 PMID:23695273 PMID:23764071 PMID:23825907 PMID:23934601 PMID:24033266 PMID:24052722 PMID:24088041 PMID:24123798 PMID:24345843 PMID:24468202 PMID:24763289 PMID:24778394 PMID:25157968 PMID:25288137 PMID:25326635 PMID:25326637 PMID:25525159 PMID:25527629 PMID:25647146 PMID:25669429 PMID:25741868 PMID:25756585 PMID:25910213 PMID:25980754 PMID:26229595 PMID:26443266 PMID:26467025 PMID:26579216 PMID:26633545 PMID:26665196 PMID:26773036 PMID:26800850 PMID:27426521 PMID:27428751 PMID:27477328 PMID:27535533 PMID:27959697 PMID:28086757 PMID:28251007 PMID:28286253 PMID:28475857 PMID:28492532 PMID:28526761 PMID:28655553 PMID:28677221 PMID:29373119 PMID:29389947 PMID:29706350 PMID:29706633 PMID:29785012 PMID:29874181 PMID:30287823 PMID:30311381 PMID:30720243 PMID:32238909 PMID:32860008 PMID:33624935, PMID:15805158 RGD:12832751 NCBI chr 1:251,421,814...251,487,634
Ensembl chr 1:251,421,596...251,487,832
JBrowse link
Macrocephaly/Megalencephaly Syndrome, Autosomal Recessive term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Tbc1d7 TBC1 domain family, member 7 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY/MEGALENCEPHALY SYNDROME, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Macrocephaly/megalencephaly syndrome, autosomal recessive
ClinVar PMID:23687350 PMID:24515783 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr17:23,774,793...23,792,389
Ensembl chr17:23,775,220...23,792,353
JBrowse link
Megalencephaly - Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Akt3 AKT serine/threonine kinase 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY-CAPILLARY MALFORMATION ClinVar PMID:22729224 PMID:23745724 PMID:25416470 PMID:25523067 PMID:28086757 NCBI chr13:95,076,308...95,348,913
Ensembl chr13:95,081,390...95,348,913
JBrowse link
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: PIK3CA related overgrowth spectrum
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MACROCEPHALY-CAPILLARY MALFORMATION
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: PIK3CA Related Overgrowth Spectrum
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:15016963 PMID:15254419 PMID:15520168 PMID:15608678 PMID:15647370 PMID:15805248 PMID:15930273 PMID:16906227 PMID:16930767 PMID:17376864 PMID:17673550 PMID:18676830 PMID:18725974 PMID:19029981 PMID:19223544 PMID:19366826 PMID:19513541 PMID:19903786 PMID:20453058 PMID:20619739 PMID:21078999 PMID:21430269 PMID:21558396 PMID:21824802 PMID:22120714 PMID:22162582 PMID:22162589 PMID:22228622 PMID:22271473 PMID:22658544 PMID:22729222 PMID:22729223 PMID:22729224 PMID:23066039 PMID:23100325 PMID:23888070 PMID:24033266 PMID:24782230 PMID:25157968 PMID:25326635 PMID:25326637 PMID:25599672 PMID:25741868 PMID:26266975 PMID:26266985 PMID:26619011 PMID:26822237 PMID:27626068 PMID:27631024 PMID:28151489 PMID:28425981 PMID:28492532 PMID:29446767 PMID:30543347 PMID:31775759 NCBI chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,456
Ensembl chr 2:118,831,350...118,861,454
JBrowse link
G Pik3r2 phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria syndrome ClinVar PMID:16357568 PMID:21984976 PMID:22729224 PMID:24497998 PMID:25741868 PMID:26520804 PMID:26860062 PMID:27854409 PMID:28086757 PMID:28492532 PMID:28502725 PMID:28566443 PMID:29051493 NCBI chr16:20,415,109...20,424,982
Ensembl chr16:20,416,432...20,424,980
JBrowse link
Megalencephaly with Thick Corpus Callosum, Cerebellar Atrophy, and Intellectual Disability term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Herc1 HECT and RLD domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase family member 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Megalencephaly with thick corpus callosum, cerebellar atrophy, and intellectual disability ClinVar PMID:26153217 PMID:27108999 NCBI chr 8:72,029,550...72,198,363
Ensembl chr 8:72,029,489...72,198,358
JBrowse link
non-syndromic X-linked intellectual disability 93 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Brwd3 bromodomain and WD repeat domain containing 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, X-linked 93
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MENTAL RETARDATION, X-LINKED, WITH MACROCEPHALY
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:300659
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:7943039 PMID:17668385 PMID:18414213 PMID:25326637 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr  X:79,817,968...79,909,891
Ensembl chr  X:79,824,782...79,909,678
JBrowse link
Polyhydramnios, Megalencephaly, and Symptomatic Epilepsy term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Strada STE20 related adaptor alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Polyhydramnios, megalencephaly, and symptomatic epilepsy
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:611087
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:17522105 PMID:20424326 PMID:25741868 PMID:27170158 PMID:28492532 PMID:29358611 NCBI chr10:94,355,369...94,384,404
Ensembl chr10:94,355,384...94,384,339
JBrowse link
Sebaceous Nevus Syndrome and Hemimegalencephaly term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hras HRas proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Sebaceous nevus syndrome and hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:12835555 PMID:16170316 PMID:16329078 PMID:16372351 PMID:16443854 PMID:16835863 PMID:17211612 PMID:17384584 PMID:17979197 PMID:18039947 PMID:18042262 PMID:19213030 PMID:19255327 PMID:19382114 PMID:19773371 PMID:21438134 PMID:21495179 PMID:21686750 PMID:21850009 PMID:22317973 PMID:22499344 PMID:22683711 PMID:22926243 PMID:23093928 PMID:23096712 PMID:23406027 PMID:23429430 PMID:23884457 PMID:24006476 PMID:24033266 PMID:24129065 PMID:24169525 PMID:24224811 PMID:24390138 PMID:24803665 PMID:25157968 PMID:25326635 PMID:25695684 PMID:25741868 PMID:26619011 PMID:27195699 PMID:27589201 PMID:28027064 PMID:28492532 PMID:29493581 PMID:31394527 PMID:31775759 PMID:168335863 NCBI chr 1:214,178,404...214,181,841
Ensembl chr 1:214,178,407...214,181,686
JBrowse link
G Kras KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Sebaceous nevus syndrome and hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:2278970 PMID:3122217 PMID:7773929 PMID:8439212 PMID:12460918 PMID:15696205 PMID:15842656 PMID:16361624 PMID:16434492 PMID:16618717 PMID:17332249 PMID:17384584 PMID:17910045 PMID:18316791 PMID:18794081 PMID:19018267 PMID:19029981 PMID:19047918 PMID:19075190 PMID:19114683 PMID:19255327 PMID:19358724 PMID:19679400 PMID:19773371 PMID:20805368 PMID:20921462 PMID:20921465 PMID:20949522 PMID:21079152 PMID:21228335 PMID:21975775 PMID:22025163 PMID:22407852 PMID:22499344 PMID:22683711 PMID:23014527 PMID:23096712 PMID:23406027 PMID:25044103 PMID:25157968 PMID:25695684 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:29298116 PMID:31891627 NCBI chr 4:179,482,562...179,515,483
Ensembl chr 4:179,486,105...179,515,558
JBrowse link
G Lrrc56 leucine rich repeat containing 56 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Sebaceous nevus syndrome and hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:12835555 PMID:16170316 PMID:16329078 PMID:16372351 PMID:16443854 PMID:16835863 PMID:17211612 PMID:17384584 PMID:17979197 PMID:18039947 PMID:18042262 PMID:19213030 PMID:19255327 PMID:19382114 PMID:19773371 PMID:21438134 PMID:21495179 PMID:21686750 PMID:21850009 PMID:22317973 PMID:22499344 PMID:22683711 PMID:22926243 PMID:23093928 PMID:23096712 PMID:23406027 PMID:23429430 PMID:23884457 PMID:24006476 PMID:24033266 PMID:24129065 PMID:24169525 PMID:24224811 PMID:24390138 PMID:24803665 PMID:25157968 PMID:25326635 PMID:25695684 PMID:25741868 PMID:26619011 PMID:27195699 PMID:27589201 PMID:28027064 PMID:28492532 PMID:29493581 PMID:31394527 PMID:31775759 PMID:168335863 NCBI chr 1:214,182,232...214,197,184
Ensembl chr 1:214,182,830...214,197,184
JBrowse link
G Nras NRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Sebaceous nevus syndrome and hemimegalencephaly ClinVar PMID:1654209 PMID:2278970 PMID:2674680 PMID:3122217 PMID:6587382 PMID:8120410 PMID:12460918 PMID:12727991 PMID:14508525 PMID:16273091 PMID:16291983 PMID:16434492 PMID:17699718 PMID:18390968 PMID:18633438 PMID:18948947 PMID:19075190 PMID:19880792 PMID:20130576 PMID:20179705 PMID:20619739 PMID:20736745 PMID:21107323 PMID:21305640 PMID:21576590 PMID:21729679 PMID:21829508 PMID:22407852 PMID:22499344 PMID:22761467 PMID:22773810 PMID:23392294 PMID:23414587 PMID:23515407 PMID:23538902 PMID:23569304 PMID:23614898 PMID:24006476 PMID:24033266 PMID:25157968 PMID:26619011 NCBI chr 2:205,553,119...205,563,716
Ensembl chr 2:205,553,163...205,560,791
JBrowse link
SEIZURES, SCOLIOSIS, AND MACROCEPHALY SYNDROME term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ext2 exostosin glycosyltransferase 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Seizures, scoliosis, and macrocephaly syndrome ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:9326317 PMID:10713884 PMID:10750558 PMID:11432960 PMID:16283885 PMID:17041877 PMID:19344451 PMID:23439489 PMID:24728327 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:30288735 PMID:30997052 NCBI chr 3:82,602,784...82,734,557
Ensembl chr 3:82,602,785...82,734,533
JBrowse link
SKELETAL DYSPLASIA, MILD, WITH JOINT LAXITY AND ADVANCED BONE AGE term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Csgalnact1 chondroitin sulfate N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: SKELETAL DYSPLASIA, MILD, WITH JOINT LAXITY AND ADVANCED BONE AGE
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Skeletal dysplasia, mild, with joint laxity and advanced bone age
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:25741868 PMID:27599773 PMID:31325655 PMID:31705726 NCBI chr16:22,704,318...23,075,071
Ensembl chr16:22,979,444...23,074,798
JBrowse link
Snijders Blok-Campeau Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Chd3 chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: SNIJDERS BLOK-CAMPEAU SYNDROME
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: CHD3-Related Disorder
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:25741868 PMID:28135719 PMID:29463886 PMID:30397230 PMID:31048695 NCBI chr10:55,943,467...55,970,417
Ensembl chr10:55,943,446...55,965,216
JBrowse link
syndromic X-linked intellectual disability Turner type term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atrx ATRX, chromatin remodeler ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, X-linked, with growth retardation, deafness, and microgenitalism ClinVar PMID:3239563 PMID:8968741 PMID:9244431 PMID:9326931 PMID:10398237 PMID:10632111 PMID:10995512 PMID:15591283 PMID:16813605 PMID:16955409 PMID:18409179 PMID:18414213 PMID:20500465 PMID:24327140 PMID:25167861 PMID:25326635 PMID:25590979 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:31130284 NCBI chr  X:76,820,110...76,979,155
Ensembl chr  X:76,692,970...76,708,878
Ensembl chr  X:76,692,970...76,708,878
JBrowse link
G Epor erythropoietin receptor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, X-linked, with growth retardation, deafness, and microgenitalism ClinVar PMID:8174675 PMID:9394420 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 8:22,969,737...22,974,468
Ensembl chr 8:22,969,745...22,974,321
JBrowse link
G Huwe1 HECT, UBA and WWE domain containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:300706
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic, Turner type
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, X-linked, syndromic, turner type
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MENTAL RETARDATION AND MACROCEPHALY SYNDROME
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:6107045 PMID:7943042 PMID:7943044 PMID:16700052 PMID:18252223 PMID:25326635 PMID:25326637 PMID:25741868 PMID:25741869 PMID:25985138 PMID:27130160 PMID:27884935 PMID:28492532 PMID:29180823 PMID:29651030 PMID:30797980 NCBI chr  X:21,474,627...21,603,348
Ensembl chr  X:21,499,934...21,598,876
JBrowse link
Tenorio Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rnf125 ring finger protein 125 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Tenorio syndrome OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:25196541 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr18:15,193,226...15,225,454
Ensembl chr18:15,192,962...15,225,427
JBrowse link
THAUVIN-ROBINET-FAIVRE SYNDROME term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Fibp FGF1 intracellular binding protein ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: THAUVIN-ROBINET-FAIVRE SYNDROME
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Thauvin-Robinet-Faivre syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Thauvin-robinet-faivre syndrome
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:25741868 PMID:26660953 PMID:27183861 NCBI chr 1:220,840,078...220,844,412
Ensembl chr 1:220,840,118...220,844,405
JBrowse link
X-linked VACTERL association term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Baz1a bromodomain adjacent to zinc finger domain, 1A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VATER/VACTERL association with CNS malformations ClinVar NCBI chr 6:75,793,223...75,873,854
Ensembl chr 6:75,793,960...75,874,235
JBrowse link
G Fancb FA complementation group B ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VACTERL-H
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr  X:31,124,018...31,140,790
Ensembl chr  X:31,124,018...31,140,711
JBrowse link
G Fancl FA complementation group L ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VACTERL association with hydrocephaly, X-linked ClinVar PMID:25754594 NCBI chr14:110,675,306...110,740,880
Ensembl chr14:110,676,090...110,740,317
JBrowse link
G Pten phosphatase and tensin homolog ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VACTERL-H
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Vater association with macrocephaly and ventriculomegaly
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:9399897 PMID:9467011 PMID:10232405 PMID:10353779 PMID:10400993 PMID:10468583 PMID:10749983 PMID:10848731 PMID:11685670 PMID:11748304 PMID:14518070 PMID:17392703 PMID:17942903 PMID:21828076 PMID:21956414 PMID:22381246 PMID:23442912 PMID:23470840 PMID:23475934 PMID:23695273 PMID:24033266 PMID:24052722 PMID:24778394 PMID:25157968 PMID:25326635 PMID:25669429 PMID:25741868 PMID:25756585 PMID:27477328 PMID:27535533 PMID:27959697 PMID:28492532 PMID:28526761 PMID:30287823 PMID:32238909 NCBI chr 1:251,421,814...251,487,634
Ensembl chr 1:251,421,596...251,487,832
JBrowse link
G Sall1 spalt-like transcription factor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VACTERL-H ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr19:23,387,737...23,405,025
Ensembl chr19:23,389,375...23,405,039
JBrowse link
G Zic3 Zic family member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VACTERL association with hydrocephaly, X-linked
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:314390
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:2629409 PMID:14681828 PMID:17764085 PMID:23427188 PMID:24033266 PMID:24123890 PMID:25741868 PMID:26294094 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr  X:140,875,191...140,888,344
Ensembl chr  X:140,878,216...140,888,795
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16909
    disease of anatomical entity 16281
      musculoskeletal system disease 5637
        Musculoskeletal Abnormalities 2132
          Craniofacial Abnormalities 1855
            Macrocephaly 61
              Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 63 with Macrocephaly 1
              Bagatelle Cassidy syndrome 0
              Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome 2
              Benign Familial Macrocephaly 0
              COLOBOMA, OSTEOPETROSIS, MICROPHTHALMIA, MACROCEPHALY, ALBINISM, AND DEAFNESS 1
              Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome VI Phenotype with Macrocephaly 0
              Facial Abnormalities, Kyphoscoliosis, and Mental Retardation 0
              Fryns Macrocephaly 0
              Hemimegalencephaly + 10
              Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Behavioral Abnormalities and Craniofacial Dysmorphism with or without Seizures 1
              Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Macrocephaly, Seizures, and Speech Delay 1
              Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal 2
              Luscan-Lumish syndrome 1
              MACROCEPHALY, ACQUIRED, WITH IMPAIRED INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT 1
              MACROCEPHALY, DYSMORPHIC FACIES, AND PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION 2
              Macrocephaly with Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia and Distinctive Facies 1
              Macrocephaly, Alopecia, Cutis Laxa, and Scoliosis 1
              Macrocephaly/Megalencephaly Syndrome, Autosomal Recessive 1
              Macrosomia Obesity Macrocephaly Ocular Abnormalities 0
              Megalencephaly - Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita 3
              Megalencephaly with Dysmyelination 0
              Megalencephaly with Thick Corpus Callosum, Cerebellar Atrophy, and Intellectual Disability 1
              Mental Retardation, Macrocephaly, Short Stature and Craniofacial Dysmorphism 0
              Neuhauser Syndrome 0
              Pectus Excavatum, Macrocephaly, Short Stature, Dysplastic Nails 0
              Polyhydramnios, Megalencephaly, and Symptomatic Epilepsy 1
              SEIZURES, SCOLIOSIS, AND MACROCEPHALY SYNDROME 1
              SKELETAL DYSPLASIA, MILD, WITH JOINT LAXITY AND ADVANCED BONE AGE 1
              Snijders Blok-Campeau Syndrome 1
              THAUVIN-ROBINET-FAIVRE SYNDROME 1
              Tenorio Syndrome 1
              X-linked VACTERL association 6
              Zori Stalker Williams Syndrome 0
              chromosome 17q11.2 deletion syndrome 1
              chromosome 1q21.1 deletion syndrome 8
              macrocephaly-autism syndrome 2
              non-syndromic X-linked intellectual disability 93 1
              syndromic X-linked intellectual disability Turner type 3
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16909
    Developmental Disease 10557
      Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities 8872
        genetic disease 8389
          monogenic disease 6330
            autosomal genetic disease 5485
              autosomal dominant disease 3709
                complex cortical dysplasia with other brain malformations 1163
                  Malformations of Cortical Development, Group I 1023
                    Macrocephaly 61
                      Autosomal Dominant Mental Retardation 63 with Macrocephaly 1
                      Bagatelle Cassidy syndrome 0
                      Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome 2
                      Benign Familial Macrocephaly 0
                      COLOBOMA, OSTEOPETROSIS, MICROPHTHALMIA, MACROCEPHALY, ALBINISM, AND DEAFNESS 1
                      Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome VI Phenotype with Macrocephaly 0
                      Facial Abnormalities, Kyphoscoliosis, and Mental Retardation 0
                      Fryns Macrocephaly 0
                      Hemimegalencephaly + 10
                      Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Behavioral Abnormalities and Craniofacial Dysmorphism with or without Seizures 1
                      Intellectual Developmental Disorder with Macrocephaly, Seizures, and Speech Delay 1
                      Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal 2
                      Luscan-Lumish syndrome 1
                      MACROCEPHALY, ACQUIRED, WITH IMPAIRED INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT 1
                      MACROCEPHALY, DYSMORPHIC FACIES, AND PSYCHOMOTOR RETARDATION 2
                      Macrocephaly with Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia and Distinctive Facies 1
                      Macrocephaly, Alopecia, Cutis Laxa, and Scoliosis 1
                      Macrocephaly/Megalencephaly Syndrome, Autosomal Recessive 1
                      Macrosomia Obesity Macrocephaly Ocular Abnormalities 0
                      Megalencephaly - Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita 3
                      Megalencephaly with Dysmyelination 0
                      Megalencephaly with Thick Corpus Callosum, Cerebellar Atrophy, and Intellectual Disability 1
                      Mental Retardation, Macrocephaly, Short Stature and Craniofacial Dysmorphism 0
                      Neuhauser Syndrome 0
                      Pectus Excavatum, Macrocephaly, Short Stature, Dysplastic Nails 0
                      Polyhydramnios, Megalencephaly, and Symptomatic Epilepsy 1
                      SEIZURES, SCOLIOSIS, AND MACROCEPHALY SYNDROME 1
                      SKELETAL DYSPLASIA, MILD, WITH JOINT LAXITY AND ADVANCED BONE AGE 1
                      Snijders Blok-Campeau Syndrome 1
                      THAUVIN-ROBINET-FAIVRE SYNDROME 1
                      Tenorio Syndrome 1
                      X-linked VACTERL association 6
                      Zori Stalker Williams Syndrome 0
                      chromosome 17q11.2 deletion syndrome 1
                      chromosome 1q21.1 deletion syndrome 8
                      macrocephaly-autism syndrome 2
                      non-syndromic X-linked intellectual disability 93 1
                      syndromic X-linked intellectual disability Turner type 3
paths to the root