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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Encephalocele
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Accession:DOID:9000983 term browser browse the term
Definition:Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Acquired Encephalocele;   Acquired Encephaloceles;   Bifid Cranium;   Bifid Craniums;   Cephalocele;   Cephaloceles;   Cerebellar Hernia;   Cerebellar Hernias;   Cerebellar Herniation;   Cerebellar Herniations;   Cerebral Hernia;   Cerebral Hernias;   Cranial Meningoencephalocele;   Cranial Meningoencephaloceles;   Craniocele;   Cranioceles;   Cranium Bifidum;   Cranium Bifidums;   Encephaloceles;   Frontal Encephalocele;   Frontal Encephaloceles;   Notoencephalocele;   Notoencephaloceles;   Occipital Encephalocele;   Occipital Encephaloceles;   Sincipital Encephalocele;   Sincipital Encephaloceles;   Tonsillar Hernia;   Tonsillar Hernias;   Tonsillar Herniation;   Tonsillar Herniations
 primary_id: MESH:D004677;   RDO:0001577
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
Encephalocele term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cc2d2a coiled-coil and C2 domain containing 2A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Encephalocele ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:26862157 PMID:31680349 NCBI chr14:71,895,128...71,979,452
Ensembl chr14:71,895,246...71,973,419
JBrowse link
G Cep290 centrosomal protein 290 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Occipital encephalocele
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Encephalocele
ClinVar PMID:17345604 PMID:17564974 PMID:17705300 PMID:20683928 PMID:21866095 PMID:25741868 PMID:26092869 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568 PMID:29398085 PMID:31680349 NCBI chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
Ensembl chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
JBrowse link
G Dnai3 dynein axonemal intermediate chain 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Occipital encephalocele ClinVar PMID:29285825 NCBI chr 2:251,912,432...251,970,699
Ensembl chr 2:251,912,368...251,970,768
JBrowse link
G Pibf1 progesterone immunomodulatory binding factor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cephalocele ClinVar PMID:30858804 PMID:31474318 NCBI chr15:83,494,110...83,663,202
Ensembl chr15:83,495,377...83,663,143
JBrowse link
G Rpgrip1l Rpgrip1-like ISO associated with Meckel Syndrome, Type 5;DNA:mutations:exons: RGD PMID:17558409 RGD:11073359 NCBI chr19:17,115,266...17,208,055
Ensembl chr19:17,115,412...17,208,055
JBrowse link
G Szt2 SZT2 subunit of KICSTOR complex ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Encephalocele ClinVar PMID:23932106 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:31680349 NCBI chr 5:137,192,120...137,238,384
Ensembl chr 5:137,190,875...137,238,354
JBrowse link
Knobloch Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Adamts18 ADAM metallopeptidase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 18 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by synonym: Knobloch syndrome 1 ClinVar PMID:21862674 PMID:23667181 NCBI chr19:46,005,055...46,167,912
Ensembl chr19:46,005,277...46,101,250
JBrowse link
G Col18a1 collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Knobloch syndrome 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:267750
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: RETINAL DETACHMENT AND OCCIPITAL ENCEPHALOCELE
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1554013 PMID:10942434 PMID:12415512 PMID:14695535 PMID:17546652 PMID:17975799 PMID:19160445 PMID:19390655 PMID:20799329 PMID:20979194 PMID:21862674 PMID:21937992 PMID:23667181 PMID:24033266 PMID:25456301 PMID:25741868 PMID:26467025 PMID:28041643 PMID:28492532 PMID:29977801 PMID:30007336 PMID:32860008 NCBI chr20:12,225,202...12,332,858
Ensembl chr20:12,225,202...12,332,858
JBrowse link
G Slc19a1 solute carrier family 19 member 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Knobloch syndrome 1 ClinVar PMID:1554013 PMID:14695535 PMID:19390655 PMID:21862674 PMID:23667181 PMID:24033266 PMID:25456301 PMID:25741868 PMID:26467025 PMID:28041643 PMID:28492532 PMID:29977801 PMID:32860008 NCBI chr20:12,334,675...12,354,517
Ensembl chr20:12,334,676...12,352,377
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cc2d2a coiled-coil and C2 domain containing 2A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DYSENCEPHALIA SPLANCHNOCYSTICA ClinVar PMID:18950740 PMID:19777577 PMID:22241855 PMID:22425360 PMID:23012439 PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:26092869 PMID:26477546 PMID:26485645 PMID:27081510 PMID:27082236 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:71,895,128...71,979,452
Ensembl chr14:71,895,246...71,973,419
JBrowse link
G Cep290 centrosomal protein 290 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DYSENCEPHALIA SPLANCHNOCYSTICA
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Dysencephalia splachnocystica
ClinVar PMID:16909394 PMID:17345604 PMID:17564974 PMID:20079931 PMID:20690115 PMID:21153841 PMID:21602930 PMID:21866095 PMID:23027964 PMID:23188109 PMID:23351400 PMID:23559409 PMID:25741868 PMID:26047050 PMID:26092869 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568 PMID:29398085 NCBI chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
Ensembl chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
JBrowse link
G Mks1 MKS transition zone complex subunit 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 1
DNA:splice-site mutations:intron:c.870-2A>G, c.1546+1G¿¿¿>A (human)
DNA:deletion:intron:IVS15-7_35del (human)
DNA:splice-site mutation:intron:c.515 + 6T>C (mouse)
DNA:missense mutations, splice-site mutations:exon:c.417G>A, c.958G>A (p.V320I), c.1490G>A (p.R497K) (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:249000
ClinVar Annotator: match by null
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:16415886 PMID:17185389 PMID:17377820 PMID:17397051 PMID:17437276 PMID:17935508 PMID:18327255 PMID:19430481 PMID:21068128 PMID:21258341 PMID:23351400 PMID:23736532 PMID:24033266 PMID:24608809 PMID:24886560 PMID:25741868 PMID:25966130 PMID:26092869 PMID:26490104 PMID:27377014 PMID:27570071 PMID:28224992 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568 PMID:30718709, PMID:23351400, PMID:17935508, PMID:19776033, PMID:21045211, PMID:17397051 RGD:11535078, RGD:11535074, RGD:11535068, RGD:11535065, RGD:11063991 NCBI chr10:75,149,814...75,160,481
Ensembl chr10:75,149,814...75,160,480
JBrowse link
G Rpgrip1l Rpgrip1-like ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DYSENCEPHALIA SPLANCHNOCYSTICA
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Dysencephalia splachnocystica
ClinVar PMID:17558409 PMID:19430481 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr19:17,115,266...17,208,055
Ensembl chr19:17,115,412...17,208,055
JBrowse link
G Tmem107 transmembrane protein 107 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 1 ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:27571260 NCBI chr10:55,653,694...55,656,270
Ensembl chr10:55,653,946...55,656,270
JBrowse link
G Tmem67 transmembrane protein 67 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DYSENCEPHALIA SPLANCHNOCYSTICA
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Dysencephalia splachnocystica
ClinVar PMID:9375913 PMID:17377820 PMID:17397051 PMID:18414213 PMID:19058225 PMID:19466712 PMID:19508969 PMID:19540516 PMID:19574260 PMID:20232449 PMID:20607301 PMID:21068128 PMID:21866095 PMID:23559409 PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:25920555 PMID:26035863 PMID:26092869 PMID:26729329 PMID:28431631 PMID:28492532 PMID:29891882 NCBI chr 5:25,666,138...25,721,056
Ensembl chr 5:25,666,137...25,721,072
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 13 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Tmem107 transmembrane protein 107 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MECKEL SYNDROME 13 ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:26123494 PMID:26595381 NCBI chr10:55,653,694...55,656,270
Ensembl chr10:55,653,946...55,656,270
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Tmem216 transmembrane protein 216 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:603194
DNA:missense,frameshift,nonsense mutations:cds,splice junction:
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:18414213 PMID:20036350 PMID:20301500 PMID:20512146 PMID:22282472 PMID:23351400 PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:26092869 PMID:26467025 PMID:26673778 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568, PMID:20512146 RGD:11067331 NCBI chr 1:226,601,201...226,606,417
Ensembl chr 1:226,601,201...226,606,344
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Tmem67 transmembrane protein 67 ISO
IAGP
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MECKEL-GRUBER SYNDROME, TYPE 3
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 3
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 3
DNA:deletion
DNA:deletions, missense mutation, splice-site mutations: :multiple
DNA:missense mutation:exon:p.P394L (rat)
DNA:missense mutation:exon:p.R549C (c.1645C>T) (human)
DNA:missense mutations: :p.M252T (c.755T>C), p.R441C (c.1392C>T) (human)
DNA:missense mutations:exon: p.M252T (755T>C), p.R440Q (1319G>A), p.L966P (2897T>C) (human)
DNA:missense mutations, splice-site mutation:exon:multiple
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:607361
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:2929661 PMID:9375913 PMID:16415887 PMID:16541367 PMID:17160906 PMID:17185389 PMID:17377820 PMID:17397051 PMID:18327255 PMID:18414213 PMID:19058225 PMID:19466712 PMID:19508969 PMID:19540516 PMID:19574260 PMID:20232449 PMID:20607301 PMID:21068128 PMID:21633164 PMID:21866095 PMID:22121117 PMID:23351400 PMID:23559409 PMID:25326635 PMID:25741868 PMID:25920555 PMID:26035863 PMID:26092869 PMID:26467025 PMID:26729329 PMID:28289063 PMID:28431631 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568 PMID:28973083 PMID:29127258 PMID:29891882 PMID:29974258, PMID:19211713, PMID:16415887, PMID:16415887, PMID:26191240, PMID:23351400, PMID:17377820, PMID:17397051 RGD:11535945, RGD:11535082, RGD:11535082, RGD:11535080, RGD:11535078, RGD:11068761, RGD:11063991 NCBI chr 5:25,666,138...25,721,056
Ensembl chr 5:25,666,137...25,721,072
JBrowse link
G Tmem67wpk transmembrane protein 67; wpk mutant IAGP RGD PMID:16415887 RGD:11535082
Meckel syndrome 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cep290 centrosomal protein 290 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 4
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 4
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MECKEL-GRUBER SYNDROME, TYPE 4
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:611134
DNA:frameshift mutation:exon:c.5489del (human)
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:16682970 PMID:16682973 PMID:16909394 PMID:17345604 PMID:17564967 PMID:17564974 PMID:17705300 PMID:18414213 PMID:19466712 PMID:19764032 PMID:20683928 PMID:20690115 PMID:21068128 PMID:21153841 PMID:21245082 PMID:21602930 PMID:21866095 PMID:22355252 PMID:22693042 PMID:23027964 PMID:23351400 PMID:23591405 PMID:23847139 PMID:23954617 PMID:24265693 PMID:25097241 PMID:25741868 PMID:25818971 PMID:26047050 PMID:26092869 PMID:26467025 PMID:26477546 PMID:26667666 PMID:27353947 PMID:28041643 PMID:28492532 PMID:28497568 PMID:29146704 PMID:29398085 PMID:29588463 PMID:30718709 PMID:31680349 PMID:31734136, PMID:17705300 RGD:11070805 NCBI chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
Ensembl chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
JBrowse link
G RGD1307947 similar to RIKEN cDNA C430008C19 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 4 ClinVar PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 7:40,304,964...40,315,408
Ensembl chr 7:40,304,988...40,316,532
JBrowse link
G Tmem218 transmembrane protein 218 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 4 ClinVar NCBI chr 8:39,687,280...39,702,722
Ensembl chr 8:39,687,269...39,702,902
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 5 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Rpgrip1l Rpgrip1-like ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 5
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 5
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:611561
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:17558409 PMID:18414213 PMID:19430481 PMID:21068128 PMID:23188109 PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:27434533 PMID:28492532 PMID:29343940 PMID:29991045 NCBI chr19:17,115,266...17,208,055
Ensembl chr19:17,115,412...17,208,055
JBrowse link
Meckel syndrome 6 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cc2d2a coiled-coil and C2 domain containing 2A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 6
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome, type 6
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:612284
ClinVar Annotator: match by null
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:8253763 PMID:18414213 PMID:18513680 PMID:18950740 PMID:19466712 PMID:19777577 PMID:21068128 PMID:21370303 PMID:22241855 PMID:22995991 PMID:24360807 PMID:24706459 PMID:25741868 PMID:26092869 PMID:26467025 PMID:26729329 PMID:27081510 PMID:27082236 PMID:27894351 PMID:28492532 PMID:32488064 NCBI chr14:71,895,128...71,979,452
Ensembl chr14:71,895,246...71,973,419
JBrowse link
G Cep290 centrosomal protein 290 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 6 ClinVar PMID:16682970 PMID:16682973 PMID:17564967 PMID:18327255 PMID:18414213 PMID:21068128 PMID:21245082 PMID:22355252 PMID:22693042 PMID:23591405 PMID:23954617 PMID:25741868 PMID:25818971 PMID:26092869 PMID:27353947 PMID:28492532 PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
Ensembl chr 7:40,217,269...40,306,327
JBrowse link
G Tctn2 tectonic family member 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome type 6 ClinVar PMID:21462283 PMID:23169490 PMID:26729329 NCBI chr12:37,400,896...37,427,256
Ensembl chr12:37,363,906...37,425,596
JBrowse link
Meckel Syndrome, Type 12 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Kif14 kinesin family member 14 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Meckel syndrome 12 ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:24128419 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr13:53,350,073...53,421,992
Ensembl chr13:53,351,717...53,420,111
JBrowse link
parietal foramina term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Alx4 ALX homeobox 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Enlarged parietal foramina
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:11137991 NCBI chr 3:82,548,959...82,585,531
Ensembl chr 3:82,548,959...82,585,531
JBrowse link
G Msx2 msh homeobox 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Enlarged parietal foramina
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Parietal foramina
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:7597092 PMID:8106171 PMID:8357019 PMID:8968743 PMID:9256341 PMID:11137991 PMID:18786927 PMID:23918290 PMID:23949913 PMID:27013732 PMID:27884935 PMID:28492532 PMID:28808027 NCBI chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
Ensembl chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
JBrowse link
Parietal Foramina 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Msx2 msh homeobox 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by null
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Parietal foramina 1
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:10742103 PMID:10767351 PMID:16222674 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
Ensembl chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
JBrowse link
Parietal Foramina 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Alx4 ALX homeobox 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:609597
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Parietal foramina 2
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:11106354 PMID:11137991 PMID:16319823 PMID:22829454 PMID:24764194 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 3:82,548,959...82,585,531
Ensembl chr 3:82,548,959...82,585,531
JBrowse link
Parietal Foramina with Cleidocranial Dysplasia term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Msx2 msh homeobox 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by null OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:14571277 NCBI chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
Ensembl chr17:11,683,862...11,689,527
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16122
    physical disorder 2480
      neural tube defect 116
        Encephalocele 21
          Cerebellar Vermis Aplasia with Associated Features suggesting Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome and Meckel Syndrome 0
          Cerebrorenodigital Syndrome with Limb Malformations and Triradiate Acetabula 0
          DK Phocomelia Syndrome 0
          Dandy-Walker Malformation with Occipital Cephalocele, Autosomal Dominant 0
          Fronto-Facio-Nasal Dysplasia 0
          Knobloch Syndrome 3
          Knobloch Syndrome Type II 0
          Knobloch Syndrome Type III 0
          Laryngeal Atresia, Encephalocele, and Limb Deformities 0
          Meckel Syndrome, Type 12 1
          Meckel syndrome 1 6
          Meckel syndrome 13 1
          Meckel syndrome 2 1
          Meckel syndrome 3 3
          Meckel syndrome 4 3
          Meckel syndrome 5 1
          Meckel syndrome 6 3
          Meckel-Like Cerebrorenodigital Syndrome 0
          Podder-Tolmie Syndrome 0
          Sakoda Complex 0
          Zechi-Ceide Syndrome 0
          parietal foramina + 2
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16122
    disease of anatomical entity 15369
      Urogenital Diseases 4159
        Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications 1926
          Female Urogenital Diseases 1632
            female reproductive system disease 1628
              prolapse of female genital organ 178
                enterocele 178
                  Encephalocele 21
                    Cerebellar Vermis Aplasia with Associated Features suggesting Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome and Meckel Syndrome 0
                    Cerebrorenodigital Syndrome with Limb Malformations and Triradiate Acetabula 0
                    DK Phocomelia Syndrome 0
                    Dandy-Walker Malformation with Occipital Cephalocele, Autosomal Dominant 0
                    Fronto-Facio-Nasal Dysplasia 0
                    Knobloch Syndrome 3
                    Knobloch Syndrome Type II 0
                    Knobloch Syndrome Type III 0
                    Laryngeal Atresia, Encephalocele, and Limb Deformities 0
                    Meckel Syndrome, Type 12 1
                    Meckel syndrome 1 6
                    Meckel syndrome 13 1
                    Meckel syndrome 2 1
                    Meckel syndrome 3 3
                    Meckel syndrome 4 3
                    Meckel syndrome 5 1
                    Meckel syndrome 6 3
                    Meckel-Like Cerebrorenodigital Syndrome 0
                    Podder-Tolmie Syndrome 0
                    Sakoda Complex 0
                    Zechi-Ceide Syndrome 0
                    parietal foramina + 2
paths to the root