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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:strabismus
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Accession:DOID:540 term browser browse the term
Definition:A hyperopia that is characterized by eyes that do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. (DO)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Comitant Strabismus;   Convergent Comitant Strabismus;   Noncomitant Strabismus;   Phoria;   phorias;   squint
 narrow_synonym: CONGENITAL STRABISMUS
 related_synonym: STBMS1;   strabismus, susceptibility to;   strabismus, susceptibility to, 1
 primary_id: MESH:D013285
 alt_id: OMIM:185100
 xref: ICD10CM:H50.8;   ICD9CM:378.7
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
strabismus term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ahctf1 AT hook containing transcription factor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar NCBI chr13:98,023,528...98,079,138
Ensembl chr13:98,023,430...98,078,946
JBrowse link
G Bmp4 bone morphogenetic protein 4 ISO RGD PMID:14710472 RGD:8699500 NCBI chr15:20,776,060...20,791,013
Ensembl chr15:20,776,054...20,822,740
JBrowse link
G Col11a1 collagen type XI alpha 1 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 2:216,863,423...217,056,523
Ensembl chr 2:216,863,428...217,056,523
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:82,745,801...82,762,790
Ensembl chr10:82,745,801...82,762,789
JBrowse link
G Col4a3 collagen type IV alpha 3 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 9:88,357,528...88,484,735
Ensembl chr 9:88,357,556...88,485,830
JBrowse link
G Col5a1 collagen type V alpha 1 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 3:6,430,180...6,581,010
Ensembl chr 3:6,430,201...6,578,882
JBrowse link
G Ctnnd1 catenin delta 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 3:72,001,904...72,053,047
Ensembl chr 3:72,002,152...72,053,049
JBrowse link
G Eif4a1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:56,271,257...56,276,764
Ensembl chr10:56,271,257...56,276,764
JBrowse link
G Foxp1 forkhead box P1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 4:131,362,178...131,963,466
Ensembl chr 4:131,366,744...131,694,755
JBrowse link
G Gnb1 G protein subunit beta 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:9596582 PMID:24033266 PMID:25485910 PMID:25741868 PMID:25741901 PMID:27108799 PMID:27513193 PMID:30194818 PMID:32963807 NCBI chr 5:172,914,025...172,981,403
Ensembl chr 5:172,934,990...172,979,986
JBrowse link
G Grhl3 grainyhead-like transcription factor 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:153,893,039...153,925,045
Ensembl chr 5:153,893,039...153,924,896
JBrowse link
G Lsm1 LSM1 homolog, mRNA degradation associated ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:31010896 NCBI chr16:71,046,475...71,057,883
Ensembl chr16:71,046,475...71,057,883
JBrowse link
G Med13l mediator complex subunit 13L ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr12:43,421,317...43,576,859
Ensembl chr12:43,421,308...43,576,804
JBrowse link
G Mitf melanocyte inducing transcription factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 4:130,172,484...130,425,496
Ensembl chr 4:130,172,727...130,425,532
JBrowse link
G Myh3 myosin heavy chain 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Congenital strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:53,621,375...53,645,194
Ensembl chr10:53,621,375...53,645,194
JBrowse link
G Myh9 myosin, heavy chain 9 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 7:118,740,005...118,792,507
Ensembl chr 7:118,741,110...118,792,625
JBrowse link
G Nek1 NIMA-related kinase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr16:32,321,010...32,439,421
Ensembl chr16:32,321,010...32,439,421
JBrowse link
G Nf1 neurofibromin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:21520333 PMID:28492532 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:66,732,460...66,928,706
Ensembl chr10:66,690,133...66,928,903
JBrowse link
G Olfm3 olfactomedin 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Susceptibility to strabismus ClinVar NCBI chr 2:217,779,983...218,005,710
Ensembl chr 2:217,963,456...218,005,509
JBrowse link
G Pcgf3 polycomb group ring finger 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr14:2,247,805...2,297,155
Ensembl chr14:2,247,808...2,297,155
JBrowse link
G Pdgfrb platelet derived growth factor receptor beta ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr18:56,364,586...56,406,381
Ensembl chr18:56,364,620...56,406,381
JBrowse link
G Pdhx pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, component X ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 3:92,910,300...92,933,725
Ensembl chr 3:92,909,725...92,969,050
JBrowse link
G Pmm2 phosphomannomutase 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:19862844 PMID:21541725 PMID:28492532 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:7,056,258...7,077,443
Ensembl chr10:7,056,266...7,077,443
JBrowse link
G Pold1 DNA polymerase delta 1, catalytic subunit ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 1:100,538,066...100,554,105
Ensembl chr 1:100,537,900...100,554,488
JBrowse link
G Reln reelin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 4:9,347,533...9,774,257
Ensembl chr 4:9,347,528...9,773,670
JBrowse link
G Sil1 SIL1 nucleotide exchange factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:32581362 NCBI chr18:28,067,476...28,302,008
Ensembl chr18:28,067,484...28,301,863
JBrowse link
G Smarca4 SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 8:22,648,323...22,739,468
Ensembl chr 8:22,648,323...22,739,468
JBrowse link
G Sos1 SOS Ras/Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 6:3,105,443...3,182,977
Ensembl chr 6:3,104,861...3,182,996
JBrowse link
G Sox5 SRY-box transcription factor 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 4:178,062,267...179,031,991
Ensembl chr 4:178,066,165...178,441,547
JBrowse link
G Stxbp1 syntaxin binding protein 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:22612257 PMID:25741868 PMID:25758715 PMID:25818041 PMID:26865513 NCBI chr 3:11,823,779...11,885,479
Ensembl chr 3:11,823,785...11,885,417
JBrowse link
G Tfap2a transcription factor AP-2 alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr17:24,653,342...24,670,457
Ensembl chr17:24,654,902...24,670,457
JBrowse link
G Tgfbr2 transforming growth factor, beta receptor 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Squint ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 8:124,310,288...124,399,345
Ensembl chr 8:124,312,754...124,399,494
JBrowse link
G Ubtf upstream binding transcription factor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:90,250,275...90,265,772
Ensembl chr10:90,250,275...90,265,017
JBrowse link
G Zdhhc9 zinc finger DHHC-type palmitoyltransferase 9 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr  X:135,005,171...135,041,207
Ensembl chr  X:135,005,123...135,041,027
JBrowse link
3MC syndrome 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Colec11 collectin sub-family member 11 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Carnevale syndrome
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:265050
OMIM
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:2569826 PMID:8933348 PMID:21258343 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 6:47,857,767...47,889,961
Ensembl chr 6:47,857,771...47,890,033
JBrowse link
G Masp1 mannan-binding lectin serine peptidase 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21258343 NCBI chr11:80,736,424...80,806,278
Ensembl chr11:80,736,576...80,803,382
JBrowse link
G Slc26a2 solute carrier family 26 member 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: OSA syndrome ClinVar PMID:8528239 PMID:8571951 PMID:8931695 PMID:9342225 PMID:10465113 PMID:10482955 PMID:11241838 PMID:11303514 PMID:11448940 PMID:11565064 PMID:12525546 PMID:12966518 PMID:15294877 PMID:15316973 PMID:16642506 PMID:18708426 PMID:18925670 PMID:20219950 PMID:20301524 PMID:20525296 PMID:21077202 PMID:21077204 PMID:21155763 PMID:21922596 PMID:22052783 PMID:23840040 PMID:24033266 PMID:24598000 PMID:25741868 PMID:27065010 PMID:28492532 PMID:29024831 NCBI chr18:56,518,999...56,534,539
Ensembl chr18:56,520,740...56,534,415
JBrowse link
Alazami-Yuan Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Taf6 TATA-box binding protein associated factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Alazami-Yuan syndrome ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:11295558 PMID:25558065 PMID:25574841 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr12:19,320,269...19,328,706
Ensembl chr12:19,320,271...19,328,637
JBrowse link
Blepharophimosis Syndrome Type 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Foxl2 forkhead box L2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blepharophimosis syndrome type 1
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:11175783 PMID:11468277 PMID:11776388 PMID:12400065 PMID:12529855 PMID:12567411 PMID:12630957 PMID:12938087 PMID:16219626 PMID:17089161 PMID:18372316 PMID:20429427 PMID:21889601 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 8:107,194,492...107,197,644
Ensembl chr 8:107,194,551...107,195,675
JBrowse link
Blepharophimosis Syndrome Type 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Foxl2 forkhead box L2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blepharophimosis syndrome type 2 ClinVar PMID:11175783 PMID:11468277 PMID:11776388 PMID:12400065 PMID:12529855 PMID:12630957 PMID:12938087 PMID:16283882 PMID:18372316 PMID:21325395 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 8:107,194,492...107,197,644
Ensembl chr 8:107,194,551...107,195,675
JBrowse link
blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Copb2 COPI coat complex subunit beta 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus ClinVar NCBI chr 8:106,582,339...106,603,763 JBrowse link
G Foxl2 forkhead box L2 ISO DNA:mutations:multiple (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: BPES with Duane retraction syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: BPES with ovarian failure
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: BPES without ovarian failure
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:110100
ClinVar
CTD
OMIM
PMID:11175783 PMID:11468277 PMID:11776388 PMID:12149404 PMID:12161610 PMID:12400065 PMID:12529855 PMID:12630957 PMID:12938087 PMID:16283882 PMID:19429596 PMID:25741868 PMID:30311386, PMID:11175783 RGD:1598958 NCBI chr 8:107,194,492...107,197,644
Ensembl chr 8:107,194,551...107,195,675
JBrowse link
G Mrps22 mitochondrial ribosomal protein S22 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blepharophimosis, ptosis, and epicanthus inversus ClinVar NCBI chr 8:106,604,421...106,617,591
Ensembl chr 8:106,604,379...106,617,597
JBrowse link
Duane retraction syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Chn1 chimerin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Duane's syndrome
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
NCBI chr 3:60,512,360...60,668,413
Ensembl chr 3:60,513,077...60,611,924
JBrowse link
G Mafb MAF bZIP transcription factor B ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD NCBI chr 3:156,338,993...156,340,913
Ensembl chr 3:156,339,004...156,340,913
JBrowse link
G Sall4 spalt-like transcription factor 4 ISO DNA:snps, deletions, insertion:multiple (human)
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:duplication:cds:c.410dupG (human)
DNA:deletions, nonsense mutation:cds:c.1904delT, c.2425delG, p.R865X (human)
DNA:nonsense mutation:cds:p.R905X (human)
DNA:frameshift mutation:cds:p.M640IfsX25 (human)
CTD PMID:16402211 PMID:30067223, PMID:12393809, PMID:26791099, PMID:12395297, PMID:16411190, PMID:17216607, PMID:23687435 RGD:11556210, RGD:11532205, RGD:11556232, RGD:11556231, RGD:11556215, RGD:11556211 NCBI chr 3:165,520,155...165,538,176
Ensembl chr 3:165,520,392...165,537,940
JBrowse link
Duane Retraction Syndrome 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Mafb MAF bZIP transcription factor B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Duane syndrome type 1 ClinVar PMID:27181683 NCBI chr 3:156,338,993...156,340,913
Ensembl chr 3:156,339,004...156,340,913
JBrowse link
Duane Retraction Syndrome 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Chn1 chimerin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Duane syndrome type 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Duane retraction syndrome 2
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:10577917 PMID:10942112 PMID:17197532 PMID:18653847 PMID:20535495 PMID:21555619 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 3:60,512,360...60,668,413
Ensembl chr 3:60,513,077...60,611,924
JBrowse link
Duane Retraction Syndrome 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Mafb MAF bZIP transcription factor B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Duane syndrome type 3 ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:27181683 NCBI chr 3:156,338,993...156,340,913
Ensembl chr 3:156,339,004...156,340,913
JBrowse link
esotropia term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Auts2 activator of transcription and developmental regulator AUTS2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr12:27,155,362...28,252,752
Ensembl chr12:28,212,333...28,251,816
JBrowse link
G Cenpj centromere protein J ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr15:36,745,672...36,809,228
Ensembl chr15:36,746,088...36,798,814
JBrowse link
G Gldc glycine decarboxylase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:16450403 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 1:248,295,140...248,377,122
Ensembl chr 1:248,297,331...248,377,093
JBrowse link
G Kif1b kinesin family member 1B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:165,994,803...166,133,497
Ensembl chr 5:165,938,576...166,133,491
JBrowse link
G Plec plectin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:28492532 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 7:117,230,319...117,291,859
Ensembl chr 7:117,230,319...117,289,961
JBrowse link
G Rnaseh2b ribonuclease H2, subunit B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Esotropia ClinVar PMID:16845400 PMID:17846997 PMID:18069026 PMID:18414213 PMID:18754903 PMID:19015152 PMID:19034401 PMID:19694776 PMID:20131292 PMID:21177854 PMID:22149989 PMID:24033266 PMID:25243380 PMID:25274781 PMID:25343331 PMID:25604658 PMID:25741868 PMID:26182405 PMID:26467025 PMID:26846091 PMID:26903602 PMID:27009121 PMID:28492532 PMID:28762473 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr15:45,422,010...45,472,792
Ensembl chr15:45,422,010...45,464,892
JBrowse link
G Ryr1 ryanodine receptor 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 1:87,959,596...88,066,252
Ensembl chr 1:87,959,712...88,066,101
JBrowse link
G Tfap2a transcription factor AP-2 alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Convergent strabismus ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr17:24,653,342...24,670,457
Ensembl chr17:24,654,902...24,670,457
JBrowse link
G Ttc8 tetratricopeptide repeat domain 8 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Esodeviation ClinVar PMID:16308660 PMID:21044901 PMID:24033266 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 6:122,920,308...122,974,525
Ensembl chr 6:122,920,317...122,974,522
JBrowse link
G Tyr tyrosinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Esodeviation ClinVar PMID:1899321 PMID:17952075 PMID:17999355 PMID:25741868 PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 1:151,012,598...151,106,802
Ensembl chr 1:151,012,598...151,106,802
JBrowse link
MENTAL RETARDATION, ANTERIOR MAXILLARY PROTRUSION, AND STRABISMUS term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Sobp sine oculis binding protein homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Mental retardation, anterior maxillary protrusion, and strabismus
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:613671
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:17618476 PMID:21035105 PMID:25741868 NCBI chr20:47,731,713...47,910,466
Ensembl chr20:47,750,762...47,910,375
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16085
    sensory system disease 5285
      eye disease 2714
        ocular motility disease 171
          strabismus 54
            3MC syndrome 2 3
            Alazami-Yuan Syndrome 1
            Delayed Speech Development, with Facial Asymmetry, Strabismus, and Transverse Earlobe Crease 0
            Duane retraction syndrome + 6
            Hemifacial Hyperplasia with Strabismus 0
            Krauss Herman Holmes Syndrome 0
            MENTAL RETARDATION, ANTERIOR MAXILLARY PROTRUSION, AND STRABISMUS 1
            McPherson Robertson Cammarano Syndrome 0
            Mehes Syndrome 0
            Ptosis, Strabismus, and Ectopic Pupils 0
            Singh Chhaparwal Dhanda Syndrome 0
            Van Bogaert-Hozay Syndrome 0
            binocular vision disease + 0
            conjugate gaze palsy 0
            cyclotropia 0
            esotropia + 10
            exotropia + 0
            hypertropia 0
            hypotropia 0
            intermittent squint 0
            internuclear ophthalmoplegia 0
            mechanical strabismus + 0
            monofixation syndrome 0
            paralytic squint + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16085
    disease of anatomical entity 15340
      nervous system disease 10967
        peripheral nervous system disease 2498
          neuropathy 2319
            cranial nerve disease 469
              ocular motility disease 171
                strabismus 54
                  3MC syndrome 2 3
                  Alazami-Yuan Syndrome 1
                  Delayed Speech Development, with Facial Asymmetry, Strabismus, and Transverse Earlobe Crease 0
                  Duane retraction syndrome + 6
                  Hemifacial Hyperplasia with Strabismus 0
                  Krauss Herman Holmes Syndrome 0
                  MENTAL RETARDATION, ANTERIOR MAXILLARY PROTRUSION, AND STRABISMUS 1
                  McPherson Robertson Cammarano Syndrome 0
                  Mehes Syndrome 0
                  Ptosis, Strabismus, and Ectopic Pupils 0
                  Singh Chhaparwal Dhanda Syndrome 0
                  Van Bogaert-Hozay Syndrome 0
                  binocular vision disease + 0
                  conjugate gaze palsy 0
                  cyclotropia 0
                  esotropia + 10
                  exotropia + 0
                  hypertropia 0
                  hypotropia 0
                  intermittent squint 0
                  internuclear ophthalmoplegia 0
                  mechanical strabismus + 0
                  monofixation syndrome 0
                  paralytic squint + 0
paths to the root