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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
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Accession:DOID:1919 term browser browse the term
Definition:An inherited disorder transmitted as a sex-linked trait and caused by a deficiency of an enzyme of purine metabolism; HYPOXANTHINE PHOSPHORIBOSYLTRANSFERASE. Affected individuals are normal in the first year of life and then develop psychomotor retardation, extrapyramidal movement disorders, progressive spasticity, and seizures. Self-destructive behaviors such as biting of fingers and lips are seen frequently. Intellectual impairment may also occur but is typically not severe. Elevation of uric acid in the serum leads to the development of renal calculi and gouty arthritis. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp127)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Complete HGPRT Deficiency Disease;   Complete HPRT Deficiencies;   Complete HPRT Deficiency;   Complete Hypoxanthine Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency;   Deficiency of Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase;   Deficiency of Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase;   Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiencies;   Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency;   HG-PRT deficiency;   HGPRT Deficiencies;   HGPRT Deficiency;   HPRT DEFICIENCY;   HPRT1 DEFICIENCY;   Hypoxanthine Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase 1 Deficiency;   Hypoxanthine Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency;   Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyl Transferase Deficiency Disease;   Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiencies;   Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase Deficiency;   Hypoxanthine-Phosphoribosyl-Transferase Deficiency Diseases;   Juvenile Gout, Choreoathetosis, Mental Retardation Syndrome;   Juvenile Hyperuricemia Syndrome;   Juvenile Hyperuricemia Syndromes;   LNS;   Lesch Nyhan Disease;   Primary Hyperuricemia Syndrome;   Primary Hyperuricemia Syndromes;   Total HPRT Deficiencies;   Total HPRT Deficiency;   Total Hypoxanthine Guanine Phosphoribosyl Transferase Deficiency;   X Linked Hyperuricemia;   X-linked hyperuricemias;   X-linked primary hyperuricemia;   X-linked primary hyperuricemias;   choreoathetosis self mutilation hyperuricemia syndrome;   choreoathetosis self mutilation syndrome;   choreoathetosis self-mutilation syndromes;   deficiency of IMP pyrophosphorylase
 narrow_synonym: HPRT DEFICIENCY, COMPLETE HPRT DEFICIENCY, NEUROLOGIC VARIANT;   Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Neurologic Variant
 related_synonym: HPRT CHERMSIDE;   HPRT CHICAGO;   HPRT CONNERSVILLE;   HPRT COORPAROO;   HPRT DETROIT;   HPRT EVANSVILLE;   HPRT FLINT;   HPRT Fujimi;   HPRT KINSTON;   HPRT MICHIGAN;   HPRT MIDLAND;   HPRT NEW BRITON;   HPRT NEW HAVEN;   HPRT PARIS;   HPRT TOKYO;   HPRT Yale
 primary_id: MESH:D007926
 alt_id: OMIM:300322
 xref: ICD10CM:E79.1;   NCI:C61255
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


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Lesch-Nyhan syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hprt1 hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT PARIS
DNA:deletion,insertion,duplication:cds:
DNA:mutations:multiple:
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT EVANSVILLE
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT NEW BRITON
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT FLINT
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT CONNERSVILLE
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: HPRT MIDLAND
ClinVar Annotator: match by null
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:300322
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1434518 PMID:1618489 PMID:1639405 PMID:1840549 PMID:1934271 PMID:1937471 PMID:2071157 PMID:2323782 PMID:2347587 PMID:2738157 PMID:2760209 PMID:2910902 PMID:2928313 PMID:3198771 PMID:3384338 PMID:3909940 PMID:3944251 PMID:6087154 PMID:6853716 PMID:8664901 PMID:9288634 PMID:10767182 PMID:11668636 PMID:17027311 PMID:23975452 PMID:25481104 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:28708303, PMID:24940672, PMID:20638392 RGD:13463104, RGD:13462064 NCBI chr  X:158,196,640...158,228,815
Ensembl chr  X:158,197,149...158,228,749
JBrowse link
G Xdh xanthine dehydrogenase treatment ISO RGD PMID:17697859 RGD:7247657 NCBI chr 6:25,149,570...25,211,273
Ensembl chr 6:25,149,235...25,211,494
JBrowse link
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Neurologic Variant term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hprt1 hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by null
DNA,mRNA:missense mutations,decreased expression:cds:
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lesch-nyhan syndrome, neurologic variant
ClinVar PMID:1301916 PMID:2358296 PMID:10737990 PMID:17454734 PMID:20981450 PMID:22157001 PMID:22999896 PMID:25481104 PMID:28492532, PMID:24940672 RGD:13463104 NCBI chr  X:158,196,640...158,228,815
Ensembl chr  X:158,197,149...158,228,749
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16085
    syndrome 7041
      Lesch-Nyhan syndrome 2
        Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Neurologic Variant 1
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16085
    disease of anatomical entity 15340
      nervous system disease 10967
        central nervous system disease 9119
          brain disease 8448
            disease of mental health 6088
              developmental disorder of mental health 3187
                specific developmental disorder 2367
                  intellectual disability 2190
                    syndromic intellectual disability 687
                      Mental Retardation, X-Linked 664
                        Lesch-Nyhan syndrome 2
                          Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome, Neurologic Variant 1
paths to the root