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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:arteriovenous malformation
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Accession:DOID:11294 term browser browse the term
Definition:Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: arteriovenous hemangioma;   arteriovenous malformations;   cirsoid aneurysm;   racemose aneurysm;   racemose angioma;   racemose hemangioma
 primary_id: MESH:D001165
 alt_id: RDO:0004912
 xref: ICD10CM:I77.0;   NCI:C2882
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.



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arteriovenous malformation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acvrl1 activin A receptor like type 1 ISO RGD PMID:11062473 RGD:1300250 NCBI chr 7:132,239,200...132,256,592
Ensembl chr 7:132,239,729...132,256,591
JBrowse link
G Braf B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:17366577 PMID:25741868 PMID:26795593 NCBI chr 4:68,375,484...68,510,652
Ensembl chr 4:68,384,649...68,510,463
JBrowse link
G Eng endoglin susceptibility ISO associated with Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic; RGD PMID:8728706 PMID:24520391 RGD:11041184, RGD:11041564 NCBI chr 3:15,934,566...15,972,618
Ensembl chr 3:15,934,518...15,973,230
JBrowse link
G Ephb4 EPH receptor B4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:28687708 PMID:30578106 PMID:30760892 NCBI chr12:19,326,411...19,351,667
Ensembl chr12:19,326,427...19,351,314
JBrowse link
G Glmn glomulin, FKBP associated protein ISO glomuvenous malformations RGD PMID:11845407 RGD:1598992 NCBI chr14:2,187,144...2,231,295
Ensembl chr14:2,187,642...2,230,420
JBrowse link
G Map2 microtubule-associated protein 2 IEP protein:decreased expression:hippocampus RGD PMID:20873448 RGD:6483324 NCBI chr 9:67,723,422...67,981,886
Ensembl chr 9:67,723,371...67,979,809
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 ISO RGD PMID:16720380 RGD:1582655 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Rasa1 RAS p21 protein activator 1 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD
RGD
PMID:14639529 PMID:15917201 RGD:1581296 NCBI chr 2:15,857,704...15,940,757
Ensembl chr 2:15,857,980...15,940,854
JBrowse link
G Tek TEK receptor tyrosine kinase susceptibility ISO DNA:missense mutation: :p.R849W RGD PMID:8980225 RGD:1578533 NCBI chr 5:109,607,077...109,733,805
Ensembl chr 5:109,607,077...109,733,804
JBrowse link
Angiokeratoma Corporis Diffusum with Arteriovenous Fistulas term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ankib1 ankyrin repeat and IBR domain containing 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum with arteriovenous fistulas ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 4:30,333,678...30,457,781
Ensembl chr 4:30,333,677...30,457,781
JBrowse link
G Krit1 KRIT1, ankyrin repeat containing ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Angiokeratoma corporis diffusum with arteriovenous fistulas ClinVar PMID:20419355 PMID:25525273 PMID:25741868 PMID:26467025 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 4:30,299,203...30,333,366
Ensembl chr 4:30,299,203...30,333,359
JBrowse link
Arteriovenous Fistula term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ace angiotensin I converting enzyme treatment IEP
IMP
protein:increased activity:heart left ventricle (rat) RGD PMID:22768235 PMID:8386093 RGD:12859285, RGD:12880017 NCBI chr10:90,910,316...90,930,437
Ensembl chr10:90,910,316...90,931,131
JBrowse link
G Ackr1 atypical chemokine receptor 1 IEP RGD PMID:24429330 RGD:9681736 NCBI chr13:85,782,396...85,786,002
Ensembl chr13:85,782,398...85,783,983
JBrowse link
G Angpt2 angiopoietin 2 IEP mRNA:increased expression:lung (rat) RGD PMID:18692629 RGD:2314184 NCBI chr16:71,088,364...71,138,805
Ensembl chr16:71,088,364...71,138,804
JBrowse link
G Arrb1 arrestin, beta 1 IEP mRNA, protein:altered expression:left ventricle (rat) RGD PMID:22015551 RGD:5509867 NCBI chr 1:153,837,964...153,912,111
Ensembl chr 1:153,838,078...153,904,061
JBrowse link
G Arrb2 arrestin, beta 2 IEP mRNA, protein:altered expression:left ventricle (rat) RGD PMID:22015551 RGD:5509867 NCBI chr10:55,146,887...55,154,854
Ensembl chr10:55,146,818...55,154,850
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain IEP in Long Evans rats;mRNA:increased expression:aorta RGD PMID:16428894 RGD:8552771 NCBI chr10:79,883,622...79,900,625
Ensembl chr10:79,883,622...79,900,624
JBrowse link
G Des desmin IEP RGD PMID:10591032 RGD:13525010 NCBI chr 9:76,850,979...76,858,695
Ensembl chr 9:76,850,982...76,858,699
JBrowse link
G Fgf2 fibroblast growth factor 2 ISO RGD PMID:10541235 RGD:8655590 NCBI chr 2:120,236,328...120,290,673
Ensembl chr 2:120,236,328...120,291,221
JBrowse link
G Mmp2 matrix metallopeptidase 2 treatment IEP
ISO
protein:increased expression:ileal vein RGD PMID:17398390 PMID:23924957 RGD:1642040, RGD:13204800 NCBI chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
Ensembl chr19:14,154,657...14,182,870
JBrowse link
G Mmp9 matrix metallopeptidase 9 treatment IEP
ISO
RGD PMID:17398390 PMID:23924957 RGD:1642040, RGD:13204800 NCBI chr 3:153,684,158...153,692,118
Ensembl chr 3:153,683,858...153,692,120
JBrowse link
G Nos3 nitric oxide synthase 3 IEP protein:increased expression:vena cava RGD PMID:17344190 RGD:2292146 NCBI chr 4:10,793,834...10,814,170
Ensembl chr 4:10,793,834...10,814,166
JBrowse link
G Timp4 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 4 IEP protein:decreased expression:ileal vein RGD PMID:17398390 RGD:1642040 NCBI chr 4:148,306,021...148,312,558
Ensembl chr 4:148,304,490...148,312,558
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A IEP
ISO
protein:increased expression:brain cortex, brain dura mater: RGD PMID:24626343 PMID:10541235 RGD:8551823, RGD:8655590 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
arteriovenous malformations of the brain term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acvrl1 activin A receptor like type 1 ISS OMIM:108010 MouseDO NCBI chr 7:132,239,200...132,256,592
Ensembl chr 7:132,239,729...132,256,591
JBrowse link
G Adgrv1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:11,331,434...11,911,713
Ensembl chr 2:11,331,442...11,911,688
JBrowse link
G Braf B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Arteriovenous malformations of the brain | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:12068308 PMID:12198537 PMID:12447372 PMID:12460918 PMID:12460919 More... NCBI chr 4:68,375,484...68,510,652
Ensembl chr 4:68,384,649...68,510,463
JBrowse link
G Cacna1h calcium voltage-gated channel subunit alpha1 H ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr10:14,390,104...14,448,204
Ensembl chr10:14,390,113...14,448,376
JBrowse link
G Cdh2 cadherin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr18:7,776,704...7,990,934
Ensembl chr18:7,776,704...7,990,167
JBrowse link
G Egfr epidermal growth factor receptor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr14:91,176,931...91,349,722
Ensembl chr14:91,177,067...91,344,382
JBrowse link
G Eng endoglin disease_progression ISO
ISS
DNA:polymorphism: : 207G>A(human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation
OMIM:108010
ClinVar
MouseDO
RGD
PMID:25741868 PMID:24876084 PMID:24520391 RGD:11041171, RGD:11041564 NCBI chr 3:15,934,566...15,972,618
Ensembl chr 3:15,934,518...15,973,230
JBrowse link
G Flt1 Fms related receptor tyrosine kinase 1 ISO protein:increased expression:endothelial cell: RGD PMID:11220380 RGD:8551824 NCBI chr12:7,296,899...7,468,626
Ensembl chr12:7,297,292...7,468,626
JBrowse link
G Gli2 GLI family zinc finger 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Arteriovenous malformations of the brain ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr13:29,946,809...30,163,901
Ensembl chr13:29,946,809...30,163,574
JBrowse link
G Il17rd interleukin 17 receptor D ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25636053 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:32389901 NCBI chr16:2,228,467...2,295,126
Ensembl chr16:2,228,287...2,292,556
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 4:5,214,602...5,219,178
Ensembl chr 4:5,213,394...5,219,178
JBrowse link
G Kdr kinase insert domain receptor ISO protein:increased expression:endothelial cell: RGD PMID:11220380 RGD:8551824 NCBI chr14:32,217,871...32,261,018
Ensembl chr14:32,217,871...32,261,018
JBrowse link
G Kras KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Arteriovenous malformations of the brain | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:2278970 PMID:3122217 PMID:7773929 PMID:8439212 PMID:12460918 More... NCBI chr 4:178,185,418...178,218,484 JBrowse link
G Lemd3 LEM domain containing 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 7:56,415,053...56,499,047
Ensembl chr 7:56,305,448...56,502,474
JBrowse link
G Map4k4 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 9:42,200,708...42,326,708
Ensembl chr 9:42,200,278...42,326,698
JBrowse link
G Notch4 notch receptor 4 ISO
ISS
OMIM:108010 MouseDO
RGD
PMID:19546852 RGD:6480671 NCBI chr20:4,160,362...4,184,466
Ensembl chr20:4,160,445...4,184,465
JBrowse link
G Pdcd10 programmed cell death 10 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:160,303,465...160,346,086
Ensembl chr 2:160,303,449...160,346,018
JBrowse link
G Pitpnm3 PITPNM family member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr10:56,674,697...56,766,552
Ensembl chr10:56,676,261...56,766,584
JBrowse link
G Prex2 phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Rac exchange factor 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 5:7,937,692...8,253,112
Ensembl chr 5:7,942,573...8,253,068
JBrowse link
G Sars1 seryl-tRNA synthetase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:196,065,543...196,081,240
Ensembl chr 2:196,065,430...196,081,277
JBrowse link
G Scube2 signal peptide, CUB domain and EGF like domain containing 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 1:163,831,876...163,899,925
Ensembl chr 1:163,832,015...163,899,393
JBrowse link
G Syn3 synapsin III ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 7:16,216,055...17,808,790
Ensembl chr 7:17,376,372...17,808,790
JBrowse link
G Timp3 TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 7:17,520,827...17,571,871
Ensembl chr 7:17,521,919...17,571,839
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A ISO RGD PMID:16388189 RGD:1580567 NCBI chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
Ensembl chr 9:14,955,300...14,970,641
JBrowse link
G Zfyve16 zinc finger FYVE-type containing 16 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cerebral arteriovenous malformation ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:23,713,018...23,757,576
Ensembl chr 2:23,713,766...23,756,990
JBrowse link
Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ccnh cyclin H ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome ClinVar PMID:9536098 PMID:14639529 PMID:16199547 PMID:17576681 PMID:18446851 More... NCBI chr 2:15,834,833...15,855,643
Ensembl chr 2:15,834,833...15,855,819
JBrowse link
G Rasa1 RAS p21 protein activator 1 susceptibility ISO DNA:mutations:multiple (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
RGD
PMID:9536098 PMID:14639529 PMID:16199547 PMID:17576681 PMID:18446851 More... RGD:734495 NCBI chr 2:15,857,704...15,940,757
Ensembl chr 2:15,857,980...15,940,854
JBrowse link
G Stambp Stam binding protein ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23542699 NCBI chr 4:116,055,563...116,083,563
Ensembl chr 4:116,056,057...116,080,543
JBrowse link
Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ccnh cyclin H ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation 1 ClinVar PMID:14639529 PMID:18363760 PMID:18446851 PMID:23164092 PMID:24038909 More... NCBI chr 2:15,834,833...15,855,643
Ensembl chr 2:15,834,833...15,855,819
JBrowse link
G Kras KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation 1 ClinVar PMID:2278970 PMID:3122217 PMID:7773929 PMID:8439212 PMID:12460918 More... NCBI chr 4:178,185,418...178,218,484 JBrowse link
G Rasa1 RAS p21 protein activator 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation 1 OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:14639529 PMID:18363760 PMID:18446851 PMID:23164092 PMID:24038909 More... NCBI chr 2:15,857,704...15,940,757
Ensembl chr 2:15,857,980...15,940,854
JBrowse link
Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ephb4 EPH receptor B4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation 2 OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:21348050 PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:28687708 PMID:28730721 More... NCBI chr12:19,326,411...19,351,667
Ensembl chr12:19,326,427...19,351,314
JBrowse link
G Slc12a9 solute carrier family 12, member 9 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation 2 ClinVar PMID:25741868 PMID:28492532 PMID:28687708 NCBI chr12:19,368,990...19,385,881
Ensembl chr12:19,369,004...19,385,877
JBrowse link
CLAPO Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pik3ca phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: CLAPO syndrome | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Capillary malformation of the lower lip, lymphatic malformation of face and neck, asymmetry of face and limbs, and partial/generalized overgrowth | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: LOPEZ-GUTIERREZ SYNDROME OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:15016963 PMID:15254419 PMID:15520168 PMID:15608678 PMID:15647370 More... NCBI chr 2:115,175,275...115,249,034
Ensembl chr 2:115,174,984...115,249,032
JBrowse link
Microcephaly-Capillary Malformation Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Stambp Stam binding protein ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Microcephaly-capillary malformation syndrome OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:18414213 PMID:21271646 PMID:21815250 PMID:23542699 PMID:25326635 More... NCBI chr 4:116,055,563...116,083,563
Ensembl chr 4:116,056,057...116,080,543
JBrowse link
multiple cutaneous and mucosal venous malformations term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gja4 gap junction protein, alpha 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cutaneous venous malformation ClinVar PMID:33912852 NCBI chr 5:139,633,324...139,635,857
Ensembl chr 5:139,633,287...139,635,925
JBrowse link
G Tek TEK receptor tyrosine kinase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Multiple cutaneous and mucosal venous malformations | ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Segmental undergrowth associated with venous malformation without capillary component
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
OMIM
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:7783168 PMID:7833915 PMID:8980225 PMID:10369874 PMID:19079259 More... NCBI chr 5:109,607,077...109,733,805
Ensembl chr 5:109,607,077...109,733,804
JBrowse link
Vein of Galen Aneurysm term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cldn14 claudin 14 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:30578106 NCBI chr11:33,232,281...33,329,440
Ensembl chr11:33,232,220...33,329,171
JBrowse link
G Ephb4 EPH receptor B4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:30578106 NCBI chr12:19,326,411...19,351,667
Ensembl chr12:19,326,427...19,351,314
JBrowse link
G Kat6a lysine acetyltransferase 6A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:30578106 NCBI chr16:69,084,914...69,165,923
Ensembl chr16:69,084,914...69,163,606
JBrowse link
G Kel Kell metallo-endopeptidase (Kell blood group) ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:30578106 NCBI chr 4:70,568,241...70,585,666
Ensembl chr 4:70,568,243...70,585,631
JBrowse link
G Kmt2d lysine methyltransferase 2D ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:28492532 PMID:30578106 NCBI chr 7:129,980,744...130,022,088
Ensembl chr 7:129,962,887...130,020,325
JBrowse link
G Smarca2 SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily a, member 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Galen vein aneurysm ClinVar PMID:30578106 NCBI chr 1:224,191,125...224,358,640
Ensembl chr 1:224,191,125...224,358,684
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 18030
    disease of anatomical entity 17410
      cardiovascular system disease 4755
        vascular disease 3602
          arteriovenous malformation 54
            Arteriovenous Fistula + 15
            CLAPO Syndrome 1
            Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation + 6
            Microcephaly-Capillary Malformation Syndrome 1
            Spinal Arterial Venous Malformations with Cutaneous Hemangiomas 0
            arteriovenous malformations of the brain + 31
            multiple cutaneous and mucosal venous malformations 2
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 18030
    disease of cellular proliferation 7257
      Neoplasms by Site 6883
        organ system benign neoplasm 1127
          cardiovascular organ benign neoplasm 108
            hemangioma 94
              arteriovenous malformation 54
                Arteriovenous Fistula + 15
                CLAPO Syndrome 1
                Capillary Malformation-Arteriovenous Malformation + 6
                Microcephaly-Capillary Malformation Syndrome 1
                Spinal Arterial Venous Malformations with Cutaneous Hemangiomas 0
                arteriovenous malformations of the brain + 31
                multiple cutaneous and mucosal venous malformations 2
paths to the root